Ali, the Light of God

book id

Ali, the Light of God

Universe-Shining Countenance

Nahj Al-Balagha Account of Ali Ibn-e Abiṭālib, Amir Al-Mu'amenin ('a)

Sponsored by

Peyman Kurd and 'Abdullah Jahanandish

Author: Seyyed Mohsen Tayyibnia

Translator: Ali Ebrahimi

Tayyibnia, Seyyed Mohsen, 1976-

Author's title and name: Ali, the light of God[Book]: universe-shining countenance Nahj Al-Balagha theosophy account of Ali Ibn-e Abiṭālib, Amir Al-Mu’amenin (‘a)/ author Seyyed Moḥsen Ṭayyibnia; sponsored by Peyman Kurd and ‘Abdullah Jahanandish; translator Ali Ebrahimi.

Abdullah Jahanandish; translator Ali Ebrahimi. Qom, Ansarian 1400-2021

Appearance specifications: 544 pages.

ISBN : 978-964-219-728-6

Listing status: FIPA

Language: English.

note : Title in Farsi: The wisdom of Amirul Momineen.

Issue : Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS), the first Imam، 23 before emigration - 40 ق.

Issue : 'Ali ibn abi-Talib‪, Imam I, 600-661

Issue : Ali Ibn Abi Talib (AS), the first Imam، 23 before emigration - 40ق -- sermons

Issue : Ali ibn Abi-talib, Imam I, 600-661 -- *Public speaking

Issue : Nahj al-Balagha

Added ID: Ebrahimi, Ali, 1340 -

Added ID: Ebrahim, Ali

Added ID: Kurd, Peyman, 1353-

Added ID: Kurd, Peyman, 1974-

Added ID: Jahanandish, Abdullah, 1336-

Added ID: Jahanandish, Abdullah, 1957-

Congress ranking: BP38/041

Dewey classification: 297/9515

National bibliography number: 8505679

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Tayyibnia, Seyyed Mohsen, 1976-

-طیب نیا، سید محسن 1355

Ali, the light of God[Book]: universe-shining countenance Nahj Al-Balagha theosophy account of Ali Ibn-e Abitalib, Amir Al-Mu'amenin (a)/ author Seyyed Mohsen Tyyibnia; sponsored by Peyman Kurd and 'Abdullah Jahanandish; translator Ali Ebrahimi. Qom, Ansarian 1400-2021

ISBN: 978-964-219-728-6

حکمتهای امیرالمؤمنین

1 - علی بن ابی طالب (ع)، امام اول، 23 قبل از هجرت - 40

Ali ibn abi-Talib, Imam I, 600-661-2

3-علی بن ابی طالب (ع)، امام اول 23 قبل از هجرت - 40 ق - خطبه ها

Ali ibn abi-Talib, Imam 1, 600-661 - Public Speaking -4

الف. ابراهیمی، علی، 1340

ب.Ebrahimi, Ali.

ج. کرد پیمان 1353

د.Kurd, Peyman, 1974.

ه.جهان اندیش عبدالله 1336

و.Jahanandish, Abdullah, 1957


شماره کتابشناسی ملی 8505679


حکمتهای امیرالمؤمنین الان ترجمه انگلیس

Ali, The light of God

By Seyyed Mohsen Tayyibnia Translator: Ali Ebrahimi

Publisher: Ansariyan Publications

First Edition 2021 -1443 - 1400

Khatam Al-Anbia'a Press

Quantity: 500

No. of pages: 548

Size: 162 x 229 mm

ISBN: 978-964-219-728-6



P. O. Box 187

22, Shohada Str. - Qum Islamic Republic of Iran

Tel: 0098 25 37741744 and Fax 37742647 Email: and

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بسمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحيمِ

In the Name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the Merciful

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Praise Account...7

Introduction ...13

Sincerity Account....17

Theosophy One...21

Theosophy Two...51

Theosophy Three ...69

Theosophy Four ...85

Theosophy Five...121

Theosophy Six...135

Theosophy Seven... 145

Theosophy Eight ....157

Theosophy Nine...169

Theosophy Ten... 175

Theosophy Eleven...181

Theosophy Twelve....189

Theosophy Thirteen...195

Theosophy Fourteen...205

Theosophy Fifteen...215

Theosophy Sixteen...225

Theosophy Seventeen...237

Theosophy Eighteen ...259

Theosophy Nineteen...275

Theosophy Twenty ...287

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Theosophy Twenty One...321

Theosophy Twenty Two ...337

Theosophy Twenty Three...353

Theosophy Twenty Four ...369

Theosophy Twenty Five ...377

Theosophy Twenty Six ...393

Theosophy Twenty Seven ...415

Theosophy Twenty Eight...423

Theosophy Twenty Nine ...447

Theosophy Thirty...463

Theosophy Thirty One...477

Theosophy Thirty Two ...489

Theosophy Thirty Three...503


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Praise Account

O' My God! O' God of soul! And O' God of the universe! Thou deserve endless praise. What I shall say of Thy Greatness, Power, Magnificence and Compassion; whatever I say and whatever other speakers say, Thou art higher than we say.

Infinite praise belongs to Thee who created us by Thy grace and obliged us with all gifts.

Of course, we, worshippers, can never thank and praise Thee even if our all physical being turns into mouth praising day and night; we can hardly fulfil thankfulness to even one of Thy Graces!

O' Thou, the Compassionate One! Thou forgive us as unthankfully down- trodden servants.

True! True! Thou created us from naught into this universe and granted us abundant blessings while Thou were needless of us.

Endlessly plenty of praise belongs to Thee, Power, Magnitude and Purity of whom is indication of every bit of the universe. Thou art the Absolute Rich and all creatures are beggars before Thee.

Everything begins and ends with Thy Permission. Thou art the Only God, the Unparalleled, who has no similarity to Thy creatures.

All parts of the universe are innovated by Thee and all objects manifest Thy Power.

Thou give life, take life, grant smile and weep; Thou hold birds up in the air, split seed and move the winds; thou bestow Thy rain of blessing unto thirst and dried lands after despair and Thou decorate the earth with fruitful trees, fragrant flowers and plants.

Thou bring the dead to life out of graves again on the Great Day for restoring justice and punishing the evil-doers and rewarding the well- doers.

Praise belongs to Thee who art the All-powerful of the universe and no

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being can hardly stand in front of Thee; any powerful being remains inferior to Thee and any honorable being stands as humiliated!

The whole universe praises and thanks Thee

( وَإِن مِّن شَيْءٍ إِلا يُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدَهِ وَلَكِن لَّا تَفْقَهُونَ تَسْبِيحَهُمْ )

..... Do not perceive their thanksgiving and adoration .....(Israa: 44)

In case man purifies his heart from sins, he hears creatures praising God; he then realizes that singing of birds, spattering of waterfall, blasting of wind all in all praise nothing but Thee.

If birds are fluttering in the sky nicely, if rivers are roaring heavily ahead, if gulls of twilight are singing, if shining sun reveals beautiful and warmish face every morning and if the earth and other heavenly planets circulate in regular circuit all happen with your permission and power.

O' God! O' Unparalleled and Compassionate God! Thou ordained and regulated night and day for us with Thy Grace so that we can both live, use times of night and day and behold Thy Magnitude in these two marvelous phenomena, taking full consideration of Thy Eternal Essence.

Woe unto the negligent people! Woe unto the negligent people! The very negligent people who turn back from Thee despite Thy evident Power and Greatness! What shall I say of wonders of Thy Power and Magnitude in the heavens?! Whatever man discovered more up to now or seen by very strong telescopes that there are billions of planets and stars and that some of them are million times bigger than the globe; they only made known a spot of greatness of Thy creation in the heavens and astonished minds and intellects!

Then one must say الله اکبر الله اکبر ولله الحمد and close mouth, nod head down, cry stormily and say O' forgive me! O' forgive me!

True! Praise belongs to Thee who art Sustenance Provider of man and all creatures; what a plentifully pure sustenance Thou created for man to eat, to enjoy, to praise Thee and become Thy servant; nevertheless, most people eat and enjoy eating but they are never grateful to Thee and Thou said in Thy everlasting words

(وَقَلِيلٌ مِّنْ عِبَادِيَ الشَّكُورُ )

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...But very few of My worshippers are grateful (Saba: 13)

O' Thou, God of Praise! Thou art not in need of our worship and gratitude, but it is our duty as Thy worshippers in return for all blessings Thou bestowed upon us; we are grateful and worship Thee; Thou ordained endless reward to gratefulness of Thy worshippers, which is eternal paradise and flight in eternality.

I talked about Thy abundant foods and gifts; that is true Thou created thousands of foodstuffs and beverages for us and we could have them in good taste and sweetness with no extravagance.

How tasteful and nice they are! Varieties of fruits including apples in different sizes; sour and sweet of them; cereals and vegetables; birds and animals of lawful meat; fresh clean water of sorts including hot ones in winter and cold ones in summer so delicious and pleasurable!

And Thou, O' God of Compassion! Although Thou bestowed all gifts and beauties for mankind in this world, Thou did not set the world as survival place for us, saying:

(وَ الْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ وَ أَبْقي )

Though the Hereafter is finer and enduring (A'laa: 17)

And Thou introduced the world as trivial in the face of infinite number of gifts of the other world.

O' God! Praise belongs to Thee who destined with Grace four great and nice seasons on earth for mankind to take advantage of each one and be attentive to Thy Power. Thou cemented mountains in strength and in miscellaneously nice colors on earth to help mankind use their plentiful reserves. They are the very high-rise mountains that dazzle the eyes with their strength. But Thou empowered man to climb up them and stand on top erect and proud, saying: O' strong mountain! I am standing on you!

True! Thou conquered the earth for man to use through Thy grace and asked him nothing but his servitude to Thee, from which he is benefited.

Praise belongs to Thee of whom nothing in the heavens and on earth is hidden and Thou art endlessly omniscient of all creatures of the universe.

True! Thou art aware of everything; Thou know number of sky stars,

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Ali, the Light of God

number of desert pebbles and sea sands, number ocean species and Thou know what happens in the hearts and minds of mankind on the earth and what obsessions there are in human minds; as Thou said in Thy everlasting words:

(وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ وَنَعْلَمُ مَا تُوَسْوِسُ بِهِ نَفْسُهُ وَنَحْنُ أَقْرَبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ حَبْلِ الْوَرِيد )

And indeed We were the One Who Created man and We know what does his passionate- self whisper to his heart and [through the Embracing knowledge] We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (Qaaf: 16).

Thou know billions of seeds split and grow out of soil every instance on this earth because Thou art Creator of seeds and all creatures of the universe; how may it be Thou would be negligent of all creatures Thou created?!

Thou hold death and life and Thou art the One Who give life and take life just as Thy Power, Magnitude and Divinity are revealed in Thy taking life of creatures.

True! True! While Thou take life of men and crush skulls and bodies inside graves, Thou give life to thousands of other people; while Thou fill eyes in the dark hole of graves with dust and make eloquent tongues of the dead dry and motionless, Thou let thousands of eyes see and thousands of tongues speak.

While Thou hit the faces of the arrogant people onto the ground and downgrade them; Thou take hand of thousands of the downtrodden with Thy Kind Hands and exalt them.

True! Thou art God of the universe and Thou deserve being praised. Thou art Compassionate, Great, Honorable, Patient, Forgiver and repentance Accepter; but Thy Agony and Revenge rendered are very hard to endure for the atheists, dissidents and enemies. Thou said in Thy Holy Quran:

(إِنَّ رَبَّكَ لَبِالْمِرْصَادِ )

Verily, your Creator and Nurturer is watching all people from the ambush [of His Embracing Knowledge] (Fajr: 14).

Thy peace may befall upon all prophets, particularly our Seyyed and lord and beloved in our hearts, Abulqassem Al-Mustafa (s); he is the very beloved creature who has the highest rank and nobody can reach his rank;

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Thy peace may be upon his pure Progeny, particularly the gate of knowledge of the Messenger (s), his first legatee who is our lord Ali Ibn Abitaleb (a); the Infallible Progeny who is the pure family of the Quran; after Messenger (s), path of guidance and salvation runs with them and their guardianship means rescue ark of mankind.

عَنْ كِتَابِ عَيْنِ الْحَيَاةِ لِلْعَلامَةِ الْمَجْلِسِي رَحِمَهُ اللهُ، قَالَ: رُوِيَ فِي بَعْضِ الْكُتُبِ الْمُعْتَبَرَةِ الأءِ مَامِيَّةِ، عَنِ الْأَءِ مَامِ مُحَمَّد التَّقِي انام أَنَّهُ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم : ذِكْرُ عَلِي بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ عام عِبَادَةٌ، وَ مِنْ عَلَامَاتِ الْمُنَافِقِ أَنْ يَتَنَفَّرَ عَنْ ذِكْرِهِ، وَيَخْتَارَ اسْتِمَاعَ الْقِصَصِ الْكَاذِبَةِ، وَ أَسَاطِيرِ الْمَجُوسِ، عَلَى اسْتِمَاعِ فَضَائِلِهِ، ثُمَّ قَرَأَيْ: «وَ إِذا ذُكِرَ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ اشْمَأَزَّتْ قُلُوبُ الَّذِينَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْأَخِرَةِ وَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ الَّذِينَ مِنْ دُونِهِ إِذَا هُمْ يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ». فَسُئِلَ صَلَوَاتُ اللهِ عَلَيْهِ عَنْ تَفْسِيرِهَا، قَالَ: أَمَا تَدْرُونَ أَنَّ رَسُولَ الله صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ آلِهِ كَانَ يَقُولُ: «اذْكُرُوا عَلِيَّ بْنَ أَبِي طَالِبٍ عليها فِي مَجَالِسِكُمْ فَإِنَّ ذِكْرَهُ ذِكْرِي وَ ذِكْرِي ذِكْرُ الله؟ فَالَّذِينَ اشْمَأَزَّتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ عَنْ ذِكْرِهِ، وَ اسْتَبْشَرُوا مِنْ ذِكْر غَيْرِهِ، أُولَئِكَ الَّذِينَ لا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالْآخِرَةِ، وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُهِينٌ.

Allameh Majlisi says that Imam Mohammad Taqi (‘a) is being quoted as saying from his ancestor, the Messenger (s): Remembering Ali Ibn Abitaleb (‘a) is worshipping. Later, Hazrat Baqir ('a) added: A hypocrite dissident is known after his resentment from God and selects false stories and myths of Zoroastrians for hearing instead of virtues and excellences of Ali Ibn Abitaleb (‘a).

Hazrat quoted what the Almighty God said:

Whenever hypocrite dissidents hear remembering God, they have their hearts laden with hatred and whenever they hear about remembering of things other than God (idols and tyrants ...), they become delighted.

Hazrat was asked about interpretation of the verse and he said: Has not the Messenger narrated that Ali Ibn Abitaleb shall be remembered in your meetings and that remembering him means remembering me and remembering me is remembering God?

Therefore, those who hate remembering Ali Ibn Abitaleb (a) and who become gladdened remembering things other than him are the very people with faith in the Hereafter and face humiliating agony on the Day.

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الحمد لله رب العالمين والصلاه والسلام على محمد وآله الطاهرين واللعن على اعدائهم اجمعين...

One day when I was engaged in studying Nahj Al-Balagha, I reached oration 182; one of Imam Ali's companions quotes that Commander of the Faithful (‘a) stood on a stone in his late years of his life in Kufa in 40 A.H and addressed people while he wore a rough wooly shirt, a date-made fiber sword hanging over his neck, a date-made fiber pair of shoes and his forehead being callous of multi-prostration.

In his speech laden with grief, Ali (‘a) after praising God, talking about monotheistic culture and advising people to seek piety refers to his loyal companions who were martyred in Siffin war while with gloomy heart complaining about disobedience and negligence of his disloyal companions in rushing to jihad with Mu'awiyya and says:

"....True! Those brothers whose blood were spilled in Siffin war lost nothing although they are not alive today so that they might be fed with grief and be drunk with bloody serum of heart.

I swear to God! They met God and He rewarded them and after passing times of horror, He let them be on His safe haven. Where are those brothers of mine who left for path of truth and died with it? Where is Ammar? And where is son of Tayhan? Where is Khuzaima Ibn Thabit Dhu'sh-Shahadatain al-Ansari? And where are like those of their brothers who made a pledge of self-devotion and martyrdom and sent their heads to tyrants?"

The narrator says that Ali (‘a) grasped his holy beard and wept for a long time, saying:

Alas! My brothers who read the Quran and judged accordingly, contemplated over divine obligatory and upheld it, revived divine traditions and ruined innovations, accepted call for jihad and built confidence in their leader and followed him.

Later, Ali (‘a) turning to people uttered loudly:

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Jihad! Jihad! Worshippers of God! I prepare an army today and whoever wishes to depart to God, he shall join with us.

To catch up with the speech, the late Seyyed Radi (author of Nahj Al- Balagha) writes:

Nawf Bakkali (one of Imam Ali's companions) said: Imam designated ten thousand troops for Husayn ('a), Ten thousand troops for Qeys Ibn Sa'ad and ten thousand troops for Abu Ayyub Khaled Ibn Sa'ad; for other commanders, he did so and when he was back to Siffin, Ibn Moljam, the cursed man, hit Imam with sword and the troops went back their homes. We looked like sheep that had lost their shepherd and wolves were ready to devour them from all sides.

This sorrowful speech which expresses the oppressedness of Amir Al- Mu'amenin (‘a) in his highest power affected me so much that I could hardly stop crying and my papers were moistened with my tears!

To relieve my heart, I decided to put down a few pages by addressing Ali (a) and retell how oppressed Hazrat was.

True! I intended to whisper and say:

O' lord! If people of your time left you alone and stopped appreciating you, you have lovers around the world now, who dedicate themselves to you joyfully; I wanted to say:

O' Commander of the Faithful (a)! All of us and our family may be sacrificed to you! You who were the first Muslim and pioneer of jihad and highly divine values; you who were brother of the Prophet (s), channel of his knowledge and philosophy and his truthful caliph but people misbehaved you.

Some days later, these sentences preoccupied my mind and I thought how I should put down these few pages of confabulations with Ali (‘a) and from where shall I begin?!

With such engagement, it occurred to my mind that I write about biography of Ali (a) from his birth to his martyrdom by addressing him; therefore, I decided to concentrate more on this with all aspects involved.

Successive days passed and I was constantly thinking of planning the

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writing. Despite being determined to write the book, I was not quite strong and set for several cases!! The reason behind this was that I always pinched myself, saying: There is a great difference between me, my elaboration and virtues of Imam Ali (‘a)!! I am too humble to discuss virtues of Imam Ali (‘a) and I should cut my coat according to my cloth!!

Temptations sometimes stopped me overlooking writing of the book, but despite such temptations, I heard a call from my inner sense, telling me: O' You! Write it! Write it! Although you are humble and wrongdoer!

Finally, call of my heart overcame my temptations and after several weeks of contemplation over the book, I began penning in the name of Allah.

At first, I made a slow progress, but after two or three weeks, I could get favor of Allah and speed up writing insofar as I wrote some pages a day till late at night and I sat to study and write in some days fifteen hours a day. I had planned about one year to accomplish the book, yet I incredibly completed it in less than four months. During the four months, I had stopped doing other things but writing the book and made use of several hundred historical-narrative sources in this regard.

I hope the Almighty God and His Beloved Messenger (s) accept this piece of work from me, the humble servant of God.

Here, in order to let respected readers know the book, I enumerate a number of its characteristics:

1. Talking about one span of lifetime of Ali (‘a) in semi-literary style and in a form of addressing him

2. Expanded employment of expression in taste and emotion as well as using figures of speech in relative colloquialism

3. Expressing virtues of Amir Mu'amenan (‘a) by frequent reference to Sunni and Shiite sources (one might say all generals of virtues of Ali ('a) have been quoted from Sunnis and Shiites).

4. Frequent referencing of the Islamic authentic and old historical backgrounds coupled with concise and interesting points

5. Elucidating high status of Imamate and responding some skepticisms of opponents

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6. Raising lots of miscellaneous and readable matters of philosophy accounts

7. Making reasons for verses and narrations on proving truthfulness of the Pure and Infallible Progeny (‘a)

8. Making references to issues of monotheism and theology quoted from Amir Mu'amenan (a) as well as enumerating some of the deviant ideasabout theology

9. Letting dear readers know several hundred hadith and historical sources after studying the book

10. Touching on highlights of lifetime history of the honorable Prophet (s) within discussion

I kindly ask readers to read the book to the end for further realization.

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Sincerity Account

Divine peace may befall upon you, O' lord, O' Amir Al-Mu'amenin, O' Aba Al-Hassan!

Peace of Angels, Prophets and all righteous, pure and good people of the universe may befall on you!

O' Commander of the Faithful, O' brother of the Beloved of God, O' knowledge channel of the last Prophet of God (s) and O' the most beloved being of God!

Peace may befall on you!

Peace may be upon you, O' banner of undeniable truthfulness of the truth! O' the most integrated man of the ancient centuries! O' Hand of God, hand of sky, Hand of the earth, peace may be upon you, O' Amir Al- Mu'amenin! O' immortal man, everlasting man, O' non-recurrent man of history!

Holding unsheathed sword, you, while being dignified, positive and exalted, made your open chest a shelter and exposed your singingly affectionate heart to revealing truth thump after thump in order to help mankind out of darkness and to release the innocently anonymous worshippers of God from life dungeon.

You rose up neck and neck with your brother, the Messenger of God (s) in the darkest night with the longest darkness of all ages which had buried man underneath cold grave of clamor and oblivion beneath lots of tyranny and aberration and sacrificed your dear life to revive human respect and dedicated it to exalt word of monotheism.

O' dignified of God! O' the unparalleled tireless campaigner of mankind! O' the great capturer of all peaks of divinely everlasting high values! Peace may befall on you!

You are the heavenly God-like man whose lovers outnumber in the heavens more than those on earth!

You are the universe-shining sun of heavens and you are the universe-

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sincerity account


illuminating and world-shining countenance!

The heavenly Angels are always eager to spread their wings and carpet your steps with them!

O' tranquilizer of heart of the last Prophet (s), O' soul of the Messenger of God (s); O' demolisher of palaces of atheism; O' strength and pillar of religion; O' verse by verse, word by word and letter by letter of the holy Quran; peace may befall on you!

Although unknowledgeable people of that time failed to know you and pulled their fiery daggers on your kind heart; and your enemies were the most atheist and atrocious creatures of the universe; they intended to extinguish your light through ploys and tricks but you with your whole being shined like thousands of thousand suns across the universe sky and your world-shining countenance illuminated the world with lights as wide as the eternality.

True! Those wicked ignobly born atheists turned silent themselves and God added to your status and elevation, increasingly. O' Commander of the Faithful! All of your learned lovelorn lovers aspire this: They wished they had existed that time and could have arranged their faces to carpet your steps!

O' Amir Al-Mu'amenin! O' Lion of God! O' Pride of religion! O' Freshness of Eternal Paradise of God! All of us may be sacrificed to dust of your footsteps, the very footstep dust that deserves being kissed and taken as blessing by the world people; one day, your brother, the Prophet (s) said to you:

O' Ali! If I feared not that tribes of my ummah might tell about you what Christians tell about Jesus (that he is God), I would speak of you in such a way that every group takes your footstep dust as blessing.(1)

And Salman Farsi, high-standing Companion of the Messenger (s) and your loyal companion told one of your companions one day:

The Prophet (s) said about Ali this way:

If my ummah would not go on extremes about Ali just as how Christians

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1- 1. Sheikh Mufid, Ershad, p. 88; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol. 21, p. 66

did about Jesus Christ, I could speak of him in a way that people would bow down on his footprints and kiss them.(1)

In case, your lovers turn every page of the holy Quran, your good perfume is smelled that you are spirit of the Quran and the Quran finds sense with you.

O' Commander of the Faithful! O' hero of heroes in the universe! Your lovelorn lovers never exchange the over-repaired shoes with the whole universe; the very shoes you asked one of your companions how much it cost;

He replied: O' Amir Al-Mu'amenin! It is so ragged and over-repaired that it costs not a penny!

But we confess with love: Our lips may kiss sole of your over-repaired!

I wish history would trace back to your lifetime and we could lovingly sacrifice our life thousands of times for you so that we could alleviate part of your grief you had patiently kept within yourself or we might heal a bit your wounded heart. But alas! We failed to deserve doing so. Yet, all our pride is that our Imam is Amir Mu'amenin; of course, we feel disgraced because we have not been good Shiite of yours, so God might bless us by virtue of your favor and grace and regard us as your cordial Shiites on the Day.

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1- Qeys Helali, Salim Ibn-e, hadith book (mysteries of Mohammad's Progeny ('a), p. 592); Bihar Al-Anwar, vol. 68, p. 137

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Theosophy one

I testify that your birth was a great miracle.

What shall say and write of you that I can fulfill the truth about you?! But is it possible to speak of you in a way that your true status is fulfilled?! Because if all trees turn into pens, seas become ink, men and others change into calculator and author, they can hardly enumerate your excellences and virtues!(1) But how can I humbly write and compose that the great men are even amazed and humble in such endlessly huge area?

Limiting Ali's excellence not possible

Enough of words, frustration confessable

Hadith fails words of Ali's virtues high

If pencils becometh seas and pens trees try

Guess not the words may be boastful

Ahmad Mokhtar said the words truthful

True! Neither man nor superman can delineate your virtues but God who created and exalted you.

Hardly ever can one talk about your dawn in the universe of light except what you, your brother and your pure children said that: We existed in the shape of light in the universe of light, worshipping and prostrating the Creator of light thousands of years before the heavens and the earth had


Theosophy Account One:

Light creation of Ali (‘a) and Progeny of Prophet (s) before human creation by citing Sunni sources and other various issues

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1- 1. Nasser Ibn-e Abi Al-Makarem Al-Khwarazmi quotes Ibn-e 'Abbas quoting from the Messenger (s): «لو أن الغياض أقلام و البحر مداد و الجنّ حساب و الإنس كتاب، ما أحصوا فضائل عليّ بن أبي طالب» If all trees turn into pens, seas become ink, jinns become auditors and men turn into authors, they can never collect virtues of Ali Ibn-e Abi Taleb. (Zahabi, Mizan Al-E'tedal, vol. 3, p. 466;, Khwarazmi, Manaqeb, p. 32)

come into existence!1

Many hadiths from Shiite and Sunni hadith writers have been quoted that the Messenger (s) and his Progeny (‘a) were created in the shape of light before God created the universe. Several narrations from Sunni and Shiite sources need attention:

Ahmad Hanbal, of popular leaders, quotes the Messenger (s) in his Musnad as saying that: I and Ali have been created from a single light and God had created spirit of me and Ali before creation of the universe.

Ibn-e Maghazeli Shafe'ie, in his book titled "Manaqeb" quotes the Messenger that:

I and Ali were in the shape of light serving God and the light praised and sanctified God before Adam was created.

Sheikh Suleyman Hanafi Qundouzi quotes the Messenger (s) in his book, titled "Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddeh", vol. 2, p. 307:

((خلقت أنا و على من نور واحد قبل أن يخلق الله آدم بأربعة آلاف عام فلما خلق الله آدم ركب ذلك النور في صلبه فلم يزل شيئا واحدا حتى افترقنا في صلب عبدالمطلب فَفِيَّ النبوّة و في على الوصية ))

I and Ali are created from a single light before four thousand years when God created Adam; as God created Adam, He placed the light into his loin and this constantly continued to shift to loins of ancestors and forefathers until it broke into two halves within Abdulmotalleb. Later, Prophetic Mission came to me and Ali became my legatee.

Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid Mu'atazeli quotes the Prophet (s) in Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol. 2, p. 250:

((كنت أنا و على نورا بين يدي الله عزّوجل قبل أن يخلق آدم بأربعة عشر ألف عام، فلما خلق آدم قسم ذلك فيه و جعله جزئين فجزء أنا و جزء علي ))

I and Ali were a single light serving God before fourteen thousand years when God created Adam; as He created Adam, He divided the light into two parts: One part became me and another part turned into Ali.

Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid further says: This hadith has been narrated by Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal in his Musnad. Also, the book titled "Shawahed Al-Tanzil leqawa'ed Al-Tadhi", vols. 1 and 2 written by the great Sunni hadith writer, Hakem Neisabouri quoted hadiths from the Messenger (s) in this respect. Allameh Majlisi quotes the Prophet (s) in "Bihar Al- Anwar", vol. 35, p. 34:

(خُلِقْتُ أنا وَ علي من نورٍ واحدٍ )

I and Ali are created from a single light.

Allameh Majlisi quotes Imam Mohammad Baqir ('a) saying that:

Fourteen thousand years before God created Adam, He created fourteen lights of light of His Magnitude; afterwards, those fourteen lights were our spirits. Jabber says: Imam was asked about those fourteen lights, he said: Mohammad, Ali, Fatima, Hassan, Husayn ('a) and nine descendants of Husayn ('a), ninth of whom is the Upholder (a). (Bihar Al- Anwar, vol. 25, p.4)

Imam Baqir (‘a) says in another hadith:

O' Jabber! The first creature God created was Mohammad (s) and his guided posterity;

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But one might say of how you blossomed on the earth:

If sea water cannot be trenched

One must sip it as thirst quenched

My lord! The most beautiful dawn and blossom on earth belongs to you because you have been born in a shrine which is the most honorable and purest abode and worshippers fly to kingdom of heavens from the earth by turning to it.


therefore, they were spirits of light in front of God.

Jabber says he asked Imam what spirits were. Hazrat said:

Shadow of light, spiritless light bodies that confirmed a unified spirit and that was Holy Spirit (Kafi, vol. 1,p 442).

A well-known hadith titled "Ma'refati Belnuraniyyata" has been quoted from Imam Ali (a) some part of which will suffice to be mentioned here: Abuzar Ghaffari asked Salman Farsi: O' Aba 'Abdullah (nickname of Salman)! What is knowledge of Amir Mu'amenan (a) towards luminosity?

Salman said: O' Jondab [name of Abuzar]! Come with me to ask it from Hazrat (‘a). We went to his place but we did not find him there. Abuzar said: We waited for him to come; Hazrat said: What affair brought you here? Abuzar and Salman replied: O' Amir Mu'amenan (‘a)! We came to see you and ask you about your knowledge of luminosity. Hazrat said: Well-done to two loyal friends because you do your best!

My knowledge of luminosity is knowledge of the Almighty God and that is the very pure religion for which God says:

((وَ مَا أُمِرُوا إِلا لِيَعبُدُوا الله مُخلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ ..... ))

Though what was recited to them from Quran was also enjoined on them in their own Books: That they should worship Allah alone; and that they should make their religion sincere for Him.... (Bayyinah: 5)

Stop giving us Godly status and you can attribute any excellence to us but you never reach core reality within us.......I and the Prophet were one light; he became Mohammad Mustafa and I became his legatee, Ali Mortada; I am the straight path and great.......(Bihar Al-Anwar, vol. 26, p. 2).

From all narrations, it is implied that the Prophet of Islam (s) and his Progeny (a) possessed luminous existence before everything else was created; but such luminous creation fails to clash with their physical creation in the world in certain time and space. Physically, the Prophet (s) and Progeny (a) are born like other human beings and live like others in peaks and valleys and they functionalize and give rise to capability at their will through stages of life and participating in scenes of patience, jihad and worship, by reason of which they remain models of human beings. Therefore, Hazrat Mohammad (s) and Ahl-e Bayt (a) have two facts: First, it was their luminous fact and second, it has been their physicality which looked like people of the universe.

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The life-giving and pure God willed that your birth be a great sign and miracle to make the world people think if they are thinkers!

When progeny of the pure women of the universe was on her nine-month- old pregnancy moved towards Ka'aba and began to circumambulate Ka'aba and remember God, she suffered labor pains and prayed beside Ka'aba in this way:

O' God! I am a believer of Thee and trust in whatever of the Messengers and heavenly Books from Thee; I also acknowledge words of my ancestor, Abraham Khalil (s) who founded Ka'aba. I swear to the right of the one who built House of Ka'aba and to the baby I bear in my womb, make childbirth easy for me!

Witnesses say: All of a sudden, backward wall of Ka'aba split apart and your mother entered Ka'aba and grew invisible; the split came together. We wanted to unlock Ka'aba but whatever trial failed; later, we found that this comes from God. Your mother stayed inside Ka'aba for three days and she came out on the fourth day while she was holding your sun-spreading being on her arms; she said:

I surpassed previous women because Assiyya, daughter of Mazahem (wife of Pharaoh) who secretly worshipped God, where worshipping God is not permissible unless necessary (as palace of Pharaoh was usurped by him); and Maryam, daughter of Emran who went far away during her childbirth(1); she finally saw a dried palm tree and shook the dried palm tree until fresh and good-quality date fell and she ate it(2). But I entered Ka'aba

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1- When Hazrat Maryam (a) was in Baitul Moqaddas, Jerusalem and she was due to deliver her child, she heard a call tell her: «أُخرجى عن البيت فإنّ هذه، بيت العبادة لا بيت الولادة » (Riyadh Al-Abrar, vol. 2, p. 136)
2- (فَحَمَلَتْهُ فَانتَبَذَتْ بِهِ مَكَانًا قَصِيًّا * فَأَجَاءهَا الْمَخَاضُ إِلَى جِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ قَالَتْ يَا لَيْتَنِي مِتُّ قَبْلَ هَذَا وَكُنتُ نَسْيًا مَّنسِيًّا * نَادَاهَا مِن تَحْتِهَا أَلَا تَحْزَنِي قَدْ جَعَلَ رَبُّكِ تَحْتَكِ سَرِيًّا * وَهُزِّى إِلَيْكِ بِجِذْعِ النَّخْلَةِ تُسَاقِطْ عَلَيْكِ رُطَبًا جَنِيًّا فَكُلِي وَاشْرَبِي وَقَرَى عَيْنًا فَإِمَّا تَرَينَّ مِنَ الْبَشَرِ أَحَدًا فَقُولِى إِنِّى نَذَرْتُ لِلرَّحْمَنِ صَوْمًا فَلَنْ أُكَلَّمَ الْيَوْمَ إِنسِيًّا ) So she [by Allah's Command] became pregnant and with him in her womb withdrew to a far and remote place [to escape the accusations of the people]; and the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a palm-tree [in order to lean against it] while saying: "If only I

and ate paradise fruits and foods there and when I wanted to come out of Ka'aba, an invisible voice called: O' Fatima! Name your child Ali; he is Ali (meaning high status) and God of sublimated Ali says: I derived his name from My Name and bred him with My customs and made him discerned about scientific matters Myself. He is the one who breaks up idols in My House, says azan on top of Ka'aba, sanctifies and lauds Me. Good for the one who loves and obeys him and bad for the one who raises enmity against him and disobeys him(1).


had died before this and had been forgotten." Then a voice cried to her from the inside of her womb: "Do not be sorrowful; verily, your Creator and Nurturer has provided a stream close to your feet; "and shake the branch of the palm-tree towards you, it will come tumbling upon you fresh and ripe dates; "so eat of the fresh date and drink from the stream and be happy. Then if you see some people around here say: "I have vowed to Ar-Rahman a silence fast and today I will not speak to anyone." (Maryam: 22-26)

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1- The late Sheikh 'Abbas Qomi, in "Montahi Al-Amal, vol. 1, p. 171", quotes Sheikh Sadduq who himself quotes Yazid Ibn-e Q'anab and 'Abbas, the Messenger's uncle. Fatima Bint Assad said: (رَبِّ إِنِّي مؤمنة بك وبما جاء من عندك من رُسُلِ وكتب وإنّي مُصَدّقة بكلام جدّي إبراهيم الخليل وانه بنى البيت العتيق فبحق الذي بنى هذا البيت وبحق المولود الذي في بطني لما يَسَّرتَ عَلَيَّ ولادتي. ) (Elal Al-Sharaya, vol. 1, pp. 135-136, chapter 116, hadith 3; M'ali Al-Akhbar, p. 62; chapter 28, hadith 10; Sadduq, Amali, session 27, hadith 7; Rawdat Al-Wa'ezayn, vol. 1, p. 76; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol. 35, p. 8, chapter on birthday of Amir Al-Mu'amenin (a), hadith 11.) Birth of Amir Mu'amenan Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (‘a) is included among the issues on which both Sunnis and Shiites agree. The issue is being narrated in plenty of hadiths by the great Sunni scientists, some of which are cited here: Hafiz Abu 'Abdullah Mohammad Ibn-e 'Abdullah known after Hakem Neisabouri (dead in 405 A.H) writes in his well-known book titled "Mustadrak Sahihin": there are successive narrations that Fatima, daughter of Assad gave birth to Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (may Allah honor his status) in Ka'aba. Hafiz Abu Abdullah Mohammad Ibn-e Yusuf Qurashi known after Ganji Shafeie (dead in 658 A.H) writes in "Kefayat Al-Taleb": Amir Mu'amenan Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb was born inside Baitulharam in Mecca in 13th of Rajab A.H thirty years passed from Amul-Fil (year of the elephant) and hardly ever has anybody been born before or after him in Ka'aba. This auspicious birth holds an honor and excellence for him and excellence and magnificence for House of God. Hafiz Shamsuddin, Abu 'Abdullah Mohammad Ibn-e Ahmad Zahabi (dead in 848 A.H) says in "Talkhis Mustadrak" which is spoken script of Hakem Neisabouri: There are successive reports that Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb was born inside Ka'aba.


Shah Valiyullah Ahmad Ibn-e ‘Abdulrahim Dehlavi (dead in 1174 A.H) writes in "Izalat Al-Khulafa": Undoubtedly, there are successive narrations that Fatima, daughter of Assad gave birth to Amir Mu'amenan Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (‘a) inside Ka'aba; no doubt, he was born inside Ka'aba on Friday 13th of Rajab A.H thirty years passed from Amul-Fil and nobody before him or after him had been born inside Ka'aba.

Shahabuddin Abu Al-Thana' Seyyed Mohammad Alusi, author of Tafsir-e Alusi, has written a detailed explanation of the ode attributed to 'Abdulbaqi Afandi Omari; he explains about the line:

ببطن مكه عند البيت إذ وضعا ....إنت العلى الذي فوق العلى رفعا

Birth of Amir Mu'amenan (may Allah honor his status) inside Ka'aba is famously known worldwide and it has been narrated in books of both Sunnis and Shiites; no excellence as such has been proved for anyone other than him. True! How worthy it is that leader of leaders has been born in a place where the faithful find as their Qiblah. Gratitude and praise belong to God who places everything on its

worthy place and he is sage of the sages.

Allameh Lakahnudi has cited the same statement of Hakem Neisabouri and has clarified that birth of Amir Al-Mu'amenan (a) has been successively reported inside Ka'aba and this excellence belongs to him.

Allameh Sa'id Gojarati, one of the great Sunni men, writes in “Al-E'lam Be'alam Masjid Al-Haram" in response to some of the enemies of Ahl-e Bayt (a) who hostilely inscribed birthplace of Ali (‘a) to be on mount "Abu Qubays": O' God! Thou know well that this is a greatly invective speech and it is forged by enemies of Ahl-e Bayt (‘a) because successive reports denote that he was born inside Ka'aba.

Abalhassan Ali Ibn-e Mohammad Ibn-e Mohammad Waseti known after Ibn-e Moghazeli (dead in 483 A.H), one of the ancient Sunni scientists, quoted from Imam Zeyn Al-Abedin (a) in detail about birth incidence of Ali (‘a) in Ka'aba by referring to series of sources.

Hafiz Ganji Shafeie writes in the book, "Al-Kefaya": Ali ('a) was born in Baitulharam in Mecca on Friday 13th of Rajab A.H thirty years passed from Amul-Fil; nobody before him or after him was born in there and this is for his commemoration and for respecting his status of honor and greatness.

Abi Al-Hassan Ali Ibn-e Husayn Mas'udi Hazli-one of the 4th century Sunni scholars- talks about the story of the auspicious birth of Ali (‘a) in Ka'aba in "Muravvij Al-Zahab”.

• And tens of other books written by Sunni scholars who have narrated the story for which dear readers can refer to "Al-Ghadir", vol. 6, the valuable writing of Allameh Amini for further information.

And the Shiite scientists have talked about this luminous event in hundreds of their books from the early times of Major Occultation hitherto.

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God splits constantly to prove His Godliness and Magnitude to the world for admonition. God splits dawn from dusk every day to make people know that the world has a Creator and Contriver(1). God splits seed instance by instance on this land to let life survive in the earth(2) because if seed is not split and grown by order of God, all animals, beasts, human beings and

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1- فَالِقُ الإِصْبَاحِ وَجَعَلَ اللَّيْلَ سَكَنَا وَالشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ حُسْبَانًا ذَلِكَ تَقْدِيرُ الْعَزِيزِ الْعَلِيمِ Allah is the Cleaver of the Dawn and He has assigned the night for man's rest and the sun and the moon for reckoning time; and all these represent the Ordaining Power of the Omnipotent-Omniscient (Ana'am: 96). (الر تِلْكَ آيَاتُ الْكِتَابِ وَقُرْآنٍ مُّبِينٍ) Alif, Lam, Ra. These are the Words of Revelation of the Holy Book and the Expositoring Divine Reading Text (Hijr: 1). (وَالضُّحَى) By the brightness of the full morning light (Zoha: 1) (وَالشَّمْسِ وَضُحَها) By the sun and its spreading light (Shams: 1) ( وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا تَجَلَّى ) By the day when it manifests in complete light (Lail: 2) (إِذَا السَّمَاء انفَطَرَتْ * وَإِذَا الْكَوَاكِبُ انتَثَرَتْ * وَإِذَا الْبِحَارُ فُجِّرَتْ * وَإِذَا الْقُبُورُ بُعْثِرَتْ ) When the sky is cleft asunder, and when the stars are scattered, and when the seas remove their barriers and run on the land disorderly, and when the graves are turned upside down [and the dead are raised up] (Infitar: 1-4). (إِذَا السَّمَاءِ انشَقَّتْ * وَأَذِنَتْ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتْ * وَإِذَا الْأَرْضُ مُدَّتْ * وَأَلْقَتْ مَا فِيهَا وَتَخَلَّتْ * وَأَذِنَتْ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتْ * يَا أَيُّهَا الأعِنسَانُ إِنَّكَ كَادِحٌ إِلَى رَبِّكَ كَدْحًا فَمُلَاقِيهِ ) When the sky is cleft asunder, and it gives ear to the Command of its Creator; and truly it must do so; and when the Earth shall be stretched out, [quite flattened; no mountains, no hills], and shall throw out whatever is in it and becomes empty, and it gives ear to the Command of its Creator and truly it must do so; O' man! Verily, you who toil and strive in the Path of your Creator and Nurturer, surely you are going to meet Him (Insheqaaq: 1-6).
2- ( إِنَّ اللَّهَ فَالِقُ الْحَبِّ وَالنَّوَى يُخْرِجُ الْحَيَّ مِنَ الْمَيِّتِ وَمُخْرِجُ الْمَيِّتِ مِنَ الْحَيِّ ذَلِكُمُ اللَّهُ فَأَنَّى تُؤْفَكُونَ ) Allah is the One Who causes the grain and the fruit-stone to split and sprout; He brings forth the living from the dead and brings forth the dead from the living; such is Allah [your Powerful Creator and Nurturer] then, how are you turned away from the Truth? (An'am: 95)

even deep ocean fish and aquatic species all will die. Hence, the Holy Quran says: Swear to God who split seeds.

God cracks rocks and makes water flow (1) and when deniers asked their

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1- نَحْمَدُه عَلَى ما أخَذَ وَأعْطَى وَعَلَى ما أبْلَى وَابْتَلَى الْباطِنُ لِكُلٍّ خَفِيَّةٍ، وَالْحاضِرُ لِكُلِّ سَرِيرَةِ الْعالِمُ بِما تُكِنُ الصُّدُورُ، وَما تَخُونُ الْعُيُونُ، وَنَشْهَدُ أنْ لا إِلَهَ غَيْرُه وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا نَجِيبُهُ وَبَعِيتُهُ، شَهادَةً يُوافِقُ فِيهَا السِّرُّ الأَعْلانَ، وَالْقَلْبُ اللَّسانَ. ذكر الموت و مِنها فَ إِنَّهُ وَاللَّهِ ! الْجِدُّ لا اللَّعِبُ، وَالْحَقُّ لا الْكَذِبُ، وَمَا هُوَ إِلا الْمَوْتُ، أَسْمَعَ دَاعِيهِ، وَأَعْجَلَ حَادِيهِ، فَلا يَغُرَّنَّكَ سَوادُ النَّاسِ مِنْ نَفْسِكَ، وَقَدْ رَأَيْتَ مَنْ كانَ قَبْلَكَ مِمَّنْ جَمَعَ الْمَالَ وَحَذِرَ الأءِ قلالَ، وَأمِنَ الْعَواقِبَ - طُولَ أَمَلِ وَاسْتِبْعادَ أَجَلٍ - كَيْفَ نَزَلَ بِهِ الْمَوْتُ ، فَأَزْعَجَهُ عَنْ وَطَنِهِ، وَأَخَذَهُ مِنْ مَأْمَنِهِ، مَحْمُولاً عَلَى أعْوَادِ الْمَنايا، و مِنها فَإِنَّهُ وَاللَّهِ ! الْجِدُّ لا اللَّعِبُ، وَالْحَقُّ لا الْكَذِبُ، وَما هُوَ إِلا الْمَوْتُ، أَسْمَعَ دَاعِيهِ، وَأعْجَلَ حَادِيهِ، فَلا يَغُرَّنَّكَ سَوادُ النّاسِ مِنْ نَفْسِكَ، وَقَدْ رَأَيْتَ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكَ مِمَّنْ جَمَعَ الْمَالَ وَحَذِرَ الأعِقْلالَ، وَأمِنَ الْعَواقِبَ - طُولَ أمَلٍ وَاسْتِبْعادَ أَجَلٍ - كَيْفَ نَزَلَ بِهِ الْمَوْتُ، فَأَزْعَجَهُ عَنْ وَطَنِهِ، وَأَخَذَهُ مِنْ مَأْمَنِهِ، مَحْمُولاً عَلَى أعْوَادِ الْمَنايا، يَتَعاطى بِهِ الرّجالُ الرَّجا حَمْلاً عَلَى الْمَناكِبِ وَإِمْسَاكا بِالْأَنامِلِ. أما رَأَيْتُمُ الَّذِينَ يَأْمُلُونَ بَعِيدا، وَيَبْتُونَ مَشِيدا، وَيَجْمَعُونَ كَثِيرًا، كَيْفَ أصْبَحَتْ بُيُوتُهُمْ قُبُورًا، وَمَا جَمَعُوا بُورا، وَصارَتْ أمْوالُهُمْ لِلْوارِثِينَ، وَأَزْواجُهُمْ لِقَوْمٍ آخَرِينَ، لا فِي حَسَنَةٍ يَزِيدُونَ وَلَا مِنْ سَيِّئَةٍ يَسْتَعْتِبُونَ . الأسلوب الأمثل في مواجهة الدنيا: فَمَنْ أشْعَرَ التَّقْوى قَلْبَهُ بَرَّزَ مَهَلُهُ، وَفازَ عَمَلُهُ فاهْتَبِلُوا هَبَلَهَا، وَاعْمَلُوا لِلْجَنَّةِ عَمَلَهَا، فَإِنَّ الدُّنْيا لَمْ تُخْلَقْ لَكُمْ دارَ مُقامٍ، بَلْ خُلِقَتْ لَكُمْ مَجازا لِتَزَوَّدُوا مِنْهَا الْأَعْمَالَ إِلَى دَارِ الْقَرارِ، فَكُونُوا مِنْهَا عَلَى أَوْفَازِ، وَقَرَّبُوا الظُّهُورَ لِلزِّيَالِ. ( للزوال ) . Praise belongs to God: We praise God for what He has taken and bestowed with the gifts and trials He encumbered upon us. We praise God Who is Omniscient of any hidden things and Omnipresent within anything; He is Aware of what exists in hearts and is Cognizant of what eyes peek and I testify that there is only one God and there is no God except Him; I also testify that Hazrat Mohammad is His Messenger, testimony which inside and outside, heart and tongue remains in harmony. Necessity of Death: I swear to God that what I say is not a game, it is serious and a fact; it is not a lie and that is nothing but death whose inviting call is loudly uttered and quickly kills everybody; therefore, avoid being betrayed by massive living beings and followers. Verily, did you not see the past generations who accumulated wealth and feared poverty and misery and thought that they remain safe with long dreams with no consideration to death at hand? Did you see how death fell upon them and drove them out of their homeland?! And relocated them from their safe haven? Did you see that they sat on coffin and people moved them in hands; carried them on their shoulders and finger-tipped them? Did you see not that how houses of those who had long dreams, built strong palaces and accumulated abundant assets turned into graveyard? And their accumulated properties were ruined and seized by their inheritors? And their wives married others? They can neither add something to their wells nor repent because of their sins! Piety and the Way to Approach the World:

Prophets for a sign of God, He cleaved mountains, brought out a female camel to show His Magnitude for their submission

(1), but God split His


Whoever covers his heart with piety, he shall have his good deeds revealed and shall be triumphed in his works; therefore, take time to gain piety and act appropriately to reach unending Paradise because the world has not been created for your everlasting life; it is a passage in which you can take source for the Hereafter. As a result, rush to relocate and provide riding horses for this relocation. (Nahj Al-Balagha, oration 132)

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1- This refers to idolater tribe of Saleh (s), the great divine Prophet; he was ignored by his people despite his frequent call to worshipping God. They asked him to reveal a miracle, saying: If you are honest in your claim and have a mission on behalf of God, ask God to let a female camel come out of deep mountain! Salih prayed and the mountain cleaved asunder with a she-camel coming out. Salih told them: This camel is now a Sign of God, so stop intending to abuse the camel. But the polytheist clan of Salih failed to believe in this great miracle of God and they killed the camel. God sent them a disaster and let them face perdition. God says in His Words: «وَإِلَى ثَمُودَ أَخَاهُمْ صَالِحًا قَالَ يَا قَوْمِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مَا لَكُم مِّنْ إِلَهٍ غَيْرُه قَدْ جَاءتُكُم بَيِّنَةٌ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ هَذِهِ نَاقَةُ اللَّهِ لَكُمْ آيَةً فَذَرُوهَا تَأْكُلْ فِي أَرْضِ اللَّهِ وَلَا تَمَسُّوهَا بِسُوءٍ فَيَأْخُذَكُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ * وَاذْكُرُوا إِذْ جَعَلَكُمْ خُلَفَاء مِن بَعْدِ عَادٍ وَبَوَّأَكُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ تَتَّخِذُونَ مِن سُهُولِهَا قُصُورًا وَتَنْحِتُونَ الْجِبَالَ بُيُوتًا فَاذْكُرُوا آلاء اللَّهِ وَلاَ تَعْثَوْا فِى الْأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ * قَالَ الْمَلأُ الَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُواْ مِن قَوْمِهِ لِلَّذِينَ اسْتُضْعِفُوا لِمَنْ آمَنَ مِنْهُمْ أَتَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّ صَالِحًا مُرْسَلٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِ قَالُواْ إِنَّا بِمَا أُرْسِلَ بِهِ مُؤْمِنُونَ ۚ قَالَ الَّذِينَ اسْتَكْبَرُوا إِنَّا بِالَّذِيَ آمَنتُمْ بِهِ كَافِرُونَ * فَعَقَرُواْ النَّاقَةَ وَعَتَوْا عَنْ أَمْرِ رَبِّهِمْ وَقَالُوا يَا صَالِحُ ائْتِنَا بِمَا تَعِدُنَا إِن كُنتَ مِنَ الْمُرْسَلِينَ * فَأَخَذَتْهُمُ الرَّجْفَةُ فَأَصْبَحُوا فِي دَارِهِمْ جَاثِمِينَ » And to the Thamud's people, We sent their brother Salih; he said: “O' my people! Worship Allah only, you have no God other than Allah; indeed, came to you a Clear Sign from your Creator and Nurturer: This is the she-camel of Allah as a Miracle for testing you, so let it graze in Allah's Earth and do not harm her; otherwise you shall be seized with a Painful Chastisement; [and Salih added:] "O' my people! Remember when Allah made you successor after Ad's tribe and settled you on the earth; now you build palaces on its plains and cave dwellings out of the mountains, so remember the Bounties of Allah and do not make mischief on the earth"; the chiefs of those who were arrogant among his people said to those who were believers yet considered powerless among them: "Do you really believe that Salih is sent by his Creator?" They replied: "Verily, we believe in the Divine Message that has been sent with him." The arrogant chieftains said: "We disbelieve in the thing in which you believe in!" So they ham-strung the she-camel and rebelled against the Commandment of their Creator and they said: "O' Salih! Bring upon us what you threatened us with, [regarding Allah's Torment], if you are a Messenger of Allah." So the earthquake seized them [by Allah's Command] and they became motionless corpses stuck to the earth of their homes (A'raaf: 73-78). «إِنَّا مُرْسِلُو النَّاقَةِ فِتْنَةٌ لَّهُمْ فَارْتَقِبْهُمْ وَاصْطَبِرْ فَنَادَوْا صَاحِبَهُمْ فَتَعَاطَى فَعَقَرَ * فَكَيْفَ كَانَ عَذَابِي وَنُذُرٍ * إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ صَيْحَةً وَاحِدَةً فَكَانُوا كَهَشِيمِ الْمُحْتَظِرِ » For We will send a she-camel by way of trial to them so you wait and watch their situation and be patient, "And tell them that the water of the town should be divided between them and the she-camel; they should keep their turn; one day for the camel and one day for

House apart to demonstrate your greatness to the universe people.

I wonder when light of yours dawned from Ka'aba, what happened to the earth, time and the heavens?! Has the soul of sky begun to pant out of enthusiasm of yours?! And the heart of the earth began to pulse out of joy of yours?! I do not know the Angels were weeping in the heavens or were smiling eagerly?! But certainly, praising of the Angels was remembering you and the Messenger (s) said:

Remembering Ali is worship(1).

The pure jewel you are in the universe of holiness

Remembering good of you result of praise of Angels (2)

I do not know what to say!

Has birth of yours changed love in different color?! Has love been interpreted?! Has love and mania become unified?! Has love found birthday ever since? Or I shall say words found no sense in front of you!! Whatever fragrance of this pure birth, it was more fragrant than perfumed


them." So they called one of the ringleaders of the disbelief and he hamstrung her. So see how severe was My Chastisement after My Warners were belied by the disbelievers and the transgressors! We sent against them only a single Blast and they were left as the dry stubble of a fold-builder (Qamar: 27-31).

«كَذَّبَتْ ثَمُودُ بِطَغْوَاهَا * إِذِ انبَعَثَ أَشْقَاهَا فَقَالَ لَهُمْ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ نَاقَةَ اللَّهِ وَسُقْيَاهَا * فَكَذَّبُوه فَعَقَرُوهَا فَدَمْدَمَ عَلَيْهِمْ رَبُّهُم بِذَنبِهِمْ فَسَوَّاهَا * وَلاَ يَخَافُ عُقْبَاهَا »

[Such as] the people of Thamud who by denying Salih, they rebelled, when the most rascal of them stood for committing crime; then Salih, the Messenger of Allah said to them: "This is a she-camel of Allah and let her have her turn of the drinking-place to drink water." They rejected their Messenger and hamstrung her; so their Creator crushed them with a thunderbolt as recom pense for their sins and made them leveled with the earth; and Allah did not fear the consequences of what He did, since punishment of the wrongdoers is an act of Truth by the Divine Law (Shams: 11-15).

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1- The Messenger of God said: « ذكرُ عليّ عبادةٌ » Remembering Ali is act of worshipping. Sheikh Suleyman Hanafi Qundouzi-a Sunni scholar-quotes this holy hadith from a number of Sunni books and scientists in his valuable book titled "Yanabi'a Al- Mawaddah".
2- «ذكرُ عليّ عبادةٌ »

breeze of paradise(1); it filled the earth, the sky and the heavens and will be fully smelled by heart-burned zealots forever! Thanks to this ominous birth, what tears were shed like rivers in times and what hearts were strongly and rhythmically pulsed to the full end!

You knew what frenzy enamored lovers there are who drank pure wine from leadership goblet of yours; how they will go beyond their existence and pass off boundaries of mania!!

Tell me which wise and lover man sheds tears of joy while he is tied in hands waiting at the gallows?!

Which lover smiles while he is crucified with nail on palm tree and cut off in hands, legs and tongue?!

Which maniac smiles when he knows he is pulled to abattoir with tied hands to be beheaded like sheep?!

True! What purely born people were both beheaded by impure hands of enemies of purities and hoisted like banners atop of gallows only because they loved you (2)! Let me stop talking this way because my moaning is heard

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1- 1. "Tassnim" is named of a river in Paradise which has very good flavor and scent and the God's Saints and those nearest to Him drink from it and other people of Paradise drink a wine mixed with flavor of Tassnim. God says in His Words: «عَلَى الْأَرَائِكِ يَنظُرُونَ * تَعْرِفُ فِي وُجُوهِهِمْ نَضْرَةَ النَّعِيمِ * يُسْقَوْنَ مِن رَّحِيقٍ مَّخْتُومٍ * خِتَامُهُ مِسْكٌ وَفِي ذَلِكَ فَلْيَتَنَافَسِ الْمُتَنَافِسُونَ * وَمِزَاجُهُ مِن تَسْنِيمٍ * عَيْنًا يَشْرَبُ بِهَا الْمُقَرَّبُونَ » Leaning against the raised sofas, they watch and appreciate the beauty of the bounties of Allah; you will recognize in their faces the brightness and the beam of happiness; they will be given the pure drink from a jar which is sealed, the seal of the drink is pure musk so they inhale the scent of it eagerly, and it is mixed with the water of Tassnim Fountain, a Fountain in the lofty part of the Paradise whereof drink those nearest to Allah (Mutaffifin: 23-28).
2- Supporting the Truth is followed by consequences like martyrdom, but no happiness is higher than martyrdom for those who support the Truth because their love for divinely permanent and sublimated values have freed them from belongings of the world; they are easily ready to sacrifice their whole soul in the battlefields of self-devotion and campaign in the way of their Creator to achieve perennial prosperity and join Him in the everlasting Paradise. Here, pay attention to fate of several lovers of Amir Mu'amenan (‘a) who sacrificed their life on defending the Truth and values: Maytham Tammar He was one of the devotees of religion and devoted himself in the way of leadership. He was respected in Kufa. Back to Kufa from the hajj, Ibn-e Ziyad ordered him to be arrested


before entering the city. Although he was a very old, skin-boned and physically failing aged man, he was so brave, strong-hearted, psychologically powered, strongly determined, eloquently tongued and firmly faithful man that he had frightened Ibn-e Ziyad with his much power. For this reason, he had inevitably dispatched one hundred troops to seize this young-hearted old man. Soldiers arrested Maytham and brought him to Kufa. Ibn-e Ziyad was told that Maytham had been seized and introduced him as the closest and greatest companion to Ali ('a). He was taken to Ibn-e Ziyad. He told Maytham: You must detest and hate Ali and remember him as a wrong man; otherwise, I cut off your hands and legs and let you be hanged! In the face of this threatening of Ibn-e Ziyad, Maytham said: Ali (a) informed me that you hang me and cut my hands, my feet and my tongue off! Ibn-e Ziyad said: To make Ali's statement come untrue, I hang you, cut your hands and feet off but I do not cut your tongue! Maytham said: How do you say that? When this is said by Ali (‘a) who quoted from the Prophet (s), who quoted from Gabriel and who quoted from God. I swear to God! I also know where I am hanged in Kufa! Ibn- e Ziyad angrily said: By God! I cut off your hands and feet and I do not cut your tongue to make your lord's lie and that of yours unfolded.

(Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol. 2, p. 393)

Maytham was nailed to palm-tree and his hands and feet were cut off. Maytham being on the gallows loudly uttered of virtues of Ali ('a) and enumerated wickedness of the Umayyad and iniquity of Yazid and Ibn-e Ziyad. Ibn-e Ziyad was told that Maytham on the gallows have created uproar that might ignite riot of people. Ibn-e Ziyad cried: Cut off his tongue. After that, his truth-saying tongue that, more incisive than sword for the atheists-was cut off. The man in charge of cutting his tongue told Maytham: Say whatever you like to say! Emir has ordered me to cut off your tongue. Maytham replied: Son of the fallen woman (Ibn-e Ziyad) has imagined that he can show to people that I and my lord are liars....this is my tongue. In this way, he was martyred while being on the gallows. (Rejal Kashshi, p. 86; Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol. 2, p. 394)

Hujr Ibn-e 'Adi

He was one of the Companions of the Prophet (s) as well as one of the warriors loyal to Ali ('a) and a special man close to him. He remained to be an example of bravery, piety and servitude, so he was called "Hujr Al-Kheir" meaning "Good Protector".

(Seyr A'laam Al-Nabla', vol. 3, p. 463)

His wayfaring conduct went so far to make him someone whose prayers were accepted.

(Al-Esabah, vol. 1, p. 314)

He was statue of religious fervor and he was relentless in the face of the wrong and forbidden deeds. He took part in all wars of Amir Al-Mu'amenin (a) and played a sensitive role in them.

(A'ssad Al-Ghaba, vol. 1, p. 697)

He was one of the restless lovers of Ali ('a) and he finally lost his life in his loving way of Ali (‘a). Hujr and his companions were told when they were on the verge of being martyred that if they curse Ali and detest him, they will be released from being punished. They said: We never do that. They were ordered to be cast off their shackles so that they might be engaged in worshipping from dusk to dawn. In the next morning, Mu'awiyya's

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and I bear not such stories!

Having been born, countenance of yours illuminated many eyes.

Your honorable and monotheistic father1 became happy; the great men of


agents told them: Did you have good mood in praying and worshipping the other night; tell us what you think of Uthman? They said: He is the man who promulgated tyranny within governorship and acted untruly! For the last time, they were told: Are you ready to detest Ali? They replied: Hardly ever! We love Ali (‘a)!

Afterwards, Mu'awiyya ordered all of them to be hanged up.

(Kamel Ibn-e Athir, vol. 3, p. 323; A'ssad Al-Ghaba, vol. 1, p. 386)

Kumayl Ibn-e Ziyad Nakha'ie:

He was also one of the loving martyrs of Ali (‘a). He joined other Kufis in Siffin war! Amir Mu'amenan appointed him as agent and governor of "delegation" of Iraqi cities, but he was blamed by Ali (‘a) because of his poorly administrative ability.

(Nahj Al-Balagha, letter 61)

Yet, such blame never lessened even a bit of his love to our lord, Ali (‘a) because restless lovers of Ali ('a) remain as such. Ultimately, Hajjaj Ibn-e Yusuf, the well-known Arab blood-shedding executioner, seized him. Kumayl said to him: stop sharpening your teeth for me and avoid threatening me because my life is almost about to end! Do whatever you want to do as our time is due when we appear before the Almighty God and you must be responsive after you murder me; Amir Mu'amenan (a) told me that you will kill me. Hajjaj ordered him to be beheaded.

(Tarikh-e Tabari, vol.4, p. 440; Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.5, p. 256)

Qanbar, male slave of Amir Mu'amenan (‘a):

It is said Hajjaj Ibn-e Yusuf said one day: I want to seize a man of Ali's Companions and shed his blood so that I can approach God!

He was told: Among Ali's Companions, no one as much as Qanbar has taken privilege of Ali's company. Hajjah ordered men to bring him. When he appeared before him, he asked him: Are you Qanbar? He said: Yes! He asked: Are you from Hamdan clan? He replied: Yes! He asked: Are you friend and a servant of Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb? He said: God is my Lord and Ali (*a) is my patron. He said: stop supporting religion of Ali! He said: If I do that, do you lead me to a better religion than that?! Hajjaj replied: I now intend to kill you; choose whatever way of murder, I'll kill you that way! Qanbar said: I put the choice to you. He said: What for? He said: Because in whatever way you kill me, you'll be killed in the same way (on the Day as eye for eye); my lord, Ali (‘a) has told me that I am killed in cruelty and in injustice. Hajjaj ordered him to be beheaded.

(Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.42, p. 126; Sheikh Mufid, Ershad, vol. 1, p. 348)

1. Hazrat Abutaleb ('a) was one of the few people that he believed in religion of Hazrat Abraham (s) and monotheism before Islam; when people worshipped idols, he never bowed down to idols and was a monotheistic believer. Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid Mu'atazili talks about beliefs of the Dark Times in Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha:

They were different groups: A group of them denied the Resurrection Day and God.

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Another group believed in God but denied the Day. There was a third group who believed in God and in a post-mortem life but they denied the Prophetic Mission and were idolaters, regarding them as their intercessors before God. A different group believed in metempsychosis and they had bizarre ideas about idols. A number of them found them as partners of God. A number of others considered them as a medium between creator and themselves. But the Arab monotheists and God worshippers were only few, among whom there were 'Abdulmotalleb, Abutaleb and 'Abdullah.

(Excerpts from Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol. 1, pp. 117-120)

Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid says in his poems about personality of father of Ali (‘a):

ولولا ابوطالب وابنه *** لما مثل الدين شخصا وقاما

فذالک بمکه أوى وحامی *** وهذا بيثرب جس الحماما

If Abutaleb and his son were not there

Religion never stood strong in height

He gave refuge and support to [the Prophet (s)]

Death whirlpools in Yathreb engulfed his son in might

Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid writes in Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol. 14, p. 84: One of the Shiite scholars had written a book about faith of Abutaleb; he brought it to me to write an introduction. Instead, I put down these poems of seven in number on back of the book. Abutaleb helped the Prophet (s) for forty two years, particularly in the last ten years of his life that was coincident with his Prophethood and call; he showed extreme self- devotion on Prophet's way. The only cause that made him so steadfastly and strong was the very force of pure faith in the holy Prophet (s). On protecting the Prophet (s), he stood adamant and preferred three years of homelessness and living within clefts of mountain and deep valleys in Shu'ab Abitaleb over management and chairmanship of Mecca; this three-year-old homelessness made him worn-out and lost his temperament. He died some days after violating the economic restrictions and coming back home. His faith in the Prophet (s) was so strong that he was even pleased to have all of his children killed for saving life of the Prophet (s); he even let Ali ('a) sleep on his bed to protect him from any attempted attack; more importantly, some day he was willing to have all heads of Quraysh killed in revenge and all the Hashimites might as well be killed.

(Parts from History of the Prophet of Islam (s), Ja'afar Subhani, p. 165)

But with all such cordiality and faith of Abutaleb (s), a group of purposeful people of the history incessantly worked against him and denied his whole virtues because they found that he is father of Ali (“a) and faith of father is being accounted as marked virtue for him; this was while blasphemy and polytheism of caliphs caused them to be degraded in rank! A group of people headed by the propagandistic system of the Umayyad and Abbasid even excommunicated him and claimed that verses have been sent down about his blasphemy!

(Parts from History of the Prophet of Islam (s), Ja'afar Subhani, p. 164)

Imam Sadiq (a) says about faith of Abutaleb (s):

«إنّ أبا طالب من رفقاء النبيين والصدّيقين والشهداء والصالحين وحسن اولئك رفيقا ».

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Abutaleb sat with the Prophets, the believers, the martyrs and the righteous and these people are such good friends.

(Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.35, p.111; Al-Ghadir, vol. 7, p. 393; Al-Hojat Alalzaheb Ela Takfir Abitaleb, Seyyed Fakhkhar Ma'ad, p. 82)

Hazrat Sadiq (‘a) says in another hadith:

«إنّ ايمان أبي طالب لو وضع في كفة ميزان و ايمان هذا الخلق في كفة ميزان لرجح ايمان أبي طالب على ايمانهم »

If you faith of Abutaleb is placed on one side of a scale and faith of people in another side, faith of Abutaleb stands superior.

(Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.35, p.112; Al-Ghadir, vol.7, p.390; Madinat Al-Ma'ajez, vol. 7, p.535)

Imam Reza (a) addressing one of his companions talked about faith of Abutaleb (s) in this way:

«وإنّك إن لم تقرّ بايمان أبي طالب كان مصيرك إلى النار »

Be aware that if you fail to confess to faith of Abutaleb, your place and home is in fire! (Al-Ghadir, vol.7, p.381)

When an unconscious man questioned Abutaleb's faith and intemperately indicted him of his status at the presence of Amir Mu'amenan (‘a), Hazrat (‘a) said while his face showed anger:

«مه ! فض الله فاك ، و الذيبعث محمدا بالحق نبيا لو شفع أبي في كلّ مذنب على وجه الأرض لشفعه الله »

Keep quiet! May God crush your mouth! I swear to God, who appointed Mohammad the Prophet, if my father wishes to take charge of intercession of any sinner, God shall make him intercessor.

(Al-Hojat Alalzaheb Ela Takfir Abitaleb, Seyyed Fakhkhar Ma'ad, p. 73)

Hazrat Abutaleb (s) is being recorded poetry in historical books that indicates his strong faith in all God's Prophets.

Pay attention to some of them, here:

ليعلم خيار الناس أن محمدا *** نبی کموسى والمسيح بن مريم

أتانا بهدی مثل ما اتیا به *** فكل بأمر الله يهدى ويعتصم

The noble and knowledgeable shall know that Mohammad is the Prophet (s), such as the Moses and Jesus (s); he has the same heavenly light they had. And all Prophets guide people and prohibit them from committing sins as ordered by God.

(Majma' Al-Bayan, vol.7, p. 37; Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak, vol.2, p.623)

تمنيتم أن تقتلوه وإنما *** أمانيكم هذى كأحلام النائم

نبی أتاه الوحى من عند ربه *** فمن قال لا يقرع بها سن نادم

Heads of Quraysh! Do you imagine you can overcome him?! The dreams you have in mind are only troubled sleeps! He is the Messenger (s) and he has revelations from God; whoever says no, he shall be filled with remorse.

(Divan-e Abutaleb, p. 32)

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Bani Hasim became joyful, but you know that what heart was the happiest heart then?! True! He is the very man who has the most beautiful name among God's creatures and God has bestowed his whole being a blessing for the world.(1)If I name him "lord", it is a true statement that you made to someone who asked you: You are higher in rank or the Messenger (s)? You harshly told him: I am a thrall of Mohammad's thralls! (2)If I say "your brother", it is also a true statement that Mohammad (s) said when he hugged you in front of thousands of people who witnessed: Ali remains


ألم تعلموا انا وجدنا محمدا *** نبیاکموسى خط في أول الكتاب

وأن عليه في العباد محبه *** ولاخير ممن خصه الله بالحب

Quraysh! Do you not know that we found him the Prophet (s) like the Moses (s) and his name and label has been laid down in Heavenly Books? Worshippers of God raise special love towards him and the one whose love is being deposited in hearts by God shall not be rendered cruelty.

(Sira-e Ibn-e Hosham, vol.1, p.373)

والله لن يصلوا إليك بجمعهم *** في أوسد في التراب دفينا

فامضى لأمرك ما عليك غضاضه *** وأبشرو بذلک قرمنک عیونا

ودعوتني وعلمت أنك ناصحی *** فلقد صدقت وكنت فدم أمينا

وعرضت دينا قد عرفت بأنه *** من خير أديان البريه دينا

My nephew! Quraysh can never overcome you and I will not give up staying beside you and I make my bed stone and dust until that day; reveal what mission you are given, fear no one, give glad tidings and open the eyes of people. You called me on your religion; I know you are my advice giver and you remain trustworthy in your call. Verily, religion of Mohammad (s) is the best of all.

(Tarikh-e Ibn-e-e Kathir, vol.2, p.42)

Imam Ali (‘a) was asked about his father if he feels uncomfortable in fire or not. Hazrat said: Be quiet! May God crush your mouth; I swear to God, who truly appointed Mohammad (s). If my father renders intercession of all sins on the earth, God accepts his intercession. Is my father in Hellfire while his son divides Paradise and Hell?!

(Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.35, p. 110; Kanz Al-Fawa'id, vol. 10, p. 183)

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1- «وَ ما أَرْسَلْنَاكَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِلْعَالَمِينَ » And O' Messenger! We did send you as a grace to the human society [for their guidance] (Anbiyaa: 107).
2- 2. One day, one man having been amazed at unique virtues and manifestations of Amir Mu'amenan (‘a) asked Ali (‘a): Is your status higher or that of the Prophet's?! Ali (‘a) told him: Keep silent; "I am humble disciple of Mohammad." (Kafi, vol.1, p.90)

my brother in this world and in the Hereafter(1). And if say he is the very endeared man you are part of his being, I have said it truly because the endeared one of God said: I and Ali are both from one tree and others are from other trees.(2)

True, true; one might say the nicest meeting happened ever since on this globe was that of you and the Messenger! The Messenger (s) embraced you for first meeting on the globe, kissed you, smelled you, touched his face with yours and the most beautiful smile appeared on his countenance as broad as all times.

O' Ali!

Before you were born to this globe, what transactions you had with God in the universe of light that God bestowed you, since birth, such rank and dignity?! But here in this world, you dealt with God most highly and you were first to God after the last Prophet (s); other companions of the Messenger (s) stand behind at a farther distance from the first heaven to

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1- 1. Various histories read that: When the Prophet (s) departed to Medina, he concluded a promise of brotherhood between the Helpers and the Emigrants two by two; finally, when Ali (‘a) remained alone, he told him: You deserve being my brother, telling people that: Ali remains my brother in this world and the other world. (Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.1, p. 105 and vol.1, p. 108; Yanabi'a al-Mawadda, vol.1, p.226; Sira-e Ibn-e Hosham, vol. 2, p. 123 and...)
2- 2. The honorable Prophet of Islam (s) says about Ali (‘a): «أنا و على من شجرة واحدة و الناس من أشجار شتّى» I and Ali are from the same tree and others are from different trees. (Yanabi'a Al-Mawadda, p. 235; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.3, p. 309) The Messenger of God (s) told Ali (‘a): «ياعلي ! خلق الله الناس من أشجار شتّى و خلقنى و أنت من شجرة واحدة أنا أصلها و أنت فرعها فطوبى لمن تمسك بأصلها و أكل من فرعها» O' Ali! God created people from different trees, but you and I are created from one tree; I am main part and root of the tree and you are branch and its fruits; therefore, good for those who resort to its root and are fed by its fruits. (Amali, Sheikh Tusi, p. 324) The late Majlisi quotes "Ayun Akhbar Al-Reza" that the Messenger (s) told Ali (‘a): «النَّاسُ مِنْ أَشجارِ شتّى وأنا وأنتَ مِنْ شجرةٍ واحدةٍ » (Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.35, p.35)

the seventh for good.

O' Ali! What mystery lies behind all these gifts, virtues, magnitude and rank from God for you?! We do not know and God knows!

Your holy and fully luminous birth inside Ka'aba carries messages for souls of non-tyrants.

Ka'aba is the first house that was built for worshipping God and no hub has been worshipped before it.(1)God called Ka'aba a safe place, full of blessings and a place for guidance of the world.(2) God has made His House pilgrimage mandatory and ordered His worshippers to rush to pay pilgrimage to Ka'aba wherever they are on this earth. (3)

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1- « إِنَّ أَوَّلَ بَيْتٍ وُضِعَ لِلنَّاسِ لَلَّذِي بِبَكَّةَ مُبَارَكًا وَهُدًى لِّلْعَالَمِينَ» Verily, the first House for worship established for men, was that Bakkah, full of blessing and guidance for mankind (Al-e Imran: 96). (جَعَلَ اللهُ الْكَعْبَةَ الْبَيْتَ الْحَرَامَ قِيَامًا لِّلنَّاسِ وَالشَّهْرَ الْحَرَامَ وَالْهَدْيَ وَالْقَلَائِدَ ذَلِكَ لِتَعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ ) God established Ka'aba, Baitulharam as a medium for strength and re-organization of public affairs; and also He set illegal month, untagged sacrifices and tagged sacrifices; such rulings stand for you to know that God is omniscient of whatever on earth and in the heavens. (( وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَاهِيمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَاعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّا إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ )) And when Ibrahim and Ismail raised the foundations of the House [they beseeched:] "O' our Creator and Nurturer! Accept this service from us; verily, Thou are the Knowing Hearer (Baqarah: 127).
2- «وَإِذْ جَعَلْنَا الْبَيْتَ مَثَابَةً لِّلنَّاسِ وَأَمْنا وَاتَّخِذُواْ مِن مَّقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مُصَلَّى وَعَهِدْنَا إِلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ أَن طَهِّرَا بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْعَاكِفِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ » And when We made the House a place of assembly for mankind and a place of safety, We stated: "Take you [people] the Station of Ibrahim as a place for prayer." And We Commanded Ibrahim and Ismail: "You should sanctify My House for those who compass it around, or use it as a place for Divine retreat, or bow or prostrate [in prayer]."(Baqarah: 125)
3- ((قُلْ مَن كَانَ عَدُوًّا لَّجِبْرِيلَ فَإِنَّهُ نَزَّلَهُ عَلَى قَلْبِكَ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَهُدًى وَبُشْرَى لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ )) Say [O' Messenger!]: "Whoever is the enemy of Jibrail is Allah's enemy for he brings down the Revelations to your heart by Allah's Leave, confirming what was sent before

Your birth in Ka'aba has at least five messages: Monotheism, guidance, security, blessing, hurry and surpass.

1-is My لا إله ألا الله is motto of monotheism; God said: :Word of لا إله ألا الله .Fortress; Whoever enters My Fortress, he shall be secured from My Agony.(1)

And God said elsewhere that accepting your guardianship is entrance to His Fortress and Added in a holy hadith that: Guardianship of Ali Ibn Abi Taleb is My Fortress and whoever enters it, he shall be safe from My Agony.(2) And your brother, the Messenger (s) said: Ali is pillar of religion (3) and he also said: O' Ali! You look like قل هو الله احد 4 (4)You yourself describing


the Holy Quran which is a Guidance and Glad-tidings for those who believe. "(Baqarah: 97)

«وَأَذَن فِي النَّاسِ بِالْحَجِّ يَأْتُوكَ رِجَالاً وَعَلَى كُلِّ ضَامِرٍ يَأْتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٍ * لِيَشْهَدُوا مَنَافِعَ لَهُمْ وَيَذْكُرُوا اسْمَ اللَّهِ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْلُومَاتٍ عَلَى مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّن بَهِيمَةِ الْأَنْعَامِ فَكُلُوا مِنْهَا وَأَطْعِمُوا الْبَائِسَ الْفَقِيرَ»

"And proclaim the pilgrimage among men as a Divine Duty; then people will come to you on foot or on lean camels from every remote land; "that they may witness profits provided for them in every aspect, spiritual, social and economic; and they should mention Allah's Name on the appointed days over what He has given them of the cattle for sacrifice; then eat of the meat of them and feed the miserable needy as well (Hajj: 27- 28).

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1- The holy hadiths read that God says: «كلمة لا إله إلا الله حِصنى فَمن دخل حصنى أمن من عذابي » The word "y" is My Castle and whoever enters My Castle, he shall be secured from agony of the Day. (Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.49, p.123; Ma'ani Al-Akhbar, p.371, vol.3, p.144; Ayun Akhbar Al- Reza, vol. 2, p.135)
2- Sheikh Sadduq quoted Ali Ibn-e Belal and he quoted Imam Reza (‘a) and Hazrat quoted, with his documents, his ancestors and they quoted the Messenger (s) and Hazrat quoted Gabriel (a) and Gabriel quoted plaque and pen that God says: «ولاية عليّ بن أبي طالب حصنى فمَن دخل حصنى أمن من عذابي » (Ayun Akhbar Al-Reza, vol.2, p. 136; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.39, chapter 87, p. 246)
3- The Messenger (s) said: «على عمود الدين » Ali is pillar of religion. (Ghayat Al-Maram, vol.4, p.269; Usul-e Kafi, vol. 1, p.294)
4- 4. The Messenger (s) said:

your divine status said: I am proof of God, caliph of God, gate of God, treasurer of knowledge of God, I am trustee of God's Secret, I am leader of people after the best creature who is Mohammad (s); you also said: I am the memory that is forgotten; the very path from which people are deviated; the very faith that is rejected; the very Quran that is forlorn; the very religion that is denied and the very path that is turned back. (1)

2. Guidance remains in the hands of God who said: And God guides on the straight path whoever He wishes.(2)

«يا على ! مَثَلُكَ مثل « قل هو الله أحد » ؛ من أحبّك بقلبه فكأنّما قرأ ثلث القرآن و من أحبّك بقلبه و أعانك بلسانه فكأنما قرأ ثلثى القرآن و من أحبّك بقلبه و أعانك بلسانه و نصرك بيده فكأنما قرأ القرآن كله »

O' Ali! You look like ""; someone who heartily likes you, he seems like having read one third of the holy Quran; someone who heartily likes you and helps you by tongue, he seems like having read two thirds of the holy Quran; someone who heartily likes you, helps you by tongue and assists you in action, he seems like having read the whole Quran. (Sadduq, Khisal, vol.2, p.580; Tafsir-e Nur Al-Thaqalayn, vol.5, p.701)

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1- Imam Ali (‘a) says: «أنا الذكر الذي عنه ضَلّ و السبيل الذى عنه مال و الايمان الذي به کفر و القرآن الذي اياه هجر والدين الذي به كذب والصراط الذي عنه نكب » I am the memory that has been forgotten; the very way being deviated from; the very faith being regarded as false; the very Quran being left forlorn; the very religion being denied and the very path being turned back. (Tafsir-e Nur Al-Thaqalayn, vol.4, p.12)
2- «سَيَقُولُ السُّفَهَاء مِنَ النَّاسِ مَا وَلَاهُمْ عَن قِبْلَتِهِمُ الَّتِي كَانُوا عَلَيْهَا قُل لَّلَّهِ الْمَشْرِقُ وَالْمَغْرِبُ يَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ» The fools among the people will say; "what has turned them from their Qiblah towards which they performed prayers before? Say [O' Messenger!]: "To Allah belongs the East and the West and Allah guides whomsoever He Wills to the Straight Path."(Baqarah: 142) «لَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ هُدَاهُمْ وَلَكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَهْدِى مَن يَشَاءُ وَمَا تُنفِقُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ فَلَأَنفُسِكُمْ وَمَا تُنفِقُونَ إِلَّا ابْتِغَاء وَجْهِ اللَّهِ وَمَا تُنفِقُوا مِنْ خَيْرٍ يُوَفَّ إِلَيْكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لَا تُظْلَمُونَ» O' Messenger! You are not responsible for their guidance; but Allah guides aright whomsoever He Wills. And whatever good things you spend in charity, it shall be for your own souls; but do not spend in charity except for seeking the Pleasure of Allah. And whatever good you spend shall be repaid to you in full here and in the other world; and you shall not be treated unjustly and shall suffer no loss; (Baqarah: 272) «يَهْدِي بِهِ اللَّهُ مَنِ اتَّبَعَ رِضْوَانَهُ سُبُلَ السَّلاَمِ وَيُخْرِجُهُم مِّنِ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ بِإِذْنِهِ وَيَهْدِيهِمْ إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ» Allah through the Holy Quran guides whoever that seeks Allah's Pleasure, to the peace- giving ways; and He takes them out of the darkness towards the Light by His Will and

Guidance is tradition of God but He never guides the oppressors and said: Tell what you imagine if the Quran is from God and you disbelieve in it; whereas a witness from Bani Israel testifies to the Quran and believes in it; you show arrogance and are of disbelievers and God, of course, will not guide tyrants and oppressors.(1) He also said: who is crueler than the one


guides them to the Straight Path; (Ma'idah: 16)

«وَمَا كُنَّا لِنَهْتَدِيَ لَوْلا أَنْ هَدَانَا اللَّهُ لَقَدْ جَاءتْ رُسُلُ رَبِّنَا بِالْحَقِّ وَنُودُوا أَن تِلْكُمُ الْجَنَّةُ أُورِثْتُمُوهَا بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ»

.......we could never find guidance, if it were not that Allah had guided us; indeed, the Messengers of our Creator did bring us the Truth." And it will be cried out to them: "Your deeds of righteousness have made you the inheritors of this Paradise. "(A'raaf: 43)

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1- 1 كَيْفَ يَهْدِي اللَّهُ قَوْمًا كَفَرُواْ بَعْدَ إِيمَانِهِمْ وَشَهِدُواْ أَنَّ الرَّسُولَ حَقٌّ وَجَاءَهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ » . How shall Allah guide those who disbelieved after they believed and after they bore witness that the Messenger of Islam was true; and after they received Clear Signs which had come to them? And Allah does not guide the self-oppressing people; (Al-e Imran: 86) «يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الْيَهُودَ وَالنَّصَارَى أَوْلِيَاء بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاء بَعْضٍ وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُم مِّنكُمْ فَإِنَّهُ مِنْهُمْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِى الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ » O' you who believe! Do not take the Jews and the Christians as friends; they are friends only to one another; and if any among you takes them as friends, then surely, he is regarded as one of them. Verily, Allah does not guide the wrongdoers. (Ma'idah: 51) «ذَلِكَ أَدْنَى أَن يَأْتُوا بِالشَّهَادَةِ عَلَى وَجْهِهَا أَوْ يَخَافُوا أَن تُرَدَّ أَيْمَانٌ بَعْدَ أَيْمَانِهِمْ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ وَاسْمَعُواْ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِى الْقَوْمَ الْفَاسِقِينَ» That is more appropriate and closer to the fact that their testimony would be in its true shape, and for them to fear that you may check back by means of other oaths following their oaths. And fear from the disobedience of Allah and listen to Allah's Commands and know that Allah does not guide the people who are rebellious and disobedient. (Ma'idah: 108) «وَمِنَ الإِبْلِ اثْنَيْنِ وَمِنَ الْبَقَرِ اثْنَيْنِ قُلْ الذَّكَرَيْنِ حَرَّمَ أَمِ الأُنثَيَيْنِ أَمَّا اشْتَمَلَتْ عَلَيْهِ أَرْحَامُ الأُنثَيَيْنِ أَمْ كُنتُمْ شُهَدَاء إِذْ وَصَّاكُمُ اللهُ بِهَذَا فَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَى عَلَى اللهِ كَذِبًا لِيُضِلَّ النَّاسَ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَهْدِى الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ » And Allah created of the camels two [male and female] and of the oxen two [male and female]. Ask them [O' Messenger!]: "Has Allah forbidden the two males or the two females or what the wombs of the two females contain? Or were you witnesses when Allah passed such a Decree? Who then is more unjust than the one who forges a lie against Allah to lead men astray without knowledge? Certainly, Allah does not guide the disbelievers." (An'am: 144) «أَجَعَلْتُمْ سِقَايَةَ الْحَاجِّ وَعِمَارَةَ الْمَسْجِدِ الْحَرَامِ كَمَنْ آمَنَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَجَاهَدَ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ لاَ يَسْتَوُونَ عِندَ اللهِ وَاللَّهُ لاَ يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ » Do you consider providing drinking water for the pilgrims and the maintenance of the Sacred Mosque as equal to the efforts of those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and strive hard and fight in the Path of Allah? They are not equal in the Sight of Allah and

who attributes falsehood to God while he is invited to embrace God?! God never guides the oppressors.(1)

He added: Those who bear the Torah and stood against it are descriptive of a yule that carries books but it has no realization of them; true! This is exemplary of the people who denied signs of God and they are bad people and God will never guide the repressors.(2)

O' lord!

You are the speaking Quran, pillar of religion and strong path of God and whoever turns to you, he shall be guided. Those denying your status and strong path are undoubtedly the very cruel people and the misled although they recite the Quran by heart! Your brother, the Messenger (s) said of you: If Ali is chosen as your leader, you will see that he is a path-gone leader and guides you on the straight path.(3) He also said: I guide you on something if you accept it, you will be guided and not be ruined?! Verily, your guardian is God and your Imam is Ali Ibn Abi Taleb; therefore, try to


Allah does not guide the self-oppressing people; (Taubah: 19)

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1- «وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّنِ افْتَرَى عَلَى اللَّهِ الْكَذِبَ وَهُوَ يُدْعَى إِلَى الأَسْلَامِ وَاللَّهُ لَأَيَهْدِى الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ » Who is more unjust than the one who forges lie against Allah by calling His Words magic[and His Messenger a magician] when he is being invited to the Religion of Islam? And Allah does not guide those who are self-oppressors, [those who by rejecting Allah's Command do wrong to themselves]; (Saff: 7)
2- «مَثَلُ الَّذِينَ حُمِّلُوا التَّوْرَاةَ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَحْمِلُوهَا كَمَثَلِ الْحِمَارِ يَحْمِلُ أَسْفَارًا بِئْسَ مَثَلُ الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ» The similitude of those on whom learning the Taurat was an incumbent and they learned it without practicing the Commandments, is as the likeness of a donkey which is under the burden of books to carry without understanding one single word of them. How bad is the similitude of people who denied the Signs and Revelations of Allah; and Allah deprives the wrongdoers of His Guidance. (Jumu'ah: 5)
3- 3. The Messenger (s) said: « إن تولّوا عليا تجدوه هاديا مهديا ، يسلك بكم الطريق المستقيم » If you take Ali as your legatee, you will see that he is a leader and leads you to straight path. (Ali Ibn-e Hesamuddin known after Mottaqi Hendi who is a Sunni scholar quotes the above hadith from Sunni sources in "Kanz Al-Amal”, hadith No. 32966).

be his well-wisher and cordial and approve him because verily this is what Gabriel told me.(1)

3. People gather to cling to rope of your leadership to reach happiness and security; your brother, the Messenger (s) said: If people had shown unanimity over love of Ali, God would have never created the hell.(2) The elite of the Messenger (s) and the integral part of his body(3), Sediqqeh Kobra (‘a) also said: Fathers of this ummah are Mohammad and Ali; if they are obeyed, they improve their unsound judgment, they rid them of painful agony and if they are accompanied, they bestow them eternal gift that means everlasting paradise.4. Lady of the Two Worlds (a) said:

«أبوا هذه الأمة محمد و علي يقيمان اودهم و ينقذان من العذاب الدائم إن أطاعوهما ويبيحانهم النعيم الدائم إن وافقوهما»

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1- 1. The Messenger says: «ألا أدلكم على ما إن تسالمتم عليه لم تَهلكوا ؟ ! إن وليكم الله و إن إمامكم عليّ بن أبي طالب فناصحوه وصدقوه فإنّ جبرئيل أخبرني بذلك » Do I lead you to something if over which you agree you do not face perdition?! Verily, Your Guardian is God and your Imam is Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb; therefore, try to seek his benevolence and be his cordial and approve him.....verily, I am informed about this by Gabriel. (Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid Mu'atazili, Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol.3, p. 98)
2- 2. In "Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah", vol.2, p. 290, Sheikh Sulayman Hanafi Qundouzi quotes the Messenger (s) saying: «لو اجتمع الناسُ على حبّ عليّ بن أبي طالب، لما خلق الله النار» If people had assembled to raise love and friendship towards Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb, God would have never created Hellfire. Movaffaq Ibn-e Ahmad Khwarazmi who is one of the other Sunverilyni ulema quoted the above hadith from Ibn-e 'Abbas in "Maqtal Al-Husayn" that the Messenger (s) said: Also, the above hadith has been quoted by Mohammad Saleh Hanafi in "Al-Kawkab Al- Dori", p. 132 from Omar Ibn-e Khattab.
3- 3. The Prophet (s) says about his honorable daughter, Hazrat Zahra (a): «إنّ فاطمة بضعة منّي و هي نور عيني و ثمرة فؤادي يسوؤني ما ساءها ويسرنى ما سرّها وإنّها أول من يلحقنى من أهل بيتي» Verily, Fatima is part of my body. She is my dear daughter and fruit of my heart. What makes her unhappy makes me sad and what makes her happy makes me happy. She is the first one in my Progeny who joins me. (Sheikh Saduq, Amali, p.487)

You and your pure family bring security and safety for dwellers of the earth because you said: I and my family provide people of the earth with security just as the stars bring safety for everything in the heaven.(1)

4. If all people were unequivocal followers and believers of God, God would bestow His widespread blessings upon people from the earth and the heaven; but they are not as such!!

God said in His luminous Words:(2)

And which faith and piety surpass confessing to your status and obeying your orders because God:(3)


Fathers of this ummah are Mohammad and Ali; if they are obeyed, they amend their wrongs and save them from painful agony and if they are joined, they will bestow the eternal gift (the everlasting Paradise).

(Al-Borhan, vol.4, p. 307; Tafsir-e Imam Hassan Askari ('a), p.330)

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1- 1. Imam Ali (‘a) said: «أنا و أهل بيتي أمان لأهل الأرض، كما أنّ النجوم أمان لأهل السماء » I and my family provide security for people on the earth just as stars do for safety of whatever in the sky. (Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 12, p.96; Ghurar Al-Hukam, p. 262) In lots of hadiths said by the Sunnis and Shiites, the Messenger (s) and the Saint Imams (a) have been quoted as saying: He provides security for the earth and the earth protects its residents because of his blessing. This will be discussed by referring to such hadiths later.
2- «وَلَوْ أَنَّ أَهْلَ الْقُرَى آمَنُواْ وَاتَّقُواْ لَفَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِم بَرَكَاتٍ مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلَكِن كَذَّبُواْ فَأَخَذْنَاهُم بِمَا كَانُواْ يَكْسِبُونَ » And if the people of the towns had believed and tried to be pious, We would have opened upon them [gates of] blessings from the heaven and the earth; but they belied our Signs and Miracles and We seized them for what they used to do. (A'raf: 96)
3- «يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ وَأُولى الأَمْرِ مِنكُمْ فَإِن تَنَازَعْتُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ فَرُدُّوهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَالرَّسُولِ إِن كُنتُمْ تُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ ذَلِكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَحْسَنُ تَأْوِيلاً» O' you who believe [in Allah's Oneness]! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those governors among you who have received Divine Authorities. If you differ in anything

And your brother, the Messenger (s) frequently introduced you and your children as true cases of "the people in authority" to his companions; your son, Baqir (‘a) the fifth star of human guidance said: Islam rests upon five bases: Prayers, zakat, fasting, the hajj and guardianship and nothing has been given a call as much as guardianship. (1)

5. God has encouraged everybody to rush to His absolution, forgiveness and everlasting paradise promised for the righteous men:(2)

And the Messenger (s) said that love of you triggers forgiveness of sins.(3) On the day of Ghadir-e Khum, the Messenger (s) after talking


among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day, this is better and more suitable for final conclusion. (Nissaa: 59)

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1- Imam Baqir (‘a) says: «بني الإسلام على خمس على الصلاة والزكاة والصوم والحج و الولاية و لم ينادِ بشيء كما نودى بالولاية» Islam rests on five bases: Prayers, zakat, fasting, the hajj and guardianship (Velayat), for the latter of which much emphasis is being put compared to others. (Usul-e Kafi, vol.2, p.18)
2- 2 .«وَسَارِعُوا إِلَى مَغْفِرَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّكُمْ وَجَنَّةٍ عَرْضُهَا السَّمَاوَاتُ وَالأَرْضُ أُعِدَّتْ لِلْمُتَّقِينَ » And hasten yourselves for obtaining Forgiveness from your Creator and Nurturer and for the Paradise which is as vast as the heavens and the earth altogether, prepared for the pious; (Al-e Imran: 133) «سابِقُوا إِلى مَغْفِرَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَجَنَّةٍ عَرْضُهَا كَعَرْضِ السَّماءِ وَ الْأَرْضِ أُعِدَّتْ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا بِاللهِ وَرُسُلِهِ ذَلِكَ فَضْلُ اللَّهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَنْ يَشاءُ وَاللهُ ذُو الْفَضْلِ الْعَظِيمِ) O' men! Compete with one another in attaining Forgiveness from your Creator and Nurturer and the Garden of Paradise whose width is equal to the vastness of the heavens and the earth altogether, and is prepared for those who believe in Allah and His Messengers. That is the Grace of Allah which He bestows on whom He Wills; and Allah is the Owner of the Great Grace. (Hadid: 21)
3- 3. The Messenger (s) said: «حبُّ عليّ يَأكل الذنوب كما يأكل النار الحطب» Friendship of Ali gulps sins just as the fire does of wood. (Ali Ibn-e Hessamuddin Mottaqi Hendi quotes the above hadith from early Sunni sources in "Kanz Al-Ummal", hadith No. 33021)

about your status and rank, caliphate and Imamate said: Whoever pledges allegiance to Ali, he shall make allegiance to the Almighty God and Hand of God stands as the highest hand.... O' people! Those who surpassed each other to make allegiance to Ali, love him and call him "Commander of the Faithful", they shall be exalted in paradise with divine rewards. (1)

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1- 1. The Prophet (s) said in part of Ghadir-e Khum Oratory Speech: «من بايع فإنّما يبايع الله عزّ و جلّ يد الله فوق أيديهم... معاشر الناس ! السابقون إلى مبايعته و موالاته والتسليم عليه بأمرة المؤمنين اولئك هم الفائزون فى جنات النعيم» Whoever pledges allegiance to Ali, he shall make allegiance to God and God's hand transcends other hands. O' people! Those who take over others to make allegiance to Ali; love him and call him Amir Al-Mu'amenin shall reach divine rewards in the Paradise. Tabarsi, Ihtijaj, vol.1, p.66 Al-Yaqin, p. 343, chapter 127 Al-Tahasin, p.578, chapter 29 Al-Iqbal, p.456 Rawdat Al-Wa'ezin, vol.1, p.89 Nozhat Al-Keram, vol.1, p.186 and ... Complementary to Philosophy Account 1. Status of Ali's mother Fatima, daughter of Assad, mother of Ali (‘a) had been among the most pious women of her time. Before emergence of Islam, She believed in pure creed of Abraham and was never tainted with idolatry and polytheism. After demise of 'Abdulmotalib, honorable father of the Prophet of Islam (s), Abutaleb took charge of the Prophet (s) and took him to his home; Fatima, daughter of Assad loved him like her child and brought her up. The Messenger (s) too paid special respect to this honorable lady and loved her like her mother. Here, in order to learn about status of mother of Imam Ali (‘a), there is one narration quoted from some Sunni sources: عن الزبير بن سعيد القرشى قال كنا جلوسا عند سعيد بن المسيب فمر بنا على بن الحسين ( عليهما السلام | ولم أر هاشميا قط كان أعبد لله منه فقام إليه سعيد بن المسيب وقمنا معه فسلمنا عليه فرد علينا فقال له سعيد يا أبا محمد أخبرنا عن فاطمة بنت أسد بن هاشم أم علي بن أبى طالب (عليهم السلام قال نعم حدثني أبي قال سمعت أمير المؤمنين على بن أبي طالب [ عليهما السلام ) يقول لما ماتت فاطمة بنت أسد بن هاشم [ عليها السلام ) كفنها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في قميصه وصلى عليها وكبر عليها سبعين تكبيرة ونزل فى قبرها فجعل يؤمى في نواحى القبر كأنه يوسعه ويسوى عليها وخرج من قبرها وعيناه تذرفان وحنّا في قبرها فلما ذهب قال له عمر بن الخطاب يا رسول الله رأيتك فعلت على هذه المرأة شيئا لم تفعله على أحد. فقال: يا عمر ! إنّ هذه المرأة كانت أمي التي ولدتني إنّ أبا طالب كان يصنع الصنيع وتكون له المأدبة وكان يجمعنا على طعامه فكانت هذه المرأة تفضل منه كله نصيبنا فأعود فيه وإنّ جبريل عليه السلام أخبرني عن ربي عز وجل أنّها من أهل الجنة وأخبرنى جبريل عليه السلام أنّ الله تعالى أمر سبعين ألفا من الملائكة يصلون عليها.

Zubayr Ibn-e Sa'id Qurashi is being quoted as saying that: I was with Sa'id Ibn-e Musayyib when Ali Ibn-e Al-Husayn (Imam Zeyn Al-Abedin (a), who was unparalleled in worship and piety, passed us. Sa'id Ibn-e Musayyib rose up for him and we did too; we greeted him and he did us too. Then Sa'id told Hazrat: O' Aba Mohammad (nickname of the 4th Imam (a))! Tell us about Fatima, daughter of Assad (a), mother of Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a). Hazrat said: My father said to me that Hazrat Ali (‘a) said: When Fatima, daughter of Assad ('a), son of Hashim died, the Messenger (s) shrouded him with his garment and said prayers over his dead body; he uttered seventy Takbir (God is Great) and stepped into his grave looking around the grave as if he meant to keep it vast and equal. He came out of the grave while tears rolled down his face. When he left there, Omar Ibn-e Khattab told him: O' the Messenger of God! I saw how you behaved this woman and nobody had done so far! The Messenger said: O' Omar! Verily, this woman was my mother from whom I was born. Verily, Abutaleb (a) took care of his business; he brought us together at his food spread; this woman [due to her serious kindness towards me] fed me more than my share. Verily, Gabriel (a) told me from God that she is a member of Paradise and Gabriel (a) informed me that God ordered seventy thousand Angels to say prayers over her. (Neisabouri, Hakem, Mustadrak, vol.2, p.108; A'yan Al- Shi'a, vol.8, p.388; Qadetena Kayf N'arefahem?, vol.1, p.33)

In this holy hadith as quoted by Sunnis, status and dignity of mother of Ali ('a) seems quite apparent; but the considerably important point in the hadith is that the Messenger (s) talked about Fatima, daughter of Assad:

«إنّ هذه المرأة كانت أمّى التي ولدتني»

This woman was my mother from whom I was born.

The Messenger (s) says that Fatima, daughter of Assad (‘a) is his natural mother. What secrecy lies in this statement of the Prophet (s)?! True! God knows better. Here, two hadiths are cited from the late Allameh Majlisi, "Hayat Al-Qulub” to make this sense for people of insight:

He quotes Ma'az Ibn-e Jebel that the Messenger (s) said: Verily, God created me, Ali, Fatima Hassan and Husayn before He had created the universe for seven thousand years. Ma'az said: Where were you, O' Messenger? Hazrat said: We were in the Heavens and we were praising and sanctifying Him. He said: How did you look like? Hazrat replied: We were spirits of light; God made us pillar of light and created our face and implanted us in Adam's loin. He then pulled us out for loins of our fathers and wombs of mothers and we were purified from dirtiness of paganism and evils from atheism time; a group of people became prosperous because of keeping faith in us and a group of others became vicious because of disbelieving in us. When God placed us on loin of Abdulmotalleb, He divided the light in two halves; one half He placed into loin of 'Abdullah and another half He planted into that of Abutaleb. My half went into womb of Ameneh and the second half went into womb of Fatima, daughter of Assad. So, I joined Ameneh and Ali joined Fatima. All pillar of light returned to me and I joined Fatima. Again, all pillar of light returned to Ali and made Hassan and Husayn from two halves of light. In this way, my light in Imams comes from descendants of Husayn until the Last Day. (Hayat Al-Qulub, vol.2, p.6)

By source, Abuzar is being quoted from Hazrat Mohammad (s) saying:

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I and Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb have been created from one light; we praised God on the right side of the Heavens before God creates Adam two thousand years ago. When God created Adam, He placed the light on his back and when he settled in Paradise, we were on his back; when Noah embarked on his ark, we were on his back; when Abraham was thrown into fire, we were on his back; God constantly transferred us from pure loins to purified wombs until we reached 'Abdulmotalleb; God divided the light in two halves. I was placed into 'Abdullah's loin and Ali was put into Abutaleb's. I was given Prophet-hood and blessing and Ali was granted eloquence and bravery. Two holy names were derived from us. Therefore, God owns the laudable Heavens and I am Mohammad, the praiseworthy. And God is Highly Honorable One; my brother is Ali. I was granted Prophetic mission and Ali was appointed as legatee and Imam to rule truth among people. (ibid.)

Of course, these two narrations are understood in Sunni sources-as said-and they are found in abundance. These narrations explicitly denote that origin, identity and reality of the Messenger (s) and Imam Ali (‘a) are identical; hence, this was why the Prophet (s) repeatedly said about Imam Ali (‘a):

Ali is from me and I am from Ali.

Ali is my brother in this world and in the other world.

I and Ali come from one tree and other people come from other trees.

Ali stands like a head for my body.

We share the same flesh and blood.

And the luminous hadiths of the like are successively found in Sunni sources, which, God Willing, are discussed later with their plenty of Sunni sources. Now, this question is asked of fair Sunnis:

Considering such plenty of hadiths in your Sunni sources, how do you authorize yourselves to give others priority over Imam Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (‘a) for caliphate?!!

2. One of the great Sunni ulema named Mohaqqeq Dawani says in treatise “Nur Al-Hadiya", p.22:

When Ali was in his mother's womb, Fatima involuntarily stood up if she was seated facing the Prophet (s). When Mohammad (s) asked Fatima why she got up while bearing the baby? She said: I find a strange mood in myself when I see you and the baby moves in my womb; this means that the baby rises up, so I involuntarily get up.

And Fatima, daughter of Assad said to people:

When Hazrat Mohammad moved here and there, baby in my womb immediately moved that way; therefore, I inevitably turn my face that way.

Mohaqqeq continues to say:

Hence, Hazrat Ali (‘a) was aware of the Prophet's status and rank while resting in her mother's womb and this means nothing but a feature of sacred soul.

(It is said that Mohaqqeq Dawani-dead in 908 A.H-turned to Shi'a in late years of his life.)

True! This is status and dignity of our lord, Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) who gave testimony to truthfulness of the Prophet of Islam (s) in his mother's womb and this was while usurpers of caliphate then worshipped idols!

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True! O' Commander of the Faithful!

It is not possible to rush to absolution and lasting paradise of God unless people and eagerly hurry to you first.

O' you, the great man whom God clad with magnitude and named you like His to show your unique name; we lovingly and proudly tell the world that: Our Imam is Commander of the Faithful (a).


3. The late Sheikh Tusi says in "Amali", p.80:

The night when Amir Al-Mu'amenin ('a) was born, there was shining light in the sky and stars glittered light in multiplicity; Quraysh opened eyes at amazement once watching such unexpected scenery; people who were overexcited rushed out of their homes, chatting together: What is going on in the sky tonight?

4. The late Allameh Majlisi says in Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.42, p.18 and Hazrat Ali ('a) was spending his childhood times and one day, his father, Abutaleb came to his wife, Fatima, daughter of Assad saying: I saw Ali breaking idols of idolaters; I am afraid the great men of Quraysh are informed about it and they might harm Ali. Fatima, mother of Ali ('a) said: How amazing it is! I can give you a news stranger than what you said. When Ali was in my womb; I stopped by Ka'aba and I was engaged in circling around Ka'aba. Idolaters had placed their idols somewhere beside Ka'aba; as I reached there, Ali pressed his two feet in my womb so strongly that I was hardly able to near where idols were placed. (That means she kept circling around Ka'aba farther than where idols were.)

(Qotb Rawandi, Al-Khara'ej va Al-Jara'eh, vol.2, p.741, hadith 57; Bahrani, Seyyed Hashim, Madinat Al-Ma'ajiz, vol.3, p.147, hadith 804)

A Highly Important Point:

Although the Almighty God granted virtues to Ali (‘a) at birth, one should note that his highly pompous ranks among creatures of God are not because of those virtues; rather, the main reasons behind his superiority in ranks over all creatures of God-except the Prophet (s) are because of his unique self-devotedness and courage in the way of exalting the religion; unequivocal obedience from the Prophet (s); trampling of all carnal desires willfully; pioneering in all divine values and........; therefore, if Ali (‘a) had not been a man of courage, campaign and unique self-devotedness, his dignity and status would have been paralleled to an ordinary member of society. But our lord, Ali (‘a) made highest deals with God in this mortal world and God blessed him with the highest ranks.

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Theosophy Two

I testify that you overtake others in religion of God and center of Truth.

This bewildered pen wants to put down again; but how can one describe you?! Because divine values have been so much exalted within you that eyes of the universe can never view them!

All across East and West, nobody has ever seen like you, the conqueror of peak of values-after your brother, the Messenger of God (s)- on the days of long history.

True! You are the eternal spirit of universal values, who have conquered all peaks and the best people in the universe are still standing on the hills. Your pioneering in all divine values caused you to become the most beloved creature of God, a statement made by your brother, the Messenger (s).(1)


Theosophy Account Two

Ali ('a) as the first Muslim with the references in Sunni sources and other various issues

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1- 1. There are various hadiths in Shiite and Sunni sources citing that the Prophet (s) has introduced the best and most beloved creature of God; for example: Sheikh Suleyman Qundouzi-a Sunni scholar- quotes these three hadiths from the Messenger (s) in "Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah": يا عليّ ! أنت خير البشر، ما شك فيه إلا كافر Hazifah quotes: على خير البشر و من أبي فقد كفر From Jaber Ibn-e 'Abdullah: علي خير البشر من شك فيه فقد كفر. عليّ بن أبي طالب خير هذه الأمة بعدي. هو خير أمتى (Sharh-e Ihqaq Al-Haqq, vol.4, p.251; Ghayat Al-Maram, vol.5, p.10) أنت خير أمتى في الدنيا و الآخرة (Manaqib Mohammad Ibn-e Suleyman Kufi, vol. 1, p.387)

O' lord and emir of thumping hearts of heart-burned lovers!

You possess so highly ranks in high peak of divine values that one cannot cover through the low-level ranks!

Your enemies tried so hard to hide your virtues and used all ploys and tricks to extinguish your light which is a glow of light of God, but they themselves blacked out and you like shining sun shined across heavens of hearts of your lovers.

True! Light of God is eternal: "Atheists want to put out Light of God through absurd talks and of course, God will keep His Light safe and untouched although they are displeased with it. (1)

True! The atheists and vicious people can never cover with palm of their hand the shining sun shining in the sky in midday!

You and your pure family are the very good-deed tree that has steadfastly roots in the earth of knowledge and certainty as well as high and sturdy branches in the heavens of monotheism and knowledge.(2) And your enemies are the very vicious tree whose roots are grown within the morass of polytheism and hypocrisy and are relentless without fruits but stinky ones.(3)


(Sharh-e Ihqaq Al-Haqq, vol. 15, p.281)

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1- «يُرِيدُونَ لِيُطْفِئُوا نُورَ اللَّهِ بِأَفْوَاهِهِمْ وَاللَّهُ مُتِمُّ نُورِهِ وَلَوْ كَرِمِ الْكَافِرُونَ» They intend to extinguish Allah's Light by blowing with their mouths (by talking falsehood against the Truth), but Allah will complete His Light openly, though the disbelievers detest it (Saaf: 8).
2- «أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلاً كَلِمَةٌ طَيِّبَةً كَشَجَرَةٍ طَيِّبَةٍ أَصْلُهَا ثَابِتٌ وَ فَرْعُهَا فِي السَّمَاءِ تُؤْتِى أُكُلَهَا كُلَّ حِينٍ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهَا وَيَضْرِبُ اللههُ الْأَمْثَالَ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَذَكَّرُونَ» Have you not noticed how Allah has set forth a parable? A good word is as a good tree whose root is fixed and firmed [in the earth] and its branches reach towards the heaven; it yields its fruit at all seasons by the Command of its Creator; Allah strikes similitudes for mankind so that they may be reminded (Ibrahim: 24-25).
3- «وَ مَثَلُ كَلِمَةٍ خَبِيثَةٍ كَشَجَرَةٍ خَبِيثَةِ اجْتَثَتْ مِنْ فَوْقِ الْأَرْضِ مَا لَهَا مِنْ قَرَارٍ » And the parable of an evil word is that of a bad tree, uprooted from the earth, it has no

Although those dregs of vicious tree of the Umayyad hired profiteering mercenaries to talk invective of you on pulpits for seventy years; (1) love of you within hearts of your restlessly lovelorn lovers never lessened a bit but increased because of your God-given exaltation!

There is a great difference between the wicked, mean and ignobly born family that started to be fully atheist, continued to be infidel and ended to be anti-God in generation and your pure one that began, continued and ended with Mohammad (s)?! (2)

Now, love of you boils in hearts and fire of love is inflamed; your lovelorn lovers set your name as Qiblah of their hearts everywhere in the universe; but as for the vicious family, the devilish mercenaries claiming caliphate? They were those people whom the Messenger (s) had dreamed like monkeys moving up and down his pulpit for seventy years!! (3)3. Manaqib Ibn-e Shahrashub, vol.4, p.36; Tafsir-e Fakhr-e Razi, vol.20, p.52; Al-Durr Al-Manthur Siyuti, Israa: 60)

There are lots of Sunni sources in this respect. (4)


station and stability (Ibrahim: 26).

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1- 1. Innovative curse and vilification of Amir Mu'amenan (‘a) became ominous legacy of Mu'awiyya (may God curse him). Mu'awiyya who had completely dominated the situation after martyrdom of Ali (‘a) in 40 A.H decided to introduce Ali ('a) as the most hated man of the universe by spurring propaganda and opposition slogans! For so doing, he put pressure, on one hand, over enthusiasts and followers of Ali ('a); stopped talking about his virtues by force of sword and spear and ceased to allow anybody to quote even one hadith, one story or one line of poetry on praising him. On the other hand, in order to reverse brilliant image of Ali ('a), he compelled hadith writers and vassalages of the Umayyad system to forge anti-Ali ('a), hadiths; for this reason, countless hadiths had been commonly spoken among people. He went so beyond such things and ordered spread of vilification of Ali ('a) to be incorporated into address of Friday prayers on pulpits on Fridays across the whole Islamic territory! This ominous innovation became prevalent and practicable and affected public minds; it took roots in such a way that children were brought up with vengeance of Ali ('a) and the adults died with anti-Ali ('a) sentiments! After Mu'awiyya, other Umayyad caliphs kept such innovation going on as long as Omar Ibn-e 'Abdulaziz assumed throne of caliphate in the late 1st century A.H. (Mu'atazili, Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol.3, p.57)
2- 2. Imam Sadiq (‘a) said: أوّلنا محمد، أوسطنا محمد، آخرنا محمد (Ghaybat Nu'amani, p.86; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol. 26, p.3)


Wrong remains permanent and right remains lethal.(1) and you are eternalized within hearts of gnostics; eternality remains fruitful of your unparalleled sincerity.

From the very first day you were born, you were especially favored by the beloved Messenger of God (s); you were on first years of your holy life when the Messenger (s) took you to his home under his custody. Although a number of historians put down that the Prophet (s) took you to his home because your father was in short of money and Hazrat had done so to compensate for troubles on his behalf and help of your honorable father! (2), this is not the whole thing said because you were beloved of the Messenger (s) from the very time of your birth just as Hazrat was to you. Hazrat took you to his home to educate you under specifically divine manners; you yourself said:

"You [those Companions of the Prophet (s) who were deviated from Truth Path] know about close kinship to the Prophet (s) and specific situation I had with him; you also know when I was a mere child, the Prophet (s) hugged and pressed me unto his chest and let me sleep on his bed; this was

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1- « وَ قُلْ جاءَ الْحَقُّ وَزَهَقَ الْبَاطِلُ إِنَّ الْبَاطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقا» And say [proclaiming:] "Truth succeeded and falsehood perished, surely falsehood is ever bound to vanish (Israa: 81).
2- Historians wrote: There occurred a great famine in Mecca. At that time, Abutaleb, uncle of the Prophet (s) had a big family and heavy costs. Hazrat Mohammad (s) suggested his other uncle named 'Abbas who was the richest of the Hashimites that each of us takes one of the children of Abutaleb to decrease financial burden of Abutaleb; 'Abbas agreed to do so; both went to see Abutaleb and talked to him about the case. Abutaleb agreed to the suggestion; as a result, ‘Abbas took Ja'afar and Mohammad (‘a) took Ali (‘a) to his home. Ali (‘a) stayed in Hazrat's home until he was granted Prophetic mission and Ali ('a) approved and followed him. (Al-Kamel fi Al-Tarikh, vol.2, p.58; Tarikh-e Tabari, vol.2, p.212; Sharh-e Nahj Al- Balagha, Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid Mu'atazili, vol. 13, p.119; Al-Sira Al-Nabovayya, Ibn-e Hosham, vol.1,p.262) The Prophet (s), after taking Ali (‘a), said: I selected the same man whom God selected for me. (Abulfaraj Isfahani, Maqatil Al-Talebiin, p.51)

while I touched his body and smelled his good scent and he himself fed me,

I joined him everywhere like a child accompanying his mother; he taught me one of moral virtues every day, ordering me to follow it. (1)

True! You were always with him; when he used to go to Hera cave for worship before his prophetic mission, you were with him, worshipping God; this was while those who claimed your ranks and position worshipped idols!!

But you worshipped God at childhood age and you were the first one to witness and have faith in the Messenger (s) when Trustee Gabriel (‘a) came down to reveal Mohammad's Prophet-hood Appointment to him.

True! You accompanied the Messenger (s) when he was sent the Revelation for the first time in Hera Cave; you heard Satan's cry and witnessed light of prophetic mission and it was then you raised faith in the Messenger (s); you yourself said:

"The Messenger (s) used to worship God at Hera Mount every year and no one saw him but me.....when he was granted Revelation of God, I heard Satan cry and I told Mohammad (s): What is this cry? Hazrat said: This is Satan's cry and it is because he is disappointed in not being obeyed in the earth. What I hear, you do too and what I see, you do too but the difference is that you are not the Prophet (s), you are my vizier and up to goodness. "(2)

You outpaced others from the very early vanguard of Islam and you have gone ahead so far that other faithful people of the Messenger (s) stood behind you at a distance of thousands of thousand kilometers.

You are the one whom God the Almighty praised for your pioneering in the field of faith, values and jihad and said:

"Pioneers, pioneers, they are the closest to Me. (3)

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1- 1 . Part of sermon 192 of Nahj Al-Balagha which is known after sermon of Qase'ah.
2- Part of sermon of Qase'ah.
3- 3 « وَ السّابِقُونَ السَّابِقُونَ * أُولئِكَ الْمُقَرَّبُون » And those who are foremost in Faith will be foremost and ahead of others; this group will be nearest to Allah (Waqi'ah: 10-11)

Of course, when you pioneered to embrace Islam at its dawn (1), your faith


• Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.42, p.333

• Manaqib Khwarazmi, chapter 9, p.111

• Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.2, p.78

• Faza'el Al-Khulafa', Omar Ibn-e Issa Khatibi, p.148

• Zakha'er Al-Uqba, Tabari, p.135

• Shawahid Al-Tanzil, Hakem Neisabouri, vol.2, p.185

• Sunan Termezi, vol.13, p.167

• Manaqib, Khatib Baghdadi, p.187

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1- 1. This is one of the certainties of history that the first one who became believer of the Prophet (s) was Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb ('a). Many great Sunni historians and hadith writers have clarified this historical event, whose some exemplary sources are cited herein: • Ibn-e Athir writes: علي بن أبي طالب [ عليهما السلام ] أوّل من أسلم (Assad Al-Ghaya, vol.3, p.259) • Ibn-e Kathir writes: معه و صدقه عليّ بن أبي طالب [ عليهما السلام ] أوّل ذكر آمن برسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلّم وصلى (Al-Badaya va Al-Nahaya, vol.3, p.26) • Ya'qubi writes: كان أوّل من أسلم خديجة بنت خويلد من النساء و عليّ بن أبي طالب [ عليهما السلام ] من الرجال (Tarikh-e Ya'qubi, vol.2, p.23) • Mas'udi writes: Many people believe that Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (‘a) never raised polytheism against God; rather, he followed the Prophet (s) in all his affairs and he is the first Muslim. (Muravvij Al-Zahab, vol.2, p.283) • Zayd Ibn-e Arqam has been quoted as saying that: أوّل من أسلم وصلى مع رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و آله وسلّم) عليّ بن أبيطالب [ عليه السلام ] (Sebl Al-Hoda, vol.2, p.302) • Izuddin Ibn-e Athir writes in Kamel: • قال ابن عباس أوّل من صلّى علي عليه السلام ] • و قال جابر بن عبدالله: • بعث النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم الإثنين وصلّى علي [ عليهما السلام | يوم الثلاثا. • و قال زيد بن أرقم: • أوّل من أسلم مع النبي علي [عليهما السلام ..

(Al-Kamel Fi Al-Tarikh, vol. 2, p.57)

•Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal quotes the Prophet (s) in his Musnad:

إنه لأول أصحابى إسلاما و أقدم أمتى سلما

(Musnad-e Ahmad, vol.5, p.26)

•Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid quotes the Prophet (s):

هذا أول من آمن بی و صدقنی و صلّی معی

(Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.1, p.197; Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol. 13, p.227)

•Allameh Karachki says:

After Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a), Ja'afar Ibn-e Abi Abitaleb was the second to embrace Islam. (Kanz Al-Fawa'id, vol. 1, p.270)

•Ibn-e-e Athir writes:

Only some days passed the Prophetic mission of the Prophet (s) when Abutaleb accompanied by Ja'afar stopped by the house of the Prophet (s); they saw that Ali (‘a) standing on the right side of the Prophet (s) upholding prayers. Ja'afar immediately stood on the left side of the Prophet (s) for prayers; Abutaleb observing such scene became delighted and composed poems on exciting his children and for supporting the Messenger (s); hence, Ja'afar Ibn-e Abitaleb was the second man who after Ali ('a) took faith in the Prophet (s).

(Assad Al-Ghaya, vol. 1, p.287)

•Hakim Neisabouri quotes the Prophet (s):

أولكم ورودا على الحوض أوّلكم إسلاما عليّ بن أبي طالب [ عليهما السلام ]

(Tarikh-e Madina Dameshq, Ibn-e Asakir, vol.42, p.40; Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak, vol.3, p.136)

•Ayesha is being quoted that the Prophet (s) said:

يا عايشة ! دعى لي أخي فإنّه أوّل الناس بي إسلاما

(Faza'il Al-Khamsa ('a), men Al-Sihah Al-Setta, vol. 1, p.208)

Mohammad Ibn-e-e Abibakr is being quoted that he has written a letter to Mu'awiyya (may God curse him), saying:

فكان أوّل من أجاب و أناب و صدق و وافق فأسلم و سلّم أخوه و ابن عمه علي بن أبي طالب [ عليه السلام ] فصدقه بالغيب


• Ibn-e-e Shahrashub has brought a list of the in Islam in his book on virtues, where the names of first ten of whom are respectively:

Ali (‘a), Khadijah (‘a), Jaʼafar Ibn-e-e Abitalib (‘a), Zayd Ibn-e-e Haritha, Amru Ibn-e-e 'Anbasah, Khalid Ibn-e-e Sa'id, Sumayya, Yaser, Ubaydah Ibn-e-e Harith, Hamza (Manaqib Al-e Abitalib (a), vol.2, p.4)

•The late Allameh Amini cites, in the invaluable book of Al-Ghadir, vols. 3 and 4, about one hundred hadiths from Sunni sources quoting from the Messenger of

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and Islam differed from that of others; rather, you brought your faith to emergence because you were monotheist since childhood and this was while other Companions of the Messenger (s) were not as such!

O' Essence of Mohammedan perfume! O' Fully reflective sign of the Messenger (s)! O' Verse of verse of Divine Verses! O' Word of Word and Character of Character of the most Glorious Quran! O' the shining sun of human values until the Last Day! O' Dawn of a clear morning as vast as all horizons of the universe! O' Interpreter of Divine Features and Names! O' Fragrance of Words of God!!

Your faith looked like a true morning that brought eternal illumination for mankind, which never set out and which never shows obscurity even a bit!

True, True!

The faith which is invaluable is sustainable and there may have been people who were believers but they were never constant in their beliefs; they ruined their faith through committing cruelty! But your faith not only failed to decrease under hardest circumstances, but also it increased even with hardships and tribulations. When your sun of being rose in Ka'aba, it was stationed so expanded in horizon with your faith, constancy and campaigns that it would shine for Path Seekers of God for ever and would lighten darkness.

They claimed to have your status and position; for years and for a major part of their life, they have been engaged in idolatry, liquor drinking and gambling(1); and if their expression of Islam is regarded as true not because of caprice, they were shaky in their faith because they claimed to have what they did not deserve having. They usurped a position that was yours! You


God (s) and Imam Ali (‘a) and some Companions that Ali ('a) has been the first Muslim of the Messenger (s).

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1- 1. Tabari says in his history book that Abubakr embraced Islam after fifty people did so: «لقد أسلم قبله أكثر من خمسين رجلاً» (Al-Badaya va Al-Nahaya, Ibn-e-e Kathir, vol.3, p.39; Tarikh-e Tabari, vol.2, p.60) Ibn-e-e Sa'ad says in Tabaqat Al-Kobra that Omar embraced Islam after forty and more people. (Al-Tabaqat Al-Kobra, vol.3, chapter on Islam of Omar, p.203)

yourself said:

The first one became caliph while he knew that my position in relation to Islamic government seems like axis of mill in relation to mill that rotates around it.

And you added:

He knew that I am flooded with sciences and flying-away gulls of thoughts can hardly fly as high as my value can.... . 1

Although you saw that how those wrong crowds plunder your divine heritage, you, with bone in the throat and a thorn in the flesh, sought patience and this holy verse of God fit you:

"Truly, We Will Grant reward of those who seek patience".

You are that Divine Straight Path2, you are the Great Event3, you are the effervescent spring of divine monotheism and philosophy whose even one drop the wrongdoers and oppressors will not have the luck to drink.


You are the endeared and beloved of the Messenger (s) who said about you:

Whoever wishes to see knowledge of Adam, insight of Noah, patience of Abraham, piety of Yahya Ibn Zakaria and wrath of the Moses (against the oppressors), he shall look at Ali Ibn Abitalib." 4

One must be sorry for those people who let go your pure family, Rope of

1. Part of sermon 3 of Nahj Al-Balagha known as Shaqshaqiyya.

2. Sunni and Shiite narrations quoted the Messenger of God (s) that the Straight Path is the path of Muhammad (s), Ali ('a) and their progeny (a).

3. The honorable Prophet of Islam (s) told Ali ('a):

أنت النبأ العظيم و الصراط المستقيم و أنت المثل الأعلى.

(Shawahid Al-Tanzil, Hakim Neishabouri, vol. 1, p.76; Ayun Alkhbar Al-Rida (‘a), Sheikh Saduq, vol.1, p.6)


من أراد أن ينظر الى آدم في علمه و الى نوح في فهمه و الى ابراهيم في حلمه و الى يحيى بن زكريا في زهده والى موسى بن عمران في بطشه ، فلينظر الى عليّ بن ابي طالب.

(Shawahid Al-Tanzil, vol. 1, p.103)

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God, and turned to those who themselves needed guidance of the guided and how nicely, loudly and decisively God the Almighty said it in His Words:

Is one who guides to the Truth more qualified to be followed, or the one who is not guided unless he is guided? What is the matter with you?! How do you arbitrate?! 1

What regret for the people of your time! They let go your shining sun of being and sought shelter in shadow of darkness and this was while they had frequently heard the Messenger (s) say of you:

Ali always stays with the Truth and the Truth always stands with Ali and the Truth circles around Ali wherever he goes.2


«وَ ما كانَ هذَا الْقُرْآنُ أَنْ يُفْتَرى مِنْ دُونِ اللهِ وَ لكِنْ تَصْدِيقَ الَّذِي بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ وَ تَفْصِيلَ الْكِتابِ لَا رَيْبَ فِيهِ مِنْ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِين»

(Yunus: 37)

Hakim Neishabouri, a Sunni ulema, says the occasion of revelation is about Ali (‘a) and writes:

إختصم قوم إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم فأمر بعض أصحابه أن يحكم بينهم فحكم [ أبوبكر] فلم يرضوا به ، فأمر عليّا عليه السلام أن يحكم بينهم ، فحكم بينهم فرضوا به، فقال لهم بعض المنافقين حكم عليكم فلان [ أبوبكر ] فلم ترضوا به و حكم عليكم على فرضيتم به؟ بئس القوم أنتم ! فأنزل الله تعالى في علي [ عليه السلام] أفمن يهدى إلى الحق؟ إلى آخرها و ذلك أنّ عليّا ( عليه السلام ) يوفّق لحقيقة القضاء، من غير أن يعلّم.

(Shawahid Al-Tanzil, vol.1, p.341)

Imam Baqir (a) says:

من يهدى إلى الحق فهم محمّد و آل محمّد من بعده و أما من لايهدى إلا أن يهدى فهو من خالف من قريش و غيرهم اهل بيته من بعد.

(Tafsir-e Qomi, vol.1, p.312; Tafsir Al-Burhan, vol.3, p.30)


قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: عليّ مع الحق والحق مع علي يدور معه حيثما دار.

The above hadith has been cited by many Sunni hadith writers and interpreters quoting from the Messenger of God (s) in their books, including:

Majma' Al-Zawa'id, Ibn-e-e Hajar Haythami, vol.7, p.235

Al-Mi'ayar va Al-Muvazinah, Eskafi, p.35

History of Baghdad, Yusuf Ibn-e-e Ya'aqub, vol. 14, p.322

History of Damascus, researched by Ali Shiri, vol.42, p.449

Kanz Al-Ummal, Muttaqi Hindi, vol.5, p.30

Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, Sheikh Suleyman Hanafi Kunduzi, vol. 1, p.173

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And he also said:

Ali stays with the Truth and the Quran and the Truth and the Quran stand with him and they are not separated until they join me at the Pond of Abundance.(1)

What regret for the people of that time! How these people sought reactionism and regression although the Messenger (s) reaffirmed you and your truthfulness; it looked as if the Satan had deafened and blinded them because they left you alone and resorted to someone other than you!!

Of course, the Satan was always determined to hide the Path of Truth in the absence of God's Prophets(s), raise deviations and innovations among ummah of the Prophets and lead people towards aberration from the Straight Path by spreading ignorance and imitatively divine caliphate.

After God recounts in the Quran story of how divine Prophets (s) emerged, de-paganized peoples through their campaigns and established justice, He says: "After the Prophets (s), a group of people came to succeed them, who ruined prayer service and followed carnal passions; these people will be punished for their aberration."(2) The story of the Moses (s) and the Israelites proves this point that how ummah of the Moses was deceived by astray Samiri and worshipped idols(3) while the Moses had made a pledge with them not to worship anyone but Allah and that in his absence, they had to unequivocally obey caliph and his successor, that is his honorable brother,


Al-Imamma va Al-Siyasa, Ibn-e-e Qutayba Dinwari

Manaqib, Ibn-e-e Marduyya, p.115


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1- The Prophet (s) said: على مع الحق والقرآن والحق والقرآن مع على ولن يفترقا حتى يردا عليَّ الحوض. (Minhaj Al-Bara'aht fi Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol.4, p.151) The above hadith is cited in Sunni sources.
2- «فَخَلَفَ مِنْ بَعْدِهِمْ خَلْفٌ أَضاعُوا الصَّلاةَ وَ اتَّبَعُوا الشَّهَوَاتِ فَسَوْفَ يَلْقَوْنَ غَيَّا » (Maryam: 59)
3- «وَ اتَّخَذَ قَوْمُ مُوسَى مِنْ بَعْدِهِ مِنْ حُلِيَّهِمْ عِجْلاً جَسَدا لَهُ خُوَارٌ أَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّهُ لا يُكَلِّمُهُمْ وَ لا يَهْدِيهِمْ سَبِيلاً إِتَّخَذُوهِ وَكَانُوا ظَالِمِينَ» (A'raaf: 148)

Harun (s)(1); but in his absence, the Satan tempted the monotheist ummah of the Moses and deviated them. Objections of Harun (s) could not stop them keeping away from deviation and they even decided to almost kill Harun. When the Moses came back, he found his ummah calf worshippers; he told his brother, Harun: O' Harun! Were you not with ummah?! Harun, the Prophet (s) told him: O' brother! Stop questioning me because they ceased to listen to me; they weakened me and they were about to kill me!!(2) and the Messenger (s) assigned you as his successor in his absence and said:

O' Ali! Do you not get pleased if I tell you that your dignity in relation to me is the same as that of Harun to Musa with a difference that you are not Messenger of God?(3)

And you well remember that you joined the Prophet (s) in one of the ways to Medina until you reached a beautiful told the Messenger (s): O' Messenger of God! What a beautiful garden this is! And he told

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1- وَ وَاعَدْنا مُوسى ثَلَاثِينَ لَيْلَةً وَأَتْمَمْنَاهَا بِعَشْرِ فَتَمَّ مِيقَاتُ رَبِّهِ أَرْبَعِينَ لَيْلَةٌ وَقَالَ مُوسَى لِأَخِيهِ هَارُونَ اخْلُفْنِى فِي قَوْمى وَأَصْلِحْ وَ لا تَتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ الْمُفْسِدِينَ (A'raaf: 142)
2- (وَ لَمّا رَجَعَ مُوسى إِلَى قَوْمِهِ غَضْبَانَ أَسِفا قالَ بِئْسَمَا خَلَقْتُمُونِى مِنْ بَعْدِى أَعَجِلْتُمْ أَمْرَ رَبِّكُمْ وَأَلْقَى الْأَلْواحَ وَأَخَذَ بِرَأْسِ أَخِيهِ يَجُرُّه إِلَيْهِ قَالَ ابْنَ أُمَّ إِنَّ الْقَوْمَ اسْتَضْعَفُونِى وَكَادُوا يَقْتُلُونَنى فَلَا تُشْمِتْ بِيَ الْأَعْداءَ وَلَا تَجْعَلْنِي مَعَ الْقَوْمِ الظَّالِمِينَ ) (A'raaf: 150)
3- The Prophet (s) told Amir Mu'amenan (a): أما ترضى أن تكون منّي بمنزلة هارون من موسى إلا أنه لا نبي بعدي. The above hadith is among consecutive hadiths cited by the Sunni scientists, a number of which are mentioned hereunder: • Sahih-e Bukhari, vol.4, chapter on the Virtues of the Immigrants, p.208 and vol.5, chapter on Tabuk Battle, p. 129 • Sunan, Ibn-e-e Majah, vol. 1, chapter on the Virtue of Ali ('a), p.43 •Sunan, Termezi, vol.5, chapter on the Virtues of Ali (‘a), p.302 •Mustadrak, Haskim Neishabouri, vol.2, p.337 •Musnad, Ahmad Ibn-e-e Hanbal, vol. 1, p.170 •Majma' Al-Zawa'id, Haythami, vol.9, chapter on the dignity of Ali ('a), p.109 •Tarikh-e Tabari, vol.2, p.368 •Al-Tanbih va Al-Ishraf, Mas'udi •Al-Badaya va Al-Nahaya, vol.5, p.11

you: Yes it is beautiful but there is one more beautiful than this one for you in Paradise. You reached another garden; you told him: O' Messenger, what a beautiful garden this is! He said: Yes it is! But for you, there is one more beautiful than this in Paradise; you passed seven gardens and you told him the same thing and he told you the same thing. There was nothing on the way more and the Prophet (s) hugged you and told you while weeping: My father may be sacrificed to lonely martyr! You told him: O' Messenger! Why do you weep? He said: there are grudges of tribes that are not made obvious for you unless after me, and there are the grudges of Badr and bloods of Uhud.

You then told Mohammad (s): Will my religion remain safe at that time?

The Messenger (s) said: Yes, your religion will remain safe.

How amazing it is! How amazing this much magnitude and greatness is!

When the Messenger (s) talked to you about usurping of your status and cruelty of the tribe extended to you and your family, you never complained to him; but you asked about safety and health of your faith and religion!

True! This is the faith shining forever, splits darkness and shows the way. The Prophet (s) told you:

O' Ali! Glad tidings befall upon you because your life and death is with me; you are my brother and successor; you are selected by me; you are my vizier, legatee and speaker on my behalf; you repay my debt, keep my promises, give back my deposit and fight with apostates (Qasetin), deviators (Mareqin) and de-allegiants (Nakethin) (1)of my ummah according to my Sunna. Your relationship with me looks like that Harun with Musa and you are a better epitome compared to Harun and you have good manners when he was weakened by his people and he was about to be killed by them.

Hazrat then said:

So keep patient against cruelty and unity of Quraysh because you are like

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1- "The Nakethin are those who give the bey 'ah (allegiance) to Imam Ali (as) in Medina, but break it in Basra; the Qasetin are Mu'awiyyah and his companions in Sham (Damascus). As for the Mareqin, they are the people of Nahrawan.

Harun in relation to Musa and they are like calf and his followers. When Musa assigned Harun as his successor, Musa ordered him that if they had gone astray and he found companions, he can jihad with them helped by those companions; if otherwise, he had to restrain himself and keep his blood safe.(1)

And you after demise of the Messenger (s) found people split asunder, but you kept patient for pleasure of God while you felt bone in your throat and a thorn in your flesh and you witnessed how the wrong crowds plunder your heritage.

By God! Call of the Messenger (s) is still loudly heard:

O' People! O' People! Truth is with Ali and Ali is with Truth.

O' People! O' People! Path of Ali is that of the Truth.

O' People! O' People! Where do you rush while certain and steadfast signs-who are Ali and his descendants-are visible among you.

And this perennial call of the Messenger (s) is always heartened by truth- seekers every time and everywhere. You were and are great Grace of God for creatures and His Major Sign among people and He truly says:

Those who turned to infidelity and denied His Signs, they end up the Hell.(2)

Light of your guardianship splits darkness and your deniers are entrapped within darkness and God says: Those who denied Signs of God spend their life in darkness of ignorance dull and dumb; Divine Providence misleads whoever is qualified and leads whoever deserves being guided in Straight Path.(3) Your brother, the Prophet (s) introduced you and your family as

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1- 1. The above hadith has been cited in these sources: Hadith book, Salim Ibn-e-e Qeys Helali, hadith 2 Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.28, p.54 Kamaluddin Sheikh Saduq, vol. 1, p.262 Manaqib, Ibn-e-e Shahrashub, vol. 1, p.185 Ihqaq Al-Haqq, Qadi Nurullah Testari, vol.6, p.180 Sharh-e Al-Nahj Al-Balagha, Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid, vol. 1, p.323
2- (Ma'idah: 5) وَ مَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالأيمَانِ فَقَدْ حَبِطَ عَمَلُهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ
3- «وَالَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنا صُمٌّ وَبُكْمٌ فِى الظُّلُماتِ مَنْ يَشَلَّ اللهُ يُضْلِلْهُ وَ مَنْ يَشَأْ يَجْعَلْهُ عَلَى صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ» (An'am: 39) Tafsir-e Al-Askari says under this verse: الدالات على صدق محمد صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم على ما جاء به من اخبار القرون السالفه ما اداه إلى عباد الله من ذكر تفضيله لعلي سلام الله عليه و آله الطيبين عليهم السلام. Ibn-e-e Maghazili wrtites: يعنى بالولاية بحق على [ عليه السلام ] و حق علی [ علیه السلام ] واجب على العالمين. (Al-Manaqib, Ibn-e-e Maghazili Shafe'ie, Nuskhat Maktabat San'a', p.117)

origin of any Guidance on behalf of Allah, saying:

Truly, God has assigned Ali, his wife and children as proof for creatures and they are gates of knowledge among my ummah; whoever is guided by them, he shall be on the Straight Path.(1)

Word of God is higher than that of His Messenger (s), that He introduced you and the Messenger (s) as the same Straight Path in which the awakened and insight-prone people are involved: O' Messenger (s), Tell ummah that my path and that of my followers is the same thing that I call people to God in visibility and insight and I purify God from polytheism and partnership and I avoid polytheism.(2)

As for those blind-hearted people who left you alone and overlooked your

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1- قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: إنّ الله جعل عليا و زوجته و ابناءه حجج الله على خلقه و هم أبواب العلم في أمتى؛ من اهتدى بهم، هُدى إلى صراط مستقيم. (Shawahid Al-Tanzil, Hakim Haskani Neishabouri, vol.1, p.76)
2- « قُلْ هَذِهِ سَبِيلِي أَدْعُو إِلَى اللهِ عَلى بَصِيرَةٍ أَنَا وَ مَنِ اتَّبَعَنِي وَ سُبْحَانَ اللهِ وَ مَا أَنَا مِنْ الْمُشْرِكِينَ» (Yusuf: 108) Hakim Haskani Neishabouri says under this verse: ( أَنَا وَ مَنِ اتَّبَعَنِي ) هو علي [ عليه السلام]. (Shawahid Al-Tanzil, vol.1, hadith 393 and hadith 392, p.373) Ibn-e-e Marduyyah quotes Imam Sadiq (a') as saying: ( أَنَا وَ مَنِ اتَّبَعَنِي ) عليّ بن أبيطالب و آل محمد. (Kashf Al-Ghumma, Irbali, vol.1, p.317)

revealed sun-like virtues, God says:

Whoever is blinded in this world, he shall be misled in the Hereafter.(1)

And you called people to guidance many times and cried:

The honorable Prophet of Islam (s) selected successors for you just as the past Prophets did for their ummahs because they never left people astray and they never left people without showing a clear way and strong signs. (2)

And you also said:

Progeny of the Prophet is home to secrets of God, refuge of divine orders, treasury of divine knowledge, authority for Islamic precepts, guardian of Heavenly Books and ever-standing strong mounts of religion of God; through Posterity of the Prophet, God unbent religion and removed its shake and anxiety.(3)

Again, you swore to God for guidance of people in compassion and said:

By God! I never concealed any word of Truth and I never told a lie; I was informed of divine caliphate from the early days. Be aware! Verily sins look like ill-treated horses that lead their riders unharnessed towards Hellfire.(4)

And what sin is greater than denial of Divine Proof, Divine Grace and

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1- «مَنْ كانَ فِي هَذِهِ أَعْمَى فَهُوَ فِى الأَخِرَةِ أَعْمَى وَأَضَلُّ سَبِيلاً » (Israa': 72) Imam Baqir (‘a) is narrated to have told Jabir Ibn-e-e ‘Abdullah: يا جابر ! وما من أحد خالف وصيّ نبي إلا حشره الله أعمى يتكبب في عرصات القيامة. (Tafsir-e Al-Burhan, vol.2, p.412; Madinat Al-Ma'ajiz, Seyyed Hashim Bahrani, vol.2, p .98; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.27, p.307)
2- وَ خَلَّفَ فِيكُمْ ما خَلَّفَتِ الأَنْبِياءُ فِي أُمَمِها إِذْ لَمْ يَتْرُكُوهُمْ هَمَّلاً ، بِغَيْرِ طَرِيق واضِحِ ، وَ لا عَلَمٍ قائِم. (Nahj Al-Balagha, sermon 1)
3- هُمْ مَوْضِعُ سِرِّه وَ لَجَأَ أَمْرِهِ وَ عَيْبَهِ عِلْمِهِ وَ مَوثِلُ حُكْمِهِ وَ كُهُوفُ كُتُبِهِ ، وَجِبالُ دِينِهِ ، بِهِمْ أَقامَ انْحِناءَ ظَهْرِهِ وَ أَذْهَبَ إِرْتِعادَ فَرَائِصِهِ. (Nahj Al-Balagha, sermon 2)
4- Part of sermon 16, Nahj Al-Balagha

unending Blessings of God?!

You are Proof of God, Grace of God and unending Blessing of God!

To give good news to you and your lovers, your brother, the Messenger (s) said:

O' Ali! When the Last Day comes, you show up with a luminous curtain and your head is crowned by light, which is so severely glittered that eyes of the Day people are about to be captured; at that time, God's Call says that where is legatee of Mohammad?! You say: "I am his legatee!" Herald calls whoever likes you, he shall enter Paradise and whoever dislikes you, he shall enter Hell. O' Ali! You are distributor of Paradise and Hell.(1)


Your lovers will be in eternal Paradise of God; of course, whoever really loves you, he shall never give priority to anyone but you.

Once more, the Messenger of Blessing (s)-who knows you well-talked about your virtues and status in this way:

O' Ali! You are my legatee; war with you is war with me and peace with you is peace with me.

O' Ali! You are Imam and father of all eleven Imams who are pure and Infallible, from whom Mahdi comes and restores justice and equality across the earth....So, woe unto his enemies! O' Ali! If someone loves you and your descendants for the sake of God, God will keep him mustered with you and your descendants on the Day; all of you stay beside at high ranks and you are distributor of Paradise and Hell; your zealots enter Paradise and your foes enter Hell.(2)

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1- 1. Sheikh Suleyman Hanafi Kunduzi, a Sunni ulema, quotes the Messenger of God (s) in Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, saying: «إذا كان يوم القيامة يؤتى بك يا علي ! بسرير من نور و على رأسك تاج قد أضاء نوره و كاد يخطف أبصار أهل الموقف، فيأتى النداء من عند الله جل جلاله أين وصى محمّد رسول الله ؟ فتقول: ها أنا ذا فينادى المنادى ادخل من أحبّك الجنّة و أدخل من عادك في النار، فأنت قسيم الجنّة و النار.» (Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.1, p.249)
2- Sheikh Suleyman Hanafi Kunduzi quotes some Sunni sources that the Messenger of God (s) told Ali (‘a): يا علي ! أنت وصيّ، حربك حربي و سلمك سلمي و أنت الإمام و أبو الأئمة الإحدى عشر الذين هم المطهرون المعصومون و منهم المهدى الذي يملأ الأرض قسطا وعدلا؛ فويل لمبغضيهم. يا علي ! لو أنّ رجلاً أحبّك و أولادك في الله لحشر الله معك و مع أولادك وأنتم معى في الدرجات العلى و أنت قسيم الجنّة و النار، دخل محبّيك الجنّة ومبغضيك النار. (Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol. 1, p.253)

O' Ali!

What deal you have made with God that you keep stage of the Day in your hands and nobody enters Paradise and Hell unless after your distribution?!(1)


You are the light of Divine Guidance at all times and the one who denied you failed to know God and the one who knew you knew God.

You are the one of whom the Angels remain proud in the Heavens and you are more well-known in the heavens than in the earth!

O' you whose enemies are the atrocious people of the universe and mystics of whom are the purified people of the universe!

And O' you, the light of Divine Guidance in all ages!

And O' you, fragrance of Words of the world-creating God about whom the Angels ordered by God called: Well-done! Well-done! Thanks to your faith and campaigns.

We confess that the one who denied you never recognized God and the one who approved and knew you knew God; we ask the Merciful God to bestow us a glow of your knowledge, under shadow of which we can worship God.

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1- Abundant Sunni and Shiite hadiths say that Paradise and Hell are distributed by Ali ('a) on the Resurrection Day. This will be dealt with later. Theosophy Account Three Documents of the event (announcing succession of Ali (‘a) at the beginning of Prophetic Mission) available in Sunni sources and other various issues

Theosophy Three

I testify that the Messenger (s) introduced you as caliph beginning his Prophetic Mission.

The Almighty God has appointed your brother, the Messenger (s) as the Seal of the Prophets and blessing for the universe and put you as witness and proof of trustworthy Prophethood and his call and says in His Words of Revelation: "Does he who has clear reason from his God that a witness has come from God; and before that, the Book of Musa as Imam, testify it look like the one who is not as such?! They believe in him. And whoever of the opposition disbelieves in him, fire is his meeting place. So be confident that is Truth from Your God; but most people are not the believers."(1)

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1- «أَفَمَن كَانَ عَلَى بَيِّنَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّهِ وَيَتْلُوهِ شَاهِدٌ مِّنْهُ وَمِن قَبْلِهِ كِتَابُ مُوسَى إِمَامًا وَرَحْمَةٌ أُوْلَئِكَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِهِ وَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِهِ مِنَ الْأَحْزَابِ فَالنَّارُ مَوْعِدُهِ فَلَا تَكُ فِي مِرْيَةٍ مِّنْهُ إِنَّهُ الْحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّكَ وَلَكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ » There are various narrations in Shiite and Sunni sources quoted from the Messenger (s), Imam Ali ('a), the Saint Imams (a) and the Companions of the Prophet (s) that by witness, it is meant Hazrat Ali (‘a). Narrations read that the Messenger (s) said: The above narration is being cited in the following Sunni sources: • Qertabi, Al-Jame'a Le'ahkam Al-Quran, vol.9, p.16 • Tabarsi, Majma' Al-Bayan, vol. 2, p.14 • Andolesi, Abu Hayyan, Al-Bahr Al-Mohit, vol. 5, p.211 • Siyuti, Jalaluddin, Al-Durr Al-Manthur, interpretation of Hud: 17 • Termezi Hanafi, Mohammad Saleh, Al-Manaqib Al-Mortazawiyya, p.123 • Kunduzi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.2, p.308 Siyuti in his interpretation and Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid in Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha quote Amir Mu'amenan (‘a): ما من رجل من قريش إلا نزل فيه طائفة من القرآن فقال له رجل ما نزل فيك؟ قال [ عليه السلام ]: أما تقرأ سورة هود: أَفَمَن كَانَ عَلَى بَيِّنَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّهِ وَيَتْلُوهِ شَاهِدٌ مِّنْهُ»؛ رسول الله عَلَى بَيِّنَةٍ مِّن رَّبِّهِ» و أنا « شَاهِدٌ مِّنْهُ » (Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol. 7, p.220) Hakem Haskani Neisabouri in his book, "Shawahed Al-Tanzil”, quotes hadiths in this regard-that by witness, it is meant Ali (‘a). (Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol. 1, p.307) There are lots of hadiths in Shiite sources.


You stayed as a companion of the Prophet (s) from the early Islam and you were the first to accept his call; you joined him in all stages of hardships and tribulations; you never gave up sacrifice and self-devotion in the way of your heart-beloved, the Messenger (s) and attempted to support him to your last breath!

God revealed that: "First, spur fear among your close relatives [from consequences of polytheism](1) and the Prophet (s) was missioned to firstly invite his close relatives, and others later, to embrace Islam.

You were staunchest defender of the Prophet (s) when you were young man while many great men of the clan denied him and poked fun at him.

You know better than others that the Prophet (s), after revelation of verse and considering the aspects, ordered you as his dearest and most reliant companion to prepare food; at that time, you were only a thirteen year-old youngster and prepared some food and milk. Afterwards, your brother, the Messenger (s) invited forty five heads of the Hashimites and decided to call them to embrace Islam while entertaining them with food. Unfortunately, as you yourself observed, one of your uncles named Abu Lahab, though being an old man, ruined the readiness of gathering for raising the issue of prophethood and legateeship by uttering trivially unfounded words. The Messenger (s) found it right to postpone the case until tomorrow; later tomorrow, he re-arranged the plan of another gathering. After food was eaten, he turned to heads of his family and began his words by praising God and confessing to Unity of God in this way:

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1- «وَ أَنْذِرْ عَشِيرَتَكَ الْأَقْرَبِينَ »

Verily, leader of a group of people never tell a lie to his people! I take God as my witness that there is no God but Him that I am His Messenger for you and all universe. Lo, O' my relatives! You die like those asleep and come to life like those alive; you are punished based on your deeds and this is permanent Paradise of God for the benevolent people and His everlasting Hell for the evil-doers.(1)

Your brother, the Messenger (s) then added:

None of the people has brought for his relatives something better than what I have brought for you; I have brought goodness of this world and the Hereafter. My God has commanded me to call you to Him; which one of you will stand as my support so that he might become my brother, my legatee and successor among you?(2)

You yourself witnessed that when Hazrat came to this point, absolute silence surrounded the whole gathering and they were engaged in contemplation. You suddenly stood up and broke the silence and told the Messenger (s) in strong faith and more complete courage: O' Messenger of God! I am prepared to stand as your support!

Hazrat ordered you to sit down and repeated his statement three times; no step was firmly taken but the same strong steps-may God grant us blessing to sacrifice ourselves for them!

The Messenger (s) turned to his kinsmen and said:

People! This young man is my brother, legatee and successor for you! Listen to him and follow him.(3)

This time, gathering came to an end and the audience turned to your father who had hidden his faith and said with grin: Mohammad ordered you to

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1- 1إن الرّائد لا يكذب أهله و الله الذي لا إله إلا هو إنّى رسول الله إليكم خاصة و إلى الناس عامة و الله لتموتن كما تنامون و لتبعثن كما تستيقظون ولتحاسبن بما تعلمون و الجنّة ابدا و النار ابدا. (Halabi, Sira, vol. 1, p.321)
2- فأيكم يوازرني على هذا الأمر على أن يكون أخي و وصيتي و خليفتي فيكم؟!
3- إنّ هذا أخي و وصيتي وخليفتي عليكم فاسمعوا له وأطيعوه

follow your son and made him your lord!!(1)


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1- 1. The above narrations reveal that the Messenger (s) has introduced Ali (a) as his successor from his early Prophetic Mission and this is plentifully cited in Sunni sources. Here, some of them are included with the hope that our Sunni brothers give it a consideration and find the true path: Tabari, Ibn-e Athir, Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal, Ya'qubi and.....quote from the Messenger (s): ... يا بني عبد المطلب، إنّى و الله ما أعلم شابا في العرب جاء قومه بأفضل مما جئتكم به، قد جئتكم بخير الدنيا و الآخرة، و قد أمرنى الله تعالى أن أدعوكم إليه، فأيكم يوازرني على هذا الأمر على أن يكون أخي و وصيي و خليفتي من بعدي؟ و قال علي علیه السلام: أنا يا نبي الله أكون وزيرك. فأخذ برقبتي، ثم قال صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم إنّ هذا أخي و وصبي وخليفتي فيكم فاسمعوا له وأطيعوا. Documents: Tafsir-e Tabari, vol.19, pp.74-75 • Tafsir-e Ibn-e Kathir, vol.3, p.561 • Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol. 13, pp.210-212 • Al-Sirat Al-Halabiyya, vol.1, p.461 • Ibn-e Athir, Al-Kamel fi Al-Tarikh, vol.2, p.63 • Tarikh-e Ya'qubi, vol.2, p.27 But in some sources, supporters of the Umayyad rule have reversed the truth. Ibn-e Kathir writes: قال النبي: أيكم يوازرني علي هذا الأمر على أن يكون أخي و كذا و كذا (Al-Badaya va Al-Nahaya, vol.3, p.38) Also, Hakem Haskani Neisabouri in Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol. 1, p.542; Tha'albi in Al- Kashf va Al-Bayan, vol.7, p.182; Qushchi in Sharh-e Tajrid, p.327 and Sheikh Al-Islam Hamuwayni in Fara'id Al-Mustayn, vol.1 say in this way: لما نزلت الآية ( و أنذر عشيرتك الأقربين » و جمع النبي صلى الله عليه [ و آله وسلّم عشيرته، قال النبي صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم لهم أسلموا وأطيعوني تهتدوا و من يؤاخيني منكم و يوازرنى و يكون ولتي و وصيّي بعدي و خليفتي ويقضى ديني ؛ فسكت القوم و أعاد ذلك ثلاثا كلّ ذلك يسكت القوم و يقول علي : أنا، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم: أنت. To add more, Ibn-e 'Abd Al-Berr in Isti'ab; Siyuti in Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol.3, pp. 105- 106 and Tabari in Tarikh-e Tabari, vol.9, p.312 say in this way: ... و قال لهم فأيكم يوازرني على هذا الأمر على أن يكون أخي و وصيّي وخليفتي فيكم ؟ فقال لهم النبي لما رأى منهم الخذلان و منه النصر، و شاهد منهم المعصية ومنه الطاعة و عاين منهم الاباء و منه الإجابة: هذا أخي و وصيّي و خليفتي من بعدي؛ فقاموا يسخرون ويضحكون ويقولون لأبي طالب: أطع ابنك فقد امره عليك. True! Guardianship and Imamate of Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) are as crystal as the day in Sunni sources!

In the very young age, you succeeded in divine test again; defended the Messenger (s) and saved the God-given honor although sheikhs and the white hair of the clan failed the test, grinned at you and your honorable father. When you were young, you proved that having long beard and being aged is of no pride; rather, it is knowledge that entails pride and privilege which you possessed in its highest form from the very beginning and others had not a bit of it. You proved that if God favors someone, he gains knowledge, in the very childhood, that the learned and sheikhs are even deprived of.

What a great sigh! Those unknowledgeable and insincere people left you alone despite all recommendations about your status on the part of the Prophet (s); this verse said by God applies to them:

Have you not seen the condition of people who changed blessing of God into blasphemy and destined themselves and their clan to perdition.(1)

And you yourself said about the above verse:

O' people! What has happened to you that you change tradition and recommendation and you avoid will of the Messenger (s)?! Do you not fear that Agony of God might befall upon you?!

You then said:

I am Grace of God the Almighty for you.(2)

And the Messenger of God (s) said on behalf of God before:

My Proof has been complemented to those cruel people of your ummah who abandoned leadership of Ali and his post-descendants because they

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1- « أَلَمْ تَرَ إِلَى الَّذِينَ بَدَّلُوا نِعْمَةَ اللَّه كُفْرًا وَأَحَلُّوا قَوْمَهُمْ دَارَ الْبَوَارِ * جَهَنَّمَ يَصْلَوْنَهَا وَبِئْسَ الْقَرَارُ » . . O' Messenger! Have you not observed those who exchanged Allah's Blessing [i.e., monotheism] with their disbelief and caused their family to enter the House of Perdition? [The House of Perdition which they enter is] Hell and it is the worst place as an abode (Ibrahim: 28-29)
2- Amir Al-Mu'amenin (‘a) said: ما بال أقوام غيّروا سنّة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم و عدلوا عن وصيه لا يتخوفون أن ينزل بهم العذاب ثم تلا هذه الآية ... ثمّ قال: نحن النعمة التي أنعم الله بها على عباده (Usul-e Kafi, vol. 1, p.217; Tafsir-e Nur Al-Thaqalayn, vol.2, p.542)

hold in their existence (Ahl-e Bayt (a)) Sunna of yours and that of the prophets before you. They are treasuries of My Knowledge after you.(1)

True! True!

Those people who followed the Satan despite recommendations of the Messenger (s) and left you in fact held no reasoning except being aged and having long-beard! This was while they had to pay attention to knowledge and origin but they failed to do so and ended inside in ignorance!


You have origin, one which dates back to tree of divine prophets. You come from origin of Abraham, Friend of God; you are brother of the Messenger (s); you and the Messenger (s) come from the same tree and others are from other trees.(2)


You are enjoyment of Paradise and Paradise Tree and the Messenger (s) told about you:

Ali is the name that is inscribed on every hijab or veil in Paradise; My God has given the good news to me. (3)

He again said more about your great status:

Ali looks like the sun in the earth in daylight in the Seventh Heavens and in the sky of the world he is similar to moon in nighttime in the earth. God has granted a reward of excellence that, if divided in the earth, covers everybody; he is also rewarded an understanding that, if shared by people of the earth, encompasses all.(4)

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1- Usul-e Kafi, vol. 1, p.193
2- The Messenger (s) said: أنا و علي من شجرة واحدة و الناس من أشجار شتّى (Ibn-e Asaker, Tarikh-e Madinat Dameshq, vol.42, p.65; Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, Hadith 32936)
3- Hadith book of Salim Ibn-e Qeys Helali, hadith 92; Al-Anwar Al-Nu'amaniyya, vol.1, p.24 quoted from Sheikh Saduq.
4- Ibid.

True! True!

You are enjoyment of divinely eternal Paradise; you are fragrance and perfumed words of immortality! You are leaves of the Quran! You are the one about whom the Messenger (s) said:

Looking at Ali's face equals worship.(1)

He further added:

Remembering Ali is worship.(2)

Only the purified people but not the evil-doers love you and your enemies are all hypocrite dissidents and the Prophet (s) said:

O' Ali! You are loved by the faithful only and you are regarded adversary by the hypocrite dissident.

And God introduces, in His Book of Revelation, the hypocrite dissidents as the most inferior people, saying:

Actually, the hypocrite dissidents are stationed in the lowest ranks of Hellfire with no companions.

You are manifestation of purity, goodness, honesty, valor, campaign, affection and anger in front of adversaries of God and your enemies are enemies of purity and goodness; therefore, your enemies are the meanest of all. The sincere Companions of the Messenger (s) found the hypocrite dissidents at odds with you;(3)

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1- In Sunni sources, Ibn-e Mas'ud has been quoted that the Messenger (s) said: النظر إلى عليّ عبادة (Ganji Shafe'ie, Kefayat Al-Taleb, p.123; Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, p.32; Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.11, p.601; Ibn-e Asaker, Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.2, p.224; Mustadrak-e Hakem, vol.3, p.141; Manaqib-e Ibn-e Maghazili Shafe'ie, p.211; Khatib Baghdadi, Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.5, p.91; Hamuwayni, Fara'id Al-Mustatayn, vol.1, p.19; Zahabi, Mizan Al-I'tedal, vol.3, p.467 and...)
2- The Prophet (s) said: ذکر علی عباده (Ibn-e Manzur, Mokhtasar-e Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.18, p.8; Hanafi Kunduzi, Sheikh Suleyman, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah)
3- مالك بن انس عن محبوب بن أبي الزناد، قال: قالت الأنصار: إن كنا لنعرف الرجل إلى غير أبيه ببغضه علي بن أبيطالب [ عليه ال سلام ). و رواه ابن عساكر باسناد آخر في الحديث (Ibn-e Asaker, Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.2, p.234, hadith 738; Al-Ghadir, vol.4, p.322)

Your lovelorn lovers always remember those nice words you expressed among your companions; when you said: In relation to the Prophet (s), I have ten features.

The companions told you: O' Amir Al-Mu'amenan! Tell us about them.

You opened your beautiful lips and you uttered with a voice nicer than melodious song of waterfall shower in Paradise:

The Messenger said to me: O' Ali! You are my brother, my friend, my legatee and my vizier. Your dignity compared to mine resembles that of mine before my God; you are successor in my ummah; your friend is my friend and your enemy is my enemy; you are Commander of the Faithful and lord of Muslims after me.

Then you taking a kind look-followed by Favor and Mercifulness of God- turned to your companions and said:

O' Companions!

By God! I took no action unless what the Prophet had made a pledge with me. Good for someone whose heart has embraced love of us, Ahl-e Bayt! Faith in heart of such person is more stable than Ohud mount in its position; whoever rejects love of us in his heart, faith in his heart looks like melting of salt in water.(1)

O' lord!

You must be described by God and His Messenger; we and like us have only heard your holy name and no more!

The most cordial Companions of the Messenger (s) who were cherished by him and after you-of course with a more distance of the earth to sun- stood behind you in the case of conquering values and high perfections; that is, Salman, Meqdad and Abuzar, the very people who-after demise of the Messenger (s)-remained unchanged on abiding by divine promise-your

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1- Hadith book of Salim Ibn-e Qeys Helali, hadith 40; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.39, p.352; Amali, Saduq, p.68; Amali, Sheikh Tusi, p.85

guardianship-and recognized you to some extent.

About your virtues and excellences, Abuzar Ghaffari is being quoted to say:

I heard the Prophet (s) saying: There are ninety thousand Angels around the Heavens who only praise and worship on obeying Ali Ibn Abitaleb ('a), detesting the enemies and asking remission for the Shiites. God has devoted Gabriel, Michael and Israfil to obey Ali ('a), detest his enemies and remit his Shiites.

Abuzar further said that he had heard the Messenger (s) saying:

God is known to everyone because of me and Ali; God is worshipped because of me and Ali and there are reward and punishment because of me and Ali.

Someone asked Meqdad about your virtues and Meqdad said: I heard the Prophet (s) saying:

God is the Only One in His Kingdom; He made Himself known to His Lights, entrusted His Orders to them and made His Paradise permissible for them. If God wants to purify heart of whomever of men or jinns, He grants him knowledge of Ali's guardianship and if He wants to veil him in his heart, He withdraws from him knowledge of Ali.

I swear to God who keeps my soul! It was because of my Prophethood and Ali's guardianship after me that Adam was warranted to be created by God, be breathed in by His Spirit, be accepted with repentance and be returned to His Paradise.

I swear to Him who keeps my life! It was because of my Prophethood and confession to guardianship of Ali after me that kingdom of Heavens and the earth was made known to Abraham and made him His friend....

He is Sight of God, His Ears and His Tongue in his creation and His open hands to bestow Blessings on His worshippers and His Face in the Heavens and the earth. He is reliably strong rope that is not torn apart; he is Door of God from which one must pass and House of God where whoever enters, he shall be secure. He is banner of God for the Path on the day of inciting people. Whoever knows him, he shall be rescued

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towards Paradise and whoever denies him, he shall be directed towards fire of fall.(1)

And Salman Mohammadi said of your virtues in this way:

Ali is a door opened by God; whoever enters it, he shall be faithful and whoever exits, he shall be irreligious.2


God-feared and knowledge-prone people approved you and followed you but those being faithful by tongue with no heart-penetrated faith left you; the very people who made excuses during jihad and disavowed to participate in it; God describing them said:

O'the faithful people! Why do you immediately leave jihad in the way God while you are ordered to do so [like a heavy weight] and stick onto the ground?! Are you pleased with life of this world which has changed your after-life world?! This is while earthly things are worth trivial compared to the other world. Do know that if you do not take action to help religion of God for jihad, God will make you suffer painful agony; and another clan takes your place and you have not harmed God because He is Omnipotent.(2)

Your opponents were those who made lame excuses to shirk responsibility from taking part in war if God and His Messenger ordered for doing so and God says about them:

Only those who disbelieved in God and the Last Day and have doubts in their hearts ask your permission not to take part in jihad and those

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1- Hadith book of Salim Ibn-e Qeys Helali, hadith 46; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol. 40, p.95
2- يا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا ما لَكُمْ إِذا قيلَ لَكُمُ انْفِرُوا فِي سَبيلِ اللهِ انَّا قَلْتُمْ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ أَرَضِيتُمْ بِالْحَياةِ الدُّنْيا مِنَ الْآخِرَةِ فَمَا مَتَاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيا فِي الآخِرَةِ إِلا قَلِيلٌ * إِلا تَنْفِرُوا يُعَذِّبْكُمْ عَذَابًا أَلِيمًا وَيَسْتَبْدِلْ قَوْما غَيْرَكُمْ وَلَا تَضُرُّوهِ شَيْئًا وَاللَّهُ عَلى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ O' you who believe! What is wrong with you that when you are asked to march forth for fighting in Allah's Way, you cling heavily to the earth? Have you chosen the life of this world rather than the Hereafter? Whereas the enjoyment of the life of this world is little as compared with the Hereafter; if you do not march forth, Allah will punish you with a painful Torment and will replace you with another people and you cannot harm Allah at all and Allah has Power over all things (Taubah: 38-39).

hypocrite dissidents remain in constant dubiousness.(1)

And your opponents are the same people who were discourteous and cried loudly before the Messenger of God (s) and God says in His Words of Revelation they are unwise and without common sense:

O' those who claim to be believers! Stop talking louder than the Prophet's talk because if you do so, your good deeds turn out to be void and your common sense goes away ..... in fact, those who call you loudly from behind your chamber are mostly unwise and witless.(2)

Your adversaries were those who insulted the Messenger (s) when he began to talk to you in privacy, telling him: The Messenger (s) is ear [that is, he easily believes].

And those [who are claimants of faith] are the people who bother the Messenger (s) and tell him that he is ear.....those who bother the Messenger of God(s) should know that they must be ready to suffer painful agony. (3)

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1- « إِنَّما يَسْتَأْذِنُكَ الَّذِينَ لا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِالله وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَ ارْتابَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ فَهُمْ فِي رَيْبِهِمْ يَتَرَدَّدُونَ».. It is only those who do not believe in Allah and the Last Day and whose hearts are in doubts that ask your leave [to be exempted from fighting], so in their doubts they waver (Taubah: 45).
2- «يا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لا تَرْفَعُوا أَصْوَاتَكُمْ فَوْقَ صَوْتِ النَّبِيِّ وَ لا تَجْهَرُوا لَهُ بِالْقَوْلِ كَجَهْرِ بَعْضِكُمْ لِبَعْضٍ أَنْ تَحْبَطَ أَعْمَالُكُمْ وَأَنتُمْ لا تَشْعُرُونَ * إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يَغُضُّونَ أَصْوَاتَهُمْ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللهِ أُولئِكَ الَّذِينَ امْتَحَنَ اللهُ قُلُوبَهُمْ لِلتَّقْوى لَهُمْ مَغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ عَظِيمٌ * إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُنادُونَكَ مِنْ وَراءِ الْحُجُرَاتِ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لا يَعْقِلُونَ » O' you who believe! Do not raise your voice above the voice of the Messenger when you are in his presence; and do not speak loudly to him as you ordinarily speak to one another; by being inconsiderate you may unknowingly ruin your good deeds; those who speak with a low voice and humbly to Allah's Messenger, it shows that they are under the trial of Allah for becoming pious; for such will be forgiveness and a great reward; verily, those men who call out to you [O' Messenger!] from behind your house, most of them are foolish and impolite (Hujurat: 2-4).
3- وَ مِنْهُمُ الَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ النَّبِيَّ وَيَقُولُونَ هُوَ أُذُنٌ قُلْ أُذُنُ خَيْرٍ لَكُمْ يُؤْمِنُ بِاللهِ وَيُؤْمِنُ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلَّذِينَ آمَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ يُؤْذُونَ رَسُولَ اللهِ لَهُمْ عَذابٌ أَلِيمٌ And some of them annoy the Messenger, saying: "He is only an ear." Say [O' Messenger!] “An ear which is good for you; he [listens to Allah's Revelations] and believes in Allah and trusts what the believers [tell him]; and he is a grace for those of you who believe in Allah. Those who annoy Allah's Messenger, for them there will be a painful Torment. "(Taubah: 61)

And those against you were the people whose works were done in hypocrisy and whose prayer was done in dullness; God says about them:

O' Messenger! Tell them whatever you contribute in the way Allah willfully or unwillingly shall not be accepted by God because of your hypocrisy; you are the people who are accustomed to committing sins and iniquity; their contributions were not accepted because they disbelieved in

God and His Messenger; they never upheld prayers unless with reluctance and dullness and they do not give contributions unless with serious reluctance.(1)

And your opponents were those who found fault with the Prophet (s) when he divided charity and booties and God described them in this way:

And some two-sided people find fault with you when you donate charity; if they are given lots of things, they are pleased with you; otherwise, they become seriously angry. It could be so much better if they were consented with whatever God and His Messenger granted them, saying God it is sufficient for us.(2)

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1- « قُلْ أَنْفِقُوا طَوْعًا أَوْ كَرْهًا لَنْ يُتَقَبَّلَ مِنْكُمْ إِنَّكُمْ كُنْتُمْ قَوْما فَاسِقِينَ * وَ ما مَنَعَهُمْ أَنْ تُقْبَلَ مِنْهُمْنَفَقَاتُهُمْ إِلَّا أَنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوا بِاللهِ وَ بِرَسُولِهِ وَ لا يَأْتُونَ الصَّلاةَ إِلَّا وَ هُمْ كُسَالَى وَ لَا يُنْفِقُونَ إِلا وَ هُمْ كَارِهُونَ » Say [O' Messenger!]; "Whatever you spend willingly and unwillingly, it will not be accepted from you, since you are indeed corrupt and disobedient people." The very reason that their offerings were not accepted, was that they denied Allah and His Messenger; and they do not come to prayers but with lousiness; and they do not offer contributions but unwillingly (Taubah: 53-54).
2- و مِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَلْمِزُكَ فِي الصَّدَقَاتِ فَإِنْ أَعْطُوا مِنْهَا رَضُوا وَ إِنْ لَمْ يُعْطَوْا مِنْهَا إِذا هُمْ يَسْخَطُونَ وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ رَضُوا مَا آتَاهُمُ اللهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ وَ قالُوا حَسْبُنَا اللهُ يُؤْتِينَا اللهُ مِنْ فَضْلِهِ وَرَسُولُهُ إِنَّا إِلَى اللهِ رَاغِبُونَ ) And of them are some who accuse you [O' Messenger] in the matter of [distributing] the alms; if they are given some part, they are pleased, but if they are not given thereof, they become furious; and if they were pleased with what Allah and His Messenger had granted them, saying: "Sufficient for us is Allah's Favor; soon Allah will give us of bounty and also His Messenger; and to Allah we are all hopeful for our needs, "[that would have indeed been better for them] (Taubah: 58-59)

Also, the people who claimed to be faithful left the Prophet (s) alone with the enemy in Ohud war and ran away; God describes them as:

In Ohud war, you escaped disregarding anyone and ignored the Prophet (s) while he called you on helping others during war....(1)

In Ohud war, you defended the Messenger (s) at the cost of your life and you fought with the enemy; your enemies were the same heads of vicious family who fought against Islam as much as they had power; but when they were faced with threat of Islam in conquest of Mecca, they falsely became believers out of fear and changed their tactics in countering with Islam under disguise of hypocrisy.


Those people who, after departure of the Messenger (s), unobserved his recommendation for your guardianship and Imamate were either mundane and weak believers or hypocrite dissidents; but those trustworthy faithful people who were settled with faith in their hearts-such as Salman, Abuzar, Meqdad and Ammar-never left you alone although they were in minority; Salman, the very truthful companion of yours, about whom the Messenger (s) said:

Whoever wants to look at a man whose heart God has brightened with faith, he shall view Salman. (2)

And about Abuzar, he said:

Nobody has been cast the shadow of sky as Abuzar, the trustworthy.(3)

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1- «إِذْ تُصْعِدُونَ وَ لَا تَلْوُونَ عَلَى أَحَدٍ وَالرَّسُولُ يَدْعُوكُمْ فِي أُخْرَاكُمْ فَأَتَابَكُمْ غَمَا بِغَمَّ لِكَيْلا تَحْزَنُوا عَلَى مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَ لَا مَا أَصَابَكُمْ وَاللهُ خَبِيرٌ بِما تَعْمَلُونَ» [And remember] When you ran away, [leaving the battlefield] climbing up the hillside without even casting a glance at anyone; and the Messenger was calling you from your rear. There did Allah give you distress one after another to teach you not to grieve for [the booty] that had escaped you, nor for that which had befallen you. And Allah is the Well-aware of all that you [men] do (Al-e Imran: 153).
2- Ihtijaj, Tabarsi, vol. 1, p.150
3- Salman Farsi is one of the Companions of the Messenger (s) and a loyal companion of Imam Ali (*a). After demise of the Prophet (s), he is a man who stood up to his allegiance to Imamate and guardianship of Ali ('a) up to his death. He owned a very high personality. There are plenty of hadiths being quoted from the Messenger (s) and the Immaculate Imams (‘a) about faith, knowledge and greatness of this man in Shiite and Sunni sources; for example, a number of them are cited herein: The Messenger of God (s) has said: Salman is a sea of knowledge, depth of which no one can reach. (Ikhtesas, Sheikh Mufid, p.222) Jaber Ibn-e Ansari quotes the Messenger (s) as saying: Verily, Paradise is more interested in Salman than Salman in Paradise and Paradise longs more for meeting Salman than Salman for Paradise. (Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.22, p.341) When Amir Mu'amenan (a) talks about personal status of some of the Messenger's Companions, he comes to name of Salman and says: Well-done! Salman comes from our family; where do you find his like?! He looks like Logman, the hakim and he knows the first and the foremost of science; he is an endless sea. (Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol. 18, p.36) Imam Sadiq (a) says: Faith has ten ranks; Meqdad is ranked eighth; Abuzar stands at ninth rank and Salman is ranked tenth. (Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.22, p.341) Imam Sadiq (‘a) says: One day, the Messenger (s) said to his Companions: Which one of you keeps the whole fasting? Salman said: O' Messenger(s)! Me. The Prophet (s) said: Which one of you keeps praying all nights? Salman Said: O' Messenger (s)! Me. The Prophet (s) asked: Is there anyone among you who can complete recitation of the whole Quran? Salman said: O' Messenger(s)! Me. One person who was present there and had become vexed because of responses of Salman. and found it as his self-centeredness and self-pride, he said on rejecting his words: I saw him eating for days, sleeping many times of the night and keeping silent many times of the day; how does he keep fasting, stay awake for supplication and complete recitation of the whole Quran in a day?! The Messenger (s) harshly told him: Keep quiet! What do you have to do with people like Loqman (that is Salman who is Loqman of the time)?! If you like, you can ask him how he does it! Explaining about his claim, Salman stated: I keep three days of fasting in a month and God has said whoever does good deed, he shall be rewarded ten times; therefore, it looks as if I have kept thirty days of fasting. On the other hand, I keep fasting on the last day of Sha'ban month of Ramadan and link it to Ramadan fasting month; whoever does as such, he shall be rewarded permanent fasting. I heard the Messenger (s) say: Whoever sleeps in ablution, he shall be rewarded such that he has done prays. As for completing recitation of the whole Quran, I heard the Messenger (s) say to Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) about him: You are exemplary of «قل هوالله احد», which if recited by someone once, he shall be rewarded one third of recitation of the whole Quran; if recited by someone twice, he looks as though he has recited two thirds of the whole Quran and if recited by someone thrice, he looks as if he has recited the whole Quran. O' Ali! Whoever says he loves you, he shall have one third of his faith completed; whoever loves you in heart and in words, he shall have two thirds of his faith completed and whoever loves you in heart and in words as well as giving you a helping hand, he shall have his faith very completed. (Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.22, p.317) Someone comes to pay a visit to Salman, Salman weeps and the person asks him why he weeps: Why do you weep whereas the Messenger (s) was pleased with in time of his death?! Salman replies: I swear to God I cry not because of my fear of death or caprice of this world; rather, I cry because the Messenger said: Each of one of you shall take a source from this world as much as a traveler does; I am now dying while I have all such things around me (there were only a few things like bowls, pots and rugs); the man asks Salman to give him some advice and Salman says: Remember God whenever you release an order, make a decision and stretch your hands for any distribution of things. (Tabaqat, Ibn-e Sa'ad, vol.4, p.91) It is said that Ibn-e 'Abbas dreamed Salman in his sleep, asking him: What is higher in Paradise after faith in God and in his Messenger (s)? Salman replied: Nothing remains higher and more valuable than friendship, guardianship and following of Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) after faith in God and His Messenger. (Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.22, p.341) 28. Abuzar Ghaffari was one of the sincere and knowledge-prone Companions of the Messenger (s). He was a man who stood up to allegiance and Imamate of Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (‘a) and his staunch defender in the field of guardianship and caliphate after demise of the Prophet (s). Wherever Abuzar went, he loudly talked of truthfulness of Ali (a) and this caused the caliphate system not to tolerate him. The illegitimate rule finally banished Abuzar to Rebzah where he passed away. The Shiite and Sunni sources quote various narrations from the honorable Prophet (s) about dignity and rank of Abuzar. He has been exemplified as Jesus of the time in purity and decency in these valuable narrations of the Messenger (s) and he has been introduced as the most honest man in truth and honesty. For example, the Messenger (s) has said: ما اظلّت الخضراء و لا أقلت الغبراء على ذى لهجة أصدق من أبي ذر يعيش وحده ويموت وحده و يبعث وحده و يدخل الجنة وحده و هو الهاتف بفضايل وصي رسول الله، علي. The heavens and the earth have never seen anyone more honest than Abuzar; he lives in loneliness, dies in loneliness, is appointed in loneliness and enters Paradise in loneliness. This is Abuzar who speaks out virtues of legatee of the Prophet (s) meaning Ali (‘a). (Musnad, Ahmad, vol.2, p. 163; Sirey-e Halabi, vol.3, p.108)

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Those who approved and accompanied you were the pure and good people of the universe and are proud of having an Imam like you, the Commander of the Faithful!

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Theosophy Four

I testify that your progeny stands as proofs of God for the creatures and the guided pure who are guides.

The pure and holy land produces the fully blessed and purely scented plants but the impurely ominous land produces the impurely ominous grown things. God says:

The well-pure land generates good plants as God permits and the impurely rough land emits nothing but less fruitful and small amount of plants. We express Our Signs for the people who raise gratitude.(1)

You and your progeny are the same pure trees that are grown in the land of Prophethood and Immaculate Mohammad (s) that is more attractive, greener, more pleasant, purer and more fragrant than the Paradise.

By Divine Grace, you are origin and progenitor of all nicety and goodness in the universe. The pure, pleasant, good-looking, fragrant, nicely spoken, nicely looked people of the universe lose color in the face of your purity, pleasantness, nice countenance, fragrance, appealing words and tumultuously sea-like looks!

Progeny like yours is never found in the whole universe because no landlord like yours is found; the very landlord whose small part of auspicious blessings perfumed the universe and a glowing property of endeared face of whom illuminated the sun and stars!

I am the mortal, disabled, anxiously amazed and broken-penned being; how I can say of the heavenly long-winged birds!!


Theosophy Account Four

Virtues of Ahl-e Bayt (‘a) in Sunni sources and other various issues.

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1- «وَ الْبَلَدُ الطَّيِّبُ يَخْرُجُ نَبَاتُهُ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِ وَالَّذى خَبُثَ لا يَخْرُجُ إِلا نَكِدا كَذالِكَ نُصَرِّفُ الآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَشْكُرُونَ » . And the good land yields the vegetation abundantly by the Will of its Creator and Nurturer, but from the bad land does not come forth save bad and scanty. Thus We explain Our Words of Revelation to the people who are grateful for the blessings (A'raaf: 58).

I say to myself:

O'fly! Arena of Simorgh (phoenix) fit not your flight

You raise petition and make trouble for us (1)

but bare-headed broken pen moans in this way:

I found not great caprice for sweet lips

But how fly cannot be in quest of sugar(2)

God has talked about you and your progeny and who else are others? And God in distinction between truth and falsehood put His Words of constant truth everywhere and every time and there are no others!! (3)

I shall speak about the Quran to make you and your progeny true; God in

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1- Hafiz poetic collection, ghazal no. 449
2- Ibid. ghazal no. 224
3- «وَ إِذْ يَعِدُكُمُ اللهُ إِحْدَى الطَّائِفَتَيْنِ أَنَّهَا لَكُمْ وَ تَوَدُّونَ أَنَّ غَيْرَ ذَاتِ الشَّوْكَةِ تَكُونُ لَكُمْ وَيُرِيدُ اللَّهُ أَنْ يُحِقَّ الْحَقَّ بِكَلِمَاتِهِ وَيَقْطَعَ دابِرَ الْكَافِرِينَ * لِيُحِقَّ الْحَقَّ وَيُبْطِلَ الْباطِلَ وَ لَوْ كَرِهِ الْمُجْرِمُونَ» And remember when Allah promised you, Muslims one of the two caravans of the enemy, it should be yours; you desired that the unnamed and richly laden one without any trouble should be yours, but Allah Willed to justify the Truth by His Word of Command and to cut off the roots of the disbelievers, that He might prove the Truth by what was true and show Falsehood by what was false, though it be disliked by the guilty ones (Anfal: 7-8). Various narrations from Sunni sources read that the Messenger(s) was asked: What are those words God instilled into Adam, through which He accepted repentance of Adam? The Messenger said: Adam received sacred names of Mohammad, Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Husayn from God and swore to them; God accepted his repentance. A number of Sunni sources that have quoted the above narration from the Messenger (s) are: • Manaqib-e Ibn-e Moghazeli, p.63 • Kunduzi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, p. 239 and 97 • Siyuti, Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol. 1, p.60 • Deylami, Ferdows Al-Akhbar, vol.3, hadith no. 4401, p.151 • Beyhaqi, Dala'il Al-Nabovvah, vol.5, p.481 • Sirat Al-Halabiyya, vol. 1, p.219 • Tafsir Al-Lavame', vol. 1, p.219

His Words of Revelation introduced you as progeny of Prophethood purified from all sins, describing you as:

God wants to cleanse any evil from your progeny and keep you flawlessly clean.(1)

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1- «... إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا » ... ... ......Verily, Allah's Will is to remove away impunity from you, the people of the Messenger's Household and to purify you thoroughly (Ahzab: 33) The above verse came down on the occasion of revelations for Ahl-e Bayt (‘a) that represents purity and infallibility of them. According to Sunni and Shiite hadiths of a many, the verse of purity has come down about the Prophet, Ali, Zahra, Hassan, Husayn and nine children of Husayn (‘a). There are plenty of hadiths quoted from the Prophet (s) in authentic Sunni books including Sahih-e Moslem, Musnad-e Ahmad, Al-Durr Al- Manthur, Mustadrak, Jame'a Al-Usul, Sunan-e Termezi, Nur Al-Absar, Manaqib-e Khwarazmi and ..... Negating any evil and absolute purity God has said about Ahl-e Bayt (a) in this holy verse is the very infallibility. Shi'a by citing verses and narrations believes that Imam from birth to death like the Prophet must be immune from all inward and outward, deliberate and inadvertent malice and sins because Imams like the Messenger (s) preserve and revive Shari'a and Imam has the same ranks as the Prophet (s) has except for consideration of revelation that is exclusive to the Messenger; therefore, he must be immaculate as with immaculacy, he cannot succeed the Prophet and perform his duties, duties like guidance of people towards real interests, their purification and educating them for perfection that they deserve and keeping Shari'a from increased and decreased distortion and... Sunnis find problems with such verse: Some have said that verse of purity has been sent for wives of the Prophet because the verses before and after this revelation are about his wives or at least to say that wives of the Prophet are included in the verse. Providing response to this problem: • It will be independent reasoning, ijtihad, against the verse text if we say that the verse is not revealed for infallibility of Ahl-e Bayt because there are many hadiths on this verse in Shiite and Sunni sources; all narrations reveal that the verse has been sent down for immaculacy of the Messenger (s), Fatima (‘a), Ali (a) and their descendants from the Saint Imams ('a). In some narrations quoted from wives of the Prophet, they themselves confessed that the above verse has occasion of revelation for them rather than for themselves. • If the verse were revealed about wives of the Prophet (s), it must be addressed in femininity just as the previous verses have been as such; but the pronoun » is a clear » يطهركم » and « عنكم » indicating plural masculinity in the words » reason that the verse has no connection with wives of the Prophet since if it had been so, God must have said as: إنّما يريد الله ليذهب عنكنّ الرجس أهل البيت ويطهركن تطهيرا To continue, some Sunni narrations are cited here as examples: •At tar Ibn-e Sayyar quotes Umme Salama that the verse has been revealed in her house. She says: At that time, the Prophet (s) asked Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Husayn ('a) to show up and said: These people are my Posterity. (Al-Mustadrak Alalsahihin, vol.3, hadith no. 470, p.158) •Safiyya, daughter of Shuyba, quotes Ayesha saying that: The Prophet (s) went out at dawn while he was wearing a calico wooly cloak made of black hair; Hassan Ibn-e Ali came around and the Prophet let him under the cloak; after him, Husayn came under it; after him, Fatima came inside the cloak and finally Ali (‘a) came and the Prophet (s) let him inside his cloak too and said (Sahih-e Moslem, vol.4, hadith no. 2424, p.1883) •Abu Sa'id Khedri quoting Umme Salama says: This verse«إِنَّما يُرِيدُ اللّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ ...» has been revealed in her house. She says: I was in the house and I asked: O' Messenger (s)! Am I included in Ahl-e Bayt? The Prophet (s) said: You are moving towards goodness! You are wife of the Messenger (s). (it means that wives of the Prophet are excluded from the verse). Umme Salama says: This was while the Messenger (s), Ali ('a), Fatima ('a), Hassan and Husayn (a) were in the house. (Tafsir-e Tabari, vol. 12, part no. 22) •Shahr Ibn-e Hushab quotes Umme Salama: The Prophet (s) put Ali ('a), Hassan ('a), Husayn ('a) and Fatima (a) on with a cloak and said: O' God! These are my Posterity and my special relatives; Keep them away from any evils and fully purify them. Umme Salama said: Am I among them? The Prophet (s) said: (No but) you step towards goodness and well. (Musnad, Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal, vol. 10, p.228) The above hadiths-narrating that the verse of purification has been revealed on the occasion of Mohammad (s), Ali ('a), Fatima (a), Hassan and Husayn (a) and the Infallible Imams (a), rather than wives of the Messenger (s)-are included in the following Sunni sources: ----Hakem Kaskani, Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol. 2, p. 124 ----Khasa'is Ibn-e Betriq, hadith no. 36, p.71 ----Sahih-e Moslem, vol.5, p.37 ----Al-Sirat Al-Halabiyya, vol.3, p.212 ----Tafsir-e Zhomakhshari on interpretation of the verse related to mutual cursing ----Beihaqi, Sunan Al-Kobra, vol. 2, p. 149 ----Sunan-e Termezi, vol.2, p.319 ----Ossad Al-Ghaya, vol.4, p.110 ----Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 7, p.103 ----Abu Na'im Isfahani, Ma Nozl men Al-Quran fi Ali ('a), under the holy verse ----Tahawi, Moshkel Al-'Athar, chapter 106, hadith no. 774 ----Tabrani, Mu'ajam Al-Kabir, vol.9, p.11 ----Ibn-e 'Abdou Rabba, Al-Uqd Al-Farid, vol. 4, p.311 ----Siyuti, Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol.5, p. 198 ----Khasa'is Nesa'ie, p.249 ----And tens of other sources Qertebi, one of the Sunni scholars, says: و كان ( صلى الله عليه ( و آله)و سلّم ) بعد نزول هذه الآية «و أمر أهلك بالصلاة» يذهب كلّ صباح إلى بيت فاطمة و على - رضوان الله عليهما - فيقول: الصلاة. (Tafsir Al-Jame'a Le'akam Al-Quran, vol.11, p.263) Fakhr-e Razi-one of the greatest Sunni interpreters-says: إنّ الآية تدلّ أنّ هؤلاء الخمسة محمد ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) و علی [ عليه السلام ) و فاطمة [ سلام الله عليها ] و الحسن [ عليه السلام ] و الحسين ( عليه السلام ] مطهّرون من الذنوب الصغيرة والكبيرة. (Fakhr-e Razi, Tafsir-e Kabir, vol. 2, p. 700) Regarding these successive reasons, one must certainly say that the verse of purification has nothing to do with wives of the Prophet (s) and it has been revealed on the occasion of the pure and infallible posterity of Mohammad (s), Ali (‘a) and Fatima (‘a) and their descendants from the Saint Imams (‘a). Interestingly, Moslem-one of the greatest Sunni hadith writers- quotes the same thing in his Sahih book: فقلنا من أهل بيته، نساؤه؟ قال: لا وأيم الله تعالى إنّ المرأة تكون مع الرجل العصر من الدهر، ثمّ يطلقها فترجع إلى أبيها و قومها، أهل بيته أصله و عصبته الذين حرموا الصدقة بعده. (Sahih-e Moslem, researched by Mohamad Fo'ad Abulbaqi, vol. 5, p.181)

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God decided on your purity because you and your progeny are Proofs of God and illuminating stars of human guidance and divine guides and proofs must be clean off any sins and faults; you expressed in your words:

Verily, the Almighty God made us pure and immaculate and put us as witnesses for His creatures and His proof on earth; He joined us with the Quran and the Quran with us; neither are we separated from the Quran

P: 89

and nor does He keep away from us.(1)

And you said about this holy verse:

I was in Umme Salama's house with the Messenger (s) where«...انّما یرید اللّه»was revealed by God, telling me that this verse has been revealed for you, your children of Hassan and Husayn and Imams descending from you.

You then told the Messenger (s):

O' Messenger! How many will become Imams after you?

The Messenger(s) stared at you, saying:

After me, you become Imam; after you, Hassan, after Hassan, Husayn, after Husayn, his son, Ali, after Ali, his son Mohammad; after Mohammad, his son, Ja'afar; after Ja'afar, his son, Musa; after Musa, his son, Ali; after Ali, his son, Mohammad; after Mohammad, his son, Ali; after Ali, his son, Hassan; after Hassan, his son, the Upholder will become Imams; their names had been inscribed on the basis of the Heavens. I asked God who these people were. God said: They are Imams who come after you and they are pure and Immaculate but their enemies are the cursed ones.(2)

And you yourself said that the Messenger (s) stopped by your house every morning, saying:

May God bless you; rise up to say prayers and recited:

«إنّما يريد الله ....»


Prophet (s) kept on doing as such for nine months after the verse revelation to make Ahl-e Bayt applicably known to everyone.(3)

3. GThehayat Al-Maram, p.215

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1- Amir Al-Mu'amenin Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) said: «إن الله تبارك و تعالى طهرنا و عصمنا و جعلنا شهداء على خلقه و حجّته في أرضه و جعلنا مع القرآن و جعل القرآن معنا لا نفارقه و لا يفارقنا ». (Usul-e Kafi, Ketab Al-Hojjat, vol.1, p.191)
2- Mohaddeth Bahrani, Ghayat Al-Maram, p.293
3- Anas Ibn-e Malek says: I found that the Messenger (s) stopped by the house of Zahra (a) for six months during praying time and said: O' Ahl-e Bayt! Rise up for holding prayer service; انما یرید الله....» (Jame'a Al-Usul, vol. 1, p. 110)

But as the shining sun rules as inexistence for the blind, a group of people appeared and moved across the line of offering the Umayyad good wishes, interpreting the verse in some other way and said: The above revelation has been sent down for others!! (1)

In another verse, God has said friendship and kindness extended towards you and your progeny is rewarded by how your brother, the Messenger (s) tried for Prophetic mission:

O' Messenger! Tell that you seek no reward but expression of kindness towards your progeny for your mission.(2)

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1- Regretfully, despite having various quotations from the Messenger (s) that the above verse has been revealed on the occasion of Ahl-e Bayt (a), many Sunnis say: The verse is about wives of the Messenger!
2- «قُلْ لا أَسْتَلُكُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَجْرًا إِلا الْمَوَدَّةَ فِى الْقُرْبِي وَ مَنْ يَقْتَرِفْ حَسَنَةٌ نَزِدْ لَهُ فِيهَا حُسْنَا إِنَّ اللهَ غَفُورٌ شَكُورٌ » ... ......Say O' Messenger! "No wage I ask you for my Mission, [Messenger's reward is with Allah] but all I expect is the affection to my near kin." And if anyone does any good We shall give him an increase of good instead. Verily, Allah is the Appreciative Forgiving (Shura: 23) In various Sunni sources, the Prophet (s) is being quoted that close relatives are Ali (‘a) and Fatima (‘a) and their descendants ('a); for example: قال الرازي و العسقلاني و الواحدى قالوا يا رسول الله ! من قرابتك الذين افترض الله تعالى علينا مودتهم؟ قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم : علي ( عليه السلام ] و فاطمة [سلام الله عليها ) و ولدهم ؛ يقولها ثلاث مرّات. The above hadith has been included in the following Sunni books: -----Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak Alal-Sahihin, vol.3, hadith no. 4802, p.188 -----Ibn-e Hajar Asqalani, Al-Sawa'iq, p. 102 -----Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol.2, p.196 -----Wahedi, Al-Tafsir Al-Wasit, vol. 2, p.196 -----Fakhr-e Razi, Tafsir-e Kabir, vol. 10, p.3276 -----Ibn-e Asaker, Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.3, p.87 -----Tabrani, Al-Mu'ajam Al-'Awsat, vol.3, p.87 -----Ibn-e Sabbaq Maleki, Al-Fusul Al-Mohemma, p. 158 -----Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 1, p.251 -----Mohebuddin Tabari, Al-Zakha'er, p.25 -----Siyuti in his Tafsir under the holy verse; Tha'albi in his Tafsir under the holy verse and Zomakhshari in his Tafsir under the holy verse And tens of other Sunni sources Ibn-e 'Abbas says: فلما نزل ذلك اجتمع الناس إلى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم، فقالوا: يا رسول الله من قرابتك الذين فرض الله عزّ و جلّ علينا مودتهم ؟ فقال صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: على وفاطمة و ولدهما. (Najjah Ta'ie, Velayat-e Ali ('a) fi Al-Quran men kotab Al-Sunnat, vol. 7, p.75) Sheikh Suleyman Hanafi Kunduzi says: The Companions of Prophet (s) said: Who are close relatives? من هؤلاء الذين وجبت علينا مودّتهم؟ قال (صلى الله عليه و آله و سلّم) علي عليه السلام] و فاطمة [سلام الله عليها] و ولدهما. (Kunduzi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, p.368) Abulfaraj Isfahani says that Hassan Ibn-e Ali (‘a) delivered a sermon for people, saying: أنا من أهل البيت الذين أذهب الله عنهم الرجس وطهرهم تطهيرا، و الذين افترض الله مودتهم في كتابه إذ يقول: « وَ مَنْ يَقْتَرِف حَسَنَةٌ نَزِدْ لَهُ فيها حُسْنَا » فاقتراف الحسنة مودتنا أهل البيت. (Maqatil Al-Talebiin, p. 52) Imam Shafe'ie, one of the four Sunni Imams, says in his poetry: یا آل بیت رسول الله حبّكم *** فرض من الله في القرآن أنزله يكفيكم من عظيم الفخر إنكم *** من لم يصلّ عليكم لا صلاة له (Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.2, p.434)


You are the pure progeny of close kinsmen of Messenger (s) to whom people are advised to extend love because it is with this chain of kindness that people acquire luck to join you to enjoy your luminous statements and teachings.

But how did people, after departure of the Prophet of Blessings (s), behave his kinsmen?! Did you reward his Mission well?! The same Prophet who granted them honor and kept humiliation away from them!

But what did people do to his honorable daughter ('a) who was lady of both worlds and your wife? What did they do to your six-month-old Mohsen? What did they do to your Hassan (‘a)? What did they do to your Husayn (‘a)?

What did they do to you?! Were you not brother of the Prophet (s)? Were

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you not the first one who kept faith in the Prophet (s)? Were you not gate of the Messenger's knowledge?! Were you not vizier and caliph of the Prophet (s)? Were you not the very man about whom the Prophet (s) said: I and Ali are two fathers of this ummah?!

Were you not the same person about whom the Messenger (s) said:

Looking at your face is worship!! (1)

Were you not the very man about whom the Prophet (s) said:

Remembering Ali is worship.

How many Ali was there among ummah at that time?!!

Were you not the one who slept on Prophet's bed to save his life and risked your life to let him survive? Were you not the one to whom the Prophet (s) said, in conquest of Mecca, to stand on his shoulders and drop down idols on top of Ka'aba?! (2)

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1- The Messenger (s) said: la ! taill The above hadith is discovered in various Sunni sources; for example: ------Ganji Shafe 'ie, Kefayat Al-Taleb, p.123 ------Khwarazmi, Al-Manaqib, p.32 ----Ibn-e Shazan, Ma'eta Manqabah ----Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 11, hadith no. 328, p.610 ----Ibn-e 'Asaker, Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.2, hadith no. 729, p.244 ----Hakem Neisabouri, Al-Mustadrak, vol.3, p.141 ----Siyuti, Al-Jame'a Al-Saghir, vol. 1, hadith no.433, p.665 ----Khatib Baghdadi, Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.2, p.51 ----Ibn-e Moghazeli, Manaqib, hadith no. 254, p.211 ----Zahabi, Mizan Al-I'tedal, vol.3, p.467; and......
2- In his valuable book, “Al-Ghadir”, vol. 7, pp.10-13, the late Allameh Amini mentions various Sunni sources about the following event: When Mecca was conquered by the Prophet (s) and Companions; he broke idols in Ka'aba; parts of idols installed inside or outside Ka'aba were collapsed by Ali (‘a). The Prophet (s) told Ali (‘a): O' Ali! Sit until I climb your shoulders and collapse upper idols of Ka'aba. Ali ('a) leaned across wall of Ka'aba and carried the Prophet (s) on his shoulders but he felt a heavy burden. The Prophet (s) knowing the condition of Ali ('a) ordered him to climb his shoulders; Ali ('a) went up on the Prophet's shoulders and dropped down the big copper idol of Quraysh; afterwards, he dropped other idols down.

Were you not the one who killed Amru Ibn 'Abdowad with your Zulfiqar sword in Khandaq war?! And the Prophet (s) said:

On the day of Khandaq, strike of Ali is higher than worship of jinns and people on the Day!! 1

Were you not the one on chest of whom the Prophet (s) put his head and joined the other world?!?(1) Were you not the one who was missioned by the Prophet (s) for his legal bathing, shrouding and upholding prayer over his stiff?! (2)

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1- Hakem Neisabouri, well-known Sunni scientist, quotes the Prophet (s): لمبارزة عليّ بن أبي طالب لعمرو بن عبدود يوم الخندق أفضل من أعمال أمتى إلى يوم القيامة. (Mustadrak-e Hakem, vol.3, p.32) Khatib Baghdadi, one of the other Sunni scientists, quotes in his book, "Tarikh-e Baghdad", vol.13, p.19 that the Prophet (s) said: لمبارزة عليّ بن أبي طالب لعمرو بن عبدود يوم الخندق أفضل من عمل أمتى إلى يوم القيامة. Fakhr-e Razi in his Tafsir-e Kabir, vol.32, p.31 under the verse: «انا انزلناه فی لیلة القدر» says: ولم يبين قدر الخيرية و هذا كقوله (صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم): لمبارزة على مع عمرو بن عبدود أفضل من عمل أمتى إلى يوم القيامة. فلم يقل مثل عمله بل قال أفضل Ali Ibn-e Borhanuddin Halabi, in his Sira-e Halabiyya, vol.2, p.340 narrates that the Prophet (s) said: قتل على لعمرو بن عبدود أفضل من عبادة الثقلين.
2- Amir Mu'amenan (a) performed funeral ablution for the Prophet's pure body and shrouded him because the Prophet (s) had said he would be given funeral ablution by his nearest kin. (Tabaqat-e Kobra, vol.2, p.57; Tabaqat-e Ibn-e Sa'ad, vol.2, p.247) Salim Ibn-e Qeys Helali says: When the Prophet (s) died, he made a will to Ali (‘a) that nobody should take charge of his ablution but him......Ali said: O' Messenger! Who helps me for your ablution? Hazrat replied: Gabriel or a group of Angels. It happened as such; Ali performed ablutions on Hazrat and Fadl Ibn-e 'Abbas poured water and Angels turned his body as Ali wanted. (Salim Ibn-e Qeys Helali, hadith book, hadith no.3) Imam Ali (*a) addressed a group of Migrants and Helpers in parts of his argumentations: Do you confess that the Messenger (s) ordered me to perform his ablutions and also told me that Gabriel helps me on that? They said: Yes, we swear to God. (Salim Ibn-e Qeys Helali, hadith book, hadith no. 11; Gheybat-e Nu'amani, p.52; Fara'id Al-Samtin, vol. 1, p.392; Tabarsi, Ihtijaj, vol. 1, p.210)

Why did they hang rope over your neck?! Why did they drag you, while you were tied in hands, to the mosque for forced allegiance with armed-to- teeth troops?! Why did they whip, injure and martyr your wife in oppressiveness while she intended to defend you?! (1)

Did the Messenger (s) say not that:

Whoever persecutes Fatima ('a), he shall have bothered me and whoever bothers me, he shall have bothered God?! (2)

Had he said not:

Fatima is integral part of my body?! (3)

What did they do to your Husayn?! What did they do to the elite of the Messenger (s)?! What did they do to fruit of your heart?! Had the Messenger not said that:

Husayn is from me and I am from Husayn?! (4)

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1- In philosophy seven, the story of attacking House of Revelation, forced allegiance of Ali ('a) and martyrdom of Sediqah Kobra (a) has been detailed with Sunni citations.
2- The Messenger (s) said about his honorable daughter (‘a): فاطمة بضعة منّي من سرّها فقد سرّني ومن سائها فقد سائني فاطمة اعزّ الناس عليَّ. (Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.43, p.23) إنّ فاطمة بضعة منّي و هي نور عيني و ثمرة فؤادي يسوؤني ما ساءها ويسرني ما سرّها و إنّها أوّل من يلحقني من أهل بيتي. (Sheikh Saduq, Amali, p.487) إنّ الله ليغضب لغضب فاطمة ويرضى ليرضاها. (Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.43, p.54) Subject-matters of the above hadiths are found in abundance in Sunni sources.
3- Ibid.
4- The Messenger (s) said: حسين منّي و أنا منه أحبّ الله من أحبّ حسينا. Narrations read that a group of people joined the Messenger (s) for a celebration and Hazrat was walking ahead of them; on their way, he saw Husayn and wanted to hug him but Husayn was moving here and there. The Prophet (s) observing such scene smiled; he finally hugged him while touching his back head with one hand and placing his another hand under Husayn's chin; he touched his lips with kisses, saying: Husayn is from me and I am from Husayn; God loves someone who loves him. (Tabaqat-e Ibn-e Sa'ad, biography of Imam Husayn ('a), p.27) Mottaqi Hendi, one of the Sunni scholars, quotes one of the Companions of the Prophet (s): I met the Prophet (s) at his place and I saw Hassan and Husayn ('a) on his shoulders; I asked: O' Messenger (s)! Do you love them? Hazrat replied: Why shouldn't I do so when they are flowers of garden of the universe. (Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.13, hadith no. 37711, p.671)

What was fault of your Husayn who was beheaded in thirst?

True! True!

Whatever cruelty they imposed on you augmented their infidelity and they failed to extinguish radiation of your and your children's world- shining countenance; but you shined like thousands of thousands of sun in the universe and you will continue to shine forever, forever.

You acquired divinely eternal honor and God says to you about the cruel people:

And of course, stop guessing that they pursued the path of infidelity; We give them more chance until they continue to add to their blasphemy and rebellion because they face torment of the Day so much that they are harshly degraded and humiliated.(1)

And God also said:

And it takes not long for the infidels and cruel people to know that whereto they return as penalty and revengeful hell.(2)

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1- «وَ لا يَحْسَبَنَّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا أَنَّما نُمْلِي لَهُمْ خَيْرٌ لِأَنْفُسِهِمْ إِنَّمَا نُمْلِى لَهُمْ لِيَزْدادُوا إِثْمَا وَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ مُهِينٌ » . And do not let the disbelievers think that Our Respite, [the postponement of their punishment] is good for them [and they will enjoy life through it]; We postpone the punishment only for that they may increase their sinfulness and for them there is a disgraceful torment [because of their sins] (Al-e Imran: 178).
2- «... وَ سَيَعْلَمُ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا أَيَّ مُنقَلَبٍ يَنقَلِبُونَ » ... .....and the oppressors, shall surely know to what returning place they will return (Shu'araa: 227).

Your endeared son, Husayn (‘a) said:

Death in honor is much better than life in humiliation! (1)

And your followers in the universe raise hope to see your descendant, Mahdi (may Allah hasten his emergence) emerge and to uproot the Umayyad of the history filling the world with all-out justice, a good news frequently given by your brother, the Messenger (s).(2)

It is a treasure to render love to you, love not bestowed by God to any good-for-nothing people; rather, He grants it to someone who has tainted his faith with tyranny, saying in His Words:

Those who are believers and have not tainted their belief with cruelty; they shall be secure and be guided through the reality.(3)

How nicely, how nicely the Messenger (s) has expressed the blessings derived raising love to you, the pure and infallible progeny!

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1- Before arriving in Karbala, Iraq, Imam Husayn (‘a) reciting praise of God and greeting the Messenger (s) said: إنّه قد نزل من الأمر ما قد ترون و أنّ الدنيا قد تغيّرت و تنكرت و أدبر معروفها و استمرت جدا فلم يبق منها الأصبابة كصبابة الإناء و خسيس عيش كالمرى الوبيل ألا ترون أنّ الحق لا يعمل به و أنّ الباطل لا يتناهى عنه. ليرغب المؤمن في محقا فإنّي لا أرى الموت الا الشهادة. في بعض النسخ: إلا السعادة و لا الحياة مع الظالمين الأبرما. You see what happened and the world changed; what was good is being ignored and nothing left of it; it looks as though some water left in a bowl bottom which is thrown away; life is inferior and trivial like unpleasant pasture; don't you see that the right is undone; under such circumstances, do the faithful deserve joining God? I find death only in martyrdom [happiness] and living with the tyrants is known to me as disgrace and humiliation. (Tarikh-e Tabari, vol.5, p.403)
2- More than five hundred documented hadiths have been cited in the Shiite and Sunni books from the Prophet (s) about emergence of the Upholder (may Allah hasten his emergence); a number of Sunni sources are given as examples here: The Messenger of God (s): أبشرى يا فاطمة فإنّ المهدي منك أبشروا بالمهدى رجل من قريش من عترتى يخرج في اختلاف من الناس و زلزال فيملأ الأرض قسطا وعدلاً كما ملئت ظلما وجورا. لا تقوم الساعة حتى تمتلىء الأرض ظلما وعدوانا ثم يخرج رجل من عترتي فيملؤها قسطا وعدلاً كما ملئت ظلما وعدوانا. لا تقوم الساعة حتّى يلي رجل من أهل بيتي يواطىء اسمه اسمي. يخرج في آخر أمتي المهدي يسقيه الله الغيث و تخرج الأرض نباتها و يعطى المال صحاحا وتكثر الماشية وتعظم الامة.
3- (الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَ لَمْ يَلْبِسُوا إِيمَانَهُمْ بِظُلْمٍ أُولئِكَ لَهُمُ الْأَمْنُ وَهُمْ مُهْتَدُونَ ) ...

Whoever dies with love of Mohammad's Progeny, he shall have died as a martyr.

Knowing that! Whoever dies with love of Mohammad's Progeny, God shall forgive him.

Knowing that! Whoever dies with love of Mohammad's Progeny, he shall have died with repentance.

Knowing that! Whoever dies with love of Mohammad's Progeny, he shall have died with full faith.

Knowing that! Whoever dies with love of Mohammad's Progeny, he shall be given good news of Paradise by death Angel.

Knowing that! Whoever dies with love of Mohammad's Progeny, he shall be taken to Paradise in respect just as a bride goes to a groom's house.

Knowing that! Whoever dies with love of Mohammad's Progeny, he shall be opened two gates to Paradise in his grave.

Knowing that! Whoever dies with love of Mohammad's Progeny, God shall set his grave as shrine of Angels.

Knowing that! Whoever dies with love of Mohammad's Progeny, he shall have died on tradition and community of Islam.

Knowing that! Whoever dies with enmity to Mohammad's Progeny, he shall enter into arena of Resurrection while on forehead of whom is inscribed: Disappointed in Blessing of God.

Knowing that! Whoever dies with love of Mohammad's Progeny, he shall have died in infidelity.

Knowing that! Whoever dies with enmity to Mohammad's Progeny, he shall have not smelled scent of Paradise. (1)

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1- من مات على حبّ آل محمّد مات شهيدا. ألا و من مات على حبّ آل محمد، مغفورا له. ألا و من مات على حبّ آل محمّد مات تائبا. ألا و من مات على حبّ آل محمّد مات مؤمنا مستكمل الايمان. ألا و من مات على حبّ آل محمد بشره ملك الموت بالجنّة ثمّ منكر ونكير. ألا و من مات على حبّ آل محمد، تزف إلى الجنّة كما تزف العروس إلى بيت زوجها. ألا و من مات على حبّ آل محمد، فتح له في قبره بابان إلى الجنّة. ألا و من مات على حبّ آل محمد، جعل الله قبره مزار ملائكة الرحمة. ألا و من مات على حبّ آل محمّد مات على السنّة و الجماعة. ألا و من مات على بغض آل محمد، جاء يوم القيامة مكتوب بين عينه آيس من رحمه الله. ألا و من مات على بغض آل محمد، مات كافرا. ألا و من مات على بغض آل محمد، لم يشم رائحة الجنة. (Zomakhshari, Tafsir-e Kashshaf, vol.4, p.220; Tafsir-e Fakhr-e Razi, vol.27, p.167; Tafsir-e Qertebi, vol.8, p.5843)


You, your honorable wife and children are the same people of whom God is proud in His Quran for your great self-sacrifice and self-devotion and He has recalled you as great people when you took vows to keep three days of fasting and donated all your food during breakfasting to beggar, orphan and the needy at the door of your house on the way of God although you were in dire need of them; you and your family broke your fasting only with water!

Gabriel came down and told the Prophet (s): O' Mohammad! Take this surah because God congratulated you on having such a posterity and recited surah of «هل اتی» for him. In this holy surah, God has praised you and your family in parts of the verses and promised the everlasting Paradise.(1)

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1- Various narrations from Shiite and Sunni books read that: Hassan and Husayn (‘a) became sick; the Prophet (s) and a group of his Companions paid them a visit and told Ali (‘a): O' Abalhassan! You can take vows for healing of your children, mind you. Ali ('a) and Fatima (a) and Feddah-who was their maid-took vows to keep three days of fasting if they are cured. (According to some narrations, Hassan and Husayn took vows too) They very soon were cured while they were empty-handed in food. Ali supplied three kilos of wheat and Fatima changed one third of it into flour and baked bread. During breakfasting, a beggar stopped by their door and said: Peace be upon you, O' Posterity of Mohammad (s)! I am a needy among the Muslim needy; give me something to eat until God you the Paradise food. They all gave priority to beggar, gave him their share of food and had nothing but water. On the second day, they continued to keep fasting;; during breakfasting, when the food was ready (the same wheat-baked bread), an orphan knocked their door asking for food, they again dedicated their food to the orphan and broke their fasting with water. On the next day, they kept fasting again; there stopped by their door a troubled person at sunset, they gave their share of food to him. At Dawn, Ali ('a) with Hassan and Husayn ('a) went to see the Messenger (s); when the Prophet (s) saw them, they were trembling because of hunger. Hazrat said: It is very hard for me to see you with such condition. He joined them to depart to Fatima's house; when he entered into their house, he saw her standing in front of the altar while she suffered from hunger pangs and dimpled eyes. The Prophet (s) became annoyed when Gabriel came down, saying: O' Mohammad! Take this surah; God congratulates you on having such Progeny! Later, Gabriel recited «J» for him. What is said is text of hadith quoted in brevity in this respect in Al-Gadir commonly cited among lots of narrations. The late Allameh Amini names thirty four people of Sunni scholars in the same book, mentioning title of the book and page where the hadith is being cited. (Al-Ghadir, vol.3, pp.107-111) The late Qazi Nurullah Shushtari, in his book "Ehqaq Al-Haqq", vol.3, pp. 157-171 quotes the above hadith from thirty six Sunni scientists by citing the sources, all of which representing that these verses of Dahr surah have been sent down on the occasion of Ahl- e Bayt (a).

In some part of this surah, God says about your great self-devotion:

They (Ahl-e Bayt) keep their vows and fear the day whose torment is great. Though being in need of the food, they donate it to the poor, beggar and the needy and say: We feed you for the sake of God and we ask for no reward; we fear our God on the Day when it is hard and severe.(1)

Such devotion of yours sinks hearts and it lets tears roll down; you broke your fasting with water at the end of three days not to say "no" to the poor. By donating some loaves of bread, you turned out to be eternalized in the holy Quran and such donation surpassed the whole contributions of the universe! Why? Because you donated, that of your whole food, in utmost civility and only for pleasure of God. There might be thousands of thousand tons of donations that worth nothing because they are made with

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1- «يُوفُونَ بِالنَّذْرِ وَ يَخافُونَ يَوْمَا كَانَ شَرُّهِ مُسْتَطِيرًا * وَيُطْعِمُونَ الطَّعامَ عَلَى حُبِّهِ مِسْكِينَا وَيَتِيما وَ أَسِيرا * إِنَّمَا نُطْعِمُكُمْ لِوَجْهِ اللهِ لا نُرِيدُ مِنْكُمْ جَزاءً وَ لا شُكُورًا * إِنَّا نَخافُ مِنْ رَبِّنا يَوْمًا عَبُوسا قَمْطَرِيرا» The devoted believers of Allah fulfil their vows and fear the Day that its evil touches all and everything; and for Allah's Pleasure they feed the needy, the orphans and the captives though themselves go hungry. And they say: "We only feed you to obey Allah's Command and for His Sake; therefore, we expect neither your reward nor thanks;" "Verily, we fear from the punishment of our Creator and Nurturer when comes the Frowned Day of Punishment" (Insan: 7-10).

hypocrisy and selfishness.

Here, God has said in the Quran for creation of such creature:

Well-done on God who is the best of creators.(1)

And when the Angels told God, the Omniscient that:

Man embarks on corruption on earth and sheds blood; God said: I know something you do not know.(2)

From the same sacred and luminous family, a son is born and this great son told the wicked man when he was asked: swear allegiance or accept death! This man, Blood of God and elite of the Messenger (s) replied:

I accept death in honor and I never yield to humiliation because death in honor is honorable and we, the pure and infallible progeny are kept away from humiliation.(3)

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1- اثُمَّ خَلَقْنَا النُّطْفَةَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْعَلَقَةَ مُضْغَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْمُضْغَةَ عِظَامًا فَكَسَوْنَا الْعِظَامَ لَحْمًا ثُمَّ أَنْشَأْنَاءِ خَلْقًا آخَرَ فَتَبَارَكَ اللهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخالِقِينَ ) Then We made the sperm into a clot, then We made the clot into a lump of flesh, then We turned the lump into bones, then We dressed the bones into flesh, then by enjoying soul into the body [We made a complete creation: The Source of Blessings is Allah, the Only Creator! (Mu'minun: 14)
2- «وَ إِذْ قالَ رَبُّكَ لِلْمَلائِكَةِ إِنِّي جَاعِلٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ خَلِيفَةً قَالُوا أَتَجْعَلُ فِيها مَنْ يُفْسِدُ فِيهَا وَيَسْفِكُ الدِّمَاءَ وَ نَحْنُ نُسَبِّحُ بِحَمْدِكَ وَ نُقَدِّسُ لَكَ قَالَ إِنِّى أَعْلَمُ ما لا تَعْلَمُونَ » O' Messenger! And when your Creator and Nurturer stated to the Angels: "I will appoint a Divine Governor on the earth;" they said: O' Creator and Nurturer! Do You appoint the kind of creature who will make mischief therein and will shed blood? While We repeat the remembrance of thanksgiving due to your Absolute Purity and we Celebrate Your Holiness." Allah stated: "Indeed I know what you do not know." (Baqarah: 30)
3- Ubaydullah Ibn-e Ziyad (may God curse him) wrote a letter to Imam Husayn (a) before he arrives in Karbala: You have only two ways; you must either swear allegiance or be killed! Imam addressing the wicked told his companions: ألا إنّ الدّعي ابن الدّعي قد ركزني بين اثنتين بين السلّة والذلّة؛ وهيهات منا الذلة. This ignobly born man, son of the ignobly born man has put on the horns of a dilemma, between death and disgrace and we are kept away from humiliation. (Seyyed Ibn-e Tavous, Lahuf, p.59)

You and your pure progeny are the same people who were taken to meet Christians of Najran for cursing each other; this revelation qualifies you:

O' Messenger! If you were given knowledge about Jesus (that Jesus is not son of God), the Christians who rejected the fact began to argue with you again; tell them to bring their children, wives and people, so do we; then try to curse the liar and say may God curse the liars.(1)

P: 102

1- «فَمَنْ حَاجَّكَ فِيهِ مِنْ بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا وَأَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَنِسَاءَنَا وَنِسَاءَكُمْ وَأَنْفُسَنَا وَأَنْفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَلْ لَعْنَتَ اللهِ عَلَى الْكَاذِبِينَ» O' Messenger! And whoso disputes with you, [regarding the state of Issa as God or Allah's son] after the knowledge that has come to you, say: "Come now, let us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, our relatives and your relatives [Mubahalah] and let us invoke and lay the curse of Allah on those who lie"(Al-e Imran: 61) The story of mutual cursing (Mubahalah) of the Prophet (s) with Najran Christians is as follows: Islam had conquered Mecca and had domesticated all across Arabian Peninsula; Roman emperor and Khosrow Parviz, king of Iran heard call of it that they must yield to God's Will. Najran bishops thought of finding a way to face it and how to decisively prove that Jesus is God-incarnated rather than an emissary from Him; the Messenger (s) preempted to declare to them in a letter that: بسم الله إله إبراهيم و إسحاق ويعقوب. من محمّد رسول الله إلى أسقف نجران وأهل نجران؛ إن أسلمتم فإنّي أحمد إليكم، الله إله إبراهيم وإسحاق ويعقوب. أما بعد؛ فانّي أدعوكم إلى عبادة الله من عباده العباد و أدعوكم إلى ولاية الله من ولاية العباد، فإن أبيتم فالجزية و إن أبيتم فقد أذنتكم بالحرب. والسلام. In the name of Allah, Deity of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob; from Mohammad, the Messenger of God to outstanding priest of Najran and group of Najran people If you embrace Islam, I announce you Gratefulness of God, Deity of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. But the main point to say, I call you on worshipping of God rather than His worshippers; obey Him rather than His servants. If you refuse to do so, you declare tribute and if you refuse to do that, you have declared war. Wassalam. (Tafsir-e Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol. 2, p.38, story of Mubahalah) When bishop read the letter, he was harshly frightened and decided to dispatch a body to Medina to meet the Messenger (s). When Najran Christians began to move towards Medina to meet the Prophet (s), three of their doyen named "Ahtam", "Aqib" and “Seyyed" joined them. They arrived in Medina and they stood for prayers when bell gonged. The Companions of the Messenger (s) said: O' Messenger (s)! This is your mosque; it is mosque of Islam; why should they gong bell?! The Messenger (s) said: Leave them by themselves. After they were finished with their prayers, they neared the Prophet (s) and asked: What religion do you call people on? Hazrat said: I asked them to testify that there is no God but deity and that I am His Messenger (s) and that Jesus is a creature who ate, drank and spoke. They asked: Who was his father if he was creature? Here, the Prophet (s) was given revelation that tell them: What do you say about Adam? Was he a creature who ate, drank and spoke and had sexual intercourse or not? The Messenger asked them the same questions. They replied: Yes he was a creature who did what you said. Hazrat said: If he was a servant and creature, then who was his father? Christians felt mystified and conquered. (Because Christians believe that Jesus is son of God as he is born fatherless and by confessing to such point they brought their belief under question). God the Almighty sent down this revelation: إِنَّ مَثَلَ عيسى عِنْدَ اللهِ كَمَثَلِ آدَمَ خَلَقَهُ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ Verily, the likeness of the creation of Issa with Allah is as that of Adam. Allah created him from dust, He stated to him: "Be! And he came into existence (Al-e Imran: 59). Therefore, birth of Jesus without father never proves to be divinity or to be son of God. Those Christians failed to accept the truth despite the Quranic reasons made to them and still insisted on their belief. The Prophet (s) said to them: So, come and begin Mubahalah with me; if I was honest, God may curse you and I am dishonest, He may curse me. The Christians said: You treated us quite fairly. They decided to do the same. When they went back to their residence, they consulted with each other, saying that if Mohammad comes with his ummah, we start Mubalalah with him because we learn that he is Messenger; if he comes with his Progeny, we do not render Mubahalah as nobody takes action against his family unless he is certain that he stands by the truth. Tomorrow morning, they began to move towards him and saw that he had come for Mubahalah with Ali (‘a), Fatima (‘a), Hassan and Husayn ('a). The Christians asked people who they were. They replied: This man is Ali ('a), his cousin, legatee and son-in-law; this is his daughter, Fatima (a) and these two are his children, Hassan and Husayn (a). They became so much horrified and told the Prophet (s): We are ready to satisfy you; keep us away from Mubahalah! The Messenger (s) made a compromise through tribute and they returned their home. (Ibrahim Qomi, Ali Ibn-e, Tafsir-e Qomi, vol.1, p.104) It is narrated that when Ahl-e Bayt (a) appeared at the meeting place for Mubahalah, the white hair of the Christians told them: God would root off mountains if these faces I see ask Him to do so; stop launching Mubahalah with them because you will face perdition and there remains no Christian on earth until the Last Day. (Tafsir-e Nemuneh, vol.2, p.550 quoted from Tafsir-e Majma' Al-Bayan) Qazi Nurullah Shushtari-a Shiite scholar-says in the third edition of his invaluable book, "Ihqaq Al-Haqq❞ that: Interpreters generally agree on such matter in that in the above verse (Al-e Imran: 61), « ابذاننا » refers to Hassan and Husayn (‘a) and « نساءنا» refers to Fatima (‘a) and «انفسنا » points to Ali ('a); about sixty Sunni great men are footnoted making it clear that the revelation of Mubahalah has been sent down about Five Members of Mohammad's Progeny (Al-e 'Aba). Among the well-known Sunni personalities who have been quoted in this regard, the following people can be named: Hajjaj Neisabouri, Moslem Ibn-e, Sahih-e Moslem, vol. 7, p.120 Ibn-e Hanbal, Ahmad, Musnad, vol. 1, p. 185 Tabari in his famous Tafsir under the same verse Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak, vol.3, p. 150 Isfahani, Abu Na'im, Dala'il Al-Nabovvah, p.379 Wahed Neisabouri, Asbab Al-Nuzul, p.74 Fakhr-e Razi, Tafsir-e Kabir, vol.8, p.85 Ibn-e Athir, Jame'a Al-Usul, vol.9, p.470 Ibn-e Jawziyya, Tazkerat Al-Khawas, p.17 Zomakhshari, Kashshaf, vol. 1, p.193 Beihaqi, Sunan, vol.7, p.63 Termezi, Sunan, vol. 4, p.293 And tens of other sources.

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In the wake of descent of revelation, the Messenger (s) took you, your wife and your two children of Hassan and Husayn (a) for mutual cursing meeting and took none of the Companions; you are introduced as((انفسنا))by God and that is, soul of the Prophet (s); this was not a recent event because the Messenger (s) had said before:

Ali is from me and I am from Ali.(1)

And he had said:

I and Ali come from one tree and people come from other trees.(2)

You appeared at the mutual curse meeting and Christians observed your luminous face and that of your family; they were frightened and told the Messenger (s): We are ready to please you; excuse us from mutual cursing!

In addition, there are some quotations that:

When you and your family appeared there, the white hair of the Christians said: I see faces that God will root off mountains if these faces demand Him so; hardly ever do you curse them, you will face perdition and even

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1- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: علي منّي و أنا من علي. 1. (Fada'il Al-Khamsa (a) fi Al-Sehah Al-Setta, vol.1, p.337; Sahih-e Bukhari and Sunan- e Termezi fi Fada'il Ali ('a)) قال النبي صلى الله علیه و آله وسلم لعلی علیه السلام: أنت منّي و أنا منك. (Sahih-e Bukhari, Al-Solh, vol.3, p.168; Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak, vol.3, p.120; Beihaqi, Sunan Al-Kobra, vol.8, p. 50 and....)
2- أنا و على من شجرة واحدة و الناس من أشجار شتّى 2. (Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith no. 32936)

not one Christian will remain on earth until the Day!(1)

You and your pure children are the same trustworthy people whom God has ordered everybody to unequivocally obey in His Revelations:

O' believers! Seek divine piety and stay with the trustworthy.(2)

P: 105

1- فقال أسقف نجران يا معشر النصارى إنّى لأرى وجوها لو دعت الله أن يزيل جبلاً من مكانه لأزاله بها فلا تباهلوا فتهلكوا و لا يبقى على وجه الأرض نصراني إلي يوم القيامة. (Bahamash Tafsir-e Tabari, Tafsir-e Ghara'ib va Ragha'ib Al-Forqan, vol.3, p.213)
2- « يا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اتَّقُوا اللهَ وَكُونُوا مَعَ الصَّادِقِينَ » O' you who believe! Fear from the disobedience of Allah's Commands and be with the truthful (Taubah: 119). The truthful whose obedience the Quran has ordered for entering circuit of piety are Ahl- e Bayt (a); to prove the claim, two reasons are cited to say that the truthful only apply to the pure and infallible Progeny (a) in the above verse: God in this holy revelation absolutely and unequivocally commanded obedience from the truthful; when God deems obedience from the truthful necessary, they must be Infallible because if they are not immaculate of sins and commit mistakes and since God has ordered their obedience even though they are wrong; in this case, Divine Rule emerges in conflict. This is why performing the act is forbidden, on one hand; on the other hand, God has said it is necessary to obey the truthful, which results in mixing of enjoining the act and forbidding the act. Therefore, such decree is not true if the truthful are not infallible whereas their obedience is ordered necessary by God. As a result, the truthful must be Infallible because the revelation has ordered their obedience and this is the best analogy because its application belongs to Ahl-e Bayt (a) only. The Sunni well-known interpreter, Fakhr-e Razi has approved such fact and says: God has ordered accompaniment of the truthful; therefore, the revelation denotes the point that those who are fallible must resort to one who is Infallible so that they might remain immune from faults; this is always applicable and there is no reason to only limit it to the age the Prophet (s). He further says: We accept that the revelation means the same thing and there must be one Infallible but we say that this infallible person must be the whole ummah rather than one person; in other words, the revelation proves consensus of the faithful and immunity of all ummah from faults. (Tafsir-e Fakhr-e Razi, vol.16, p.220) Fakhr-e Razi covered half of the way but he has been in trouble with religious prejudices in the second half of the way. If he had paid attention to one point that the revelation covers, he would have passed through the second half of the way properly; that is: If the truthful meant the whole ummah, the follower himself is being included within the whole; in fact, the follower becomes part of the leader and the subordinate and the subordinated will be unified while the verse appears to convey the point that the followers are separated from the leaders and the subordinates are independent of the subordinated. The Shiite and Sunni hadiths narrate that by the truthful, it is meant Ahl-e Bayt (a)-the Immaculate Imams (a). Salim Ibn-e Qeys Helali says that one day Amir Mu'amenan (a) meeting with a group of Muslims said: I swear you to God you know that when God revealed « یا ایها الذین امنوا اتقو الله و کونوا مع الصادقین »Salman said: Does this mean general or particular? The Messenger said: All faithful people are missioned on this decree but the title of the truthful is exclusive to my brother, Ali ('a) and legatees after him until the Day. When Ali (‘a) asked this question, the audience said: Yes we have heard this from the Prophet (s). (Tafsir-e Borhan, vol.2, p.170) On interpreting the verse, Nafe'a quotes 'Abdullah Ibn-e Omar saying that God first ordered Muslims to fear Him, saying: « کونوا مع الصادقین» meaning with Mohammad (s) and Progeny (‘a). (Tafsir-e Borhan, vol.2, p.170) The author of Tafsir-e Borhan has quoted the subect-matter of the like through Sunnis: هو عليّ بن أبي طالب عليه السلام He then says: 'Abdulrazzaq (one of the Sunni scientists) cited the same things in the book, "Romuz Al-Kanuz”. We can conclude from the reasons made the above revelation denotes that the Infallible exists at all times.

You, your honorable wife and your pure family are the very ones about whom the Prophet (s) recommended in his last sermon and put you beside the Quran, saying loudly:

O' people! I leave two invaluably memorable things to you: The Book of God and my Progeny; as long as you resort to them, you never go astray and know that these two are inseparable until they grant audience to me at the Pond of Abundance on the Day.(1)

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1- The above hadith-successively cited in Shiite and Sunni sources-is known after hadith of "Thaqalayn". In this invaluable, important and guiding hadith, the Prophet (s) introduces the holy Quran and Ahl-e Bayt (a) as the perennially memorable values among his ummah. This luminous hadith is firstly quoted from Sunni sources and it is secondly analyzed. The Prophet (s) said: إني تارك فيكم الثقلين خليفتين، كتاب الله و عترتي أهل بيتي، ما إن تمسكتم بها لن تضلوا بعدى، و أحدهما أكبر من الآخر، و إنّ اللطيف الخبير أنبأنى أنّهما لن يفترقا حتى يردا على الحوض. فلا تقدّموا فتهلكوا، و لا تعلموهم فإنّهم أعلم منكم. Hundreds of Sunni books have cited this holy hadith; for example: Sahih-e Moslem, vol. 7, hadith no. 2408, p.122 Sunan-e Termezi, vol.50, hadith no. 3876, p.329 Sunan-e Nesa'ie, vol.5, hadith no. 3876, p.130 Hakem Neisabouri, Al-Mustadrak, vol.3, p.148 Nesa'ie, Al-Sunan Al-Kobra, vol.5, hadith no. 8175, p.51 Tafsir-e Tha'albi, vol.9, p. 186 'Abi, Ya'li, Musnad, vol.2, p.297 Ibn-e Hanbal, Ahmad, Musnad, vol.3, p. 17 and vol.3, p.59 Ibn-e Khuzaymah, Sahih, vol.4, p.63 Ibn-e Sa'ad, Al-Tabaqat Al-Kobra, vol.2, p.194 Fakhr-e Razi, Tafsir-e Kabir, vol. 8, p.172 Beihaqi, Al-Sunan Al-Kobra, vol.7, p.30 Haythami, Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, p.163 Zahabi, Seyr A'lam Al-Nubla', vol.9, p.365 Mas'udi, Al-Tanbih va Al-Ashraf, p.221, Siyuti, Tafsir Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol. 7, p.349 Tahawi, Moshkel Al-Athar Siyuti, Tarikh Al-Khulafa', p.114 Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.7, p.377 'Asqalani, Ibn-e Hajar, Al-Sawa'iq Al-Moharraqah, pp. 89 and 26 Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.9, p. 167 Zahabi, Seyr A'lam Al-Nubla', vol.1, p.142 Sireye Ibn-e Hosham, vol.4, p.163 Al-Kamel fi Al-Tarikh, vol.2, p.278 Tarikh-e Tabari, vol.2, p.368 And..... The great Shiite scientist, Mir Hamed Husayn, the late cites five hundred Sunni books with authors in his valuable book," "Abaqat Al-'Anwar", which quote the above hadith from the Messenger (s). As for contents of this holy hadith: a. Progeny of the Prophet (s) is Infallible because firstly those who are constantly affiliated with the Quran are Infallible; secondly, people, according to the holy hadith, must follow Ahl-e Bayt (a) and those whom people are ordered to unconditionally and absolutely follow must be Infallible as intellect rules. b. As to inclusions of this hadith that Ahl-e Bayt (a) is inseparable from the Quran, one must say that: Those who leave Ahl-e Bayt (‘a) and claim teachings of the Quran are false people though being memorizers of the Quran. c. People are required to be subordinate to Ahl-e Bayt (a) whether in religious matters, political issues, social matters or educational matters; therefore, Ahl-e Bayt (a) of the Messenger (s) deserves succeeding him because the Prophet (s) in this holy hadith has assigned them as his successor in all affairs including the caliphate. d.Those who regard others as caliphs after the Prophet (s) have in fact abandoned Ahl-e Bayt (a); therefore, they have left the Quran too because these two are inseparable as the holy Prophet of Islam (s) said. e.From the contents of the hadith-that the Prophet (s) has joined Ahl-e Bayt (a) with the Quran-one can find out that they are the real interpreters of the Quran and others must refer to them on interpretation and the Quranic disciplines. f. Considering the important point that Ahl-e Bayt (a) and the Quran are inseparable for keeps, what the second caliph who said: «

P: 107

What a great and precious the words of the Prophet (s) is! He introduced you as brother of the Quran and said guidance of ummah is possible by turning to both.

That wrongdoer who said: The Quran is enough for us; it is a big lie because the Prophet (s) had said in his good words: The Quran and Ahl-e Bayt are never separable! They left you alone by

Following the wrongdoer, saying loudly again: The Quran is enough for us; they tell a lie because they take no advantage of the Quran although they recite it by heart and by nice voice!

You and your family are the actual interpreters of the Quran;(1) you and your

P: 108

1- As said, since Ahl-e Bayt (a) is associated with the Quran, they are real interpreters of the Quran.

pure family are the same remembrances God has ordered to be asked, if you fail to know;1 you and your infallible family (‘a) are the same firmly


( وَ ما أَرْسَلْنا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ إِلا رِجَالاً نُوحِي إِلَيْهِمْ فَسْتَلُوا أَهْلَ الذِّكْرِ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ لا تَعْلَمُونَ )

And before you [O' Messenger] We sent men to whom We revealed [Our Messages], so ask the learned of the people of the Book if you people do not know about it (Nahl: 43).

There are various narrations in Shiite and Sunni sources citing that People of Remembrance God said to be referred to are Ahl-e Bayt (‘a); here, a number of hadiths from Sunni sources are given as examples:

Hakem Neisabouri, Tabari, Qertebi, Alussi and Ibn-e Kathir say:

أنّها نزلت في أهل بيت محمد ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلم ) و علي ( عليه السلام ] وفاطمه [ سلام الله عليها ] و الحسن و الحسين ( عليهما السلام ).

(Tabari, in his Tafsir,vol.14, p.19 under the above verse; Hakem, Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol.1, p.334; Qertebi, in his Tafsir, vol.11, p.272; Ibn-e Kathir, in his Tafsir, vol.2, p.57 under the above verse; Alussi, in his Tafsir, vol.14, p.134 under the above verse and....)

قال الإمام على عليه السلام:

والله إنا لنحن أهل الذكر و نحن أهل العلم و نحن معدن التأويل والتنزيل و لقد سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يقول: أنا مدينة العلم و عليّ بابها فمن أراد العلم فليأته من بابه.

( Tafsir-e Tha'albi, vol.6, p.270; Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol.1, p.436; Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak Al-Sahihin, vol.3, p.126; Ibn-e 'Abdulberr, Al-Isti'ab, vol.3, p.1102; Siyuti, Jame'a Al-Saghir, vol.1, p.415; Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.13, p.148 and.....)

Usul-e Kafi quotes the Prophet (s):

الذكر أنا و الائمة أهل الذكر.

(Usul-e Kafi, vol.1, p.121)

Hafiz Mohammad Ibn-e Musa Al-Shirazi quotes Ibn-e 'Abbas under the above verse:

هم محمد صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم وعلي عليه السلام و فاطمة عليها السلام و الحسن و الحسين عليهما السلام، هم أهل الذكر والعلم و العقل و البيان و هم أهل بيت النبوة ومعدن الرسالة و المختلف الملائكة والله ما سمّى المؤمن مؤمنا إلا كرامة لأمير المؤمنين عليه السلام.

(Najjah Ta'ie, Velayat-e Ali (‘a) fi Al-Quran men Kotob Al-Sunna)

Imam Reza ('a) says:

نحن أهل الذكر و نحن المسؤولون.

(Tafsir-e Nur Al-Thaqalayn, vol.3, p.55)

Imam Baqir (‘a) says:

« الذِّكْرِ » القرآن، و آل الرسول « أَهْلَ الذِّكْرِ» و هم المسؤولون.

(Tafsir-e Nur Al-Thaqalayn, vol.3, p.88)

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indomitable in knowledge and God has said in this regard:

No people know interpretation of the Quran except God and those who are firmly indomitable in knowledge.

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1- «هُوَ الَّذى أَنْزَلَ عَلَيْكَ الْكِتابَ مِنْهُ آيَاتٌ مُحْكَمَاتٌ هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتابِ وَ أُخَرُ مُتَشَابِهَاتٌ فَأَمَّا الَّذينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ زَيْغٌ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ مَا تَشَابَهَ مِنْهُ ابْتِغَاءَ الْفِتْنَةِ وَ ابْتِغاءَ تَأْوِيلِهِ وَ ما يَعْلَمُ تَأْوِيلَهُ إِلَّا اللهُ وَ الرَّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ يَقُولُونَ آمَنَا بِهِ كُلٌّ مِنْ عِنْدِ رَبَّنَا وَ مَا يَذَّكَّرُ إِلا أُولُوا الْأَلْبابِ Allah is the One Who has sent down to you [O' Messenger] the [Holy] Book; some of its Words of Revelation are Decisive and Explicit and these are the basics of the Book and others are ambiguous; then those in whose hearts there is the disease of perversity, they are after that which is not entirely clear, seeking to mislead and seeking to interpret [to suit their selfish motives], but none knows its hidden meaning save Allah. And those who are firmly grounded in knowledge say: "We believe in the whole of it since it is from our Creator and Nurturer." And none can grasp the truth of this save men of wisdom (Al-e Imran: 7) It has been said in the sense of interpretation: ارجاع الكلام و صرفه عن معناه الظاهرى إلى معنى أخفى عنه. (Majma' Al-Bahrain, vol.1, p.132) According to narrations available, interpretation of the Quran (clarification of connotative or inward sense of revelations) is only known to God and those who are firmly knowledgeable; that is, the Pure and Infallible Progeny (a). Imam Sadiq (‘a) says: نحن الراسخون في العلم ونحن نعلم تأويله. (Usul-e Kafi, Ketab Al-Hojjata, vol. 1, p.213) Therefore, whosoever comes and claims clarification of inward aspect of the Quran, he shall be unreal such as many of mystic clans saying that they keep the inward sense and brain of the Quran!! They release senses and interpretations as real interpretation that is completely at odds with appearance or outward of the Quran, intellect and narration; great exemplification of such unfounded interpretations can be accessed in "Fusus Al-Hakam of Ibn-e Arabi”. True! The Quran possesses inward and outward aspects; but the question is that who must clarify the inward of the Quran! Based on the Shiite teachings, the Quran must be clarified by those who are permanently interrelated with it and they are only the Pure and Infallible Progeny (‘a) because the Messenger (s) has joined them with the Quran until the Day in Thaqalayn hadith. But as earlier said, Mystics-who aimed to keep people away from the Progeny (a) and they have introduced themselves the real interpreters of the Quran through trickery and have commented on the revelations of the Quran; for example, Mawlavi says in his Mathnavi: Taken from Quran by Us brain inward Placed unto for unwise drain outward In prelude of Mathnavi, he claims that his Mathnavi book is principle of principle of principles of religion; this is while there are plenty of mistakes and distractions in this book although it contains abundantly useful statements. For example, Mawlavi, in introduction of part five of Mathnavi, claims that when the wayfarer joins the truth, Shari'ah is no longer with him while this stands against consensus of Muslims; in addition, in part two of Mathnavi, he exonerates Ibn-e Moljam Moradi from his crime by making untrue interpretation of Unity of Divine Acts and regards him as a tool doer of which is God; later, he finds him qualified for intercession of Amir Mu'amenan (a), telling Ibn-e Moljam, eternally cursed man, on the part of Ali ('a): God's Tool you are, you did in favor of Him I render on God's Tool no sarcasm and whim But forget sorrow, to you I intercede due right not male slave of body, eunuch of spirit bright more dreadful than what Mawlavi said is that of Ibn-e 'Arabi who presents interpretation and meaning at the pretext of expressing interpretation and the inward of the Quran, that clashes with spirit of all divine religions; for example: In the book "Fusus Al-Hakam Fass Haruniyya", he accuses the Prophet Harun (s) of having mal-knowledge and says in complete flagrancy: The reason behind treatment of Musa (s) towards his brother, Harun (s)-when he was back from his trip, seeing that his clan had turned to worshipping calf was that Harun (s) was against calf-worshipping and had stopped a number of people worshipping calf; he then adds: Gnostic finds truth in everything; rather, he sees God as everything. He, in the book "Fusus Al-Hakam Fass Musawiyya", claims that Pharaoh passed away when he was purified and monotheist and this is while God calls him atheist and rebellious because he remained in blasphemy until death. In the same book in Fass-e Noahiyya, he exonerates the idolater clan of Noah and says: By being drowned in the sea, it is meant drowning in the sea of knowledge. Interestingly, Ibn-e 'Arabi in introduction to his Fusus claims that he has received the book from the Messenger (s) in the world of intuition!! He also claims that the Prophet (s) died and he could not assign any successor for himself and that father of Imam Ali (‘a) has been atheist! True! It is self-evident to every insight-prone person that Ibn-e 'Arabi's claim is falsely made as to the fact that he has received the book from the Messenger (s) in the world of intuition; but unfortunately, some who claim to follow Shiism have turned out to be his disciple and justify his totally mistaken teachings. (Author of this book has discussed in detail Ibn-e 'Arabi and his deviations in the book "Ibn-e 'Arabi from a different perspective".)

For what reason the wrongdoer said: Book of God is enough for us? Had he not heard the Prophet (s) say that the Quran and the pure and infallible family are never separated from each other?

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He had heard but the Satan manifested love of chairmanship to them so much that they became prepared to trample all facts.

Elsewhere, in another statement, the Prophet (s) resembled you, the pure and infallible family to Ark of Noah, saying that:

O' ummah! Know that Ahl-e Bayt is being exemplified as Noah's Ark; whoever embarks on it, he shall be saved and whoever disobeys it, he shall be drowned.(1)

Salim Ibn Qeys Helali-one of your loyal and Shiite companions-says:

I was in Mecca during hajj pilgrimage when Abuzar Ghaffari circled

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1- ألا إنّ مثل أهل بيتي فيكم مثل سفينة نوح من ركبها نجا و من تخلف عنها غرق .. The above hadith known after hadith of Safinah is among successive hadiths quoted by the Shiites and Sunnis from the Messenger (s). After hadiths of Ghadir and Thaqalayn, hadith of Safinah has been greatly known among hadith writers. The great and late Shiite scientist, Mir Hamed Husayn author of "Abaqat Al-Anwar" has quoted it from ninety Islamic scientists all of whom are Sunni famous people. What is included in Hadith of Safinah: From this hadith which talks about the status of Progeny of the Prophet (s) through allegorical portrait of Noah's Ark, it is understood that following Ahl-e Bayt brings about salvation and disapproving them gives rise to destruction; in addition, infallibility of Ahl- e Bayt (‘a) can be proven by using this hadith because when a wrongdoer or sinner himself is at the abyss of destruction and collapse, how can he save and guide others who are astray? Another point in the hadith shows that authority lies within Ahl-e Bayt (a) in all political, social and religious ranks; also, these great people shall be followed and pursued unconditionally because preferring others in such affairs means that we are not aboard Noah's Ark, which leads to destruction. As said, roughly a hundred of important Sunni reference books have quoted hadith of Safinah, a few of which are cited here: Haythami, Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, chapter: Virtue of Ahl-e Bayt (a), p.168 Tabrani, Al-Mu'ajam Al-‘Awsat, vol.4, p.10 and vol.6, p.85 Zarandi Hanafi, Nazm Durr Al-Samtayn Siyuti, Jalaluddin, Al-Jame'a Al-Saghir, vol.2, p.177 Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 11, chapter: Virtue of Ali (*a), p.693 Manawi, Feyd Al-Ghadir, edited by Ahmad 'Abdulsalam, vol.4, p.469, Harf Al-Ayn Tabrani, Al-Mu'ajam Al-Saghir, vol. 1, p.140 Hanafi Kunduzi, Sheikh Suleyman, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah Hakam Neisabouri, Mustadrak, vol.3, p.151 And tens of other sources.

around a group of people, yelling: O' people! O' people! Whoever knows me, he knows me and whoever not, I introduce myself to him; I am Jondab Ibn Jonadah Abuzar and I heard the Messenger (s) say:

O' people! Be aware that my progeny among you looks like Noah's Ark; whoever embarked on it, he shall be saved and whoever refused to do so, he shall be perished.(1)

What a good and clear example the Prophet (s) has made to introduce you and your family! You are ark of salvation; you decompose waves of sedition and skepticism; you sail your strong and priceless ark safely through crushing whirlpools of the world to safe shore of Paradise while all travelers of the world are aboard. What a magnificently nice ark! What a capacious and fully-equipped ark!

Nothing is the cost of boarding this great ark but pure faith that is intermingled with trustworthiness and knowledge.

I have questions to ask the worldly wise people:

Is it better to drink blood-tainted and morass-laden water or fresh cold water?! Is it pleasant to smell stinky and nausea-induced worm-eaten animal's dead corpse with unlawful meat or take the

fragrant odor of red rose, tuberose and narcissus?! Is it better to live in a dungeon with no way out where the inmate is being plunged into his defecations and stinks or to reside in an elevated ever-green place with fountain and varieties of plants and flowers?! Is it better to choose to marry a fully-burned-body wife with leprous face and blind eyes or an unparalleled kind and beautiful wife who has uniquely existential perfections?! Is it better to possess a paralyzed body, blind eyes and unhealthy mind that has no relief and sleep or to have a fully healthy body away from any diseases with happy mind that has no woeful grievances?!

I am certain that every wise person of the world would say: It is quite obvious that he chooses the second ones; but many do not know that they are troubled with the first choices and they are negligent people.

You and your honorable family pull out human beings of stinks, diseases

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1- Tabarsi, Ihtijaj, p.228 quotes from the book of Salim Ibn-e Qeys Helali.

and darkness with your ark of salvation and bring them into fragrances, lights, accuracies and beauties.

The straight path is made possible through your help and those who choose path of others are out of Knowledge of God and the Straight Path; you said:

If God wished, He would introduce Himself unmediated to His worshippers but He did not wish so; but He assigned us as mediators in His Path of Knowledge. Those who turn away from our guardianship and prefer others, they are not on the Straight Path. (1)

Your brother, the Messenger (s) said among companions:

O' people! Know that there is a Door of God through which whoever enters, he shall be secure from the Hellfire and great horror.

Abu Sa'id Khedri stood and asked: O' the Messenger of God (s)! Usher us to that Door until we know it.

The Messenger (s) said:

He is Ali Ibn Abitaleb, Seyyed Al-Usiya', Amir Mu'amenan, brother of the Messenger (s) and caliph of God for all people; O' people! Whoever is pleased with my leadership, he shall follow guardianship of Ali Ibn Abitaleb and Imams who come from my descendants because they are treasuries of my knowledge.(2)

The Messenger (s) says in other words that you, Ahl-e Bayt (‘a) are the

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1- قال اميرالمؤمنين على عليه السلام: إنّ الله تبارك وتعالى لو شاء لعرّف العباد نفسه، ولكن جعلنا أبوابه و صراطه و سبيله و الوجه الذي يؤتى منه، فمن عدل عن ولايتنا، أو فضّل علينا غيرنا فإنّهم عن الصراط لناكبون. (Usul-e Kafi, vol. 1, p.184) The Messenger of God (s): معاشر الناس ! إعلموا أنّ لله تعالى بابا، من دخله أمن من النار و من الفزع الأكبر. فقام إليه أبوسعيد الخدري، فقال: يا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم ! إهدنا إلى هذا الباب حتى نعرفه قال صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: هو علي بن أبي طالب سيد الوصيين و أميرالمؤمنين و أخو رسول الله ربّ العالمين و خليفة الله على الناس أجمعين. معاشر الناس! من أحب أن يتمسك بالعروة الوثقى التى لا انفصام لها فليتمسّك بولاية عليّ بن أبي طالب، فإنّ ولايته ولايتى و طاعته طاعتى. معاشر الناس! من أحبّ أن يعرف الحجّة بعدى، فليعرف عليّ بن أبي طالب. (Mohaddeth Bahrani, Ghayat Al-Maram, chapter one, hadith no.2, p.244)

very door of repentance of the Israelites from which whoever enters, he shall be endowed with Divine Mercy and Blessing.(1)

You and your pure family cause the earth and the people of the earth to be secure and the Messenger (s) said in this regard:

Stars make residents of the heavens secure; therefore, when the stars fade away, so do people of the heavens; my Progeny brings security for residents of the earth and if my Progeny fails to exist, all residents of the earth perish away.(2)


You are blessings of the earth, you are security of the earth and you are ever-standing mountains of certainty because nobody can be compared to you, the pure Progeny; you yourself said:

Nobody can be compared to Progeny of the Messenger (s) because they

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1- The story of Al-Bab Hettah of Israelites goes as: After the Israelites went out of Egypt once Pharaoh was destroyed, God ordered them to arrive in the holy land of the Levant and when they pass through its gates, they should go on prostration and say: "Hetta" meaning that O' God! Forgive our sins. They say this to ask God to bless them but some ridiculed what God said and said something else; God sent them down heavenly disaster because of their disobedience. God says in the Quran: (وَ إِذْ قُلْنَا ادْخُلُوا هذِهِ الْقَرْيَةَ فَكُلُوا مِنْها حَيْثُ شِتْتُمْ رَغَدا وَ ادْخُلُوا الْبابَ سُجَّدا وَ قُولُوا حِطَّةٌ نَغْفِرْ لَكُمْ خَطَايَاكُمْ وَسَنَزِيدُ الْمُحْسِنِينَ * فَبَدَّلَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا قَوْلاً غَيْرَ الَّذى قيلَ لَهُمْ فَأَنْزَلْنَا عَلَى الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا رِجْرًا مِنَ السَّماءِ بِما كانُوا يَفْسُقُونَ ) And in narrations, the Messenger (s) has been quoted as saying that his Progeny is the very Al-Bab Hettah related to Israelites; whoever enters it, he shall be given blessing and whosoever disobeys it, he shall experience divine punishment. For example, Sunni sources quote the Messenger (s) as saying that: مثل أهل بيتي فيكم مثل باب حطة في بنى إسرائيل (Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, p.168; Siyuti, Jame'a Al-Saghir, vol.2, p.177; Kanz Al- Ummal, vol. 11, p.603 and.....)
2- Messenger (s): النجوم أمان لأهل السماء فإذا ذهبت النجوم ذهب أهل السماء و أهل بيتي أمان لأهل الأرض فإذا ذهب أهل بيتي ذهب أهل الأرض. (Kunduzi Hanafi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol. 1, p.71; Ibn-e Hanbal, Ahmad, Chapter of Virtues of Ahl-e Bayt (a) and...) The Above hadith is abundantly found in various Sunni sources.

are cherished by guidance of the Prophet's Ahl-e Bayt; they are unique. Progeny of Mohammad (s) bases religion and standing pillars of certainty; the rushers shall return to them and stragglers have to join them because features of right of guardianship are devoted to them and the Prophet's testament of caliphate of Muslims and heritage of the Prophetic Mission belong to them.(1)

You also said:

Progeny of Mohammad stands as the best progenies, his Ahl-e Bayt is the best of all and his lineage is the best of all lineages who are grown in shrine and are brought up in garden of honor; the lineage tree has long branches with fruits inaccessible to anyone.(2)

You compassionately cried for guidance of people:

O' people! Turn a careful eye to Ahl-e Bayt of your Prophet; go the way they go. Step into their footprints; they never astray you from guidance and never take back you to perdition and ignobility. If they kept silent, you keep quiet too; if they rose up, you do too. Stop outpacing them because you are gone astray; avoid being left behind because you are destroyed.(3)

O' lord!

The pure and trustworthy people follow you rather than wrongdoers and evildoers.

I am amazed how some people who said they were followers of the Messenger (s) resorted to others despite all recommendations of the

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1- لا يُقاسُ بِآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم مِنْ هذه الامة أحَدٌ وَ لا يُسوَّى بِهِمْ مَنْ جَرَتْ نِعْمَتُهُمْ عَلَيْهِ أَبَدًا، هُمْ أَسَاسُ الدِّينِ، وَ عِمَادُ الْيَقينِ إِلَيْهِمْ يَفِي الْغالِي، وَ بِهِمْ يَلْحَقُ التَّالِى وَ لَهُمْ خَصَائِصُ حَقِّ الْوِلايَةِ، وَفِيهِمْ الْوَصِيَّةِ وَ الْوِراثَةُ. (Nahj Al-Balaghah, sermon 2)
2- عِتْرَتُهُ خَيْرُ الْعِتَرِ، وَ أَسْرَتُهُ خَيْرُ الأَسَرِ، وَ شَجَرَتُهُ خَيْرُ الشَّجَرِ، نَبَتَتْ فِي حَرَمٍ، وَ بَسَقَتْ فِي كَرَمٍ، لَهَا فُرُوعٌ طِوالٌ، وَ ثَمَرٌ لاينالُ .. (Nahj Al-Balaghah, sermon 94)
3- انْظُرُوا اهْلَ بَيْتِ نَبِيِّكُمْ فَالْزَمُوا سَمْتَهُمْ، وَاتَّبِعُوا أَثَرَهُمْ، فَلَنْ يُخرِجُوكُمْ مِنْ هُدًى ، وَ لَنْ يُعِيدُوكُمْ فِي رَديَّ، فَإِنْ لَبَدُوا فَالْبُدُوا، وَإِنْ نهَضُوا فَانْهَضُوا وَ لا تَسْبِقُوهُمْ فَتَضِلُّوا، وَ لَا تَتَأخَّرُوا عَنْهُمْ فَتَهْلِكُوا. (Nahj Al-Balaghah, sermon 97)

Messenger (s) about you, your status and your family?!

And I am more amazed of what a man says or better to say, a man-like wicked person of the wicked family who says: Verily, the idea of prioritizing Ahl-e Bayt of the Messenger of God is among signs of ignorance because relatives of the heads were given priority.(1)

O' Amir Mu'amenan! By your permission, I give response to this wicked talker:

O' the wicked! What were your masters doing when our lord expressed his faith in childhood?! Did they worship God or idols?

O' the wicked! Did the Prophet (s) say about our lord, Ali (‘a) that he is gate of my knowledge and philosophy or about your masters?

O' the wicked! To whom did the Messenger say that he is the most learned man after him?! Did he say it to our lord or to your masters?

O' the wicked! Whom did the Prophet (s) call his soul? Our lord, Ali (‘a) or your masters?

O' the wicked! Whom did the Prophet (s) introduce as father of this ummah beside himself? Our lord or your masters?

O' the wicked! Whom did the Prophet (s) introduce as his successor at Ghadir-e-Khum as ordered by God? Our lord or your masters?

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1- Ibn-e Taymiyya, chief of Wahhabism says: «إنّ فكرة تقديم آل الرسول هي من أثر الجاهلية في تقديم أهل بيت الرؤساء». (Ibn-e Taymiyya, Menhaj Al-Sunna, vol.3, p.269) Ahmad Ibn-e Taymiyya Harrani Dameshqi, one of the Sunni-attributed personalities, was born in a region called Harran in 662 A.H and died in 726 A.H when he was in Damascus jail. From 698 A.H onwards, he began to release his anti-Muslim consensual ideas. Some of his ideas are as follows: Banning pilgrimage to people of the graves, banning supplication to the Saint Imams, disrespecting construction over the graves of the Saint Imams, banning blessing of signs of the Saint Imams and... He raised his ideas and was severely criticized by Sunni scientists and scientists of his time went as far as excommunicating him. Debates of scholars with him triggered isolation of his thoughts and he failed to create remarkable movements; his thoughts were found only in his books and writings of his disciple, Ibn-e Qayyim Jawziyya. Finally, as a matter of disagreement made by a group of Sunni scholars, Ottoman government seized and detained him in Damascus jail where he died.

O' the wicked! In his last sermon he delivered, whom did he put beside the Quran? Our lord and his family or your masters?

O' the wicked! Whom did the Prophet (s) introduce as ark of salvation? Our lord and his family or your masters?

O' the wicked! Whom did he introduce as stars of guidance and cause of security of the globe? Our lord and his family or your masters?

Of course, you having been overfilled with hypocrisy are not expected otherwise!

But let me talk a bit about your followers who are more wicked than the one who said that:

It suffices for you to know that the Islamic nations have been set ablaze; they with their null ideas that have been inherited from you, the wicked and added up to them accuse all Muslims particularly followers of Ahl-e Bayt (a) of blasphemy and say blood, property and honor of them are permissible! They have killed thousands of your followers of Muslims and Shiites of Iraq, Pakistan, Syria and elsewhere in series of bomb attacks; these evildoers by perpetrating suicide attacks at mosques of the Shiites kill tens of innocent children, women, men, young and old to approach God!!

I apologize Amir Al-Mu'amenan (‘a) that I made a lengthened talk about the wicked men.

O' Amir Al-Mu'amenan!

Ending this chapter, for more blessing and in spite of our enemies and those who envy your esteemed status and truthfulness, I cite some part of your nice speech in Nahj Al-Balagha:

About the status of yourself and your family, you said:

Where are those who pondered that they are the learned of knowledge of the Quran and not us?! They made such allegation against us based on falsehood and cruelty. God upgraded us, the Progeny of the Prophet and downgraded them; He bestowed us blessings and deprived them of them; we were included in His gifts and excluded them of them; path of guidance is sought by means of us and aberration is replaced with enlightenment by

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virtue of us. Verily, the twelfth Imams all come from the Quraysh whose tree has been planted in the household of the Hashimites; others deserve not having status of leadership and guardianship and other claimants of caliphate are not qualified for this. (1)

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1- أَيْنَ الَّذِينَ زَعَمُوا أَنَّهُمُ الرّاسِخُونَ فِي الْعِلْمِ دُونَنَا ؟ كَذِبًا وَ بَغْيًا عَلَيْنَا، أَنْ رَفَعَنَا اللَّهُ وَ وَضَعَهُمْ، وَ أَعْطَانَا وَ حَرَمَهُمْ، وَ أَدْخَلَنا وَأَخْرَجَهُمْ بِنا يُسْتَعْطَى الْهُدَى، وَيُسْتَجْلَى الْعَمَى إِنَّ الْأَئِمَّةَ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ غُرِسُوا فِى هَذَا الْبَطْنِ مِنْ هَاشِمٍ، لَا تَصْلُحُ عَلَى سِواهُمْ، وَ لا تَصْلُحُ الْوُلاةُ مِنْ غَيْرِهِمْ. (Nahj Al-Balaghah, sermon 144) Theosophy Account Five Virtues of Amir Mu'amenin (a), his Shiites in Sunni sources and other various issues

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Theosophy Five

I certify that your true followers are those who are guided and prosperous.

Pure, fragrant and green plants grow on pure land with moderate climate and fully succulent but on a dry salty and desert land, no plants grow but thorns and prickles. Beautiful and fragrant flowers grow on moderate weather and rainy land, hosted by beautiful butterflies. A marsh land whose stinky odor keeps away insects of a many hosts microbes and parasites.

Trees having sturdy roots on fertile and rainy land produce succulent, fragrant and healthy fruits but those trees lacking water and fertile soil produce bitter, dry and not a lot of fruits.

This is a principle that the good things always join the good ones and bad things join the bad ones. The loyal Companions of the Messengers were from the pure and sincere ones but their disloyal and hostile Companions were from the impure and polytheist ones.

O' Ali!

You are the one to whom the Messenger (s) said:

You are Commander of the Faithful, Sultan of religion, Imam of the pious people and leader of the marked people of the world.(1)

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1- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلى عليه السلام: أنت أمير المؤمنين و يعسوب الدین و امام المتقين و قائد الغر المحجلين. The Messenger (s) told Amir Mu'amenan (a): You are the Commander of the Faithful, Sultan of religion, Imam of the pious people and leader of the marked people. The subject-matter of above hadith that conveys status, magnitude, truthfulness and Imamate of Amir Mu'amenan (‘a) can be successively found in Sunni sources including: Sahih-e Bukhari, vol.4, chapter of virtues of migrants, p. 208 and vol.5, p. 129 Sunan-e Ibn-e Majah, vol. 1, chapter of virtues of Ali ('a), p.43 Sunan-e Termezi, vol.5, chapter of virtues of Ali ('a), p.302 Mustadrak-e Hakam, vol. 2, p.337 Musnad-e Ahmad Hanbal, vol. 1, p. 170 Beihaqi, Al-Sunan Al-Kobra, vol.9, chapter: Ma Ali Al-Wali men Amr Al-Jaysh, p.40 Heythami, Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, chapter of rank of Ali ('a), p. 109 Fath Al-Bari, virtues of Ali ('a), vol. 7, p.60 Zarandi Hanafi, Nazm Durr Al-Samtin, virtues of Amir Al-Mu'amenin ('a), p.59 Zahabi, Seyr 'A'lam Al-Nubla', Vol.1, p.143 Sireye Ibn-e Hosham, vol.4, p.163 Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.9, Ketab Al-Sahba, p.167 ►Tarikh-e Tabari, vol.2, p.368 ►Mas'udi, Al-Tanbih va Al-Ashraf, p.236 And other sources.

And you are the leader, Imam and lord that the Messenger (s) prayed for you and your followers and said:

For whomever I am lord, so is Ali. O' God! Bestow love on whoever accepts Ali as leader, and whoever not, find him as enemy; whoever helps him, stand by him and humiliate whoever looked down on him.

The Messenger (s) further said about you to his ummah:

O' ummah! Do know that you do not go astray if you resort to Ali.(1)

P: 122

1- The honorable Prophet of Islam (s) introduced Ali ('a) as his successor among tens of thousands of people at Ghadir-e-Khum: «من كنت مولاه فهذا على مولاه ؛ اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه و انصر من نصره و اخذل من خذله ؛ إن تمسكتم به لن تضلوا بعده ابدا». The above hadith has been successively (plentifully and substantially) cited in Sunni sources including: Sunan-e Termezi, vol.2, virtues of Ali ('a), hadith no. 3797, p. 297 Sunan-e Ibn-e Majah, research of Faw'ad 'Abdulbaqi, vol. 1, p.430 Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak-e Hakem, vol.9, chapter of Wasiyat Al-Nabi (s), p. 103 Sunan-e Nesa'ie, vol.5, p.130 Tabrani, Al-Mu'ajam Al-Kabir, vol. 5, hadith no. 4969, p.166 ►Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, p.103 Tarikh-e Ya'qubi, vol.2, p.112 Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, p.16 Tafsir-e Fakhr-e Razi, vol. 12, p.49 Musnad-e Abi Yali Museli, vol. 1, hadith no.567, p.429 And other sources.

He frequently told people about your status and that of your family:

God created the Messengers from different trees; but He created me and Ali from a single tree. I am the origin; Ali is the branch; Fatima fertilizes it and Hassan and Husayn stand as its fruits and our Shiites are its leaves.

He then added:

If someone worships God a thousand years, a thousand years again and a thousand years between Safa and Marwah in order to become as old as water-skin but lacking kindness towards us, God shall throw him unto fire by face.(1)

And he said about your knowledge and science:

I am city of knowledge and Ali stands as its gate; therefore, whoever seeks knowledge, he shall pass through that gate.(2)

P: 123

1- پیامبر صلی الله عليه وآله وسلم: إنّ الله خلق الأنبياء من أشجار شتّى و خلفت أنا و على من شجرة واحدة؛ فأنا أصلها وعلى فرعها وفاطمة لقاحها والحسن والحسين ثمارها وأشياعنا أوراقها. لو أنّ عبدا عبد الله بين الصفاء و المروة ألف عام، ثمّ ألف عام ، ثم ألف عام حتى يصير كالشن البالى، ثمّ لم يدرك محبّتنا كبه الله على منخريه في النار. (Majma' Al-Bayan, vol. 9, p.29; Tarikh-e Madinat Dameshq, vol. 41, p.335) The late Tabarsi, the well-known Shiite commentator quotes the above hadith from Shawahed Al-Tanzil, Hakem Haskani, one of the known Sunni hadith-writer and commentators.
2- أنا مدينة العلم و على بابها، فمن أراد العلم فليأت بالباب. The above hadith is one of the very famous hadiths which is cited by a large number of Sunni hadith writers in their books in addition to the Shiite hadith writers, including: ► Ibn-e Mohammad Alawi, Seyyed Ali, Daf'a Al-Irtiyab an hadith Al-Bab (this book, a Sunni hadith source, is written to prove accuracy of hadith of Madinat Al-Elm). Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak Al-Sahihin, vol.2, p.126 Ibn-e 'Abd Al-Berr, vol.3, p.1102 Siyuti, Al-Jame'a Al-Saghir, vol. 1, paced A, p. 481 Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 13, chapter of virtues of Ali ('a), p.148 Al-Manawi, Feyd Al-Ghadir, research of Ahmad 'Abdulsalam, vol.3, p.60 Ibn-e Athir, Ossad Al-Ghaba, vol.4, p.22 Ibn-e Hajar, Al-Sawa'iq Al-Moharraqah, p.76 Khatib Baghdadi, Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.3, p. 181 ► Ibn-e Asaker, Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.9, p.20 ► Ibn-e Hajar Asqalani, Tahzib Al-Tahzib, vol. 7, p.296 And tens of other sources. Contents of Hadith: Make it clear that achieving pure disciplines of the Prophet (s) is only possible through Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) and regard those who chose other than his way unbeneficial of divine teachings. This holy hadith demonstrates truthfulness and caliphate of Imam Ali (‘a) because the one who opens science of religion deserves being successor of the Prophet (s) rather than others.

He explained more:

Ali is the Straight Path and in fact people are questioned about his leadership on the Day. 1


عن ابن عباس: قلت للنبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: يا رسول الله ! أ للجنة جواز ؟ قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: نعم. قلت: و ما هو ؟ قال صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: حبّ عليّ بن أبي طالب. قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلی علیه السلام: أنت النبأ العظيم و الصراط المستقيم و أنت المثل الأعلى.

(Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.3, p.161; Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.42, p.244)

قال النبی صلی الله علیه و اله و سلم لعلی علیه السلام : انت النبا العظیم و الصراط المستقیم و انت المثل الاعلی.

(Tafsir-e Borhan, vol.5, p.565; Saduq, Ayun-e Akhbar Al-Reza (‘a), vol.2, p.6)

قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: لا يجوز أحد الصراط إلا من كتب له على جواز.

(Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.3, p.230; Heythami, Al-Sawa'iq Al-Muharraqah, p.192)

ذكر البيهقي عن الحاكم النيشابوري، بأسناده عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم إذا جمع الله الأولين و الآخرين يوم القيامة و نصب الصراط على جسر جهنّم ، لم يجزها أحد إلا من كانت معه براءة بولاية علي بن أبي طالب

(Tabari fi Al-Riyadh, Moheboddin, Al-Beihaqi, vol.2, p.172)

قال ابن عباس: دخل الإمام على عليه السلام على النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم و عنده عائشة، فجلس بين النبي صلی الله عليه وآله وسلم وعائشة ؛ فقالت ما كان لك مجلس غير فخذى؟ فضرب النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم على ظهرها و قال: مه لا تؤذيني في أخي فأنّه أمير المؤمنين و سید المسلمين و قائد الغر المحجلين يوم القيامة، يقعد على الصراط المستقيم فيدخل أولياءه الجنّة و يدخل أعداءه النار.

(Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.11, 619; Ibn-e Dameshqi, Jawaher Al-Mataleb, vol.1, chapter 49, p.349; Kunduzi Hanafi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.1, chapter 14, p.221; Taftazani, Sharh Al-Maqased, vol.2, p.291; Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol.9, p.169; 'Asqalani, Ibn-e Hajar, Al-Esabah, vol.4, p.170; Manaqib-e Ibn-e Mardawiya, p.62 and...)

P: 124

He said again:

O' Ali! Your rank and status in relation to me is the same as rank and status of Harun in relation to Musa unless no Prophet comes after me.(1)

And he said about your honor, magnitude and status once more:

I and Ali were light before God and we praised and sanctified Him a thousand times before God created Adam; When He created Adam, He incorporated the light into his loin; I and Ali were the same light until we were separated from each other on 'Abdulmotalleb's loin and God made Prophethood exclusive to me and caliphate to Ali.(2)

He then said about you:

Eh, O' ummah! Shall I guide you on something that you fail to be ruined when you agree to it?! Verily, your Imam is Ali Ibn Abitaleb; therefore, you should wish well for him, be his cordial and approve of him. Verily,

P: 125

1- The Prophet (s) told Ali ('a): أنت منّي بمنزلة هارون من موسى إلا أنه لا نبي بعدي. The above hadith is successively cited in the known Sunni sources including: Sahih-e Bokhari, vol.4, chapter of virtues of migrants, p. 208 Sahih-e Moslem, vol. 7, chapter of virtues of Ali ('a), p.120 Sunan-e Ibn-e Majah, vol.1, chapter of virtue of Ali (‘a), p.430 Musnad-e Ahmad Hanbal, vol. 1, p.170 Heythami, Majm'a Al-Zawa'id, vol. 9, chapter of rank of Ali ('a), p.109 and........
2- كنت أنا و على نورا بين يدى الله عزّ و جلّ يسبح الله ذلك النور و يقدّسه قبل أن قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: كنت أنا و على نورا بين يدى الله عزّ و جلّ، يسبح يخلق الله آدم بألف عام، فلما خلق الله آدم ركب ذلك النور في صلبه، فلم يزل في شيء واحد حتى افترقنا في صلب عبد المطلب، ففي النبوّة وفي علي الخلافة. Subject-matter of the above hadith is cited in Sunni sources including: Manaqib-e Ibn-e Moghazeli, p.88 Ibn-e Asaker, Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol. 1, p.351 Kunduzi Hanafi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, chapter one, overtaking light of the Prophet (s), p.47 Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol. 2, p.45 Al-Husayni Al-Hamdani Al-Shafe 'ie, Ali Ibn-e Shahabuddin, p.82 Daylami, Al-Ferdows, vol.2, p.5 and.....

this is something Gabriel told me. (1)

He chanted a call and said about you:

Eh, O' ummah! If you take Ali as your leader, you shall see that he is a guide and leads you towards the Straight Path.(2)

He added:

For me, Ali looks like my head for my body.(3)

Among Companions, he addressed you many times:

O' Ali! You are liked only by the faithful and disliked by enemy. (4)

Here, there were a number of sincere and knowledge-prone companions of the Messenger (s) who discovered your unparalleled dignity, circling around sun of your existence like loving butterflies and became known after the Shiites of Ali as the Prophet (s) put it.


Your followers were like the very insight-prone Companions of the Messenger (s) like Salman, Abuzar, Meqdad and Ammar who approved of you and paid a homage to your status.

Those sincerely knowledge-prone people were those who never tainted their faith with cruelty and were never needless in their being of your shining sun of leadership.

P: 126

1- Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid Mu'atazili quotes the Messenger (s) in Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balagha, vol.3, p.98 as saying: ألا أدلكم على ما إن تسالمتم عليه لم تهلكوا؟! إنّ وليّكم الله و إنّ إمامكم عليّ بن أبي طالب [ عليه السلام ] فناصحوه و صدقوه فإنّ جبرئيل أخبرني بذلك.
2- Mottaqi Hendi quotes the Messenger in Kanz Al-Ummal as regards to Sunni sources as saying: إن تولّوا عليّا تجدوه هاديا مهديًا، يسلك بكم الطريق المستقيم. (Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith no. 32966)
3- قال الرسول صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: عليّ منّي بمنزلة رأسي من بدني. (Ibn-e Mardawyeh, Manaqib, p. 107; Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.4, p. 32914)
4- قال الرسول صلى الله عليه و آله و سلّم لعلى [ عليه السلام : لا يحبّك إلا مؤمن و لا يبغضك إلا منافق. .4 (Sunan-e Nesa'ie, vol.8, p.16; Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith no. 32878)

O' lord!

Whom did the Messenger (s) call as someone of his Progeny(1) and said: His science is like a sea depth of which cannot be tapped? (2)

O' lord!

About which one of the Companions did the Messenger (s) say that Paradise longs for him? (3)

O' lord!

Which one of his Companions did the Messenger describe that the heavens and the earth had not yet seen someone more honest than him?(4)

True! Salman

True! Abuzar

The very pure people, the very campaigners, the very knowledgeable people!

Your true followers who embraced hardships in preserving religion of the truth at the cost of their life have always been as pioneers of faith and knowledge in the course of long history. There were many of your true followers who sacrificed their life for God in the way of reviving the truth to preserve high values of religion of Mohammad (s). Your true followers who were satiated with pure essence of Mohammad's leadership and grew

P: 127

1- The Prophet (s) knew Salman Farsi as one of his Progenies and said: Salman is a sea of knowledge depth of which cannot be tapped. (Ikhtesas, Sheikh Mufid, p.322)
2- Ibid.
3- Jaber Ibn-e 'Abdullah quotes the Messenger (s) as saying that: Verily, Paradise longs for Salman more than Salman does for Paradise. (Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.22, p.341)
4- The Messenger (s) told about Abuzar: ما أظلّت الخضراء و لا أقلّت الغبراء من ذى لهجة أصدق و لا أوفى من أبي ذر شبه عيسى بن مريم. (Sunan-e Termezi, hadith no. 3802, on Virtue of Abizar) Termezi says in another hadith: ابوذر يمشى في الأرض بزهد عيسى بن مريم. (Sunan-e Termezi, chapter of Virtues of Abuzar)

on the land of the Alawites had always been the freemen of the world. You stood and pioneered firmly in faith and so did your followers; you were chivalrous and lion-like fighter in front of your enemies and so were your followers; you showed reluctance for the world and longed for joining God and so did your followers.

That is why the Messenger (s) told you about you and your Shiites:

O' Ali! You and your Shiites are those who achieve salvation on the Day.(1)

Your supporters are not only those who are people of salvation in the Hereafter but also they are faced with salvation in this world because they have you.

O' Ali! What does Ali mean?! It means all purities of God in the universe; it means all beauties of God in the universe; it means all Graces of God in the universe; it means all joys and pleasures of God in the universe; it means all treasures of God in the universe; it means all secrecies of God in the universe; it means all blessings and gifts of God in the universe!

O' Ali! What does Ali mean?! It means wrath, revenge and agonies of God in the universe!!

Has God not determined Paradise as place of His endless purities, joys,

P: 128

1- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلى عليه السلام يا علي ! أنت و شيعتك الفائزون يوم القيامة. The above hadith which represents truthfulness of Ali ('a) and his Shiites has been broadly cited in Sunni sources including: Siyuti, Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol. 6, p.379 Showkani, Fath Al-Qadir, vol. 5, p.477 Hakem Neisabouri, Shawahed Al-Tanzil, research of Mohammad Al-Mahmoudi, vol. 1, p.500 Tafsir-e Allusi, vol.30, p.207, under interpretation of verse of Kheyr Al-Beriyya Tarikh-e Dameshq, research of Ali Shiri, vol.42, p.332 Ibn-e Kathir, Al-Kamel, vol. 7, p.312 Tabrani, Al-Mu'ajam Al-Awsat, research of Dar Al-Haramayn, vol.6, p.354 Ibn-e Hajar Heythami, Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, chapter of "Fi men Yuhebba va fi men Yubghedha, p.131 ► Zarandi Hanafi, Nazm Durr Al-Samtin, chapter of virtues of Ali ('a) and various other sources.

blessings for the true faithful?!

Has God not ordained His Hell as place of His wrath, revenge and agony for atheists and dissidents?!

And has the Messenger (s) not told you: O' Ali! You divide Paradise and Hell among people on the Day? (1)


All these rest within you and you are not these things and you are superior; only God who created you knows you.

Before your birth, you had a rank and dignity in the world light before God and because of that Abraham (s) asked God to make him your Shiite and God accepted his request, saying in His Words:

Verily, Abraham is among his Shiites. (2)

And your brother, the Messenger (s) told you about your Shiites that:

O' Ali!...this friend of mine, Gabriel told me on behalf of God that He has granted seven features to your followers: Easy death, companionship in loneliness, light in darkness, safety in fear, equal scale of acts, passing

P: 129

1- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلى بن أبى طالب علیه السلام يا علي ! إنّك قسيم الجنّة و النار و أنت تقرع باب الجنّة و تدخلها أحبائك بغير حساب. (Hanafi Kunduzi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.1, p.249) The above hadith is found in many in Sunni sources, which is detailed in a separate chapter.
2- « وَ إِنَّ مِنْ شِيعَتِهِ لاَءِ بْراهِيمَ » .. He was one of the followers of Ibrahim (Safat: 83). قال الرجل لعلى بن الحسين عليهما السلام أنا من شيعتكم المخلص. فقال الإمام له فإذن أنت كإبراهيم الخليل الذي قال الله تعالى: «وَ إِنَّ مِنْ شِيعَتِهِ لاَءِ بْراهِيمَ * إِذْ جَاءَ رَبَّهُ بِقَلْبٍ سَلِيمٍ » فإن كان قلبك كقلبه فأنت من شيعتنا و إن لم يكن قلبك كقلبه و هو طاهر من الغش و الغلّ فأنت من محبّينا و إلا فإنّك إن عرفت أنك بقولك كاذب فيه أنّك لمبتلى بفالج لايفارقك إلى الموت، أو جذام ليكون كفارة لكذبك هذا. (Tafsir-e Al-'Askari, p.309, hadith 155; Tafsir-e Borhan, vol.4, p.603) و قال الصادق عليه السلام قوله عزوجل: وإنّ من شيعة لإبراهيم، أي إنّ ابراهيم عليه السلام من شيعة النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم فهو من شيعة علي عليه السلام وكلّ من كان من شيعة علي فهو من شيعة النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم. (Tafsir-e Borhan, vol.4, p.600)

through the Path into Paradise eighty years before entry of other people.(1)

Ibn 'Abbas asked the Messenger (s) about this Word of Revelation: and those precursors are the nearest to God; Hazrat quoted Gabriel as saying to him: They are Ali and his Shiites; they proceed towards Paradise and they are the nearest to him because of God's Grace and Favor. (2)

The Messenger (s) heralded you about your true followers:

On the Day, your Shiites enter Paradise while they are fully satiated with water and your foes enter while they are fully thirsty and nobody gives them water. (3)

And God says in His Word of Revelation about you and

your followers:

Those who were believers and benevolent are in fact the best people of the universe.(4)

P: 130

1- قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلى عليه السلام يا علي ! هذا حبيبي جبرئيل يخبرني عن الله جل جلاله أنه قد أعطى محبّك و شيعتك سبع خصال: الرفق عند الموت و الأنس عند الوحشة و النور عند الظلمة و الأمن عند الفزع و القسط عند الميزان و الجواز على الصراط و دخول الجنّة قبل سائر الناس من الأمم بثمانين عاما. (Saduq, Amali, p.336; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.65, p.9)
2- رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم وقد سأله ابن عباس عن قول الله جل جلاله: « و السابقون السابقون اولئك المقربون ». قال صلى الله علیه و آله وسلم قال لي جبرئيل ، ذاك على وشيعته هم السابقون إلى الجنّة المقربون من الله بكرامته لهم. (Arbali, Kashf Al-Ghammah, vol. 1, p.306; Sheikh Saduq, p.77)
3- رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلي عليه السلام ترد شيعتك يوم القيامة رواءً غير عطاش و يرد عدوّك عطاشا يستسقون فلا يسقون (Ayun Akhbar Reza (a), vol.2, p.60; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.8, p.20)
4- « إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحاتِ أُولئِكَ هُمْ خَيْرُ الْبَرِيَّةِ » . Verily, those who sincerely believe in Allah and do righteous deeds, they are the best of the creatures (Bayyenah: 7). Under the above revelation, there are various narrations quoted from the Messenger (s) in Sunni sources, saying: the best creatures are to be Ali ('a) and his Shiites; for example, Ali ('a) told the Messenger (s): أنت يا علي و شيعتك خير البرية. Zarandi Hanafi, Durr Al-Samtin, p.99 Tabarsi, Jame'a Al-Bayan, vol.30, under the above verse, p.335 Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol.2, p.45 Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, chapter 17, p.266 Tafsir-e Alusi, vol.30, p.207 Ibn-e Kathir, Al-Kamel, vol. 7, p.213 Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.12, p.284

Jaber, a Companion of the Prophet (s) says about you and your Shiites: I was with the Messenger (s) when Ali (‘a) came close from far and the Messenger (s) said:

I swear to the One who owns my soul that this man and his Shiites will be endowed with salvation on the Day.(1)

You and your true followers are the case of God's Holy Word of Revelation:

Good for them and their benevolence, those who became believers of God and are benevolent! (2)

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1- عن جابر بن عبد الله: كنا عند النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم فأقبل على بن أبى طالبعلیه السلام فقال النبیصلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قد أتاكم أخي، ثم التفت إلى الكعبة فضربها بيده، ثم قال: والذي نفسي بيده ! إن هذا و شيعته هم الفائزون يوم القيامة. (Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.2, chapter 58, p.357; Najjah Ta'ie, Velayate Ali (‘a) fi Al- Quran men Kotob Al-Sunna, vol.9, p.190; Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol.2, p.459; Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, p.111)
2- «ألَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَ عَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ طُوبَى لَهُمْ وَحُسْنُ مَآبٍ » ... Those who believe and do good deeds, theirs will be a blissful life and an excellent home for Return (Ra'ad: 29). Hakem Haskani Neisabouri quotes from Abi Ja'afar, Imam Baqir (‘a) saying that: سئل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم عن قوله تعالى: « طُوبَى لَهُمْ وَ حُسْنُ مَآبٍ .. قال صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: هي شجرة في الجنّة أصلها في دار علي و فرعها على أهل الجنّة. فقيل له صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: سألناك عنها يا رسول الله، فقلت: أصلها في دارى، ثمّ سألناك مرّة أخرى فقلت: شجرة في الجنّة أصلها في دار علي و فرعها على أهل الجنة! فقال صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: إنّ داري و دار علي واحدة. (Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol.1, p.305) Similarly, some Sunni books read: Ibn-e Mohgazeli, p.268 Siyuti, Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol.4, p.59 Tafsir-e Qertebi, vol.9, p.317

True! Those whose hearts God brightened by light of faith and certainty never turn to anyone but you.

O' Ali!

Enemies of your Shiites are the very unknowledgeable people whose pride hampered their souls from the Straight Path. Your brother, the Messenger

قال ابن عباس: لما نزلت هذه الآية، قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلى عليه السلام: تأتى أنت و شيعتك يوم القيامة راضيين مرضتين و يأتى أعداؤك غضابا مقمحين.

Ibn-e Mardouyeh, Manaqib, p.346

Siyuti, Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol. 6, p.376

Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.11, p.323

Ibn-e Hajar Heythami, Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, p.131

Tabrani, Al-Mu'ajam Al-Kabir, vol. 1, p.319

Tafsir-e Alusi, vol.30, p.207

Khatib Baghdadi, Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.12, p.284 and.....

عن على عليه السلام قال لى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: ألم تسمع قول الله تعالى: « إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ أُوْلَئِكَ هُمْ خَيْرُ الْبَرِيَّةِ »، هم أنت وشيعتك و موعدي و موعدكم الحوض إذا جاءت الأمم للحساب يدعون غزا محجلين.

Shaw'id Al-Tanzil, vol.2, p.459

Kunduzi Hanafi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.2, chapter 58, p.357

Shawkani, Fath Al-Qadir, vol.5, p.477

Al-Tabari, Mohammad Ibn-e Ali, Besharat Al-Mustafa, p.296 and......

قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلى علیه السلام يا أبا الحسن! أما إنّك وشيعتك في الجنّة.

Heythami, Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, chapter: Virtue of Ahl-e Bayt (a), p.173

Al-Mu'ajam Al-Awsat, vol.6, p.355 and vol.7, p.343

Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.1, p.223

Tafsir-e Tha'albi, research of Mohammad Ashur, vol.9, p.67

قال ابن سيرين عن الآية: «طُوبَى لَهُمْ وَ حُسْنُ مَآبٍ : هي شجرة في الجنّة، أصلها في حجرة علي و ليس في الجنّة حجرة إلاّ و فيها غصن من أغصانها.

Abubakr Ibn-e Mardawyeh, Al-Manaqib, p.268

Kunduzi Hanafi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.1, chapter 24, p.287

Al-Jame'a Le'ahkam Al-Qur'an, vol.9, p.317

Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.9, p.317

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: أما علمت أنّ منزلي و منزل علي في الجنّة واحد و قصري و قصر علي في الجنّة واحد و سريري و سرير علي في الجنّة واحد.

(Hakem Neisabouri, Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol.1, p.306)

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(s) introduced the Straight Path as your path and said: Your Shiites are on the Straight Path. (1) Besides, the Messenger (s) talked about various emerging sects among Muslims and their differences and introduced path of salvation only your path, saying:

Soon, my ummah will be divided into seventy three sects; all of them are ordained to Hell but followers of Ali. (2)

God assigned you to be Imam for guiding people and commanded His Messenger (s) to tell all people to follow you; (3) your Shiites are those who accepted Call of God and God promised them the eternal Paradise; those who denied you shall expect a deplorable finality; God says in this regard:

Those who accepted Call of God and became His believers shall have best reward and happiest life and those who rejected His Call, they shall expect a hard account and Hell which is a bad resting place even though they possess twice of what is on the earth and give it for compensation [it is not accepted]. (4)

The one who is claimant of knowledge and cognition and has appealed

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1- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلى عليه السلام: أنت النبأ العظيم و الصراط المستقيم و أنت المثل الأعلى .. (Sheikh Saduq, Ayun Akhbar Al-Reza ('a), vol. 1, p.9)
2- The Messenger (s) has been quoted in Shiite and Sunni sources: تنقسم أُمتي إلى ثلاث و سبعين فرقة كلّهم في جهنم إلا علي و شيعته. (Hanafi, Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, p.331; Siyuti, Tafsir-e Durr Al-Manthur, vol.3, p.149; Shawahid Al-Tanzil, vol.1, p.204; Manaqib-e Ibn-e Mardawyeh, p.244; Ibn-e Khazzaz Qomi, Kifayat Al-Athar, p.155 and......)
3- The Messenger (s) said in Ghadir-e-Khumm: من كنت مولاه فهذا على مولاه The sources of above hadith-successively cited-will be dealt with in the exclusive chapter.
4- «لِلَّذِينَ اسْتَجَابُوا لِرَبِّهِمُ الْحُسْنَى وَ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَسْتَجِيبُوا لَهُ لَوْ أَنَّ لَهُمْ مَا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا وَ مِثْلَهُ مَعَهُ لَاَفْتَدَوْا بِهِ أُوْلَئِكَ لَهُمْ سُوءُ الْحِسَابِ وَ مَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ وَبِئْسَ الْمِهَادُ» For those who obeyed their Creator's Call [to Monotheism] there will be an excellent reward. But those who do not obey Allah's Call, even if they had all the wealth on the earth and the like thereof with it, and offer it as a ransom to save their lives [it does not profit them] and for them shall be a Severe Reckoning; and their abode will be the Hell, the worst resting place indeed! (Ra'ad: 18)

perfection, intuition and a group of people on an improper direction but insults the Shiites is in reality devoid of knowledge and he is ruled by self- pride and self-centeredness. (1)

Your true followers are actually people of piety and purification; your true followers are people who render worship and invocation in cordiality far from hypocrisy. Shi'a is not only by name; rather, it is performed through faith and practice and your true followers are prone to be people of faith and practice; your Shiites say their prayer rightly on time and prefer it over other things; your Shiites are constantly reciting and mindful of Words of God; your true Shiites are the very people who campaign in the Path of God and they never reconcile with enemies of God and enemies of religion of God; your true Shiites are the very those who expect emergence of the Upholder, your descendant, Mahdi (may Allah hasten his emergence) in order to sacrifice their lives beside him for resuscitation of religion of God.

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1- Ibn-e-e Arabi, one of the Sunni mystic who is known by his supporters as the father the Islamic gnosis, raises severe enmity against the followers of Ali (‘a); in his writings, he tries to express his vengeance by slandering, defaming and abusing them. In one of his well-noted works titled “Al-Futuhat Makiyya”, Conquests of Mecca, he picked the word Swine, Arabically termed as "Khanrir" that contains inward and outward wickedness with an aim of influencing the people; he thought of trickery to pose it as a discovery from Authorities of God, saying: و منهم [ رجال الله ] الرجبيون و هم أربعون نفسا في كلّ زمان لا يزيدون ولا ينقصون و هم رجال حالهم القيام بعظمة الله و هم ركن الأفراد و هم أرباب القول الثقيل من قوله تعالى: « إِنَّا سَنُلْقِي عَلَيْكَ قَوْلاً ثَقِيلاً » [ سوره مزمل آیه 5 ] لقيت واحدا منهم... و كان هذا الذي رأيته... كشف الروافض من أهل الشيعة فكان يراهم خنازير... فإذا مر عليه يراه في صورة خنزير فيستدعيه و يقول له تب إلى الله فإنّك شيعي رافضي... » . Rajabites are a group of Authorities of God out of whom there are forty people each time; they never become less or more in number. They stand by Divine Greatness; thet are pillars of people; in holy revelation of Muzzammil: 5, they hold Words of weighty value sent down to them. I met one of them; the one I saw had discovered the inward of the extremist Shiites; he saw them like swines; whenever he passed by one of them, he saw him as a swine saying that, "you are an extremist Shiite, try to seek repentance! (Al-Futuhat Al-Makiyya, vol.2, Chapter of Al-Thalith va Al-Seb'un, p.8)

Theosophy Six

I certify that you welcomed death with open arms to please God and to protect life of your brother, the Messenger (s).

You were always pioneer, proud and victor on divine trials; you not only stood in highest ranks in faith, but also you pioneered in sacrifice and self- devotion. The other sincere faithful people stood far behind you.

In your younghood, you were ready to sacrifice the whole existence of yours-your precious life-to maintain the freshly planted tree of Islam and fearlessly embraced death in the path of God; you sacrificed your life not for gaining Paradise or salvation from the Hell but for gaining satisfaction of God.

Historians have put down the story of your great valor and self-sacrifice in 13th of Hegira:

In 12th and 13th A.H, the Qurayshite atheists found that they are faced with great threat in their whole system because a large number of Muslims in Mecca secretly migrated to Medina in order to be secured from persecutions made by the Quraysh. The Qurayshite atheists were informed that Muslim migrants in Medina had succeeded to draw the attention of a good number of Medina residents to Islam and to pledge allegiance to Prophet of Islam (s). They learned that if Mohammad (s) departs to Medina, Medina will turn out as an important base for him; as a result, they will have to endure a threatening situation.

The doyen of the Quraysh came to meet each other in a place called "Dar Al-Nodwah to find a solution by exchanging their thoughts. People in the meeting rejected the suggestion of jailing the Prophet (s) or letting him, with his hands and feet tied, go by himself on a mean camel in the desert. At last, they came to this conclusion that murdering him is the only way to stop influence of Islam.

The holy Quran explains the meeting as:

When they showed atheism, worked to deceive you, jail you, murder you

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or let you out, they spur trickery and God, in response to them, renders deceit on them and He is the Best to bring trickery.(1)

Therefore, they assigned a warring man of each tribe to nightly assail house of the Prophet (s) and kill him; in this way, all tribes become responsible for his blood and the Hashimites cannot fight with all tribes and only suffice to receive ransom. Forty people were selected and they were supposed to fulfil their mission when night breaks. The Prophet (s) was informed about the perilous plot of Quraysh atheists and made his decision to depart to Medina nightly and to find somebody to sleep on his bed for blinding chase line of the enemy. He did so to make polytheists imagine that he had stayed in the house. This came to be useful in that they would never find his bed empty and would open the routes so that he could move out and take a safe haven.

Now one should see who is willing to sleep on the Prophet's bed to be stricken with forty cutting swords and sacrifices his life for him?!

True O' Amir Al-Mu'amenan!

You were that sacrificial man; you were the first one who kept faith in the Messenger (s) and you were like a butterfly circling around the existential sun of his. When he posed the case to you, you accepted it with little doubt, telling him: O' Messenger of God! Will you be safe if I sleep in place of you? The Prophet (s) said: Yes! I will remain safe.

You fell yourself onto the ground while you had tearful eyes and nice smile on your face and kneeled down to thank God. You stood and said: I do whatever I am missioned to do as the whole soul of mine, my eyes, ears and black spot of my heart, will be sacrificed to you! Command me to what you wish as I am your aide; I do just as you wish me to do and my success


Theosophy Account Six

Ali (a) sleeps on the Prophet's bed and this is compared to Abubakr's company

with the Prophet (s) in Thur cave

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1- « وإِذْ يَمْكُرُ بِكَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا لِيُثْبِتُوكَ أَوْ يَقْتُلُوكَ أَوْ يُخْرِجُوكَ وَ يَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللهُ وَ اللهُ خَيْرُ الْمَاكِرِينَ » . [O' Messenger] And [remember] when the disbelievers plotted against you, they decided to confine you or to kill you, or to expel you from the land; they were plotting and Allah also was planning [against their plot]; and verily, Allah is the Supreme Planner. (Enfal: 30)

comes from God only.(1)

How nice! How nice!

In that very younghood where every young man longs for life, you never asked of life and health but life and health of your brother, the Messenger (s); when he gave you good news of his health, you fell yourself onto the ground and thanked God.


It was because of this you became beloved of and dearest to the Messenger (s); he said about you:

Verily, flesh of Ali comes from mine and so does his blood.(2)

he also said about you:

For me, Ali is similar to my head as it is to my body.(3)

He frequently recommended us about you and said:

Ali comes from me and I come from him; whoever bothers him, he has bothered me.

With such great self-sacrifice, you became more endeared before God and Angels. Since night broke, you laid on the Prophet's bed until he left his house at a suitable time. The very time of that dangerous night you slept on his bed God told His dear Angels of Michael and Gabriel: Which one of you is ready to sacrifice life to the other?! None was ready to do so. God

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1- امض لما أمرت ؛ فداك سمعی و بصری و سویداء قلبی و مرنی بما شئت أكن فيه كمسرتك وأقع منه بحيث مرادك و إن توفيقى إلا بالله. (Amali, Sheikh Tusi, p.465)
2- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: إنّ عليا لحمه من لحمى و دمه من دمى. (Tarikh-e Madinat-e Damashq, vol.42, p.42; Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith 32936)
3- ل الرسول صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: عليّ منّي بمنزلة رأسي من بدني. (Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith 32914) أنّ عليّا منّي و أنا منه و هو ولي كل مؤمن :And said (Sunan-e Ibn-e Majah, vol. 1, p.44; Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith 32938)

said: Now see how Ali Ibn Abitaleb is ready to sacrifice his life for him! (1)

True O' Amir Al-Mu'amenan!

It lasted no long at night when forty people began to besiege Muhammad's house; they peepholed the house and noticed the situation normal. At dawn, the invaders broke into house of revelation and surrounded the bed where Ali (‘a) had slept; You, O' Amir Al-Mu'amenan! Got up and told the invaders: What do you want?! They angrily cried: Where is your cousin, Muhammad?!

You bravely replied: Had you put me to guard him?! Those vicious people became infuriated because of your words and persecuted you a lot.

You, O' Amir Al-Mu'amenan!

You became willing to expose your holy body to cutting swords out of love to protect the Prophet's life; you did as such to beat all lovers of the universe and join the eternity by sacrificing your life for your beloved, the Messenger (s)! Although you survived the assassination, your sacrifice is worthy because you failed to fear danger and embraced death to defend the truth eagerly and with open arms. Such self-devotion of yours was so valuable that God Almighty lauded it in His Book and said it was done for pleasure of God: And some people sell their lives to please God and He is the most Merciful to His worshippers.(2)

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1- Ossad Al-Ghaya, vol.2, p.25; Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol.1, p.98; Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak, vol.3, p. 132; Fakhr-e Razi, Tafsir-e Kabir, vol.5, p.204
2- « وَ مِنَ النّاسِ مَنْ يَشْرى نَفْسَهُ ابْتِغاءَ مَرْضاتِ اللهِ وَ اللهُ رَءُوفٌ بِالْعِبادِ » And from among men, there is one who sells his life, seeking the Pleasure of Allah; and verily, Allah is Kind and Compassionate to His obedient and worshippers. (Baqara: 207) Various Sunni sources read that the above revelation has been sent down on the occasion of Imam Ali (*a) in Leylat Al-Mabit, who slept on the Prophet's bed so that he can leave his house and depart to Medina; these sources include: Ahmad Hanbal in his Musnad, vol. 1, p.221 Th'albi in his Tafsir, vol.2, p.276 Ossad Al-Ghaya, vol.4, p.25 Tafsir-e Tabari, vol.9, p. 140 Tafsir-e Qertebi, vol.3, p.74 Shafe'ie Ganji, Kefayat Al-Taleb, p.114

O' Amir Al-Mu'amenan!

The night when the Prophet (s) was missioned to leave Mecca and you slept on his place, the very man who, according to some histories, later claimed caliphate after him accompanied him on his way. (1)

One, in a comparison, can discover brilliance of your unparalleled faith and magnitude of your spirit. Bed of the Prophet (s) means a place waiting for swords and you are not battling sword only because if you battle sword in a war, you can defend with defensive devices and repel sword and enemy, but you, O' Amir Al-Mu'amenan! Must sleep on bed and pull cloak of the Prophet (s) over your head and show yourself with his garment to let swords land onto you so that your brother, the Messenger (s) can survive.

But the man who accompanied the Messenger (s) hid himself in the cave; despite spider webs woven on the cave door, the enemy was unlikely to see anybody in the cave. Yet, he tried to make noise to attract attention of the polytheists out of fear. For this reason, the Prophet (s) told him: Stop fearing anything!(2)

Moheboddin Tabari, Zakha'er Al-Uqba, p.88

Wahedi, Asbab Al-Nozul, vol. 1, p.42 and various other sources

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1- According to some narrations, when the Messenger (s) moved towards Thur cave to go on hiding, he saw Abubakr on his way there and asked him to join him, but as Tabari says in his history, vol.2, p.374, Abubakr asked Ali (a) of the Prophet's place; he guided him towards Thur cave. The Messenger (s) stayed at Thur cave three nights and was informed about what Quraysh did by Ali (‘a); according to Ibn-e Asaker, Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.42, p.68, Ali (‘a) took food to the cave and it was him who prepared means of his trip. On the 4th night of Rabi'a Al-Avval, 14th year of Be'athat, Prophethood, he moved towards Medina while he was joined by Abubkar, Amer Ibn-e Fahira, and ‘Abdullah Ibn-e-e Ariqt.
2- إِلا تَنْصُرُوهِ فَقَدْ نَصَرَه اللهُ إِذْ أَخْرَجَهُ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ثَانِيَ اثْنَيْنِ إِذْ هُما فِي الْغارِ إِذْ يَقُولُ لِصاحِبِهِ لا تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللهَ مَعَنا فَأَنْزَلَ اللهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَ أَيَّدَه بِجُنُودٍ لَمْ تَرَوْهَا وَ جَعَلَ كَلِمَةَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا السُّفْلِى وَ كَلِمَةُ اللهِ هِيَ الْعُلْيَا وَ اللهُ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ » If you do not help the Messenger [it does not matter], for Allah did indeed help him when the disbelievers expelled him; and he was one of the two when they were in the cave, and he said to his companion: "Do not be afraid; surely, Allah is with us." Then Allah sent down His Divine Tranquility upon him and strengthened him with forces which you could not see and made the word of the disbelievers the lowermost, while Allah's Word became the uppermost, and Allah is the Source Wisdom Supreme Power. (Taubah: 40) Sunni scholars see the above revelation that refers to the story of cave as the good reasons behind virtues of Abubakr and called him as cave company; this is emphasized to approve his caliphate and the poets praise him by recalling such idea; for example, Sa'adi says in his Bustan: O' Seyyed, trustworthy and leader, fellow of the cave Collection of virtues and treasury of companionship Men tried to speak of the companions, though a lot But not like you who embarked on dragon's wave (Bustan-e-Sa'adi, beginning of Persian odes) In response, we say: Abubakr's company with the Prophet (s) cannot only leads to his excellence. Abubakr beside the Prophet (s) feared death in the cave and this was while the cave mouth had been obstructed with spider web miracled by God to stop the atheists thinking of the Prophet's probable entry into the cave; he was terrified again as though he raised doubt about Divine Promises for rescuing life of the Prophet (s) as well as victory of Islam over the atheists!! Yet, Amir Mu'amenan, Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) opened arms to welcome the sharp swords without even a little fright and suspicion. Therefore, self-sacrifice of Imam Ali ('a) at Laylat Al-Mabit cannot be compared with company of Abubakr with the Prophet (s) in the cave; there is an earth-to-heaven difference between the two.


At that age, you stopped being frightened by those cutting swords that wanted to tear your body apart, but the man, though being with the Prophet (s) and spider webs being woven on the cave door, failed to keep faith and continued to go on hypocrisy.

Followers of that man argue about his excellence over others when being accompanied by the Prophet (s)!! This is while you showed such self- devotion that night that God, the Praiseworthy, remains proud of it.


That night when you had slept on Muhammad's bed, God revealed to Gabriel and Michael that He ordained death for one of them, saying which one of you shows sympathy and outpaces the other for death?

Both chose to live. They were revealed why they did not look like Ali Ibn Abitaleb who was put Mohammad's brother and We ordained long life for one over the other. But Ali chose death and gave priority to Muhammad's survival; he slept on his bed until he could survive?! Go protect him from

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his enemies! Both landed down, one over his head and the other down his legs, to save him from his enemies; they kept stones away from him; Gbriel told him: Bravo! You, son of Abutaleb! God remains proud of you to the Angels of Seven Heavens.(1)

Not only did you fear anything that night, but also you have always stood brilliant in self-devotedness and jihad in the course of twenty three years of Muhammad's Prophethood; you always embraced dangers and never trembled and showed weakness out of dismay.

Since your endless virtues always remained a thorn in the impure eyes of the hypocrite dissidents, they tried ever to disguise them but they ceased to do so; you kept a name and they left behind nothing but ill-fame and miserability.

One of the hypocrite dissidents and wrongdoers of the history who is one of the great men from the cursed lineage granted four thousand dinars to his sycophant and vassalageous mercenary to tell the above verse (Baqara: 207)-that is revealed by God for your self-devotion and bravery-has been sent down for the most vicious man, the first and the foremost, named Ibn Muljam Moradi-may God curse him.(2)

The wrongdoing man is the very man who with his father fought at their utmost for the atheists to destroy Islam; when they were pulled sword of Islam, they outwardly expressed to be Islamic and inwardly stayed as atheist and held vengeances through martyrdom of descendants of the Messenger (s).

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1- Tarikh-e Ya'qubi and a few other Sunni sources say: إنّ الله عزّ و جلّ أوحى في تلك الليلة إلى جبرائيل وميكائيل أنّى قضيت على أحدكما بالموت فأيكما يواسى صاحبه ؟! فاختار الحياة كلاهما ؛ فأوحى الله إليهما هلا كنتما كعلي بن أبي طالب آخيت بينه و بين محمد و جعلت عمر أحدهما أكثر من الآخر فاختار علي الموت و آثر محمّد بالبقاء و نام في مضجعه اهبطا فاحفظاه من عدوّه فهبط جبرائیل و میکائیل فقعد أحدهما عند رأسه والآخر عند رجليه يحرسانه من عدوّه و يصرفان عنه الحجارة و جبرائيل يقول: بخ بخ لك يا ابن أبي طالب مثلك يباهي الله بك ملائكة سبع سموات ! (Tarikh-e-Ya'qubi, vol.2, p.23)
2- Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid Mu'atazili in Sharh-e Najul Balagha, vol.4, p.73 says that Mu'awiyya (may God curse him) spent four thousand dinars to spread the word that the holy word of revelation of Baqarah of Quran has been sent down on the occasion of Ibn- e Muljam Moradi (may God curse him).

He is the one who monopolized the government and converted it into kingdom and kingcraft whimsically intended to let azan sayers think off but he himself and his malicious family faded away while ;" اشهد أن محمد رسول الله"

your brother, the Messenger (s) and his pure progeny increasingly gained honor(1)

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1- During his governance period, Mu'awiyyat Ibn-e Abu Sufiyan (may God curse him) had a night meeting with Mughirat Ibn-e Shu'aba (one of his governors and relatives) and talked about his desire of destroying Islam. Motarraf, son of Mughira disclosed the story. He says: I and my father were hosted by Mu'awiyya in Damascus. My father frequented palace of Mu'awiyya a lot and talked to him; on our way back home, he talked about his wisdom and lauded him. One night when he returned from his palace, he was very worried and sad. I found that something had happened and had made him unhappy. I asked him of the reason; he replied: My son! I am coming from the most vicious man of the day! I asked what had happened. He said: I had a private meeting with Mu'aviyya and I told him now that he had captured the throne of governance at the end of his life, he could treat people and the Hashimites in justice and not in misbehavior; I also told him they were his close relatives and no threat on their part was exposed to him while now that Imam Ali (‘a) and Imam Hassan (‘a) had been martyred. Mu'awiyya said: Alas! Alas! Abubakr ruled and rendered justice and after he died, nothing remained of him but his name. Omar ruled as a caliph for ten years and worked a lot, he had only his name remain of himself. Later, our brother, Uthman whose honor lineage was unparalleled assumed caliphate but as he died, he was buried with his name. This man of the Hashimites (s) is called by people in Muslim world five times every day saying: JJ. Now, what way remains there if his name is buried with himself? When Ma'amun, the Abbasid caliph, heard of what Mu'awiyya had said, something that shows his blasphemy, through hadith narrators, he released a circular all around the Islamic lands and ordered Mu'awiyya to be cursed by people. (Mas'udi, Muravvij Al-Zahab, vol.3, p.454, biography of Ma'amun) The Bottomline of theosophy Account As said, Sunnis enumerate Taubah: 40-referring to story of Thur-as noted reasons behind excellences of Abubakr; now pay attention to this debate: Allameh Tabarsi in Ihtijaj and Kerajki in Kanz Al-Fawa'id quote Sheikh Abu Ali Husayn Ibn-e Reqqi that Sheikh Mufid said: I dreamed one night that I am going on a way and I saw a crowd who had gathered around a man telling them a story. I asked who the man was. They said he was Omar Ibn-e Khattab. I went up to see Omar to whom a man was talking. I could not figure out what they were saying. I interrupted them and told Omar: Tell me what excels Abubakr in the verse related to the cave? He said: There are six points in the verse that represent excellence of Abubakr. He then enumerated the six points as follows: a.In Taubah: 40, God makes a mention of the Messenger (s) and ranks Abubakr as the (ثانی اثنین) .second b. In Taubah: 40, God makes a mention both of them together in one place, meaning that Abubakr is highly ranked. This shows their unity. (اذهمان الغار) C. In above verse, God recalls Abubakr as companion of the Prophet (s), which ( إذ يقول لصاحبه) shows high rank of Abubakr d. God tells Abubakr of Muhammad's kindness where, as the verse says, the Prophet (s) says to Abubakr: Be happy!(ولاتحزن) e. The Prophet (s) has told Abubakr that God assists us both equally and defends (إن الله معنا ) .us f. In this verse, God told Abubakr of his revealed tranquility because the Prophet (s) has always had calmness and there is no need of such calmness to be sent ( فأنزل الله سكينته عليه ) .down to him These six points taken from the above verse express supremacy of Abubakr that you and others cannot reject. Sheikh Mufid says: I told him: verily, you fulfilled right of friendship to Abubakr well, but I respond to the six points, if God helps just as a fast wind that scatters ashes on a stormy day and that is: A. Ranking Abubakr as the second is not the reason of his excellence because the faithful and the unfaithful, the faithful and atheist are placed together; when one wants to name one of them, he has to say "the second one". (ثانی اثنین) B. Making a mention of the Prophet (s) and Abubakr fails to denote Abubakr's excellence because the reason of being good is not to be in one place with others; many faithful and unfaithful people are assembled in one place as the faithful and hypocrite dissidents had come in the mosque of Mohammad (s) whose honor outpaces Thur cave. Hence, the holy Quran (Ma'arej: 36-37) says: «فما للّذين كفروا قبلك مهطعين * عن اليمين و عن الشمال عزين» Also, in Noah's Ark where the Prophet Noah (a), the Satan and animals were assembled together, one cannot say assembly in one place can be the reason for excellence. C. As for company, it cannot be reason for excellence because company means being joined with others and the faithful might be joined with the unfaithful as the holy Quran says: «قال له صاحبه و هو يحاوره أكفرت بالّذي خلقك من تراب ... » And his companion after listening to Him said: "Do you disbelieve in the One Who created you out of dust....(Kahf: 37) D. But when the Prophet (s) told Abubakr: Be happy, this can be wrong done by Abubakr rather than his excellence because his sadness was either obedience or sin; if it were obedience, the Prophet (s) would never inhibit it, so it was sin which was inhibited by the Prophet (s). E. But when the Prophet (s) said: "God is with us", it fails to reason that this means both of them, rather it means the Prophet (s) alone and the Prophet (s) mentions himself in plurality just as God says of Himself in the holy Quran in plurality: «إنا نحن نزلنا الذكر وإنا له لحافظون» Verily, We have sent down the Reminder, the Holy Quran, and We will assuredly be the Protector of it. (Hujr: 9) f.But when you said Abubakr had been sent down tranquility, it clashes with the exterior and register of the verse because calmness came down for the one who was helped by Divine Invisible Division according to last part of the verse and he is the Prophet (s). if you want to say both (calmness and help of Invisible Division) came for Abubakr, you should take Prophethood away from the Messenger (s); therefore, tranquility came down for Mohammad (s) because he was the only one in the cave who deserved tranquility. But the holy Quran says that the faithful shared tranquility with the Prophet (s) and it mentions both names: «فأنزل الله سكينته على رسوله و على المؤمنين........» Then, Allah sent down Hid Divine Tranquility on the Messenger and the believers....(Taubah: 26) Therefore, it will be much better if you do not make reasons with this statement (verse of the cave) for your friend. Sheikh Mufid says: Omar could hardly respond to my points, people left him and I was awake.

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P: 144

Theosophy Seven

I certify that Pride of the Universe People (s) introduced you as his brother in this world and in the world after.

Self-devotion and self-sacrifice in the exalted path is a way chosen by the great men of history. In that young age, you having been dispossessed of the world and its belongings showed to the world people that one must sacrifice his most valuable asset that is sweet life to defend the sublimated values and assist religion of God. With two tearful eyes, you dedicated your precious life to the Messenger of God (s).

You were the most beloved of the Messenger (s) and became more endeared in his eyes! The Messenger (s) was frequently heard saying that, "call my brother, Ali!"

You were so beloved in the heart of the Messenger (s) that he introduced you as the most beloved creature of God among the Companions; when the Messenger (s) was gifted a grilled chicken, he lifted his hands up in the sky praying: O' God! Bring here the most beloved being of Thee to share this food with me! At the moment, door of his house was knocked and he said: Open the door for the most beloved of God. The door was opened to your heart-catching posture that illuminated eyes of the Messenger (s) and gladdened his pure heart. He called you on his food ceremony, saying: You are the most beloved creature of God.(1)

Theosophy Account Seven

Hadith of "Al-Tayr Al-Mashwi"; hadith of "Maw'akha" and hadith of "Sadd Al- Abwāb" in Sunni sources and other various issues

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1- عن انس بن مالك قال: كان عند النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم طير فقال: اللهم ائتنى بأحبّ خلقك إليك يأكل معى هذا الطير فجاء علي، فأكل معه. (Sunan-e Termezi, hadith 3721, chapter of virtues of Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (‘a)) Nesa'ie, in his Sunan, quotes Anas Ibn-e Malek about traits of Amir Mu'amenan Ali Ibn- e Abitaleb ('a): إنّ النبي صلى الله عليه [ و آله ] و سلّم كان عنده طائر، فقال: اللهم إنتنى بأحبّ خلقك إليك يأكل معى من هذا الطير فجاء أبوبكر فردّه فثم جاء عمر فردّه ثمّ جاء على فأذن له. The late Allameh Amini, in Al-Ghadir, vol.4, p.219, quotes the above hadith from Sunni sources, saying that the hadith has been successively cited among Sunnis. The late Allameh Mir Hamed Husayn Lakanhuie Neisabouri (dead in 1306 A.H) who is one the Shiite ulemas has devoted volume 4 of the valuable book of 'Abaqat Al-Anwar to this hadith and has proven the accuracy of hadith and its successive citation from Sunnis.

When departing from Yathreb to Mecca, the Messenger (s) had stated a will to you to give back deposits of people and depart to Medina along with relatives and the Hashimite women. After the Messenger (s) departed, you stood up a high spot of Mecca and said: Whoever has put deposit something to Mohammad, he shall come and take it. (1) Those having deposited something to Mohammad appreared to take it back. Afterwards, as the Prophet (s) put it a will, accompanied by the honorable daughter of the Messenger (s), Fatima (‘a), Fatima, daughter of Zubayr, your honorable mother, Fatima, daughter of Assad as well as Muslims who had not succeeded to migrate, you headed for Medina.(2)

But spies of Quraysh were informed of your travel, they chased you and blocked your way at Dhajnan and threatened you. Women and children began to moan and you showing bravery defended haram of Islam and Muslims shouting: Whoever wants to have his body mutilated and his blood shed, he can approach us. (3) signs of anger on your holy face horrified the Quraysh agents so strongly that they had no way but surrendering and returning.(4)

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1- من كان له قبل محمّد أمانة أو وديعة فليأت فلنؤد إليه أمانته .. (Ibn-e Sabbagh, Al-Fusul Al-Mohemma, vol. 1, p.303; Subhani, Ja'afar, excerpts from history of Prophet of Islam, p.204) Tabari writes in Tarikh-e Tabari: Ali ('a) stayed in Mecca three days after departure of the Prophet (s) and gave back deposits of people as the Prophet (s) had willed. (Tarikh-e Tabari, vol. 1, p.106)
2- Subhani, Ja'afar, excerpts from history of Prophet of Islam, p. 204; Mir Sharifi, Seyyed Ali, lesson plan for knowing the history of Islam, vol. 1, p.151
3- فمن سره ان أفرى لحمه و أهريق دمه فليدن منّي. (Al-Borhan, vol. 2, p.677)
4- Sheikh Tusi writes in Amali, p.470: The spies of Quraysh were informed about travel of Ali ('a) with a group of people. They intended to chase them and came across him in the region of "Dhajnan". They traded lots of words. Women began to cry moaningly. He observed that he had no way but defending haram of Islam and Muslims and turned to them, saying: Whoever wants to have his body mutilated and his blood shed, he can come close to us. Signs of anger and fury could be seen on his face; agents of Quraysh found that he was serious in what he says, so they tried to treat peacefully and kept moving backward. Being a twenty-year- old young man, Ali (‘a) had women ride on horses and he himself went on foot; since he walked a long way, his feet became injured and grew bleeding. Along with his small caravan, he walked at nights and hid on days until he finally reached village of Qoba on 15th of Rabi'a Al-Avval.

Your brother, the Messenger (s) reached Qoba village 10 km from Medina after several days of walking, where he sojourned in a house until you join him and he arrived in the city of Yathreb.(1)


In those days when the Messenger (s) expected you and your co-travellers in Qoba village, citizens of Yathreb were eager for the Messenger (s) to arrive, but he stayed there in respecting you to join him.

When you arrived in the village, your feet were bleedingly wounded. The Messenger (s) was told that you had come but you had no strength to

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1- The Prophet (s) arrived in Qoba on 12th of Rabi'a Al-Avval and Ali ('a) joined him in the middle of the same month. As narrated by Tabarsi in A'lam Al-Wari, p.66: At night, Abubakr separated his way from the Prophet (s) and arrived in Medina and stopped by the house of one of the Helpers. After a while, Abubakr went back to Qoba and told the Prophet (s): Do you not step in Medina? People are waiting for you. The Prophet (s) said: لا أريم من هذا المكان حتى يوافى أخي علي I do not leave this place until my brother, Ali comes. Abubakr said: I don't think Ali comes soon! The Prophet (s) said: «بلى ما أسرعه إن شاء الله » If God willing, he will come soon. As Kulayni narrated in Kafi, vol.8, p.340, the Prophet (s) said: «كلا! ما أسرعه و لست اريم حتى يقدم ابن عمّى و أخي في الله عزّ و جلّ و أحبّ أهل بيتي إليّ، فقد وقاني بنفسه من المشركين» Never! He will come soon. I don't leave this place until my cousin, my brother in the way and the most beloved man of my Progeny comes to me. He dedicated his life to save me from the atheists.

appear to him. The Messenger (s) immediately reached the place where you were and eagerly hugged you. When he saw your wounded feet, he began to cry much.(1)

After you had your feet healed, you joined the Messenger (s) to move towards Yathreb and you entered into the city while people enthusiastically welcomed you there.

When the Messenger (s) settled in Yathreb-which is now fortunately named Madinat Al-Nabi by virtue of his arrival ordered his Companions to erect a mosque; you too along with him and other companions accomplished construction of a small and simple mosque.

Once the simple building of mosque was completed, a number of migrants built their houses around the mosque and opened a door of their houses overseeing the mosque so that they can enter it directly from there. Several days passed in this way, sudden command reached from God that all private doors to the mosque except that of yours and the Prophet's must be closed! (2)

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1- Ibn-e Athir says in Kamel, vol.2, p.75 and Ibn-e Shaker says in Ayun Al-Tawarikh, vol.1, p.102: When Ali ('a) stepped in Qoba with his wounded feet, the Prophet (s) said: Call Ali to come to me. They said: He cannot walk. Hazrat himself went to see Ali ('a) and hugged him; when he saw his wounded feet, he began to cry. He rubbed Ali's feet with his saliva and from then on, Amir Mu'amenan never complained of his feet pain until he was martyred. As long as the Prophet (s) stayed in Qoba, he erected a mosque; it is said that this was the first mosque built in Islam.
2- This is known as "Sadd Al-'Abwab" in the history of Islam. This is quoted by many Shiite and Sunni scholars; for example: عن ابن عباس قال: إنّ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم أمر بسد الأبواب إلا باب علي [ عليه السلام ] (Sunan-e Termezi, vol. 5, p.305; Hanafi Kunduzi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol. 1, p.257) في مسند أحمد بن حنبل عن زيد بن أرقم قال: كان لنفر من الصحابه أبواب شارعة في المسجد، فقال رسول الله صلی الله عليه وآله وسلم: سدّوا هذه الأبواب إلا باب علي ، فقال بعضهم فيه، فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم ما سددت شيئا ولا فتحته ؛ ولكنّى أمرت بشيء فاتبعته (Musnad Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal, Chapter of Vitrues of Ali ('a) ابن مغازلى... عن ابن عباس و عن ابن عمر قال: فخرج رسول صلی الله عليه وآله وسلم إلى المسجد فقال: إن الله أوحى إلى نبيه موسى أن ابن لي مسجدا طاهرا لايسكنه إلا موسى وهارون، و إنّ الله أوحى إلي أن أبني مسجدا طاهرا لا يسكنه إلا أنا و علي و ابنا علي. (Manaqib-e Ibn-e Moghazeli Shafe'ie, p.205) Termezi, one of the Sunni great hadith writers, says: عن ابن عباس: أنّ رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم أمر بسد الأبواب إلا باب علي. (Sunan-e Termezi, chapter of virtues of Ali ('a), hadith 3733) According to narrations, when Uthman was caliph, two hundred Migrants and the Helpers had assembled in the Prophet's mosque and each described his own virtues; at the same time, Hazrat Amir Mu'amenan (a) had kept silent until some people told him why he did not speak! Then, Amir Mu'amenan (‘a) enumerated his virtues one by one and all those present there gave testimony to accuracy and truth of his virtues; one of the virtues he raised was this: Do you confess that the Messenger purchased land of his mosque and built it; he then built ten houses around it out of which nine was his and the tenth was made for me; except door of my house, he closed all doors to the mosque? A number of people said something and the Prophet (s) said: I didn't close doors of your house and I didn't open Ali's; rather, God ordered me to do as such. Also, the Prophet (s) prohibited everybody but me to sleep in the mosque; I defiled the mosque and my house and his house was the same in the mosque. They said: We swear to God it is true! [it should be noted that the matter of being defiled in the mosque is devoted to both Ali (a) and the Prophet (s) because their infallibility and purity which is dispossessed of the non-infallibles; this is cited in Sunni sources; such as Termezi quoting Abu Sa'id who quotes the Messenger (s): قال رسول الله (صلى الله عليه و آله و سلّم) لعلي عليه السلام يا علي ! لا يحلّ لأحد يجنب في هذا المسجد غيرى و غيرك (Sunan-e Termezi, virtues of Ali ('a), hadith 3727) Imam Ali (‘a) continued to say: Do you confess that Omar insisted that he open a gap as large as eye to the mosque; but Hazrat did not permit him to do so, saying: God commanded the Moses (a) to build a clean mosque to accommodate him, Harun and his two sons and nobody else; He also ordered me to erect a pure mosque to accommodate me, my brother and his two sons. They said: We swear to God that it is true! (Ibn-e Qeys Helali, Salim, hadith book, hadith 10)

This closure of doors made a fuss among a few people assuming that this is an exception familially and emotionally; in order to clarify the case, the Messenger (s) said: I swear to God! I neither closed nor opened anything, I just obeyed order of God.(1)

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1- «و إنّى و الله ! ما سددت شيئا و لا فتحته ولكنّى أمرت بشيء فاتبعه » (Musnad-e Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal, vol.4, p.369; Sira-e Halabi, vol.3, p.346; Jawziyya, Sebt Ibn-e, p.46 Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.39, p.23 says that when the Prophet (s) ordered closure of doors facing the mosque, Omar Ibn-e Khattab appeared and said: O' the Messenger (s)! I like to watch you saying prayer in the mosque; let me have a window open through which I can see you. Hazrat said: God has not allowed this to happen. He said: Let me have it as wide as my face? Hazrat said: God has not allowed this to occur. He said: Let me have it as large as my eyes? Hazrat said: God rejects it and if you say you can have as big as tip of a needle, you are not permitted to have it. I swear to the One who keeps my life! I have neither let you out nor let him in; rather, God has let him in and let you out.


You were so high in rank before God that He only permitted you and the Messenger (s) to open door of your house towards the mosque, but the other doors must be kept closed.

Conclusion of pledge of brotherhood with his Companions was one of the important measures the Messenger (s) took when arriving in Medina. He was given a mandate from God to make the Helpers and Migrants set a brotherhood treaty in order to keep hearts of Muslims closer to one another; hence, one day, he told his Companions in a general gathering: Make brotherhood promise two by two religiously. (1) He then turned to Muslims and said: You become brother of the so-and-so and in this way, he announced three hundred of them to become religious brothers of each other.

When business of brotherhood came to an end, you weepingly told the Messenger (s): O' Messenger (s)! You settled promise of brotherhood among your Companions but you did not do so between me and the other one?

While smiling, he turned to you and said:

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1- تأخوا في الله أخوين أخوين (Sira-e Halabi, vol.2, p.91) Ibn-e Asaker quotes Imam Ali ('a) in his Tarikh-e Damashq, vol. 1, p.108: الإمام على عليه السلام للنبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لما آخي بين أصحابه - لقد ذهب روحي و انقطع ظهري حين رأيتك فعلت بأصحابك ما فعلت غيري فإن كان هذا من سخط عليّ العتبي والكرامة ! فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: و الذي بعثني بالحق ما أخّرتك إلا لنفسي و أنت منّي بمنزلة هارون من موسى، غير أنه لا نبي بعدي و أنت أخي و وارثي.

O' Ali! I never delayed pledge of brotherhood with you unless I called you my brother; you only deserve being my brother in this world and the other world.(1)

He then opened his fragrant arms and embraced you as wide as Paradise, saying:

Two thousand years before creation of the Heavens and the earth, it was inscribed on the transom of Paradise that Mohammad is the Messenger of God and Ali is his brother.(2)

God knows when the Messenger (s) eagerly and enthusiastically hugged you, one of the most beautiful scenes of world of creation manifested itself. At that time, hearts of cordial Companions of the Messenger (s) were overfilled with joy and Angels in the Heavens flowered your name and name of the Messenger (s)-registered on the Heavens-with light and chanted Salawat (Peace may befall upon the Messenger (s) and his Progeny).

When the Messenger (s) hugged you, you smelled fragrance of his body that was more fragrant than the fountain drink of the Paradise (3) and he too

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1- Termezi, one of the well-known Sunni scholars, quotes Ibn-e Omar in his Sahih: آخی رسول الله صلى الله علیه و آله وسلم بين أصحابه، فجاء علي [ سلام الله عليه ] تدمع عيناه فقال: یا رسول الله! آخیت بین أصحابك و لم تؤاخ بيني و بين أحد، فقال له رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلّم: أنت أخي في الدنيا و الآخرة. (Sunan-e Termezi, hadith 3720, chapter of virtues of Ali (‘a)) The story of brotherhood of the Messenger (s) with Amir Mu'amenan Ali (‘a) has been cited in various Sunni sources: Hakem Neisabouri, Al-Mustadrak Alalsahihin, vol.3, p.14 Ibn-e Athir, Ossad Al-Ghaya, vol.5, p.300 Heythami, Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, p.112 Fath Al-Bari, vol.7, p.211 Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol. 12, p.263 Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 13, p.140 Hanafi Kunduzi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, pp. 94-95 Ansab-o-Al-Ashraf, p.145; and tens of other sources
2- Ibn-e Moghazeli, in his Manaqib, p.91, quotes the Prophet (s) as saying: مكتوب على باب الجنّة قبل أن يخلق الله السماوات والأرض بألفي عام محمد رسول الله و عليّ أخو رسول الله.
3- Tasnim is named as an effervescent fountain in Pradise from which those closest to God drink and other Paradise-prone people drink an intermixture of Tasnim: «إِنَّ الْأَبْرَارَ لَفِي نَعِيمِ * عَلَى الْأَرَائِكِ يَنْظُرُونَ * تَعْرِفُ فِي وُجُوهِهِمْ نَضْرَةَ النَّعِيمِ * يُسْقَوْنَ مِنْ رَحِيقٍ مَخْتُومٍ * خِتَامُهُ مِسْكٌ وَ فِي ذلِكَ فَلْيَتَنافَسِ الْمُتَنافِسُونَ * وَ مِزاجُهُ مِنْ تَسْنِيمِ * عَيْنا يَشْرَبُ بِهَا الْمُقَرَّبُونَ» Verily, the righteous will be in the blissful Paradise; leaning against the raised sofas, they watch and appreciate the beauty of the bounties of Allah; you will recognize in their face the brightness and the beam of happiness; they will be given the pure drink from a jar which is sealed, the seal of the drink is pure musk so they inhale the scent of it eagerly, and it is mixed with the water of Tassnim Fountain, a Fountain [in the lofty part of the Paradise] whereof drink those nearest to Allah. (Mutaffifin: 22-28)

smelled your perfumed body that was more fragrant than the nectar creek of the Paradise (1) ; this good fragrance of brotherhood between you and the Messenger (s) perfumed scent to bereaved mystics of your Pure and Infallible Progeny for ever in the world, hell, the other world and Paradise.


With this brotherhood promise, the Messenger (s) wanted to make everybody realize that you are not only the most endeared of his loved ones, but also you are his partner in all ranks except Prophethood as he uttered other words about you:

O' Ali! Are you not pleased if I say your position and rank in relation to me is the same as that of Harun's in relation to Moses; the only difference is that you are not Prophet.(2)

P: 152

1- Salsabil is named as a flagrant and flavorous stream in Paradise from which the Paradise-prone people drink: وَ جَزاهُمْ بِما صَبَرُوا جَنَّةً وَ حَرِيرًا * مُتَّكِثِينَ فِيها عَلَى الْأَرَائِكِ لا يَرَوْنَ فِيهَا شَمْسًا وَ لا زَمْهَرِيرا " وَ دَانِيَةً عَلَيْهِمْ ظِلالُها وَ ذُلَّلَتْ قُطُوفُها تَذْلِيلاً * وَ يُطافُ عَلَيْهِمْ بِآنِيَةٍ مِنْ فِضَّةٍ وَ أَكواب كانَتْ قَوارِيرًا * قَوارِيرًا مِنْ فِضَّةٍ قَدَّرُوها تَقْدِيرًا * وَ يُسْقَوْنَ فيها كأسا كانَ مِزَاجُها زَنْجَبِيلاً * عَيْنا فِيهَا تُسَمّى سَلْسَبِيلاً And because they were patient and steadfast in Allah's Way, He will reward them with Gardens of Paradise and garments of pure silk; they will lean against the raised sofas and they shall not suffer there from the intensive heat and cold, the weather is quite pleasant, trees of the Garden shall spread their shadow on them; and fruits are available to them, and they can pluck fruits from the low and near branches, the waiters serve drinks, out of silver cups and crystal jars, the silver cups are of various sizes and they are given a drink which tastes of ginger [it gives warmth to the body, and zest to the taste]; this drink is from a fountain which is named Salsabil. (Insaan: 12-18)
2- قال النبي صلى الله علیه وآله وسلم لعلی علیه السلام: أنت منى بمنزلة هارون من موسى إلا أنه لا نبي بعدي. This hadith by which the Prophet of Islam (s) proves all of his ranks except his Prophethood for Ali (‘a) is one of the most important evidence of proven direct caliphate and Imamate of our lord, Imam Ali (‘a). The above hadith can be successively discovered in Sunni sources; they are: Sahih-e Bukhari, vol.4, p.208 Sahih-e Moslem, vol. 7, p.120 Sunan-e Ibn-e Majah, vol.1, chapter of virtue of Ali ('a) Sunan-e Termezi, vol.5, chapter of virtues of Ali (‘a) Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak, vol. 2, p.337 ► Ibn-e Hanbal, Ahmad, Musnad, vol. 1, p. 170 Heythami, Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, chapter of rank of Ali ('a) Beyhaqi, Al-Sunan Al-Kobra, vol.9, chapter on ma Alalwali men 'Amr Al-Jaysh, p.40; and tens of other sources

Theosophy Seven

He also said about you:

You are from me and I am from you. (1)

And he said:

Whoever bothers Ali, he has bothered me. (2)

And he said:

Looking at your face is worship. (3)

P: 153

1- قال النبي صلى الله علیه و آله وسلم لعلی علیه السلام: أنت منى و أنا منك .. The above hadith can by itself prove direct leadership and caliphate of Imam Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) because in this hadith Ali ('a) has been shown in existence the same as the Prophet (s); therefore, the one who is like the Prophet (s) deserves caliphate and succession of the Messenger (s) after his demise is Ali ('a) just as the Messenger (s) repetitively spoke of Ali's succession particularly in Hojjat Al-Weda' at Ghadir-e-Khum and made ultimatum for people by announcing leadership and caliphate of Ali (‘a). The above hadith (انت منی و انا منک) is abundantly existent in various Sunni sources including: Hakem, Al-Mustadrak, vol.3, p. 120 Beyhaqi, Al-Sunan Al-Kobra, vol.8, chapter on virtues of Ali ('a), p.57 Nesa’ie, Al-Sunan Al-Kobra, vol.5, p.127; قول النبی صلی الله علیه و اله وسلم علی کنفسی and other various sources
2- قال الرسول صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: من آذى عليا فقد آذاني (Hashiya Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol. 1, p.96; Ibn-e Hanbal, Ahmad, Musnad, vol.3, p.483; Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, p.129)
3- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: النظر إلى على عبادة. (Ganji Shafe 'ie, Kefayat Al-Taleb, p.123; Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, p.32; Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 11, p.601 and.....)

He cautioned your opponents and enemies that whoever passes away under enmity and racour of Ali, he has died under Jewish or Christian religion rather than Islam.(1)

And the Messenger (s) called you the great trustworthy.(2)

He further said about you:

Ali is Imam of virtuous people; he is killer of enemies of God; whoever helps him, he shall be triumphant and his ill-wishers and adversaries are downgraded.(3)

He told you:

You are my legatee in my Progeny and my caliph among my ummah. (4)

P: 154

1- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلى عليه السلام يا علي ! لا يبالى من مات و هو يبغضك مات يهوديا أو نصرانيا. (Manaqib-e Al-e Abitaleb, vol. 3, p.10; Daylami, Al-Ferdows, vol.2, hadith 315, p.244; Al-Serat Al-Mostaqim, vol. 1, p. 153; Ibn-e Moghazeli, Manaqib, p.63)
2- أخذ النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم العهد عن الأمة بحفظ علي عليه السلام و قوله أنه الصديق الأكبر .. Sunan-e Ibn-e Majah, researched by Faw'ad, Mohammad Javad, vol.1, p.44 Hakem Neisabouri, Al-Mustadrak, vol.3, p.111 Heythami, Majma' Al-Zawa'id, chapter on Nicknames, p.120 Al-Riyadh Al-Nadarat, vol.2, p.155 Ibn-e Moghazeli, Manaqib, p.269 Siyuti, Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol.5, p.328 Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol. 1, pp. 154-155 and other various sources
3- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم على إمام البررة و قاتل الفجرة ؛ منصور من نصره و مخذول من خذله. Hakem Neisabouri, Al-Mustadrak Alalsahihin, vol. 3, p.126 Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.4, p.441 Ibn-e Asaker, Tarikh-e Damashq, vol.42, 226 Ibn-e Adi, Al-Kamel, vol. 1, p.192 Al-Heythami, Al-Sawa'iq Al-Moharreqah, p.193 and other various sources
4- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم في على عليه السلام أنت وصيّى في أهلي وخليفتي في أمتى . The theme of the above hadith is found many in various Sunni sources, saying that the Prophet (s) explicitly clarifies succession of Ali (‘a); including: Ibn-e Asaker, Tarikh-e Dameshq, researched by Ali Shiri, vol.42, p.42 Ibn-e Hajar, Lesan Al-Mizan, vol.3, p.283 Zahabi, Mizan Al-E'tedal, vol. 2, p.3 ▸ Ibn-e Mardawyah, virtues of Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb ('a), researched by 'Abdulrazzaq Mohammad, p.26 Nesa'ie, Al-Sunan Al-Kobra, vol.5, p. 112 ذكر قول النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم في على [ عليه السلام ] Ibn-e 'Adi, 'Abdullah, Al-Kamel, vol.4, p.229

About your endless God-given virtues, he said:

If trees turn out to be pens, seas become their ink and jinns and people take account of it, virtues of Ali Ibn Abitaleb cannot be collected.(1)

Also, he has made a pledge to your sworn enemies and deniers of your virtues and God-given position that they will be mustered on the Resurrection while they carry a ring of fire flames on their necks as God Dooms it! (2)

P: 155

1- Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.8, p.205 and other various sources قال الرسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: لو أنّ الرياض أقلام و البحر مداد و الجنّ حساب و الإنس كتاب ما أحصوا فضائل عليّ بن أبي طالب. Hakem, Al-Mustadrak, vol.3, p.107 ► Khwarazmi Hanafi, Manaqib, p.32 Kunduzi Hanafi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.1, hadith 713, p.364 Ibn-e Hajar, Lesan Al-Mizan, vol.5, p.62 ► Daylami, Al-Ferdows, p.241 Zahabi, Mizan Al-E 'tedal, vol. 3, p.466 and other sources
2- ابن مردويه عن ابن عباس عن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم أنه قال: يحشر الشّاك في على من قبره و في عنقه طوق من نار فيه ثلاث مأة شعلة، على كلّ شعلة شيطان يلطخ وجهه حتّى يوقف موقف الحساب. (Ibn-e Mardawyah, Abubakr Ahmad Ibn-e Musa, p. 717 مناقب على بن أبى طالب [ عليه السلام | و ما نزل من القرآن في على [عليه السلام ] Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, p.329)

P: 156

Theosophy Eight

I certify that you are constantly with the Truth and the Truth joins you.

The right always wins and the wrong fades away (1) in the Everlasting Words of God and your brother, the Messenger (s) announced you, in his precious words, accompany the truth and the truth constantly accompanies you:

Ali is with the Truth and the Truth with Ali; wherever Ali goes, He goes with Ali.(2)


Theosophy Account Eight

Hadith of Ali Ma’a' Al-Haqq, in Sunni sources and various other issues

P: 157

1- (81 : 'Isra) ( وَقُلْ جاءَ الْحَقُّ وَزَهَقَ الْباطِلُ إِنَّ الْبَاطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقا » .. لما ألقى علي [عليه السلام ] صنم هبل من على ظهر الكعبة إلى الأرض نزل قوله تعالى: « وَقُلْ جاءَ الْحَقُّ » يعنى قول لا إله الا الله محمد رسول الله « وَ زَهَقَ الْباطِلُ » یعنى ذهاب عبادة الأصنام. « إِنَّ الْباطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقا » يعني ذاهبا. (Shawāhid Al-Tanzil, Ḥākim Ḥaskāni Neishābūri Hanafi, vol. 1, p.453)
2- The above hadith is consecutively found in Sunni sources, example of which are the Nabavi hadiths cited here: قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم على مع الحق والحق مع على يدور معه حيثما دار. Majma' Al-Zawa'id, Ibn-e-e Ḥajar Heythami, vol.7, fi Yum Al-Jur'ah, p. 235 Al-M❜ayār va Al-Muvāzinah, Al-Eskāfi, p.35 Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid, vol.2, p.297 History of Baghdad, Yūsuf Ibn-e-e Ya'aqub, vol.14, p.322 Kanz Al-Ummāl, Mutaqqi Hindi, vol.5, p.30 Manaqib-e Ali (‘a), Abubakr Ibn-e-e Marduyih, chapter Thāmin, p.113 History of Damascus, vol.42, p.449 Yanābi'a Al-Mawadda, Sheikh Suleyman Hanafi Qundūzi, vol. 1, chapter 9, p.173 قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: رحم الله عليّا ! اللهم أدر الحق معه حيث دار. God may bless Ali! O' God! Keep truth with Ali where he stays. (Sunan Termezi, vol.2, chapter on virtues of Ali ('a), p.298; Ḥākim Neishābūri in Mustadrak Alal-ṣaḥihin, vol.3, p.124) Khatib Baghdadi says in history of Baghdad, vol. 14, p.321 cited himself from Abu Thabit Mawlaya Abuzar as: One day, I stopped by Umma Salama's house and saw her weeping; she remembers Ali (a) and says: I heard the Messenger (s) say: على مع الحق والحق مع على و لن يفترقا حتى يردا على الحوض يوم القيامة. ***** Abalhassan Nuruddin Al-Heythami says in Majma' Al-Zawa'id va Manba' Al-Fawa'id, vol.7, p.235 cited himself from Mohammad Ibn-e-e Ibrahim Tamimi as: When Mu'awiyya came to Medina for hajj pilgrimage, people went to greet him, Sa'ad Ibn-e-e Abi Waqqāṣ was one of them; seeing him, Mu'awiyya said: This is the man who did not help us to seize our right against wrong! (Sa'ad remained impartial in șiffin battle. Sa'ad kept silent and said nothing. Mu'awiyya said: Why don't you say anything? He said: A sedition and oppression spurred and I told my camel as ordered by God: “Ouch, Ouch" and kept it on place. A man said: I have read the Book of God from A to Z and nowhere did I see anything like "Ouch, Ouch". Sa'ad said: I said this hearing the Prophet على مع الحق والحق مع على حيث كان :(s) says The man said: Who has heard this hadith (to testify its accuracy)? Sa'ad said: The Messenger (s) said this in the house of Umma Salama. Mu'awiyya sent someone to Umma Salama's house to ask about this. Umma Salama said: In fact, this statement is made by the Messenger (s) in my house. The man told Sa'ad: You've never been revealed to be mean to me this hour! Sa'ad said: Why? The man said: If I had heard this from the Messenger (s), I would have been servant of Ali (‘a) until my death. Heythami mentions elsewhere in the book, vol.9, p.134 as narrated by Ṭabrāni quoting from Umma Salama as saying: كان علي [ عليه السلام ] على الحق ؛ من اتبعه اتبع الحق و من تركه ترك الحق. ******* Majma' Al-Zawā'id, vol.7, p.234 narrated by Abu Sa'id Khidri as well as Kanz Al- Ummal, vol. 12, p.125 quoting from Abu Sa'id read: كنا عند بيت النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم في نفر من المهاجرين والأنصار... ( إلى أن قال ) و مرّ عليّ بن أبي طالب [ عليه السلام ] فقال صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: الحق مع ذا الحق مع ذا. 'Alla'eddin Mutaqqi Hendi said in Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.12, p.1256 as narrated by Tabrāni in Al-Mu'ajam Al-Kabir that: The Messenger (s) said: تكون بين الناس فرقه و اختلاف فيكون هذا وأصحابه على الحق يعني علي. ******* In Sunni books, 'Ammar Ibn-e-e Yasir and Abu Ayyub Anṣāri have quoted a hadith in this regard from the Messenger (s) as follows: يا عمار! إن رأيت عليّا قد سلك واديا وسلك الناس واديا غيره فاسلك مع على ودع الناس، إنّه لن يدلك على ردى و لن يخرجك من الهدى. O' 'Ammar! If you saw Ali goes on a way and all people go on a different way, you choose Ali's way and leave the other people; be assured that he never directs you towards guidance. (Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 12, p. 1212; history of Baghdad, Khatib Baghdadi, vol.2, p.88; Riyadh Al-Nadrah, Tabari, vol.2, p.193; Kanūz Al-Ḥaqāyiq, Manāvi, p.43; Tarikh Madinat Dameshq, vol. 42, p.672)

P: 158

The strongly standing way is that of yours; the strong words are those of yours; your way is the very Straight Path (1) that we, Muslims, have a duty to demand God ten times in our daily prayer service.

People are of two kinds: they either follow the right or are after the wrong; whoever chose you, he would cover the right way and whoever turned away from you, he would willy-nilly step towards the wrong that is the hell.

Those claiming that they resorted to the holy Quran and abandoned your leadership shall know that they never enjoy Words of God; your brother, the Messenger (s) said of you and your link to the holy Quran:

Ali is with the Truth and the holy Quran and the Truth and the holy Quran is with Ali and they are inseparable as long as they meet me at the Pond of Abundance.(2)

You yourself said in your bright words:

I am the speaking Quran.(3)

People of the wrong hanged the holy Qurans on spears and stood against you; a group of people were deceived by them, collapsed inside the wrong, (4) while the spirit and reality of the holy Quran remained with them.

P: 159

1- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلى عليه السلام أنت النبأ العظيم و الصراط المستقيم و أنت المثل الأعلى. . . (Uyūn Akhbār Ridā (‘a) Sheikh Saduq, vol.2, p.6; Biḥār Al-Anwār, vol.37, p.111) قال سید الرسل صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: تنقسم أمتي إلى ثلاث وسبعين فرقة كلّهم في جهنم إلا علي وشيعته. (Manaqib, Khwārazmi Hanafi, p.331; Tafsir Al-Durr Al-Manthur, Siyūți, vol. 3, p.149; Fath Al-Bāri, Ibn-e-e Hajar, vol. 13, p.46 and....)
2- على مع الحق و القرآن و الحق و القرآن مع على و لن يفترقا حتى يردا على الحوض (Al-Ghadir, vol.3, p. 178; Rabi'a Al-Abrar, Zamashkhari, vol.2, p.173)
3- قال الإمام على [ عليه السلام ]: أنا القرآن الناطق. (Manaqib Ibn-e-e Maghazili, p.50; Yanābi'a Al-Mawaddah, Qunduzi Ḥanafi, vol.1, chapter 14, p.214)
4- Battle of Imam Ali (‘a) against Mu'awiyyamay Allah curse him in siffin was mentioned, where Mu'awiyya's army was defeated and destroyed by the army of Amir Al-Mu'amenin (‘a); Amru Aş, Mu'awiyya's advisor told him that they hang the Qur'ans over spears to betray Ali's army and tell them war and bloodshed is enough; let the Qur'an arbitrate between us. They hanged the Qur'ans over spears and a group of weak-faith companions of Imam were deceived. Imam told them not to be deceived however possible and they are exposed to destruction and want to save themselves by using such a trick and that he is the speaking Qur'an. But they paid no attention to what Imam said, so arbitration between them was raised and Mu'awiyya's army won through ploys of Amru Aş in the arbitration!

And now the nice, gilded and calligraphically written Qurans are being placed on spears through new ploys staged by those opposing your leadership; a group of people blindly escort them and they are negligent that the holy Quran is with you and it lies within your heart; and call of the Messenger (s) always fills the history that: O' people! Know that Ali is with the Truth and Quran and Quran and the Truth is with Ali forever.

But Alas! Many of ears look like gates and people again pursue the gilded Qurans hanged on spears despite the unending call of the Messenger (s) made at Ghadir-e-Khumm that:

Whomever I am his lord, Ali is too.(1)

And you yourself stated:

I am the very memory forgotten and the same path from which they are deviated; I am the very faith that is blasphemized and the very Quran that is forlorn; I am the religion that is being denied and the straight path from which they have turned away. (2)

You permanently called people on the Truth and trustworthiness and you behaved people tenderly like your brother, the Messenger (s); you constantly cautioned them to fear God and remember the hard Day of Judgment.

P: 160

1- «من كنت مولاه فهذا على مولاه» Sunni sources consecutively report about what the Prophet (s) said of Imamate and caliphate of Imam Ali (‘a) in Ghadir-e-Khumm. This will be discussed in the following sections.
2- أنا الذكر الذي عنه ،ضل، و السبيل الذي عنه مال و الايمان الذي به كفر و القرآن الذي إيَّاه هجر و الدين الذي به كذب و الصراط الذي عنه نكب. (Tafsir-e Nur Al-Thaqalayn, vol.4, p.12)

O' people! I recommend you to seek piety that controls and strengthens you, so cling to threads of piety (Book of God and Ahl-e Bayt (a)) and seek shelter in their facts so that you would be led towards destined tranquility, lofty positions, sturdy sanctuaries and honorific homes on the day when your eyes become stared; everywhere becomes darkened to man and herds of camels and properties are forgotten because when the Day comes and Israfil's Trumpet is blown, hearts stop thumping, tongues fail to speak, lofty mountains and rocks fall down and their hard parts become soft like mirage; mountains are levelled with the ground as if there remains no ups and no downs; at this time, there is no intercessor to intercede, there is no friend to provide benefits and there will remain no apology beneficial. (1)

You then compassionately warn people of identity of this world and the other world:

O'people! This world is a place of departure and the other world remains your eternal home; therefore, save source from this transient home to your eternal home; keep yourself obedient and avoid committing sins because He always watches you. Before you leave your physical bodies, try to leave your hearts; you have been tested in this world and been created for the world after. Someone who passes away, people say: what has he left behind? But Angels say: What has he saved for future? (2)

You continued to say:

I frighten you from the mundane life because it is a place for dislocation rather than for unending survival. This world has decorated itself with pride and it deceives man with pride and beauty.

This world is a home trivial compared to Paradise because lawful (halal) is mixed with unlawful (harām) and its wells are intermeshed with ills; death lies within its life and it is tasteful and distasteful together. God never chose it for friends but He never hesitated to give it to foes. It has little reward and it is plentifully vice-incarnated. It has no accessible provisions and its property is plundered and it is no more prosperous and

P: 161

1- Nahj Al-Balaghah, part of Sermon 195
2- Ibid., Sermon 203

is on the verge of being destroyed. What is worth having a house whose foundations are on the verge of collapse and life of which like birth and provision comes to an end? And what pleasure is there in life that is finalized like time of journey? (1)

You are oriented to Truth and Qur'an and your words of reproaching mundane life are nothing but Words of God who deprecates mundanism in His Holy Quran:

The similitude of the life of the world is only as water which We send down from the sky, so by its mingling with the soil arises the produce of the earth of which men and cattle eat; when the earth has taken on her ornaments and is flourished and the owners of the land think that they have power over it, then Our Command suddenly by night or by day comes, and We make it [the earth] as a harvested land as though it had not been flourished the day before. Thus We expound the Words of Revelation for a people who ponder. (Yunus:24) (2)

And he has stated:

Beautiful for mankind is love of the joys [that come] from women and sons and stored up heaps of gold and silver and horses branded [with special mark] and cattle and tilth; such are the provisions of the life of this world, but with Allah is the Excellent Abode. (Al-e Imran:14) (3)

And he further stated:

[O' people] Know that the life of this world is but play and amusement, decoration and showing off among yourselves, and greed for increasing the number of children and the amount of wealth; it can be compared to

P: 162

1- Ibid., part of Sermon 113
2- « إِنَّما مَثَلُ الْحَياةِ الدُّنْيا كَمَاءٍ أَنْزَلْنَاهُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ فَاخْتَلَطَ بِهِ نَبَاتُ الْأَرْضِ مِمَّا يَأْكُلُ النَّاسُ وَالْأَنْعَامُ حَتَّى إِذَا أَخَذَتِ الْأَرْضُ زُخْرُفَهَا وَ ازَّيَّنَتْ وَ ظَنَّ أَهْلُها أَنَّهُمْ قادِرُونَ عَلَيْها أَتاها أَمْرُنَا لَيْلاً أَوْ نَهَارًا فَجَعَلْنَاها حصيدا كَأَنْ لَمْ تَغْنَ بِالْأَمْسِ كَذَالِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الأياتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ» ( 24 Yunus )
3- زُيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ حُبُّ الشَّهَوَاتِ مِنَ النِّساءِ وَ الْبَنِينَ وَ الْقَناطِيرِ الْمُقَنْطَرَةِ مِنَ الذَّهَبِ وَ الْفِضَّةِ وَالْخَيْلِ الْمُسَوَّمَةِ وَالْأَنْعَامِ وَالْحَرْثِ ذالِكَ مَتاعُ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيا وَ اللهُ عِنْدَه حُسْنُ الْمَآبِ » (14) Al-e Imran

vegetation after receiving the blessing of rain; it springs up and pleases the farmer, then it withers and turns into yellow; then it becomes dry; then it becomes straw. So in the Hereafter, there is a Severe Torment for the disbelievers [whose all struggles were focused on the worldly life] and there is Forgiveness from Allah and His Pleasure for those who did well and were the righteous. So the life of this world is only a deceiving perishable property. (Al-Hadid:20) (1)

And you again cautioned people in a startling and nicely eloquent expression to take a lesson from the dead and those lain in the graves; how death has captured them and you walk on their graves:

.... You walk on their skulls, farm on their dead bodies, eat whatever they have left behind, reside in their ruined homes and the days existing between you and them weep over you. Before you, they were plunged into death and surpassed you to reach destiny.

This is while they were ranked high in sustained honor and pride. They were ruling monarchs and exalted serfs who ultimately reached the Purgatory. The ground seized them, eating away their flesh and drinking their blood; they remained hidden in the split of graves motionless and lifeless; they neither are worried about changes and nor are fearful of quakes and of loud if they existed and became dumb, they could hear and became deaf and they turned to become motionless. They rest as though they are fallen unconscious unto the soil and drowned into sleep.

There are neighbors who do not become familiar with one another and friends who fail to meet each other. They found dangers of the other world more horrifying than what they were fearful of and they observed its signs far greater than what they imagined.


If you think of them or if everything is unveiled, you view the dead in the way that their ears have been eaten off by insects, their eyes have been

P: 163

1- « اعْلَمُوا أَنَّمَا الْحَياةُ الدُّنْيا لَعِبٌ وَ لَهْوٌ وَ زِينَةٌ وَ تَفاخُرٌ بَيْنَكُمْ وَ تَكاثُرَ فِي الْأَمْوالِ وَ الْأَوْلادِ كَمَثَلِ غَيْثٍ أَعْجَبَ الْكُفَّارَ نَبَاتُهُ ثُمَّ يَهِيجُ فَتَراءٍ مُصْفَرًا ثُمَّ يَكُونُ حُطاما وَ فِي الآخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ شَدِيدٌ وَ مَغْفِرَةٌ مِنَ اللهِ وَ رِضْوانٌ وَ مَا الْحَيَاةُ الدُّنْيا إِلَّا مَتَاعُ الْغُرُورِ » (Al-Hadid: 20)

filled with soil rather than with eyeliner, their once eloquent tongues have been torn off and their hearts in chests have tended towards silence after awakening in such a way that the whole body showed decay and has made them look ugly. Everybody is exposed to submissiveness and they have neither hands to defend nor hearts to moan.


What endeared and good-looking bodies that lived with colorfully delicious foods and cherished by blessings were engulfed by the ground.. (1)

And you made your startling and admonitory statements when you returned from Siffin war with your companions and entered the graveyard behind Kufa gate and addressed the dead in loud voice:

O' residents of horrendous homes, evacuated places and dark graves! O' those who are lain underneath the soil;O' expatriates! O' the deserted people! O' frightened people! You left this world before we do and we come after you and we will reach you; as for your homes, there are the others who dwell in them; as for your wives. They married other men; as for your properties; they are distributed among people; this is our news, what news do you have?!

Then you turned to your companions and said:

Know that if the dead had been authorized to speak to you, they would have told you that the best source of life for the other world is piety. (2)

You always longed for guiding people and advised them to compassionately attain eternal salvation; you even advised your blind-

P: 164

1- Nahj Al-Balaghah, part of the startling sermon 221 Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid Mu'atazili says: Since the day I found the sermon, it has been fifty years that I have read it about a thousand times; each time I felt fear, shiver and new advice I received. (Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, vol. 11, p.153)
2- يَا أهلَ الدِّيارِ المُوحِشةِ وَ المَحال المُقفِرةِ، وَ القُبُور المُظلِمَةِ، يَا أهل التربةِ، يَا أَهلَ الغُربَةِ، يَا أهلَ الوَحدَةِ، يَا أَهْلَ الوَحشَةِ؛ أنتُم لَنَا فَرَطْ سَابِقٌ وَ نَحْنُ لَكُم تَبَعٌ لاحُقِّ؛ أمَّا الدُّور فَقَد سُكِنَت وَ أَمَّا الأَزْواجُ فَقَد نُكِحَت وَ أَمَّا الأَموالُ فَقَد قُسِمَت. هَذَا خَبَرُ مَا عِندَنَا، فَما خَبَرُ مَا عِندَكُم ؟ ثُم التفت إلى أصحابه فقال: أمَّا لَو أُذِنَ لَهُم فِي الكَلامِ لَأَحْبَرُوكُم أَنَّ « خَيْرَ الزادِ التَّقْوَى » (Nahj Al-Balaghah, theosophy 130)

hearted and sworn enemies to make ultimatum to them. You gave advice to Hend Al-Masour, the liver eater, in one of your letters written:

After remembering God and greetings, verily, God the Praiseworthy set this world for the Hereafter and tested people in this world to make it clear whoever is more benefactor. We are not created for this world and we are not ordered to make efforts for this world; we are born to be tested and verily God tested me by you and you by me and made one as a proof for the other one. You turned to the world through wrong exegesis of the Holy Quran and you ask me something that is not tainted by my hand and tongue (murder of Uthman); you and people of Sham made that falsehood and indicted me of that so that your discerning people incite the undiscerning ones against me and your resistant people provoke the grounded ones against me.


Fear God, defy the Satan that harnesses you and return to the other world that is your and my way; fear God who uproots you with crushing disaster and de-generates you. (1)

And how nicely you exhorted people with your precious words to achieve their destiny of eternal Paradise:

The Day remains ahead of you and death rests behind you, it drives you; try to be disencumbered to reach Paradise. Verily, those who reached are awaiting you to join them. (2)

God says in His Book:

P: 165

1- ., letter 55
2- وَ إِنَّ الْغَايَةَ أَمَامَكُمْ ، وَ إِنَّ وَرَاءَكُمُ السَّاعَةَ تَحْدُوكُمْ، تَخَفَّفُوا تَلْحَقُوا، فَإِنَّمَا يُنْتَظَرُ بِأَوْلِكُمْ آخِرُكُمْ .. (Nahj Al-Balaghah, Sermon 21) The late Seyyed Radi, who compiled the statements of Imam Ali (‘a), says about the magnitude of what Imam said: After what God and His Messenger (s) have said, if this statement is compared to any other speeches, it surpasses them and no sentence of "become light-hearted until you reach" is heard to be shorter and more meaningful! What a long and deep word! What a further meaningful and theosophical it is to quench thirst with water of theosophy. (Discourse of the late Seyyed Radi about exposition of sermon 21 of Nahj Al-Balaghah)

Did you think that We created you in vain and you would not be returned to Us? (1)

And He says:

We did not create the heaven and the earth and what is between them in vain; this is the thought of the disbelievers who do not see any purpose behind Allah's Creation, so woe to the disbelievers, because of the Blazing Fire of the Hell!(Saad:27) (2)

And He says:

We created Jinns and men and ordained for them to worship me [to prove the victory of the Truth over the Falsehood i.e. the victory of Allah over Satan, through the pious and the righteous worshippers] (Zariyat: 56). (3)

Oh, yes!

God the Almighty introduced goal-based system of creation and He expresses growth and perfection of men in being worshippers; you constantly pinpointed these two cases to people:

O' worshippers of God! Fear God and welcome life's final term by doing good things. God, the Praiseworthy did not create you in vain and did not leave you by yourselves, you are at close distance of reaching death between you and the heaven or the hell. (4)

Oh, yes!

Your way is the path of the Truth and straight one and your illuminating words lighten the hearts of the true faithful. You split apart darkness and remove doubts and suspicions because you always stand by the truth and truth is always yours; whoever stood with you, he was guided and gained the Eternal Paradise of God and your brother, the Messenger (s) said:

In case you find Ali as your leader and Imam, you will see he is a guide

P: 166

1- (115 :Mu'amenun) « أَفَحَسِبْتُمْ أَنَّما خَلَقْناكُمْ عَبَنَا وَ أَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْنَا لَا تُرْجَعُونَ » .
2- (27 :sad) «وَما خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاءَ وَالْأَرْضَ وَما بَيْنَهُما باطِلاً ذلكَ ظَنُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فَوَيْلٌ لِلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنَ النَّارِ» ..
3- (56 :Zariyat) « وَ ما خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَ الأعِنْسَ إِلا لِيَعْبُدُونِ »..
4- Nahj Al-Balaghah, part of sermon 64

and leads you to the Straight Path. (1)

P: 167

1- Alla'eddin Mutaqqi Hendi, a Sunni scholar, says in Kanz Al-Ummal which is previous source of Sunni ulemas quotes the Messenger of God (s) as saying: إن تولوا عليا تجدوه هاديا مهديا يسلك بكم الطريق المستقيم (Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith 32966)

P: 168

Theosophy Nine

I certify that your unparalleled valor and sword blade granted honor to Islam in Badr Battlte.

Badr war was the earliest major conflict erupted between Muslims and non-Muslims; in this conflict that occurred in the 2nd year of Hegira, thanks to your unparalleled courage, resistance of the Messengers Companions as well as the Invisible Reliefs of Angels, infidel troops suffered a hard defeat leaving behind seventy killed and seventy seized while they were fleeing although troops of Islam numbered one third of those of non-Muslims.

God endeared and exalted Muslims because of this victory and degraded the Quraysh infidels.

You always being the most courageous and devoted Companion among the Companions of the Messenger (s) and never fearing death and desiring to sacrifice your life for God created such scenes of courage in that bloody battle that one fails to write about it.

From the very onset of the battle, your marvelous audacity destroyed leaders of non-Muslims; your sword blade shattered skulls of non- Muslims-in which devils nested-so badly that they shouted and moaned out of pain and some yelled at each other saying:

This is Fatima, daughter of Assad who cut off your heads while he walks in health and safety and he is not killed.(1)

In that battle and thanks to your miraculous power, about half of those

Theosophy Account Nine

Greetings of crowds of Angels upon Amir Al-Mu'amenin (a) before Battle of Badr

P: 169

1- Sheikh Mufid says in his book of Irshad, vol. 1, p.77: "Usaid Ibn-e-e Abi Ayyās" incited disbelievers to kill Ali (‘a) by means of his poetry, one of which is herein: ذبحا ويمشى سالما لم يذبح *** هذا ابن فاطمه الذى افناكم

killed were sent to the hell by your sword.(1) At that time, the Quraysh infidels ran away in spite of those forces and means and accepted a humiliating defeat.

You were so endeared by God in that event that God sent down His Angels to relieve hearts of the faithful and you were the first one to be saluted by them as God had commanded.

You yourself said:

In Badr war, I was busy taking water out of well when a strong wind blew three times, like of which I had not seen before. The first one was Gabriel joined by one thousand Angels who came down to see the Messenger (s); the second one was Mikael along with one thousand Angels came at the right flank; the third one was Seraph along with one thousand Angels came at the left flank. You said that three-time strong blow of the wind meant salutation of the three groups of Angels extended to me.(2)

You yourself nicely articulated some part of this event; it reads herein to gladden your zealots:

The night before Badr war erupted, I dreamed Hazrat Khidr; I asked him to teach me a pray that can be a device for gaining victory over enemies and pagans. He said: یا من لا هو الا هو At dawn, I went to see the Messenger (s) and told him about my last night dream. The Messenger (s) said: Ali! He taught you the great name. I constantly uttered the pray on Badr day.(3)

P: 170

1- Sheikh Mufid has written in Irshad, p.13: The Shiites and Sunnis unanimously agree that thirty six heroes and chiefs of atheism have been killed by Ali (‘a) himself. Ibn-e-e Shahrāshub says in Manaqib, vol. 2, p. 82: It is said that forty or more people have been killed by Ali ('a); of course, this number of people stands different from those killed by Ali ('a).
2- Dala'el Al-Nubuvva, Beyhaqi, vol.3, p.55 and Biḥār Al-Anwār, vol.17, p.306 Manaqib Maghazili Shafe'ie reads that: قال [ عليه السلام :: فأنشدكم بالله ! هل فيكم أحدٌ سلّم عليه في ساعةٍ واحدةٍ ثلاثة آلافٍ من الملائكة فيهم جبرئيل وميكائيل و إسرافيل، حيث جئت بالماء إلى رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه و آله وسلّم ) من القليب، غيري؟ قال اللهم لا!
3- عن أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام قال: رأيت الخضر في المنام قبل بدر بليلة فقلت له: علمني شيئا أنصر به على الأعداء. فقال: قل يا هو يا من لا هو إلا هو، فلما أصبحت قصصتها على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم فقال لي: يا علي ! علمت الاسم

We managed Badr war while only few people of us has horses. That night, all Companions and Muslims were asleep except the Messenger (s) who had stood uprightly under a tree and said prayers until dawn.(1)

On Badr day, we fought a bit with the enemy; later, I came up to the Messenger (s) to see what he is up to. I saw him on prostration, saying O' God! Thou art Guardian of all beings. (2)

In Badr war, I was amazed at fearlessness and daring of the Quraysh and this was while I had killed Walid Ibn Utbah; my uncle, Hamzah had murdered Utbah and I took part in killing Shaybah (another son of Utbah). When Hanzalat Ibn Abi Sufiyan attacked me, I abruptly struck him on his head; his eyes had come out of socket; he fell down and instantly died.(3)

On Badr day when it was daylight, we and enemy troops began to step up battling and we were in close confrontation; I left the battlefield to chase and seize a man of enemy troops; at this time, I saw Sad Ibn Kheythama who was fighting with a group of polytheists. They were fighting with each other while they had been on top of a hill of sands and pebbles; Sad fell down soon as he was hit by sword of enemy and became martyred.

When the polytheist conqueror having been armed up to his ears with all kinds of armor and iron and while being on horse saw me, he knew me,

P: 171

1- الأعظم وكان على لسان يوم بدر. (Biḥār Al-Anwar, vol.3, p.222) لقد حضرنا بدرا و ما فينا فارس غير المقداد بن أسود و لقد رأيتنا ليلة بدر و ما فينا إلا من نام غير رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم فأنّه كان منتصبا في أصل شجرة يصلّي فيها و يدعو حتّى صباح. (Irshad, Sheikh Mufid, vol. 1, p.73)
2- لما كان يوم بدر قاتلت شيئا من قتال ثم جئت إلى رسول صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم انظر ما صنع ؟ فإذا هو ساجد يقول: يا حي يا قيوم .... (Al-Umdat, Ibn-e-e Bitrīq, p.300; Irshad, Sheikh Mufid, vol.1, p.73)
3- لقد تعجبت يوم بدر من جراه القوم و قد قتلت « الوليد بن عتبة » و قتل عمّي حمزة « عتبة » و شركته في قتل « شيبة » إذ اقبل إلى « حنظلة بن أبيسفيان » فلما دنا منّي ضربته ضربة بالسيف فسالت عيناه و لزم الأرض قتيلاً (Irshad, Sheikh Mufid, vol.1, p.75; Biḥār Al-Anwār, vol.19, p.280)

rode off his horse and called me by my name, saying O' Son of Abutalib! Come ahead to raise a battle together. I neared him and so did he. Because I was shorter than him and he was standing on top of hill, I dragged backward to make a relative equality; the wretched man found this act of mine as a way of fearing and runaway and said: O' son of Abutalib! Are you running away? I said I go back and I come back soon. When I could solidify my footsteps and make myself poised for battle, he tried to strike me, but I repelled it; his sword came in touch with my shield and while he was trying to make it free, I hit him on his shoulder and this made him heavily shiver and his armor broke apart. I guessed he is killed as a result of being wounded by that strike; I suddenly noticed shining light of sword from my behind. I quickly dodged my head down and the sword landed onto head of the infidel whose skull and his helmet jumped into the air; somebody said: Take it from me, son of Abdulmutallib! I found him my uncle, Hamzah and the murdered man is Tuaymat Ibn ‘Adi.(1)

O' yes, Amir Muamenan!

You created marvels in that battle and the Messenger (s) and Heavenly Angels stood proud of you. You hoisted banner of honor and monotheism over the dead bodies of atheists. By murdering Muawiyya's kin as earlier said, you broke backbones of the vicious family leaders.

Later, you wrote a letter to Muawiyya by referring to the incidence. O' Muawiyya! The sword that landed onto your forefather (Utbah), your uncle (Walid) and your brother (Hanzalah) in Badr war is kept by me now! (2)

P: 172

1- إنِّي يومئذ بعد ما متع النهار و نحن والمشركون قد اختلطت صفوفنا و صفوفهم، خرجت في أثر رجل منهم فإذا رجل من المشركين على كثيب رمل و سعد بن خيثمه و هما يقتتلان حتى قتل المشرك سعدا والمشرك في الحديد و كان فارسا فاقتحم عن فرسه فعرفنى و هو معلّم فناداني هلم يابن أبي طالب إلى البراز ! فعطفت عليه فانحط إلى مقبلاً و كنت رجلاً قصيرا فانحططت راجعا لكي ينزل إلى كرهت أن يعلونى ؛ فقال: يا بن أبي طالب ! فررت ؟ فقلت: « قريب مفر ابن الشترا » ؛ فلما استقرت قدمای و ثبت أقبل فلما دنا منّي ضربني فاتقيت بالدرقة، فوقع سيفه فلحج فضربته على عاتقه و هو دارع فارتعش و لقد قط سيفي درعه فظننت أن سيفي سيقتله، فإذا بريق السيف من ورائى فطاطات رأسي و وقع السيف فاطن قحف رأسه بالبيضه و هو يقول: خذها و أنا ابن عبد المطلب. فلتفت فإذا هو « حمزة » عمّى والمقتول « طعيمة بن عدى ». (Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.19, p.338)
2- (64 Nahj Al-Balaghah, letter) وَ عِنْدِي السَّيْفُ الَّذِي أغْضَضْتُهُ بِجَدِّكَ وَخَالِكَ وَ أخِيكَ فِي مَقَامِ وَاحِد .

The Prophet (s), in that battle, had handed the banner to you and this was while banner of atheist troops was held by the same father and son. (1)

You raised jihad with enemies and killed them on the Path of God. When the hypocrite dissidents ruled by ignorant thoughts found that their relatives had been killed by you, they spurred grudge against you; after demise of the Messenger (s), when they learned that there are favorable circumstances for revenge, they stopped you from going on your inalienable right and martyred your children in return for revenge of those who had been killed in Badr.

But the Prophet (s) earlier had stated about you: Ali remains as Imam of the good people and killer of enemies of God; those who give him help are triumphant and those ill-wishers are degraded. (2)

P: 173

1- Imam Ali (‘a) was standard-bearer of the army of Islam in three battles of Badr, Ohud and Aḥzāb. Mu'awiyya and his father, Abu Sufiyan were standard-bearers of the army of disbelievers. (Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid Mu'atazili, vol.6, p.285 and after)
2- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم على إمام البررة وقاتل الفجرة منصور من نصره و مخذول من خذله. ... Al-Kāmil, Ibn-e-e 'Adi, vol. 1, p.192 Al-ṣawā'iq Al-Muḥriqah, Heythami, p.193 History of Damascus, Ibn-e-e 'Asākir, vol.42, p.226 Al-Mustadrak Alal-ṣaḥihin, vol.3, p.126 And.................

P: 174

Theosophy Ten

I certify that the most auspicious and blessed bond in the universe was your marriage concluded between you and the honorable daughter of the Messenger (s).

In the eyes of the Messenger of God (s), the dearest people were two ones. One is his dear and respectful daughter, Fatima Zahra (a) about whom he said:

Fatima is an integral part of my body; whoever gladdens her, he shall gladden me and whoever saddens her, he shall sadden me; Fatima is the dearest of all to me (1)

And he also said:

Verily, Fatima is an indispensable part of my existence; she is apple of my eye and fruit of my heart; what saddens her saddens me too; what gladdens her gladdens me too. (2)

And O' Ali! He frequently said about you:

Ali is from me and I am from Ali. (3)


Theosophy Account Ten

Hadiths about the dignity and rank of Amir Al-Mu'amenin (‘a), Fatima (‘a) and Mahdi (a) cited from the Sunni sources

P: 175

1- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: فاطمة بضعة منّي من سرّها فقد سرني ومن سائها فقد سائني، فاطمة أعزّ الناس عليّ ! (Biḥār Al-Anwar, vol. 43, p.22)
2- إنّ فاطمة بضعة منّي و هي نور عيني و ثمرة فؤادي يسوؤني ما ساءها و يسرنى ما سرها و إنّها أوّل ما يلحقني من أهل بيتي (Amāli, Sheikh Saduq, p.487) The above two hadiths are available in Sunni sources.
3- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: « علي منّي و أنا منه » و « أنت منّي و أنا منك » The above two hadiths are abundantly accessible in well-known Sunni sources; for example: sahth Bukhari, chapter on the virtues of Ali(‘a) Musnad, Ahmad Ibn-e-e Ḥanbal, chapter on the virtues of Ali (‘a) Manāqib Al-Muhājirin, vo.5, p.85 Mustadrak, Ḥākim Neishābūri, vol.3, p.120 Fath Al-Bāri, vol.7, p.57 Al-Sunan Al-Kubra, Nisa'ie, vol.5, p.127 Sunan Al-Termezi, chapter on the virtues of Ali ('a)

And he furthered:

Whoever bothers Ali, he shall bothers me.(1)

There appeared various men to propose marriage to sweetheart daughter of the Messenger (s), but all of them were rejected because none of them was qualified and in the same rank with her-who was Infallible and Divine Gift to the Messenger (s).

On behalf of God, the Prophet (s) was given a mission to tell the suitors that marriage of Fatima (a) must be concluded by the order of God; the Companions of God also realized that marriage of Fatima (a) is not an easy case and anyone even having a good material and spiritual situation cannot marry her unless one man who is beloved before the Messenger (s).

And you, O' lord!

You took a chance to grant an audience to the Messenger (s); you were filled with bashfulness, you held your head down as though you wish to say something but you were ashamed of putting it forth!

The honorable Prophet (s) made you talk and you conveyed your intent in brief sentences. He deeply stared at you and agreed to your request with a smile, saying: You keep waiting until I raise the issue to my daughter. When the Messenger (s) told his daughter about your proposal for marriage, Zahra (a) kept silent. The Prophet (s) stood up and said:

God is great! Silence of my daughter means her pleasure. (2)

O' yes!

Seddiqa Kobra (a) agreed to marry you because nobody but you deserved marrying the Lady of the Two Worlds. Zahra (a) deserved you and so did

P: 176

1- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: من آذى عليا فقد آذاني (Musnad-e Ahmad, vol.3, p.483; Mustadrak, Ḥākim Neishābūri, vol.3, p.122; Majma' Al- Zawa'id, Heythami, vol.9, p.129 and.....)
2- (93.Bihar Al-Anwār, vol.43, p) الله اكبر ! سكوتها ! إقرارها 2.

you. This was something the Heavenly Angels knew well too as your name and hers had been engraved with light on the Divine Throne as two Immaculate Couples.

O' yes!

The Prophet (s) married his part of existence to you as God had ordered him to do so:

Marry the light to light.(1)

And you and Fatima (a) concluded your marriage at the presence of the Heavenly Angels.

At that time, you had not much of the worldly things except sword and armor; you were missioned from God to sell your armor and procure wedding things and costs. With full sincerity, you sold your armor and brought the money for the Prophet (s); the Prophet (s) gave some of the money to Bilal and Ammar without counting it so that they could supply his daughter with some amounts of perfume and life necessaries. They began to buy small amounts of things which were in fact dowry of his daughter and brought them to the Messenger (s). (2)

You and Fatima (a) started your joint life with those small things. In the night of your marriage, the Prophet (s) escorted his daughter up to your house and when he wanted to leave and leave you alone, he put his daughters hand in yours and prayed:

O' God! This is my daughter and the most beloved of all people to me; O’ God!Ali too is the most respectful Muslim to me; O' God! Keep their bonds strong and firm! (3)

When the Messenger(s) left your house and you both were together, you found your dear and honorable wife anxious and worried, telling her,O'

P: 177

1- According to Biḥār Al-Anwār, vol.36, p.361, God told the Prophet (s): زوّج النور من النور.
2- Biḥār Al-Anwar, vol.43, p.94; Kashf Al-Ghumma, vol.1, p.359
3- اللهم ! هذه ابنتي وأحبّ الخلق إلي اللهم! وهذا أخي وأحبّ الخلق إليّ اللهم اجعله لك وليا ... . (Biḥār Al-Anwar, vol.43, p.96)

daughter of the Prophet (s)! "What is your anxiety for?!”

Zahra (a), the Light of God and Intercessor of the Day, said to you that:

O' Ali!

I thought of my mood and condition and I remembered end of my life and my burial place; I recalled entry into grave when I moved from my father's house to mine!

O' Ali!

For God's sake, to begin our joint life, come join me to stand up for prayer and worship God from dusk to dawn.(1)

And you with your honorable wife began to pray until dawn and your house became the descent place of groups of Angels and blessing of light of you and Fatima (a).

O' yes!

Your house was overfilled with illumination until dawn and Angels sprayed scent of God in the sky with their wings by coming down to your house.

The universe had never seen and will never see such a blessed marriage. You and Zahra (a) were two vast divine seas which were linked by God through the Messenger (s).(2) The marriage generated an endeared and

P: 178

1- When Ḥadrat Ali (‘a) found his wife worried on marriage night, he asked her about the reason; Hadrat Zahra (a) answered: تفكرت في حالي و أمري عند ذهاب عمري و نزولي في قبري، فشبهت دخولي في فراشي بمنزلي كدخولي إلى لحدي و قبري فأنشدك الله أن قمت إلى الصلاة فنعبد الله تعالى هذه الليلة. I thought about my mood and condition and I remembered the end of life and my house of grave; coming from my father's house to my own house reminded me of entering into the grave! (O' Ali) For God's sake! Let us stand up for prayers at the onset of our married life and pray God from night until dawn. (Sharh-e Iḥqaq Al-Haqq, vol.6, p.481)
2- عن أنس بن مالك في قوله تعالى: « مَرَجَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ يَلْتَقِيَانِ » قال: على وفاطمة ( عليهما السلام | « يَخْرُجُ مِنْهُمَا اللُّؤْلُؤً [ وَالْمَرْجَانُ ( قال : الحسن و الحسين [ عليهما السلام ]. (Al-Fuṣūṣ Al-Muhemma, Ibn-e-e ṣabbāq Māliki, vol.1, p.150; Tafsir Al-Durr Al- Manthur, vol.6, p.142) و قال الثعلبي في قول الله عزّ و جلّ:«مَرَجَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ يَلْتَقِيَانِ بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخٌ لا يَبْغِيَانِ» قال: فاطمة وعلي [ عليهما السلام ]«يَخْرُجُ مِنْهُمَا اللُّؤْلُؤُ وَالْمَرْجَانُ » قال: الحسن و الحسين ( عليهما السلام )و روى هذا القول أيضا عن سعيد بن جبير و قال « بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخٌ محمّد »(صلى الله عليه وآله و سلّم) (296.Al-Kashf va Al-Tebyan, p) الحسكانى الحنفى نزلت الآية في النبي ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ]) وعليّ [عليه السلام]زوّج ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله] وسلّم ) فاطمة عليا وهو ابن عمّه وزوج ابنته كان نسبا وكان صهرا 38.Al-Shawahid Al-Tanzil, vol.1, p) قال الجمهور: قال ابن عباس : مَرَجَ الْبَحْرَيْنِ يَلْتَقِيَانِ » على وفاطمة [ عليهما السلام ] « بَيْنَهُمَا بَرْزَخٌ لا يَبْغِيَانِ » النبي صلى الله عليه [ وآله ] وسلّم، « يَخْرُجُ مِنْهُمَا اللُّؤْلُؤُ وَالْمَرْجَانُ » الحسن والحسين ( عليهما السلام ) و لم يحصل لغيره هذه الفضيلة. (Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol.6, p.142; Rūḥ Al-Ma'āni, vol.27, p.93; Manaqib Ibn-e-e Maghāzili, p.339; Nūr Al-Abṣār, p.101; Yanābi'a Al-Mawaddah, p.118 and....)

auspicious man like Seyyed Al-Shuhada (a) whose sacred blood resuscitation of religion is indebted to.

And your dear descendant, the Promised Mahdimay Allah hasten his emergence is one of the blessings of such divine marriage; he will emerge and spread across the universe justice by call of truth and your Zulfiqar sword; he is the one whose blessed emergence had been heralded by the Messenger (s).(1)

P: 179

1- Several hadiths about Mahdavism cited from Sunni sources: رسول الله صلى الله عليه [ وآله وسلّم: أبشري يا فاطمة ؟ فإنّ المهدي منك. (Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 14, hadith 3428) رسول الله صلى الله عليه [ وآله وسلّم: أبشروا بالمهديّ، رجل من قريش من عترتي يخرج في اختلاف من الناس و زلزال؛ فيملأ الأرض قسطا وعدلاً كما ملئت ظلما وجورا (138652 Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.14, hadith) الإمام علي [ عليه السلام : المهديّ رجل منّا من ولد فاطمة (39675 Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.14, hadith) رسول الله صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم المهديّ رجل من ولدي وجهه كالكوكب الدري. (Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 14, hadith 38666) رسول الله صلى الله عليه [ وآله وسلّم: لو لم يبق من الدهر إلا يوم لبعث الله رجلاً من أهل بيتي يملؤها عدلاً كما ملئت (Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 14, hadith 38675). رسول الله صلى الله عليه [ وآله ] وسلّم: لا تذهب الدنيا و لا تنقضى حتّى يملك رجل من أهل بيتي يواطىء اسمه اسمي. (Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 14, hadith 38655) Alla'eddin Mutaqqi Hendi quotes tens of hadiths about the emergence of Imam Mahdi (a) from the Messenger (s) in Kanz Al-Ummal thanks to the previous Sunni books, particularly siha Sitta.

P: 180

Theosophy Eleven

I certify that following your self-sacrifice for protecting life of the Messenger (s) in Ohud war Gabriel heralded: There exists no chivalrous man but Ali and no sword but Zulfiqar!

In Badr war where the Quraysh infidels were faced with heavy and humiliating defeat mainly through your bravery decided to take revenge to compensate for it and to rehabilitate their lost prestige; henceforth, all atheist leaders of the Quraysh agreed to expend the merchandise Abu Sufiyan had transferred safely to Mecca in Badr war for avenging the Messenger (s) and Muslims. (1)

Army of polytheism made up of three thousand warring men with various horses and plenty of military equipment commandeered by Abu Sufiyan departed to Medina.

The Quraysh corps reached hillside of Uhud mount on 5th of Shawwal, 3rd of Hegira.

The Prophet (s) arrived in Uhud region while being accompanied by less than one thousand warriors. The Prophet (s) tied three banners; he handed banner of Muhajiran and gave banners of Aws and Khazraj tribes to two people from their own tribes. (2)

Your brother, the Messenger (s) handed Lawa, the greatest banner, to Musab Ibn Umayr and after he was martyred, he gave it to you; in that battle, both banners of Līwā' and Right were in your strong hands. (3)

Of course, in all battles, you were standard-bearer of army of Islam. (4)


Theosophy Account Eleven

Courage of Imam Ali (‘a) in Uhud battle, runaway of Abubakr, Omar and Uthman from the battle cited from Sunni sources

P: 181

1- Al-Maghāzi, Mohammad Ibn-e-e Omar Waqidi, vol.1, p.204
2- Al-Maghāzi, vol. 1, p.215; Al-Riyadh Al-Nadrah, Muḥebuddin Țabari, vol.3, p.137
3- Irshad, Sheikh Mufid, p.43
4- Al-Riyadh Nadrah, vol.3, p.137 Also, Muḥebuddin Tabari says in Zakha'er Al-Uqbā: In Uhud battle, Ali (‘a) was injured in his hand and banner dropped off his hand. The Prophet (s) said: Let him hold the banner with his left hand because he is my standard-bearer in this world and the other world.

The polytheists deployed their forces and handed the flag to Talḥat Ibn Abi Talha and sent him to the frontline of corps. (1)

The Messenger (s) also set array to his army and stationed fifty archers led by Abdullah Ibn Jubayr atop of Uhud Mount, greatly emphasizing that: Repel back enemy horsemen by shooting arrows so that they might not attack from backside; whether we win or lose, you stand firm wherever you are stationed.(2)

But I wish that group had listened to what the Prophet (s) told them to do and would not have left their very important post on the move for booties, thus leading decisive triumph of Muslims to loss of battle.

At the outset of battle, Talhat Ibn Abi Talha-standard-bearer of the atheist army yelled: "Who intends to fight with me?"

With a lion-like roaring, you replied to him: Son of Abitalib is ready to fight with you. After that, you entered into the battle field by uttering Takbir, God is Great, and you confronted him; before he could attack you, you preempted and split in half his head up to his beard striking him strongly, so he fell on the ground. (3)

When the standard-bearer of the atheist army was killed by you, the army was filled with dismay. After Talha was killed, his brother took the flag and joined the battle and he was also sent to the hell by your uncle, Hamza.

Standard-bearers of the atheist army one after another were murdered you as you continued to chivalrously fight with them. Later on, you contentiously told the man who had claimed your right:

Is there anyone among you but me who had killed nine of Bani Abd Al-Dar in Uhud war, each one handing flag to the other until their slave man, Sawab Jawshami came to the battlefield? He used to say: I swear to God I kill no one else but Mohammad in return for my masters. He had bulged cheeks and reddened eyes; you were afraid of him and you moved away;

P: 182

1- Siray-e Ibn-e-e Hisham, vol.3, p.70
2- Ibid.
3- Al-Maghāzi, Mohammad Ibn-e-e Omar Waqidi, vol. 1, p.225

as he neared me, he looked like a steady dome. We exchanged two strikes and I chopped him in half.'

When standard-bearers of the infidel army one after another were killed by you, they found their army defeated and ran away by leaving behind a large number of arms. (1)

Muslims once found themselves victors of the battle, they began to collect booties in relief with no concern to return of the enemy; you were beside the Messenger (s) lest the enemy might dauntlessly counterattack you with a new plot and jeopardize life of the Prophet (s).

Khalid Ibn Walid, one of the enemy commanders, attempted a lot to storm Muslims from the backside, but those fifty people began to shoot arrows to stop him and his forces passing through. When archers-excluding a few of ten people- all guessing they have won the battle came down the mount to take the lead of others on collecting booties of war, Khalid Ibn Walid accompanied by a great number of troops raided Muslims and martyred those ten people and marched into heart of army of Islam in search for booties.

At this time, Muslims were attacked by the enemies from the front and back sides and army of Islam broke apart. Umrah, daughter of Alqamah took advantage of such situation and retook the fallen flag of the Quraysh, calling back fugitives of war to resist and stand. The runaway forces came back to the battlefield when seeing the hoisted flag and re-organized their troops and besieged Muslims.(2)

In the meantime, a man called Abdullah Ibn Qamiah Leythi who wanted to kill the Prophet (s) killed Musab Ibn Umayr, resembling Mohammad (s) when he wore armor and shouted: I killed Mohammad!

Rumor spread on murder of the Messenger (s) entirely disordered Muslim forces, sapped morale of them and they escaped scene of battle.(3)

A group of them fled to reach Medina and entered the town; women poured dust on them, telling them: You escaped and abandoned the Prophet (s)!

P: 183

1- Khiṣāl, Sheikh Saduq, p.560
2- Siray-e Ibn-e-e Hisham, vol.3, p.83
3- ibid. p.77

A large number of others ran off to Mount of Uhud while they had nowhere to go; some people stayed with the Messenger (s) there.(1)

The Messenger (s) called those running away but nobody even looked back; all of them were fleeing. (2)

God refers to this runaway, saying in His Book:

[And remember] When you ran away, [leaving the battlefield] climbing up the hillside without even casting a glance at anyone; and the Messenger(s) was calling you from your rear. There did Allah give you distress one after another to teach you not to grieve for [the booty] that had escaped you, nor for that which had befallen you. And Allah is the Well-aware of all that you [men] do (Al-e Imran153).(3)

In that scuffle, a number of infidels took oath together to unanimously attack the Prophet (s) and kill him. But you, O Ali!

In that conflict, you never moved even one step backward and you showed such a courage to protect life of the Prophet (s) that people of the earth and the heaven became astonished!

You in that hard-fought campaign circled around the Prophet (s) as one hundred lions and struck back blows from him, killing the raiders. When a group of Bani Kinanah tribe and another group of Bani Abd Manat among whom there were four well-known warriors attacked the Messenger (s), you began to stand against them, killed their heroes and dispersed others. At this moment, your brother, the Prophet (s) said: Ali is from me and I am from Ali; there was instantly a voice from the heavens heard as:

لا فتى إلا على و لا سيف إلا ذوالفقار !

Once more, fifty people of infidels collectively raided the Prophet (s) and you cried out and infiltrated into them, killing a number of them and the

P: 184

1- Tarikh Al-Khamis, Dīyār Bakri, vol. 1, p.430
2- Al-Maghāzi, Waqidi, vol. 1, p.237
3- إِذْ تُصْعِدُونَ وَ لَا تَلْوُونَ عَلَى أَحَدٍ وَ الرَّسُولُ يَدْعُوكُمْ فِي أُخْرَاكُمْ فَأَتَابَكُمْ غَمَا بِغَمْ لِكَيْلا تَحْزَنُوا عَلَى مَا فَاتَكُمْ وَ لَا مَا أَصابَكُمْ وَ اللهُ خَبِيرٌ بِما تَعْمَلُونَ » (153 Al-e Imran)

rest ran off; the heavenly call filled the sky again:

لا فتى إلا على و لا سيف إلا ذوالفقار !

In the meantime, Gabriel told the Messenger (s): Truly, Ali sacrifices himself and the Angels have become amazed at his self-sacrifice; the Messenger (s) said: Why should n't this be as such? Ali is from me and I am from him!

On that day, a voice was frequently heard from the sky, saying:

لا فتى إلا على و لا سيف إلا ذوالفقار !

And the speaker of voice was invisible. The Messenger was asked who the speaker was. He said: It is Gabriel.(1)

You sacrificially fought and defended the Prophet (s) while your body was plunged in blood as a result of wounds and injuries, but you only thought of saving the life of Muhammad (s). How surprising!

The very people who later claimed to be in your position were among the first ones leaving battle because they feared their life might be in danger and ran away. Although they heard call of the Messenger (s) as O' Muslims! Stop fleeing, they were heedless to the call and escaped. (2)

P: 185

1- Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid Mu'atazili, vol. 14, p.251; Manāqib- e Khwārazmi, p.223; Tarikh-e Kamil, Ibn-e-e Athir, vol.2, p.107; Irshad, Sheikh Mufid, p.44
2- Waqidi says in Al-Maghāzi, vol. 1, p.295: Omar always said: When the news of murder of the Prophet (s) was heard, I climbed up mountain like a mountain goat! Fakhr-e Rāzi says in Tafsir-e Kabir, vol.9, p.61: Three days after the Uhud battle while the Prophet (s) and Ali ('a) was busy cleaning their sword, Uthman's wife came up to see him. Ali (‘a) said: Know that Uthman ruined the days that day! When Omar and his two friends came up to see the Prophet (s), he told them: You distanced from the scene of war very much. Sheikh Mufid quotes from "Zayd Ibn-e-e Wahab" in Irshad, vol.1, p.83 that he asked "Abdullah Ibn-e-e Mas'ud": People in fact ran away from the Prophet (s) and nobody but Ali ('a), "Abu Dajājah" and "Sahl Ibn-e-e Ḥanif" remained there? Ibn-e-e Mas'ud said: Later, "Talḥat Ibn-e-e 'Abdullah" joined them too. I said: Where were "Abubakr" and "Omar"? He said: They were those who stepped away from war. I said: Where was Uthman? He said: He appeared after three days! The Prophet said to him: Uthman, you went far away! I asked Ibn-e-e Mas'ud where he was! He said: I was also among those who stayed away from war. I said: the steadfast stay of Ali ('a) was very marvelous. He said: If you are amazed, no doubt, the Angels are amazed too; don't you know that Gabriel (‘a) while flying up to the sky that day said: لاسيف إلا ذو الفقار لافتى إلا علي. Waqidi (a Sunni preceding historian dead in 207 A.H) writes in his well-known book, Al- Maghāzi, vol.1, p.269: One of the women who courageously defended the Messenger (s) and was praised by him was "Nusaybah", daughter of Ka'ab known after Umma Ammara. She and her husband and her two children had taken part in the battle to bring water to the wounded. When she saw that the Messenger (s) was subjected to danger of life, she tied her dress around her back, grabbed a sword and defended him. Once the Messenger (s) observed her self- sacrifice, he said: The status of Nusaybah, daughter of Ka'ab goes beyond that of such and such people. Regretfully, Waqidi did not name them for some considerations. Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid puts down: The narrator of hadith has proved treason in front of the Prophet (s) because he did not explicitly mention the names of those two people. (Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, vol.14, pp. 265-267) Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid writes: In a meeting in 608 A.H in Baghdad, I was reading the book, Al-Maghazi at the presence of the great scientist, "Mohammad Ibn-e-e Ma'ad 'Alavi"; when the point arrived at that: Mohammad Ibn-e-e Moslema who clearly says: I saw myself on the day of Uhud when Muslims climbed up the mountain (escaping) and the Prophet (s) called them by special names, saying:!nobody positively followed his call! The master told me: By such and such people, it is meant those who gained offices after the Prophet (s) and the narrator failed to mention their names because of a fear to explicate their names and the respect he paid. (Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid, vol. 15, pp.23 and 24)

But you roared like a lion and defended the Messenger (s) in that totally unequal battle while you suffered over sixty wounds.(1)

Recurrent shouts of the Messenger (s), your unparalleled valor as well as resistance of several Companions of him made groups of Muslims who had run away return and pull back the infidels and move the Prophet (s) to

P: 186

1- Majma' Al-Bayān, Ṭabarsi, vol.2, p.512

a safe place.

In this battle, about seventy Muslims including Hamza, the Messengers uncle were martyred.

The Quraysh atheists finding themselves conquerors of war and on the other hand, fearing that army of Islam might be re-organized under strategies of the Prophet (s) and enter the battlefield again, went back to Mecca, claiming twenty eight people dead.

Over twelve out of twenty eight people were killed with your sword, Zulfiqar.(1)

When you and the Messenger (s) returned to Medina from Uhud battlefield, Fatima (a) rushed to welcome her father while holding a bowl of water and washed her fathers blood-filled face; when you entered with Zulfiqar in your hand and your hand up to shoulder soaked in blood, saying to her:

O' Fatima!

Take this sword that is not to blame; I am neither feared nor blamed.

I swear to my life! I hastened to help Mohammad as much as I could and acted to obey God who is All-aware of the worshippers.

Cleanse the sword off enemy's blood, the sword which forced the family of enemy standard-bearers to drink fire of hell.(2)

The Messenger (s) said at this time:

O' Fatima!

Take this sword because your husband did what it deserved and he

P: 187

1- Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid, vol.15, p. 45
2- افاطمه! هاک السيف غیر ذمیم *** فلست بر عدید ولا بمليم لعمرى! لقد اعذرت في نصر احمد *** وطاعه رب بالعباد عليم امیطی دماء القوم عنه فانه *** سقى آل عبد الداركاس حميم (Irshad, Sheikh Mufid, vol.1, p.90

murdered the ruffians of Quraysh with it.(1)

Afterwards, the Prophet (s) ordered Umma Salama and Umme ‘Ațiyya to heal your wounds; they came to see the Prophet (s) and said: We heal every one of his wounds, but he has other wounds open and we are worried about his life The Messenger (s) with other Muslims paid a visit to you while you were badly injured and lain on the ground; Hazrat Mohammad touched your wounds with his hand to recover them, saying:

Verily, a man who is faced with hardship on the path of God has undoubtedly made his effort and he is excused.

You said at that time:

I praise God that I did not run away and resisted the enemy.(2)

And you added later:

But what a pity that I was deprived of grace of martyrdom!

Your brother told you:

You hopefully embrace it.(3)

O' yes!

You once more left a good name, were victorious in hard divine test and ceased to fear death; you sacrificed your life to your friend and became more beloved to the Messenger (s) and this was while a number of claimants were disgraced in divine trial.

You surprised the Heavenly Angels; they looked at you from above and praised your courage in bravo; Gabriel, the Trustee had become so overwhelmed with your self-devotion that his call was frequently heard in لا فتى إلا على و لا سيف إلا ذوالفقار ! : the heavens and earth

People turned to this and that and we are proud that our Imam is Ali (a).

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1- خذيه يا فاطمة فقد أدّى بعلك ما عليه و قد قتل الله بسيفه صنادید قریش (Irshad, Sheikh Mufid, vol. 1, p.90)
2- Majma' Al-Bayān, Ṭabarsi, vol.2, p.512
3- Sa'ad Al-Sau'd, Seyyed Ibn-e-e Ṭژāvū

Theosophy Twelve

I certify that the sun has spoken of your virtues and has been humble to your rank.

God the Almighty created man with the highest rank,(1) placed him His noblest and granted him esteem.(2)

And from among men, He chose people who are decorated with His Traits and Proof over people and creatures.

And God the Almighty conquered the earth and the heavens and made it obedient to His Proof.(3)

Proof of God interferes with existence as to His Approval; and that the universe is obedient to him.

Jesus (a) who was Proof of God inhaled into muddy bird statuette giving life to it and relived a dead buried in the grave.(4)

And you, O Amir Al-Mu'amenin (a)!


Theosophy Account Twelve

Hadith of "Radd Al-Shams" in Sunni sources

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1- (4 :Tin) « لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الأَعِنْسانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ» ..
2- (70 : Isra) «وَ لَقَدْ كَرَمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ وَ حَمَلْنَاهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَ الْبَحْرِ وَ رَزَقْنَاهُمْ مِنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيلاً» ..
3- (13) :Jathiyya) « وَ سَخَّرَ لَكُمْ ما فِي السَّماواتِ وَ ما فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا مِنْهُ إِنَّ فِي ذلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ » . 3 مَا وَمَا خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَ الْأَرْضَ بِالْحَقِّ يُكَوِّرُ الَّيْلَ عَلَى النَّهَارِ وَ يُكَوِّرُ النَّهَارَ عَلَى الَّيْلِ وَ سَخَّرَ الشَّمْسَ وَ الْقَمَرَ كُلٌّ يَجْرِى لِأَجَلٍ مُسَمًّى أَلا هُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْغَفَّارُ» (5 :Zumar) وَ سَخَّرَ لَكُمُ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ وَ الشَّمْسَ وَالْقَمَرَ وَ النُّجُومُ مُسَخَّراتٌ بِأَمْرِهِ إِنَّ فِي ذلِكَ لآيَاتٍ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ» (12 :Nahl) « أَلَمْ تَرَوْا أَنَّ اللهَ سَخَّرَ لَكُمْ مَا فِي السَّماواتِ وَ ما فِي الْأَرْضِ وَأَسْبَغَ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعَمَهُ ظَاهِرَةٌ وَ بِاطِنَةً وَ مِنَ النَّاسِ مَنْ يُجَادِلُ فِي اللهِ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ وَ لا هُدى وَ لا كِتابٍ مُنِيرٍ » (20) :Luqman)
4- وَ رَسُولاً إِلى بَنِي إِسْرائيلَ أَنَّى قَدْ جِئْتُكُمْ بِآيَةٍ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ أَنَّى أَخْلُقُ لَكُمْ مِنَ الطِّينِ كَهَيْئَةِ الطَّيْرِ فَأَنْفُخُ فِيهِ فَيَكُونُ طَيْرًا بِإِذْنِ اللهِ وَ أُبْرِئُ الْأَكْمَهَ وَ الْأَبْرَصَ وَ أُحْيِ الْمَوْتِى بِإِذْنِ اللهِ وَ أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا تَأْكُلُونَ وَ ما تَدَّخِرُونَ فِي بُيُوتِكُمْ إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَآيَةٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ مُؤْمِنِينَ ) (49 :Al-e Imran)

After your brother, the Messenger (s), you are lord of all Proofs of God; the earth, the heavens, time and the sun are conquered by you.

How nicely the Messenger (s) said about you:

In the seventh heavens, Ali looks like the sun in the earth during the day and in the sky of universe, he resembles the moon during the night.

And he said:

God has bestowed Ali share of excellence that if divided among people of the earth, it encompasses all; He has granted share of understanding thatif distributed among people of the earth, it includes all.

And he added:

Ali possesses a name that is inscribed on each veil of Paradise; my God has given me the good news.(1)

You are superior creature of God; you are Proof of God; you are perfect man and you are manifestation of Divine Names and Attributes!

In validated books, I read a virtue of you that primarily amazed me and that is salutation of the shining sun of God extended to you; but later, I told myself that it is not surprising; our lord, Ali (a) has subjugated the universe and the sun speaking with him is merely a little portion of his magnitude and rank and the sun, humble being of God, has confessed to it.

Abuzar Ghaffari, the sincere and trustworthy Companion of the Messenger (s) says that your brother, the Messenger (s) told you one night. Tomorrow, go up to Baqi'a mounts and stand on a highland; when the sun rises, send salutation to it; God has ordered it to answer you with the traits you have.

Tomorrow, you came out while you were accompanied by a number of Migrants and the Helpers-who claimed your right after demise of the Messenger (s). Followed by companions in the way, you reached Baqi'a and stood up a high place; the very instance the sun began to rise, you saluted it, saying: Peace be upon you that are new creature of God and His obedient being! A voice heard from the heavens said: Peace be upon you who are the first, the last, the outward and the inward and the one who is

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1- Taken from the hadith book of Salim Ibn-e-e Qeys Hilali, hadith 29

all-aware of all things!

When his comrades heard what the sun had said went unconscious; after several hours, they came on while you had gone far.

All of them went to see the Messenger(s), telling him: You say Ali is a man like us; but the sun addressed him with the words by which God has addressed Himself!(1) The Messenger (s) told them: What did you hear from it? They said we heard the sun say Peace be upon you, O the first!

The Messenger (s) said: It is true; he is the first one to believe in me.

They said: We heard it saying O' the last! The Messenger (s) replied: It is true; he is the last one to renew meeting with me; he gives me burial ablution, clothes me in shroud and buries me.

They said we heard the sun saying O' the Outward! The Messenger (s) told them: all of my knowledge has appeared to him.

They said: We heard it saying O' the Inward! Your brother replied to them: It is true; all my secrets lie within his Inward.

They said: We heard it saying O the one who is all-aware of all things. The Messenger (s) said: It is true; He is aware of haram and halal, the obligatory and permissible things and the like.

As the Messenger (s) finished what he said about your virtues and ranks- to which the Sun confessed, they stood up and said:

Mohammad drew us to darkness! They later left the mosque(2)

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1- It is meant Hadid: 3 in which God describes Himself as: « هُوَ الْأَوَّلُ وَالأخِرُ وَالظَّاهِرُ وَالْبَاطِنُ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ
2- Secrets of Progeny of Muhammad (s), Salim Ibn-e-e Qeys Hilāli The above narration is also available in the following books: • Fadā'il Shāzān, p.69 • Biḥār Al-Anwar, vol.41, p.181 • Tafsir-e Burhān, vol.4, p.287 • Irshad Al-Qulub, Daylami, vol.2, p.64 •Fara'id Al-Samtayn, chapter 38 •Manaqib, Khwārazmi, p.68 •Yanābi'a Al-Mawaddah, p.140

O' yes!

Divinely shining Sun confessed to your status and truthfulness, but regret belongs to those who do not believe your greatness and resorted to those who kept far away from the Straight Path.

And the other virtue of yours-denoting humbleness of the Sun by Allah's Leave before you-lies in the story that goes below:

Both in books of your followers and those opposing your caliphate and executorship, Asma Bint Amis has said a lot:

The Messenger (s) performed noon prayer at Şahba of Kheybar territories; he sent you after something and when you came back, the Messenger (s) had said afternoon prayer.

Later on, he put his head on your lap and went to sleep as late as the sunset. For his respect, you were seated in the same way while you had not said your noon prayer; as the Messenger (s) woke up and noticed your condition, he prayed to God as such. O' God! Your worshipper, Ali restrained himself for his Prophet, Thou rise back the sun for him.

Asma Bint Amis witnessing the condition says: The Sun suddenly began to rise again and covered up the mountains. And you stood up, made ablution, and performed your noon prayer and the sun set back.(1)

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1- The above hadith that is known after hadith "Radd Al-Shams" is abundantly available in Shiite and Sunni sources; the great Sunni scholars conceded the accuracy of the above hadith by citing the above hadith in their books in detail. A number of Sunni scholars who have cited hadith of "Radd Al-Shams" in their books: Diyar Bakri quotes Asma' Bint Umays saying as: إنّ النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم كان يوحى إليه و رأسه في حجر علي عليه السلام ولم يصلّ العصر حتى غربت الشمس. فقال له رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله ] وسلّم أصلّيت يا علي ؟! قال: لا ! فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه [ و آله ] وسلّم: اللهم إنّه كان في طاعتك و طاعة رسولك فاردد عليه الشمس. قالت أسماء فرأيتها غربت ثمّ رأيتها طلعت بعد ما غربت و وقعت (Tarikh Al-Khamis, vol.2, p.58). The other Sunni books that have narrated the subject-matter of the above hadith: •Virtues of Al-e Abiṭālib, vol.2, p.353 •Al-Shafă Bet❜arif Huquq Al-Mustafā, Qādi Ayyādh, vol. 1, p.548 • Manaqib, Ukhtib Khwārazm, hadith 301, p.306 • Al-Mu'ajam Al-Kabir, Ṭabrāni, vol.24, hadith 382, p.145 • 'Ara'es Al-Majālis, Th'albi, p.249 • A'lam Al-Nubuvva, Māverdi, p.132 • Mushkil Al-Āthār, Taḥāvi, vol.2, p.11 • Tazkirat Al-Khwās, Sebt Ibn-e-e Jawziyya, p.53 • Al-Sirat Al-Nabaviyya, Ahmad Zayni Daḥān, vol. 1, p.201 • Kifayat Al-Ṭālib, Ganji Shāfe'ie, p.381 • Fara'id Al-Samtayn, Sheikh Al-Islam Ḥumwayni, vol. 1, hadith 146, p.183 • Fath Al-Bāri, Ibn-e-e Hajar Asqalani, vol.6, p.222 • Umdat Al-Qāri, Al-Imam Al-'Ayni, vol.15, p.43 • Kanz Al-Ummāl, Mutaqqi Hendi, vol. 12, hadith 35353, p.348 And other various sources Khwārazmi narrates about Ibn-e-e ‘Abbas in his Manāqib book that Ibn-e-e ‘Abbas was told: What do you say about Ali (‘a) He replied: Ali (‘a) is a man who claimed Shahadatayn, he testified that there is no God but God and Muhammad is the Messenger of God and he held prayers before two qiblahs; he swore two allegiances to the Messenger (s). He is awarded Sebṭayn, father of two descendants of the Prophet (s), Hassan and Husayn (‘a). He is the one for whom the sun returned after it had gone out of sight of jinn and Ens. Ibn-e- Rūmi, dead in 283 A.H says in one line of his poetry: ردت عليه الشمس بعد غروبها *** بيضاء تلمع وقدت وتا جحا The sun returned to Ali (a) after sunset while it was shining with heightened flames. (Manaqib, Ibn-e-e Shahrāshūb, vol. 1, p.531) And another poet says: ردت الشمس والشروق عليه *** لعلى حتى يتم الاداء ثم ولت لها صرير وهذا *** لفراق له الوصال دواء The sun shined back for Ali ('a) to uphold his prayers reciting Then it showed face with a pace deriving from dervish-union parting (Al-Ghadir, vol.3, p.137) Sebt Ibn-e-e Jawziyya, a popular ulema dead in 654 A.H further says in "Al-Tazkirat Al- Khwās" after narrating "Radd Al-Shams": And by Radd Al-Shams, it means the sun stops its usual course rather than real return and if it has returned in reality, it is not surprising because this is miracle of the Prophet (s) of God and grace of Ali (‘a) and the sun stopped for Yūsha along with Muslims. This has happened in two ways: It has been either miracle of the Moses or grace of Yūsha (a). If it has been the miracle of the Moses ('a), our Messenger (s) surpasses him and if it has been grace of Yūsha, Ali (‘a) surpasses Yūsha because Muhammad said: Ulemas of my ummah resemble Messengers of the Israelites. This is applied to each individual ulema, much less Ali ('a)! Then, Sebt Ibn-e-e Jawziyya reasonably deals with the Excellency of Ali ('a) over the Messengers of the Israelites: Here, there is a strange story that has been described to me by a group of great Iraqi men; they say: I saw Abā Manṣur Muzaffar Ibn-e-e Ardeshir Ebādi, the preacher who was present at a school in Bāb “Barz" (a place in Baghdad) after evening prayers. He was talking about the story of hadith of Radd Al-Shams in his particular phrases and nice way. Later, he mentioned virtues of Ahl-e Bayt (a); a cloud appeared in the sky and there was sunset. Abu Manṣur took a pulpit, pointing to the sun and recited these poems: O' sun! Stop setting until I finish my eulogy about the Progeny of Mustafa (a) and his descendant! O' sun! Stop returning when I want to eulogize them! Have you forgotten you have stopped shining for this purpose?! If you stopped as ordered by lord, you must stop for his troops and servants. It is said that at this time, clouds went off the face of sun and it appeared. 'Abdulrahman Ibn-e-e 'Abdulrahman 'Abbasi (a Sunni scientist, dead in 963 A.H) has made these poems in the book, Mu'a'ed Al-Tanṣiṣ, vol.2, p.190. فيا لها من ايه مبصره *** ابصرها طرف الرقيب فامتری واعتورته شبهه فضل عن *** تحقيق ما ابصره وما اهتدى وظن ان الشمس قد عادت له *** فانجاب جنح اليل عنها وانجلى والشمس ما ردت لغيريوشيع *** لما غزا واعلى اذ غفا It's surprising! Rival looks askance at the light, but he raises doubt again. He is uncertain about research of what he had seen, he went astray and unguided. He envisaged the return of sun is for him that it had unveiled dark night to daylight while the sun has not returned for someone but for Yusha, during war, and for Ali ('a) during sleep.

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O' yes!

These are ranks God has granted you because you were the purest; you were the most challenging man; you were the most self-devoted in the way of resuscitating the truth and exalting the word of monotheism; you were many other things we do not know but God and His Messenger (s) is aware of!

Salman Farsi quotes the Messenger (s) saying that:

I would have told about Ali something that people would have kneeled down on the ground to kiss his footprints,(1) if there had not been my ummah going on extremes as Christians had done about Jesus Christ.

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1- Hadith book, Salim Ibn-e-e Qeys Hilali (the secrets of Muhammad's Progeny (‘a)), hadith 58, p.592; Biḥār Al-Anwar, vol.68, p.137

Theosophy Thirteen

I certify that your braveness on Khandaq day surpassed worship of jinn and Ens as late as the Day.

Since its early times, Islam has interwoven with your support and unparalleled valor. Banner of honorific religion of God has always been hoisted in your qualified hands and enemies of religion of truth have plunged into their blood in the face of your sturdy steps, divine arms and blade of your Zulfiqar.

Among the sincere Companions of the Messenger (s), there was no one but you who constantly stood in all hard battlefields and experiments, hero, victor, proud and could gain pride of Islam, cheerful heart of the Messenger (s) and pride of the heavenly Angels.

One of the extremely important and fateful trials facing Muslims was battle of Khandaq (Ahzab).

In 5 A.H, various anti-Islam parties and groups including the Quraysh pagans and those of other clans and Jews who were endangered in their benefits by virtue of progress of Islam united to launch an all-out anti- Islam conflict; being equipped with ten thousand forces and abundant facilities, they eventually could depart to Medina to fight with Muslims and whimsically destroy Islam.

Once your brother, Mohammad (s) was informed of enemy troops moving to Medina, he sat with his Companions to consult about how to counter with the enemies; in that sitting, proposal of your sincere companion and the Messengers, that is Salman Farsi was approved. He proposed that a deep and high trench (Khandaq) be dug to stop enemy infiltrating into Medina. You and other Companions of the Prophet (s) finished digging trench. The huge army of enemy approached and stopped before the trench and a number of others beleaguered Medina.(1)


Theosophy Account Thirteen

Courage of Ali in Khandaq Battle cited from Sunni sources

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1- Siray-e Ibn-e-e Hisham, vol.3, p.230

Here, many Muslims were frightened from excessive number of enemy forces and some stumbled in doubt in connection with divine promises that are victory of the right against wrong.

God the Almighty says in His Book in this regard:

O' believers! Remember the gift God granted to you when an army of disbelievers assembled against you; We sent a strong wind and an army (of the Angels) unseen to help you and God was aware of your deeds. Remember when the army of disbelievers attacked you from up and down and you were amazed out of fear, you choked your throat of life and made different imaginations about Promises of God.

There, believers passed a trial and (the weak-faith people) showed instability. And at that time, the hypocrite dissidents and those with doubtful hearts told each other the promise God and His Messenger kept with us was only a pride and deceit. Then, a group of them said: O'people of Yathrib! You should no longer stay in Medina; you should return. A group of them asked the Messenger to allow them to return, saying that our homes have no wall and safety whereas they told a lie and they intended to flee. And if army of Aḥzāb had arrived in the city, they would have fulfilled their demand to join atheism. This is while they had made a pledge to God to remain loyal to Promise of God and never turn back on war. (1)

O' Amir Mu'amenan (a)!

You not only stood unterrified from multiplicity of enemy troops and remained quite decisive for materializing divine promises of victory of the faithful people; but also you showed more tolerance and determination to

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1- يا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا اذْكُرُوا نِعْمَةَ اللهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ جَاءَتْكُمْ جُنُودٌ فَأَرْسَلْنا عَلَيْهِمْ رِيحا وَ جُنُودًا لَمْ تَرَوْهَا وَ كانَ اللهُ بِما تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرا * إِذْ جَاؤُكُمْ مِنْ فَوْقِكُمْ وَ مِنْ أَسْفَلَ مِنْكُمْ وَ إِذْ زاغَتِ الْأَبْصَارُ وَ بَلَغَتِ القُلُوبُ الْحَناجِرَ وَ تَظُنُّونَ بِاللهِ الظُّنُونَا * هُنالِكَ ابْتُلِيَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَ زُلْزِلُوا زِلْزَالاً شَدِيدا • وَ إِذْ يَقُولُ الْمُنافِقُونَ وَ الَّذِينَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ ما وَعَدَنَا اللهُ وَ رَسُولُهُ إِلا غُرُورا وَ إِذْ قالَتْ طَائِفَةٌ مِنْهُمْ يَا أَهْلَ يَثْرِبَ لا مُقامَ لَكُمْ فَارْجِعُوا وَيَسْتَأْذِنُ فَرِيقٌ مِنْهُمُ النَّبِيَّ يَقُولُونَ إِنَّ بُيُوتَنَا عَوْرَةً وَ مَا هِيَ بِعَوْرَةٍ إِنْ يُرِيدُونَ إِلا فِرارا و لَوْ دُخِلَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ مِنْ أَقْطَارِها ثُمَّ سُئِلُوا الْفِتْنَةَ لَاتَوْهَا وَ ما تَلَبَّثُوا بِها إِلا يَسِيرا * ولَقَدْ كانُوا عَاهَدُوا اللهَ مِنْ قَبْلُ لا يَوَلُّونَ الْأَدْبَارَ وَ كانَ عَهْدُ اللهِ مَسْئُولا » (15-9 :Ahzab)

defend religion of the truth; God says about you and sincere Companions of the Messenger (s) who brought a good name in that hard trial:

And when the faithful people witnessed army and forces of atheism, they said: This is the Promise God and His Messenger kept to us beforehand (that the right wins the wrong); God and His Messenger told the truth and nothing but faith and obedience was raised.(1)

God the Almighty suppressed the atheists in the battle. They failed to pass through trench and remained behind some days; in the meantime, a stormy wind as ordered by God began to blow and ruined camps of the atheists; filled their hearts with serious horror and intimidation and sent the Invisible Forces of the Angels to help Muslims. Besides, murder of their so-called champion, Amru Ibn-e Abduwad by you, O' Ali! Added to their horror and the pagans unable to do anything began to flee.

O' yes!

Your unique courage caused the enemy to lose morale and think of returning to Mecca.

Division of parties had called upon the most powerful Arab gallants to join the war, among whom Amru Ibn-e Abduwad and four others put on combat garment and jumped off the other side of trench with their horses through a small pass off trench inaccessibly far from Islamic troops; they appeared to army of Islam and Amru Ibn-e Abduwad was the most well-known among them.

Out of five people there, he came close to you in defiance; he instantaneously heightened his voice and began to roar, boasting to fight all around the battlefield. Amru's incessant roars frightened Muslims so badly that they were frozen with no reaction whatsoever.(2)

Silence of Muslims increased his venture and said: Who are claimants of

P: 197

1- «وَ لَمّا رَأَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْأَحْزاب قالُوا هذا ما وَعَدَنَا اللهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَ صَدَقَ اللهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَ ما زادَهُمْ إِلا إيمانا وَ تَسْلِيما » (Aḥzāb: 22)
2- Waqidi, great historian of Muslim World, writes in Al-Maghāzi, vol.2, p.470: When Amru was defying someone, silence overcame all Muslims: وكأنّ على رؤسهم الطير.

Paradise? Do you not say that your dead go to Paradise and ours go to Hell? Is there no one ready to send me to Hell or I send him to Paradise?!

Here, he recited his known poems:

I shouted so much to ask somebody among you to fight with me and my voice is muffled!

I am standing at a place where pseudo-heroes are afraid to stand before warring heroes!

True! It is the best instinct for chivalrous men to be honorable and courageous!(1)

Here, the Messenger (s) commanded someone rise up and get Muslims the hell rid of this man; but nobody save you was prepared to fight with him.

O' yes!

Every time Amr ventured to yell for defiance, it was only you who would rise up, asking the Prophet (s) for permitting you to fight with him; yet, he disagreed.

This continued to be repeated several times and the last time you asked for permission of fight, the Prophet (s) told you: This is Amru Ibn-e Abduwad. And you told him: I am Ali!(2)

Finally, the Messenger (s) agreed; he handed Zulfiqar to you, put you on with turban and prayed for you in this way:

O' God! Protect him on the front side, backside, from left side, from right side, from up and down.(3)

P: 198

1- Later, when you departed to battlefield, the Prophet (s) said: ولقد بححت من النداء *** بجمعكم هل من مبارز! و وقفت اذ جين الشجاع *** موقف الخصم المناجز ! ان السماحه والشجاعه *** في الفتى خير الغرائز
2- Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid, vol.13, p.248; Tafsir-e Qomi, vol.2, p.183; Uyun Al-Tawarikh, Mohammad Ibn-e-e Shikar Kutobi, vol. 1, p.200
3- (182.Tafsir-e Qomi, vol.2, p) اللهم احفظه من بين يديه و من خلفه و عن يمينه و عن شماله و من فوقه و من تحته

The whole Islam has stood against the whole blasphemy.(1)

What the Messenger (s) said well showed that victory of one over another was victory of blasphemy over faith or faith over blasphemy; in other words, it was a challenge fateful enough to determine future of Islam and paganism.

You quickly rushed to the battlefield while you were reciting these poems in response to Amru's:

Stop hastening that the powerful response to your call came along!

The one who has pure intention, favorable insight and honesty that salvages every strong man.

I hope I make elegiac chanters chant beside your stiff; as a result of open strike sound of which remains even after war and echoes everywhere.(2)

You quickly footed towards Amru and when you came face to face with him, you said: You had promised yourself that you accept one of the three things a man from Quraysh asks you.

Amru replied: Yes. It's true.

You told him: My first demand is that you embrace Islam!

Amru said: Forget about this demand.

You told him: You can overlook war, go back from here and leave others to deal with Mohammad!

He replied: Quraysh women never speak of such thing (they will not be pleased); I have taken vows not to grease my head until I take revenge of

P: 199

1- برز الایمان كلّه إلى الشرك كلّه .. (Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Hadid, vol. 13, p.361; Iḥqaq Al-Haqq, vol.6, p.9; Biḥār Al-Anwār, vol.20, p.215; E'lām Al-Wari, Ṭabarsi, p.194)
2- لا تعجلن فقد اتاک *** مجیب صوتک غیر عاجز ذونيه و بصيره *** والصدق منجى كل فائز اني لأرجوا ان اقیم *** علیک نائجه الجنائز من ضربه نجلاء يبقى *** صوتها بعد الهزاهز (Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, vol.6, p.63)


You courageously told him: So ride off your horse for battle!

Amru replied: I guess no Arab demands me as such; I don't like you being killed by me because your father was a friend of mine; go back, you're quite young!(1)

You powerfully and courageously told him: I like to kill you!

Amru was infuriated about what you said, rode off his horse, cut off his horses foot and launched assail on you.

A hard fight erupted; both came in grips with each other and the air was filled with dusty particles with no good visibility. Those watching the fight had no information about you and Amr; they only heard swords striking defensive tools such as shield and the like.

Amr found a chance and hit you hard on your head but you struck back his blow with shield; the shield broke in half and your head partly split leading to blood rolling your holy beard.

This instance you took the chance to blow him hard and he was knocked down. Dust in the battlefield stopped both armies closely see the outcome of the battle; all of a sudden, there was chant of Takbir. Army of Islam cried out in joy and everybody understood that you sent the great Arab hero to the hell!(2)

While bleeding on your head, you slowly but surely went back to army camp and you were smiling for your win; headless body of Amru Ibn-e

P: 200

1- Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, vol.19, p.64 puts it down: Our master, "Abulkheyr Musaddiq Ibn-e-e Shabib Naḥvi said: By God! Suggestion was not made for return to keep Ali (‘a) alive; rather, it was out of fear because he knew how many Ali (‘a) had killed in the Battles of Badr and Uhud and that if he tried to defy Ali (a), he would be killed because he was shy of expressing his fear; he said as such and told lies every instance.
2- Al-Maghāzi, Mohammad Ibn-e-e Omar Ibn-e-e Waqidi, vol.2, p.471 Ibn-e-e Shahrāshūb writes in Manaqib, vol.2, p.115: When Ali (‘a) sat on Amru's chest to behead him, he insulted the mother of Ali (‘a) and drooled on his face. Imam became angry and fearing that he might kill him because of revenge, he stood up and left him alone. After he came down, he decapitated him to please God.

Abduwad laid on the corner of the battlefield. You murdered the well- known Arab champion and army of Ahzab and their desires endured irreparable blows; it was a blow that sapped their morale and filled them with despair of winning. For this reason, the Messenger (s) told you about unparalleled job:

If what you have done is compared with what ummah has done today, it surpasses them because no house of pagans houses remained unless it was degraded with murder of Amr and no house of Muslims houses remained unless it was honored.(1)

And he furthered:

Battle of Ali Ibn-e Abiṭālib with Amru Ibn-e Abduwad on Khandaq war excels actions of my ummah until the Day comes.(2)

P: 201

1- Biḥār Al-Anwar, vol.20, p.216; Mustadrak, Ḥākim, vol.30, p.32
2- لمبارزة عليّ بن أبي طالب لعمرو بن عبدود يوم الخندق أفضل من أعمال أمتى إلى يوم القيامة. (Al-Mustadrak Alal-ṣaḥihin, vol.3, p.32) The late Ţabarsi quotes the Messenger (s) in Majma' Al-Bayān: لضربة على يوم الخندق أفضل من عبادة الثقلين. Khatib Baghdadi in the history of Baghdad, vol. 13, p.19 says that the Messenger (s) said: لضربة على يوم الخندق أفضل من عبادة الثقلين. Ali Ibn-e-e Burhanuddin Ḥalabi in Sirey-e Halabiyya, vol.2, p. 340 says that the Fakhr-e Rāzi in Tafsir Kabir, vol.32, p.31 says under قتل على لعمرو بن عبدود أفضل من عبادة الثقلين :Messenger (s) said ولم يبين قدر الخيرية وهذا كقوله ( صلى الله عليه [ وآله وسلّم ( لمبارزه على مع عمرو بن عبدود أفضل من عمل أمتى إلى يوم القيامة، فلم يقل مثل عمله بل قال « أفضل ». God says in Aḥzāb: 25 (( وَ كَفَى اللَّهُ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ الْقِتَالَ )) Qomi in his Tafsir, vol.2, p.189 and Ḥākim Ḥaskāni in Shawāhid, vol.2, p.3 have said: God meant that He saved the faithful people from entering into a war through Ali (‘a). Sheikh Saduq in Khiṣāl, p.368 quotes Amir Al-Mu'amenin (a): The Arab and Quraysh hero was Amru Ibn-e-e Abduwad that day, who yelled like a drunken camel and defied someone. Nobody fought with him. God killed him with my hand. This was while Arabs believed that no hero can keep up a fight with him. God defeated Quraysh and Arabs as a result of murder I committed among them. Jābir Ibn-e-e Anṣāri who closely observed the scene said: Just as Dāvūd defeated Jālūt's army, Ali (‘a) caused the army of atheism to lose. (Lesson plan for knowing the history of Islam, Seyyed Ali Mir Sharifi, vol.2, p.34)

Philosophy of such statement is obvious because Islam and the Quran that day were apparently on the verge of abyss, spending the most critical times; someone who showed the utmost sacrifice in the battlefield, protected Islam from threat and guaranteed its perpetuity until the Day was you, O Ali!

And Islam took roots from being blessed by your sacrifice after your brother, the Messenger (s) and embellished the world people; therefore, public worship is indebted to your courage.

True! Many were shaken with fear and became enfeebled in that divine trial but you stood highest of all before God and His Messenger; the heavenly Angels gemmed you with flowers again and extended well-done to you.

The history also says that when Amrs sister reached at the body of her killed brother and saw that his expensive armor was still on with him, she saidI confess that his killer has been an honorable man.(1)

You never breached pledge with God and you constantly stood to firmly sublimate word of monotheism; you mostly aspired to sacrifice your life for religion of God.

God says in His Word of Revelation:

There are among the believers many men who have been true to the covenant they made with Allah; of them some have submitted their souls in martyrdom and there are some who are waiting to join their brothers in Paradise and they have not in the least changed their mind about their covenant; (Aḥzāb:23)(2)

And you yourself said that:

We have been sent down the above word of revelation and I swear to God I am the one who expects to be martyred. [And there are men like Hamzah who had previously been martyred] and I never change my policy and keep

P: 202

1- Mustadrak, Hakim, vol.30, p.33
2- 23 :Ahzab) «مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ رِجَالٌ صَدَقُوا مَا عَاهَدُوا اللهَ عَلَيْهِ فَمِنْهُمْ مَنْ قَضى نَحْبَهُ وَ مِنْهُمْ مَنْ يَنْتَظِرُ وَ ما بَدَّلُوا تَبْدِيلاً » ..

my pledge with God.(1)

You annihilated Arab great men in Badr battle; in Uhud battle where many fearing their life left the Prophet (s) alone, you audaciously defended the Messenger (s). In that unequal battle where you were bodily wounded, you never hesitated to fight and this was while many claiming to be faithful and resistant climbed up the mount like a goat and ran away from battle scene.(2)

And in this battle of Aḥzab, although Amru Ibn-e Abduwad roared and insulted Muslims, you only obeyed the Messenger's command and stood up to him; those claimants either ran away home or hid themselves behind the Messenger (s)!

O' lord! Others turned to other than you and we are proud that you are our lord!

P: 203

1- Majma' Al-Bayān, Aḥzāb: 23
2- Waqidi writes in Al-Maghāzi, vol. 1, p.295: Omar always said: When we heard the news of murder of the Messenger (s), I climbed up mountain like a mountain goat. And he also says in vol.1, p.237: The Messenger of God (s) called people, but no one looked back and had been running away.

P: 204

Theosophy Fourteen

I certify that you divide Paradise and Hell on the Day.

What can I say about you and you are higher than description I give you! The Heavenly people have dazzling eyes at your unexampled status and grandeur and what can we the earthly beings, say of you?

In this world, insincerely knowledge-free people failed to recognize you; but God the Exalted reveals your grandeur on the Resurrection Day.

And there, people and deniers of you understand who Ali is!

In this world, you were denied by many people; you were tormented a lot and your pure family was martyred but on the Day, you are the only who can do everything upon Gods Leave. God grants a status exclusive to you as a reward for your purely unique faith and your unexampled and amazing valor and sacrifice to destroy atheism and sublimate word of monotheism.

O' yes!

It is only devoted to you and you are divider of Paradise and Hell for all people from the first to the last.

The Messenger (s) frequently stated Ali divides Paradise and Hell on the Day. Nobody he said can enter Paradise and Hell unless Ali divides it.

And he repeatedly told you: O' Ali! You divide Paradise and Hell among people on the Day; nobody enters Paradise but those mystics who have learned about your status and nobody enters Hell but those who have denied and defied you.

And you yourself repeatedly said: I am divider of Paradise and Hell.(1)


Theosophy Account Fourteen

Hadith of "Ali divides Paradise and Hell" in Sunni sources, an explanation and the other various issues

P: 205

1- There are plenty of hadiths quoted from the holy Prophet (s) in Sunni and Shiite sources, meaning that Ali ('a) divides Paradise and Hell for people on the Day. These hadiths say that nobody enters into Paradise or Hell unless it is divided by Ali (‘a). Here, a few examples of hadiths from Sunni sources are mentioned: قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلّم: على يوم القيامة على الحوض لا يدخل الجنة إلا من جاء بجواز من عليّ بن أبيطالب. (Manaqib, Ibn-e-e Maghazili Shafeie, p.119; Gharib Al-Hadith, Ibn-e-e Qutaybah, vol.1, p.377; history of Damascus, vol.42, p.299 and ...) قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلى عليه السلام يا علي ! إنّك قسيم الجنّة و النار و أنت تقرع باب الجنّة و تدخلها أحبائك بغیر حساب (Yanābi'a Al-Mawaddah, Qundūzi Ḥanafi, vol. 1, p.249) عن على عليه السلام: أنا قسيم النار. (Al-Fayiq fi Gharib al-Hadith, Zamashkhari, vol.3, p.97) روى أيضا عن الأعمش عن موسى بن طريف عن عباية قال: سمعت عليا و هو يقول: أنا قسيم النار. (Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, vol.2, p.26 and vol.11, p.140) عن عباية عن على عليه السلام ) قال: أنا قسيم النار ، إذا كان يوم القيامة قلت هذا لك و هذا لي. (Al-Badāya va Al-Nahāya, vol.7, p.392) (Al-Fayiq fi Gharib al-Hadith, Zamashkhari, vol.3, p.97) قال رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ( لعلى [ عليه السلام ] : إذا كان يوم القيامة يؤتى بك يا علي بسرير من نور و على رأسك تاج قد أضاء نوره و كاد يخطف أبصار أهل الموقف، فيأتى النداء من عند الله جل جلاله: أين وصيّ محمّد رسول الله ؟ فتقولها أنا ذا، فينادى المنادى: أدخل من أحبّك الجنّة وأدخل من عاداك في النار، فأنت قسيم الجنّة و النار. (Yanābi'a Al-Mawaddah, Qunduzi Ḥanafi, vol. 1, p.249) ما تنكرون من هذا الحديث؟! أليس روينا أنّ النبي ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) قال لعلي [ عليه السلام | لا يحبّك إلاّ مؤمن ولا يبغضك إلا المنافق؟ فقلنا بلى. قال: فأين المنافق؟ قلنا في النار. قال: فعليّ قسيم النار. (Kifayat Al-Talib, p.72; Tabaqat Al-Hanabalah, vol.1, p.330) إنّ عليّا ( عليه السلام ) قال للستة الذين جعل عمر الأمر شورى بينهم كلاما طويلا من جملته: أنشدكم بالله! هل فيكم أحدّ قال رسول الله يا علي ! أنت قسيم النار و الجنّة يوم القيامة غيرى ؟ قالوا: اللهم لا. (Al-ṣwā'iq Al-Muḥriqah, vol.2, p.361; Simţ Al-Nujūm Al-'Awāli, Āṣimi Shāfe'ie, vol.3, p.63; Yanābi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol. 1, p.250) عن أبي سعيد خدري: قال رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ): إذا كان يوم القيامة قال الله تعالى لمحمّد و علي: أدخلا الجنّة من أحبّكما و أدخلا النار من أبغضكما، فيجلس علي على شفير جهنّم فيقول لها: هذا لي و هذا لك ! (Shawahid, Al-Tanzil, Hakim Haskani, vol.2, p.264) قال رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) : إذا كان يوم القيامة فأنّ الله تبارك و تعالى قال لي و لعلي: ألقيا في النار من أبغضكما و أدخلا الجنّة من أحبّكما. (Shawāhid, Al-Tanzil, vol.2, p.262) And some other Sunni books that narrated the above hadith (Ali is divider of Paradise and Hell) are as follows: •Gharib Al-Hadith, Ibn-e-e Qutaybah, vol. 1, p.377 •Al-Nahāyat fi Ghraib Al-Hadith, Ibn-e-e Athir, vol.4, p.61 •Al-Manaqib, Khwarazmi, p.41 •Kanz Al-Ummal, Mutaqqi Hendi, vol.13, p.152 •Tarikh Madinah Dameshq, vol.42, p.299 •TajAl-'Arūs, Zubaydi, vol. 17, p.569 •Lisan Al-Arab, Ibn-e-e Mandür, vol.12, p.479 •Amāli, Jurjāni, vol.1, p.177 •Asas Al-Balaghah, Zamashkhari, vol.1, p.507 •Gharib Al-Hadith, Ibn-e-e Jawziyya, vol.2, p.93 and... And some Shiite sources that have cited the above hadith: عن عبدالله بن عباس قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلّم: معاشر الناس ! إنّ عليّا قسيم النار لا يدخل النار ولى له و لا ينجو منها عدوّ له ؛ إنّه قسيم الجنّة، لا يدخلها عدوّ له و لا يزحزح عنها ولى له. (Amāli, Saduq, p.31) قال على بن موسى الرضا علیه السلام قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلّم: يا علي ! إنك قسيم الجنّة و النار. (Uyün Akhbar Al-Ridā, vol. 1, p.30) قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لعلى عليه السلام يا علي ! أنت قسيم الجنّة و النار، لا يدخل الجنة إلا من عرفك و عرفته و لا يدخل النار إلا من أنكرك و أنكرته. (Amāli, Sheikh Mufid, p.213) And the other Shiite sources are given similar to the above narrations including: •Usul-e Kafi, vol.4, p.570 •Manaqib, Ibn-e-e Shahrashub, vol.2, p.8 •Al-Tarayif, Seyyed Ibn-e-e Tavus, p.76 AND...... The reason behind naming: عن محمد بن سنان، عن المفضل بن عمر قال: قلت لأبي عبدالله جعفر بن محمد ( سلام الله عليهما ): لم صار أمير المؤمنين عليّ بن أبي طالب عليه السلام قسيم الجنة والنار؟ قال عليه السلام لأنّ حبّه ایمان و بغضه كفر و إنّما خلقت الجنّة لأهل الايمان و خلقت النار لأهل الكفر، فهو قسيم الجنة و النار ، لهذه العلّة ؛ فالجنّة لا يدخلها إلا أهل محبّته و النار لا يدخلها إلا أهل بغضه. Mafdal Ibn-e-e Omar is quoted as saying: I told Imam Sadiq (‘a): Why has Ali ('a) been mentioned as divider of Paradise and Hell? Imam said: It is because loving him is faith and opposing him is disbelief and verily, Paradise has been created for people of Paradise and Hell for people of disbelief; that is why Ali ('a) is divider of Paradise and Hell. Therefore, nobody enters into Paradise unless he loves Ali and enters into Hell unless he opposes Ali. (Ilal Al-Sharāy'a, Sheikh Saduq, vol.1, p.162) حدثنا تميم بن عبدالله بن تميم القرشى قال: حدثني أبي عن أحمد بن علي الأنصارى عن أبي الصلت الهروى قال: قال المأمون يوما للرضا عليه السلام يا أبا الحسن ! أخبرني عن جدّك أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام بأي وجه هو قسيم الجنّة و النار و بأي معني فقد كثر فكري في ذلك ؟ فقال له الرضا عليه السلام: ألم ترو عن أبيك عن آبائه عن عبد الله بن عباس أنه قال: سمعت رسول الله يقول: حبّ عليّ ايمان و بغضه کفر؟ فقال: بلی. فقال الرضا عليه السلام فقسمة الجنّة والنار، إذا كانت على حبّه و بغضه فهو قسيم الجنّة و النار. (Uyūn Akhbar Al-Ridā (‘a), vol.2, p.86) Abāṣalt Hirawi has said that one day Ma'mun told Imam Ridā (‘a): Ya Abalhassan! Tell us about your father, Amir Al-Mu'amenan (a) that why he is called divider of Paradise and Hell and what it means. This has preoccupied my mind. Imam Ridā (‘a) told him: O' Ma'mūn! Have you not quoted from your father, your father from his fathers and have they not from Ibn-e-e 'Abbas who quoted from the Messenger (s) as saying: Love of Ali is faith and opposition to Ali is atheism? Ma'mān replied: Yes! Later, Imam said: Therefore, Ali ('a) divides Paradise and Hell when love and grudge is the basis; then he is divider of Paradise and Hell. A great number of poets have used this narration in their poems during many centuries; for example: قسیم النار ذوخير *** يخلصنا الغداه من السعير و فكان محمد في الدين شما *** على بعده كالبدر المنير (The end of Mustadrak, Mirzāy-e Nūri, vol.3, p.80) Divider of Hell is owner of well and how nice it is that we are rescued from the Hell on the Day! Therefore, Muhammad(s) is the sun in religion and after him, Ali (a) is the shining moon. Al-Bishnavi: فمدينه العلم التي هوبابها *** اضحى قسيم الناريوم مآبه فعدوه اشقى البريه في لضى *** ووليه المحبوب يوم حسابه (Manāqib, Ibn-e-e Shahrāshūb, vol.1, p.314) So the scientific city where he is, remains clear that the divider of Hell is the day of his return. His opponent is the most atrocious being on the Day and his friend remains beloved on the Day. 'Ammar Ibn-e-e Th'albah: على حبه جنته *** قسيم النار و الجنته وصى المصطفى حقا *** امام الانس و الجنته (Madinat Al-Ma'ajiz, Allameh Baḥrāni, vol. 1, p.260) Love of Ali is shield in the face of fire and he divides Paradise and Hell. He is successor and legatee of Muhammad (s) and he leads jinn and Ens. The Iranian poet, Hafiz Shirazi says in one of his quatrains: O' problem-solver, divider of Paradise and Hell Let us not be exhausted and debilitated How long remains this wolf-hunting, show well O' lion of God! Let the opponent be mutilated عن ابن عباس : قلت للنبي ( صلى الله عليه وآله وسلّم : يا رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلّم ) ! أ للجنة جواز ؟ قال: نعم ! قلت: و ما هو ؟ قال: حبّ عليّ بن أبي طالب. (History of Baghdad, vol.3, p.161; history of Damascus, vol.42, p.244) قال رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم : لكلّ شيء جواز و جواز الصراط حبّ عليّ بن أبي طالب. (Maqtal Al-Husayn, Khwarazmi, vol.1, p.39; Fara'id Al-Samtayn, Hamwayni, vol.1, p.292; Kashf Al-Ghummah, vol.1, p.103; Manāqib, Ibn-e-e Shahrāshūb, vol.2, p.156; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.39, p.202) قال النبي ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم : لا يجوز أحد الصراط إلا من كتب له عليه السلام على الجواز. (Al-sawa'iq Al-Muhriqah, Heythami, p.193) صراط الذین انعمت عليهم ) قال النبي ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم : علي بن أبيطالب عليه السلام وشيعته. (Shawahid Al-Tanzil, Hakim Haskani, vol.1, p.66) قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: إذا كان يوم القيامة يقعد عليّ بن أبي طالب على الفردوس، و هو جبل قد علا على الجنّة، و فوقه عرش ربّ العالمين و من سفحه تتفجّر أنهار الجنّة و تتفرّق في الجنان و هو جالس على كرسي من نور يجري بين يديه التسنيم، لا يجوز أحد الصراط إلا و معه براءة بولايته و ولاية أهل بيته يُشرِفُ على الجنّة، فيدخل محبّيه الجنّة و مبغضيه النار. (Maqtal Al-Husayn, Khwārazmi, vol.1, p.39; Fara'id Al-Samṭayn, Ḥamwayni, vol.1, p.292; Kashf Al-Ghummah, vol. 1, p.103; Manāqib, Khwārazmi, p.71; Gharar Al-Akhbār, pp. 48 and 200), Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.11, p.621)

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This speech is so gravely made that human intellect cannot figure out its deep sense. This statement made by the Messenger (s) represents that the Resurrection is kept in your hands upon God's Leave. Good for those mystics of yours and your rightful followers who take benefit from divinely eternal Paradise.

Your brother, the Messenger of God (s) was told: O' Messenger of God! Do we need permission to get rid of fire of Hell?

Hadrat stated:Yes. And that is love of Ali Ibn-e Abitalib.(1)

At this time, one of the wives of the Messenger(s) who began to blame you, the Messenger (s) told: Stop bothering my brother; as he is Commander of the Faithful, lord of Muslims and master of worshippers on

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the Day; he sits at the Path on the Day, letting his friends enter the Paradise and his enemies into Hell.(1)

O' yes!

God grants honor and high status to whoever He wants; He has granted you honor and high status. He is Omniscient and others not; He Wills and Does everything and hardly ever can any creature stand against His Will!

True! The Resurrection Day, arena of resurrection remains in your hands and you divide Paradise and Hell for people.

As for your enemies and those who deny you as Imam!

With this statement made, your enemies, who can hardly bear hearing your holy name, should shatter their own heads by striking them to the wall!!

And deniers of your divine caliphate and Imamate; those whose affection of others is deeply rooted in their hearts and can hardly hear such virtue of yours should die of grief! (2).

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1- قال ابن عباس: دخل الإمام علي [ عليه السلام ] على النبي صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم و عنده عائشة، فجلس بين النبي صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم وعائشة. فقالت: ما كان لك مجلس غير فخذى ؟ فضرب النبي صلى الله عليه [ و آله ] و سلّم على ظهرها و قال مه لا تؤذينى في أخي، فإنّه أمير المؤمنين و سيّد المسلمين و قائد الغر المحجلين يوم القيامة، يقعد على الصراط المستقيم فيدخل اولياءه الجنّة و يدخل أعداءه النار. (Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.11, p.619; Jawahir Al-Matalib, Ibn-e-e Dameshqi, vol.1, chapter 49, p.349; Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.1, chapter 14, p.221; Sharh Al-Maqasid, Taftazāni, vol.2, p.291; Sharh-e Nahj Al-Balaghah, Ibn-e-e Abi Al-Ḥadid, vol.9, p.169; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.37, p.297)
2- عن شريك بن عبدالله قال: كنا عند الأعمش في مرضه الذي توفّى فيه، فدخل عليه « أبو حنيفة » و « ابن أبي ليلى » و « ابن شبرمه » و كان الأمام أكبرهم فبدأ بالكلام وقال: إنّق الله فإنّك في أول يوم من الآخرة و قد كنت تحدّث عن على رضى الله عنه (( بأحاديث لو أمسكتها لكان خيرا لك ! فقال الأعمش أسندوني لمثلي يقال هذا حدّثني « أبو المتوكل الناجي » عن « أبي سعيد الخدری » قال: قال رسول الله (صلی الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) إذا كان يوم القيامة قال الله تعالى لي ولعلي بن أبي طالب أدخلا الجنّة من أحبّكما و أدخلا النار من أبغضكما وذلك قول الله تعالى: « أَلْقِيَا فِي جَهَنَّمَ كُلَّ كَفَّارِ عَنِيدٍ ». قال الإمام [ ابوحنيفه ] قوموا حتى لا يجيء بأطم من هذا قال فو الله ماجزنا الباب حتى مات. (Al-Jawahir Al-Madiyya fi Tabaqat Al-Hanafiyya, vol.2, p.501) The last words A'mash told Abu Hanifah before his death: Sharik Ibn-e-e 'Abdullah says: I paid a visit to A'mash when he was bed-ridden. “Abu Hanifah", "Ibn-e-e Abi Layli" and "Ibn-e-e Shabermah" came in; Abu Hanifah began to talk, saying to A'mash: Fear God that you always told hadith about Ali and if you had not said it, it would have been better for you! A'mash said: Know me that I love Ali (‘a) and hear that Abu Sa'id Khedri quotes the Messenger (s): When the Day comes, God tells me and Ali says: Let your lovers enter into Paradise and your enemies enter into Hell and this is what God promises :( أَلْقِيَا فِي جَهَنَّمَ كُلَّ كَفَّارٍ عَنِيدٍ ) (24 :Qaf) Abu Hanifah said: Get up going and let's not listen more! By God! I was about to reach home when A'mash died.

and those wicked followers (1) who are now committing crimes in the name of Islam, saying that your followers are infidels and amputate them(2), young and old, only because of approach to God in a series of bomb attacks at the mosques should hang themselves up as the Messenger (s) stated about your Shiite followers that they win salvation on the Day.(3)

And you and your pure Ahl-e Bayt are the very Companions of the Paradise as God has said: They recognize the believers by their countenances and give them good news of Paradise; you and your family separate the truthful believers from others and let them enter Paradise upon God's Leave.(4))

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1- Ibn-e-e Taymiya, the founder of Wahhabism
2- Takfiri Salafi Wahhbis say the Shiites of Ali (a) are infidels and martyr them by planting bombs in Mosques in Iraq, Pakistan and Syria and...They say they enter into Paradise if they do as such!!
3- قال سید الرسل صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يا علي ! أنت و شيعتك الفائزون يوم القيامة. •Al-Durr Al-Manthūr, Siyūți, vol.6, p.379 • Shawāhid Al-Tanzil, vol. 1, p.500 and vol.2, p.459 • History of Damascus, vol.42, p.332 • Al-Kamil, Ibn-e-e 'Adi, vol.7, p.213 • Al-Manaqib, Muvaffaq Khwārazmi, chapter 9, p.113 • Majma'a Al-Zawa'id, Heythami, vol.9, p.131 • Al-Mu'ajam Al-Awsat, Tabarani, vol.6, p.354 • Kanz Al-Ummāl, vol.11, p.323 And the other various sources.
4- وَ بَيْنَهُما حِجابٌ وَ عَلَى الْأَعْرَافِ رِجالٌ يَعْرِفُونَ كُلاً بِسيماهُمْ وَ نادَوْا أَصْحابَ الْجَنَّةِ أَنْ سَلامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ لَمْ يَدْخُلُوها وَ هُمْ يَطْمَعُونَ » 46 :Aaraf) روى الحافظ القندوزى الحنفى في ينابيع المودة، بأسناده المذكور عن سلمان الفارسي قال: سمعت رسول الله ( صلى الله علیه و آله و سلّم ) يقول لعلى [ عليه السلام أكثر من عشر مرّات: يا علي ! إنّك و الأوصياء من ولدك أعراف بين الجنّة و النار، لا يدخل الجنة إلا من عرفكم و عرفتموه و لا يدخل النار إلا من انکرکم و انكرتموه 452 ,Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, Qundüzi) و قال الإمام على عليه السلام لابن الكواء: نحن أصحاب الأعراف نعرف أنصارنا بسيماهم و نحن الأعراف يوم القيامة بين الجنّة و النار و لا يدخل الجنّة إلا من عرّفنا وعرفناه و لا يدخل النار إلا من انكرنا و أنكرناه و ذلك بأنّ الله عزّ و جلّ لو شاء عرّف للناس نفسه حتى يعرفوه وحده و يأتوه من بابه و لكنّه جعلنا أبوابه و صراطه و بابه الذى يؤتى منه، فقال فيمن عدل عن ولايتنا و فضّل علينا غيرنا فإنّهم « عن الصراط لناكبون » . (Ihtijaj, Tabarsi, vol.1, p.228)

And when, on the Day, letters of acts of people are opened and the truthful believers-who are your followers-open their letters of acts in this world, love and affection are the most brilliant and outstanding acts extended to you; the Messenger (s) said in this regard:

Among the most salient acts in the track record of the believers on the Day are love and kindness dedicated to Ali Ibn Abiṭālib.(1)

Your brother, the Messenger (s) is the most superior being of God's Creatures as well as a blessing for the universe and you too remain under his auspices as to divine ranks; Hadrat said to you one day:

O' Ali! People are from different trees and you and I are from one tree. (2).

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1- قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم عنوان صحيفة المؤمن حبّ عليّ بن أبي طالب... Some Sunni sources that have cited the above hadith: • Kanz Al-Ummāl, vol.11, p.601 • Fayd Al-Qadir, Manāvi, vol.4. p.481 • History of Baghdad, vol.5, p.177 • History of Damascus, vol.5, p.230 • Yanābi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol. 1, p.272 • Manaqib, Ibn-e-e Maghazili, hadith 243, p.243 • Al-sawa'iq Al-Muhriqah, Heythami, p.193 • Lisan Al-Mizan, vol.4, p.471
2- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يا علي ! الناس من شجر شتّى و أنا و أنت يا على من شجرة واحدة. • Mustadrak, Hakim, vol.2, hadith 2949, p.241 • Tarikh-e Madina Dameshq, vol.42, p.64 • Al-ṣawā'iq Al-Muḥriqah, Heythami, p.73 • Tarikh Al-Khulafa', p.171 • Zakhā'er Al-Uqbā, p.16 • Al-Durr Al-Manthur And......

And He also said:

Verily, God has assigned Ali, his wife and children as His Proofs for the creatures and they are opening doors of knowledge for my ummah. Whosoever is guided by them, he shall be moving along the Straight Path.(1).

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1- عن جابر بن عبدالله قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه [ و آله ] وسلّم: إنّ الله جعل عليا و زوجته و أبناءه حجج الله على خلقه و هم أبواب العلم في إمتى من اهتدى بهم هدى إلى صراط مستقيم. 1.8.Shawahid Al-Tanzil, vol) القرطبي و السيوطى و ابن حجر: قال الإمام موسى الكاظم ( عليه السلام : ولاية على مكتوبة في جميع صحف الأنبياء لم يبعث الله رسولاً إلاّ بنبوة محمّد و وصيّه علي. Sunni sources that have cited the subject-matter of the above hadith: • Al-şawa'iq Al-Muḥriqah, Ibn-e-e Hajar, p.149 • Al-Durr Al-Manthur, Siyūți, vol.3, p.290 in interpreting Ma'idah: 55 • Shawāhid Al-Tanzil, Hakim Ḥaskāni, vol.2, hadith 787, p.161 • Manaqib, Khwārazmi, hadith 256, p.275 • Tafsir-e Ţabari, vol. 10, p.96 • Fara'id Al-Samṭayn, Hamuwayni, vol. 1, p.79 • Mizan Al-I'tidāl, vol.3, p.118 • History of Baghdad, vol.8, p.95 • Fada'el Al-Khamsa, Firūzābādi, vol. 1, p.328 • Yanābi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol. 1, p.334 And....

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Theosophy Fifteen

This is to certify that you brought increased honor for Islam with the Conquest of Khaybar and filled the Messenger(s)s heart with joy!

Whoever reads the history of early Islam, he shall observe that the greatest courage and self-devotedness for sublimating the word of monotheism and religion of God has been shown by you after the Messenger (s). You have always been pride of Islam and expectation of the Messenger (s).

Your holy name always shook bodies of heroic infidels and loud outcry of Takbir, God is great, you chanted in the battlefield filled hearts of champions of infidel troops with horror.

You stood as Gods Lion and the archetypical hero across battle scenes of the right against the wrong; you stood firm on your exalted aim and ceased to turn your back on enemy as you stated in your epical words; verily, I have never run away from battlefield and jihad and I streamed blood of the one who came to fight with me. (1)

You accompanied the Messenger (s) in all battlefields and you held banner of Islam in one hand and your unsheathed Zulfiqar in another hand so that you could recklessly strike apart heads of infidel leaders; afterwards, infidels would run away out of fear with their banners and weapons left behind.

And you made illuminating statements about yourself. I am a companion and brother of Gods Messenger; I am a pioneer in Islam; I break apart idols; I fight with the atheists and subvert enemies of religion.(2)

You joined the Messenger (s) in all battles and you kept banner of the


Theosophy Account Fifteen

Courage of Ali (‘a) in Conquest of Khaybar cited by Sunni sources

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1- إني لم أفرّ من الزحف قط و لم يبارزنى أحد إلا سقيت الأرض من دمه. (Tafsir-e Nur Al-Thaqalayn, vol.2, p.139)
2- أنا صنو رسول الله و السابق إلى الإسلام و كاسر الأصنام و مجاهد الكفار و قامع الأضداد . (Gharar Al-Hakam, p.261, hadith 2)

Messenger (s) in your hands in all wars.(1)

The Messenger (s) was asked who would hold your banner on the Day. He said: Who can be better than the one holding it in the world; that is my brother, Ali Ibn Abitaleb.(2)

Your continued courage brought great pride of Islam which remains to be recorded under your name, O Lion of God Forever!

You carry nicknames of Khaybar Conqueror, Khaybar opener and Khaybar breaker.

O yes!

You on an unspeakable battle brought the fortified fortress of enemies of Islam into control of army of Islam in Khaybar and the Messenger (s) became joyful in his heart.

Before your battle in Khaybar, the Prophet (s) dispatched a number of people along with some combatants to conquer Khaybar, but they were defeated and came back; the Prophet (s) mandated you to conquer highly accessible and fortified stronghold of Khaybar. You created an epic in that battle which will persist in the history of Islam. By killing the hero and generalissimo of Jews named Marhab Hemayri, his brother, Yasser and several other heroes of Jews and by showing divinely supernatural power of jumping across trench, pulling off the giant and heavy door of castle and immediate destroying all resistances, you overfilled hearts of Khaybar enemies with so much horror that they were withdrawn any power of defense and were forced to unequivocal surrender. With such great conquest, Islamic state gained enormous wealth, property and armament and Muslims were relieved from distress.(3)

It was after this great conquest that morale of Muslims came to become strengthened and they could conquer Mecca and dominate Islam over all across Arabian Peninsula. )

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1- Amin, Seyyed Mohsen, A'yan Al-Shi'a, vol. 1, p.377
2- Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 12, p.1301 and vol.15, p.342
3- Omar used to say: After the conquest, we could eat food in full and Ayesha said: Now we can eat dates as much as we can. (Ibn-e Hisham, Al-Sirat Al-Nabaviyya, vol.2, p.316)

What comes below is detailed account of this great conquest and your unparalleled courage, which is recorded in the most authentic books of the Islamic history:

Khaybar, a fertile land and green plateau, located about 155km northward of Medina on the way to Sham. As cited, Khaybar warriors and residents numbered 20,000 people.(1)

Khaybar Jews dwelt in seven rocky fortified fortresses erected up on the mountain.(2) There existed water well and a large amount of foodstuffs and the dwellers could stay there in trenches and could resist the enemy as long as one year.(3)

The Messenger of God (s) wrote a letter to Khaybar Jews and called them on embracing Islam but they rejected. Having been worried about conspiracy of Khaybar, (4)the Messenger (s) decided to fight with them to make them yield to the Islamic state. Hazrat departed to Khaybar along with one thousand and four hundred people and two hundred horses in 7th Hegira.(5)2

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1- In A'lam Al-Wari, p.99, Tabarsi has written Khaybar residents numbered 14,000 people; Waqedi in Al-Moghazi, vol.2, p.634 have said: There were 10,000 warriors and 1000 people clad in armors in Khaybar; Ya'aqubi in his history, vol.2, p.56 has cited number of warriors of Khaybar 20,000 people.
2- Khaybar forts were named as Al-Na'im, Al-Qamus, Al-Sheqq, Al-Nata, Al-Watih, Al- Katibah and Al-Sulalim.
3- Impenetrable Fortresses, overpopulation, mass weapons and even catapult had changed Khaybar into a gigantic power in such a way that all Hejaz Jews had been under their influence and pinned hope on there and most of the wars and riots launched by Jews and the Quraysh against the Prophet (s) were somehow linked to Khaybar. Defeat or victory of Khaybar in war with Muslims was highly important and fateful for the Qurayshin so far as Quraysh leaders like Safwan, Shoheil and Abu Sufiyan betted on that. (Mirsharifi, Seyyed Ali, Knowing History of Islam, vol.2, p.95)
4- The Messenger wrote a letter to Khaybar Jews and invited them to turn to Islam but they rejected. (Siray-e Ibn-e Hisham, p.193). Waqedi in Al-Moghazi, vol.2, p.530 writes: Once Khaybar was informed of execution of Bani Qarizah (a clan of Medina Jews who had conspired against Islam), Jews came together; their leader named Sallam Ibn-e Mishkam said: Mohammad is finished with Medina Jews and he will come to deal with you now. He was asked: What should we do? He said: We must fight with him with all Khaybar Jews who are many and we must get help from Jews of Tima', Fadak and Wadi Al-Qura.
5- Siray-e Ibn-e Hisham, vol.2, p.342

After several days, army of Islam reached Khaybar region. All Jews took refuge in rocky fortified forts and took defensive position.

Jews knowing that collapse of Khaybar is end of Hejaz life defended hard their foundation and injured about fifty Muslims by massive shooting on the very beginning day of battle. It was very hard to capture the forts due to their impenetrability and fortifications. Muslims fought on days and returned to their camps nearby the forts in the nights.

Khaybar forts excluding Al-Qamus fort were captured one after another; Al-Qamus fort was regarded as the largest and strongest stronghold. (1) All fighters of Al-Qamus were united and defended the fortress hard. The more Muslims attacked, the more intense they were faced with shooting of Jews and retreated while leaving casualties behind. At this time, Hazrat had a headache and could not take part in war;(2) hence, he entrusted commandeering to Abubakr and handed him the banner. Abubakr went to war with the army but he failed and came back. The next day, Omar was assigned to commandeer troops and hold the banner. He failed to do something either because of shooting on the part of Jews; he fled and returned to the camp.

In the night, the Prophet (s) said: I will hand the banner to a man who is fond of God and His Messenger and so are they; God conquers the fortress by him; he incessantly attacks without running away.(3)

Muslims expected to see that man and each one of them wished he could the man concerned to the Prophet (s). Tomorrow morning, the Messenger (s) said: Where is Ali Ibn Abitaleb? People replied: He is suffering from !

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1- Hemayri, Al-Rrud Al-Me'atar, p.228
2- Ahmad Hanbal, Musnad, vol.5, p.333; Beyhaqi, Dala'el Al-Nabovva, vol.4, p.205; Tabarsi, A'laam Al-Wari, vol. 1, p.99
3- غير فرار لأعطينّ الرّأية غدا رجلاً يحبّ الله و رسوله و يحبّه الله و رسوله، يفتح الله على يديه ؛ كرّارا . (Sahih-e Moslem, Fada'il Al-Sahaba, hadith 3702) "Virtues of Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb ('a)" written by Moghazeli Shafe 'ie reads that: قال [ عليه السلام ) فأنشدكم بالله ! هل فيكم أحدٌ قال له رسول الله: لأعطين الراية غدا رجلاً يحبّ الله و رسوله و يحبّه الله و رسوله، لا يرجع حتى يفتح الله على يديه منهزماً ؛ غيرى ؟ قالوا: اللهم لا!

eye irritation in such a way that he cannot see ahead.

Later, O' Amir Mu'menan! The Prophet (s) sent Ammar Yasser after you and you while having irritated eyes came up to the Prophet (s). Your brother, the Messenger (s) healed your eyes with his saliva, saying: O' God! Keep Ali safe from heat and cold. Then he let you wear his iron armor, tied Zulfiqar to it and handed you the banner and said: Go ahead and stop looking your back until God makes you triumphant.

You, O' Amir Mu'menan! Moved a little forward and called without looking back: O' the Messenger of God! Over what should I fight with them?! He said: Keep fighting with them until they give testimony that there is no God but the Only God and Mohammad is His Messenger; when they did so, they have protected their life and property and told you: I swear to God! It is much better for you to guide someone by God than having red-haired camels.

At dawn when the sun was rising, you with your army while mourning with passion reached Al-Qamus fort without being noticed; Jews found themselves besieged completely when they saw you and your army.

You firstly called Jews on embracing Islam but they rejected; you asked them to pay taxes but they rejected; then you asked them for battle.

At this time, Jews sent their well-known warrior and hero, Marhab to raise an eye-to-eye confrontation with you.

Marhab came out of the fortress right away; he was physically giant and while he had two armors on, two swords and stony helmet, he began to brag: Khaybar knows I am Marhab! I am armed to my teeth and a full- fledged champion; I thrust spear at times and pull sword at other times.(1)

Once Muslims saw him, they were frightened and ran away.

But you O' Hero of the heroes of the universe! Responded to him at once:

I am the one whose called him Haydar (lion-hearted man); the very lion of the forests; my face is grimly macabre; I immediately kill you with my


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After this, Marhab roared and attacked you; he pulled up his sword to strike you. You nimbly surpassed him and hit his head so hard with your Zulfiqar that all soldiers of Islam heard the sound of strike.(2) Marhab though having shield had his shield cut through his helmet and head up to his teeth and fell down.

After killing Mrhab, you wrenched large stony door of the fortress off its place by divine power and made a bridge for army to cross and enter the fort; after a short fight, all fighters of the fort surrendered to you.(3)

True! You bravely conquered the fortified stronghold of Khaybar and hoisted flag of Islam over its roof.

You were manifestation of God and you could wrench the huge door of Khaybar fort off with one hand-which could not be easily lifted by seventy people(4); you yourself said in this respect:

By God! I do not wrench Khaybar door physically but I did it with divine power.(5))

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1- قد علمت خیبرانی مرحب *** شاكي السلاح بطل مجرب إذ الليوث أقبلت تهلب *** أطعن احيانا وحينا اضرب (Ibn-e Betriq, Al-'Amdah, p. 157; Kotobi, Ibn-e Shaker, Ayun Al-Tawarikh, vol. 1, p.266)
2- Tarikh-e Tabari, vol.3, p.12
3- Tarikh-e Ya'aqubi, vol.2, p.506; Siray-e Ibn-e Hisham, vol.3, p.349 and Siray-e Halabi, vol.3, p.37 read: When battle began, Marhab hit Amir Al-Mu'amenan ('a) and Amir's shield went off his hand, he immediately moved towards door of fort, wrenched it off hinges and used it as shield.
4- Ya'aqubi says in his history, vol.2, p.56: Door of stony fortress was 416cm long, 204cm wide and 104cm thick. Abu Rafe'a, the Messenger's freed man says: There were seven people with me the eight one who tried to lift the door but we failed to do so. (Tabaqat-e Ibn-e Sa'ad, vol. 1, p.80) Qastalani says in Al-Mawaheb Al-Ladaniyya, vol.2, p.386: Seventy people could not easily lift it up. Sheikh Mufid quotes Ali ('a) in Irshad, p.68 that he said: For me, it weighed as heavy as my shield with little difference.
5- و الله ما قلعت باب خيبر بقوّة جسمانية و لكن قلعتها بقوّة ربانية. (Diyar Bakri, Tarikh Al-Khamis, vol.2, p.51; Allameh Helli, Kashf Al-Morad, p.383)

When the Prophet (s) was informed about your victory over Jews, he departed to the fortress and saw you on his way, telling you: I heard of your newsworthy and valuable job; verily, God is pleased with you and so am I! When he spoke as such, you began to weep with your tears rolling down your nice-looking beard and holy eyes.

Your brother asked you: For what do you cry? And you whose heart is wider than the seven heavens said to him: I cry of joy that God and His Messenger are pleased with me!(1).

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1- Tabarsi, in A'laam Al-Wari, p.100 quotes Imam Baqir (a) as saying: Ali ('a) 's courage in conquering Khaybar has been cited in many Sunni sources, a few of which are brought herein: Ibn-e Ishaq, biography writer and ancient historian of Islam, quotes the following hadith from Salmat Ibn-e Omar Sahabi that the Prophet (s) gave his banner to Abubakr and dispatched him to one of Khaybar forts. He went and did his best but he returned while being unsuccessful. The next day, he sent Omar; he too went but returned with no fighting and no success. The Prophet (s) said: لأعطين الرأية غدا رجلاً يحبّ الله و رسوله يفتح الله على يديه ليس بفرار (He called Ali to come but he had irritated eyes; he dripped his saliva into his eyes and خذ ! هذه الرأية فامض بها حتى يفتح الله عليك :said . Ali ('a) left the Meseenger (s) with banner and ran quickly while gasping; we followed him too; he laid his banner underneath a wall over a pile of stones; a Jew looking from the fortress and said: Who are you? He said: Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb. The Jew replied: I swear to the Book sent down to the Moses! You are conqueror. Salmat Ibn-e Omar says: Ali ('a) fought as long as God opened Khaybar by him. (Siray-e Ibn-e Hisham, vol.2, p.334; Moslem, Bokhari and Ibn-e Majah in their Sahih on virtues of migrants; Sebt Ibn- e Jawziyya in Tazkerat Al-Khawas; Hakem Neisabouri in Mustadrak, vol.3, p.37 and vol.4, p.356; Heythami in Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, p. 108; Mohebb Tabari in Al-Riyadh Al-Nadra, vol.25, p.203) Abu Leyli Ansari quotes hadith from his father and he quotes it from Amir Mu'amenan (a) as follows: My father walking with Ali ('a) told him: There is something inside you that has amazed people. You wear two breechcloths in cold winter and you put on thick clothes in hot summer! Ali ('a) said to him: Were you not with us in battle of Khaybar? He said: Yes! I was. Ali (‘a) said: The Messenger (s) gave Abubakr banner and sent him to war but he came back; later, he gave it to Omar and mandated him for war but he too returned with no success. Then he said: I'll give my banner to a man who is loved by God and His Messenger and he loves them too and he never turns his back on enemy. He sent after me; I was suffering from eye irritation, he dripped some saliva of his mouth into my eyes, saying: O' God! Keep him safe from heat and cold. اللهم احفظه من أذى الحر والبرد After that, cold and heat have never bothered me. (Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal in Musnad, vol. 1, p.23; Mottaqi Hendi in Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 5, p.284; Hafiz Abu Na'im in Heliyat Al- Awliya', vol. 4, p.356; Fada'il Al-Khamsa, vol.2, p.161) Qatibah Ibn-e Sa'id quotes Ya'aqub Ibn-e 'Abdulrahman Zahri and he quotes Abu Hazem who quotes Sahl Ibn-e Sa'd Saa'edi about hadith of Khaybar: On the day of Khaybar, the Prophet (s) said: I'll give this banner to a man tomorrow, with whom God opens this stronghold; he loves God and His Messenger and so do they! The next morning, people came up to the Messenger (s); everybody hoped to be receiver of banner; Hazrat said: Where is Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb? They said: O' Messenger! He suffers from eye irritation. Hazrat said: Get someone to ask him to come here; Ali ('a) was brought to him and he dripped some saliva of his mouth into his eyes and prayed for him. Ali ('a) was instantly healed as if he had never had pain! After that, he handed him the banner and Ali ('a) said: O' Messenger of God (s)! Should fight I with them as long as they become like us? He said: Move ahead to reach the fortress; ask them to turn to Islam and tell them of whatever is mandatory in favor of God because if God guides only person on the Straight Path through you, you benefit more than having red-haired camels. Ibn-e Sa'd in Tabaqat, vol. 1, p.80; Khatib Baghdadi in Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.8, p.5; Ali Ibn-e Sultan Qari in Merqat Al-Mafatih, vol.5, p.566 and...) Ibn-e Ishaq as cited quotes Abu Rafe'a, servant and chamberlain of the Prophet (s) as: We joined Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) who held banner of the Messenger (s) to move towards one of the Khaybar forts; the very moment he reached there, people came out and began to fight with him. Amid battling, one of the Jews hit Ali and he let his shield drop down. Instead, Ali ('a) grasped door of the fort and wrenched it off; he made the door his shield under support of which he fought and tried hard until God made him capture the stronghold. When battle ended, Ali ('a) put it down; I and seven others did our best to move it but we failed. (Tabaqat-e Ibn-e Sa'd, vol. 1, p.80; Zahabi, Mizan Al-E'tedal, vol.2, p.218; 'Asqalani, Ibn-e Hajar, Fath Al-Bari, vol.9, p.18; Mohebb Tabari, Al-Riyadh Al-Nadra, vol.2, p.188 and...) Imam Fakhr-e Razi says in Tafsir-e Kabir under Kahf: 9: «أَمْ حَسِبْتَ أَنَّ أَصْحَابَ الْكَهْفِ وَالرَّقِيمِ كَانُوا مِنْ آيَاتِنَا عَجَبًا» Whoever knows more about the Invisible, he shall have stronger heart and nerves; hence, Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) says: By God! I did not take off door of Khaybar physically; rather, I did it by divine power. Hadith of banner and Khaybar has been cited in Shiite sources many times; for example, Seyyed Mohsen Amin Ameli has mentioned this hadith in A'yan Al-Shi'a, vol. 1, p.377 in many cases with little difference. Some of the Companions have cited the hadith of banner: 'Abdullah Ibn-e 'Abbas, Omar Ibn-e Khattab, Ayesha, Baridat Ibn-e Al-Hasib A'slami, Anas Ibn-e Malek, Jaber Ibn-e 'Abdullah Ansari, Sahl Ibn-e Saa'edi and ........ Subject-matter of this hadith and account of courage of Imam Ali (‘a) in Khaybar battle have been manifested since long in literature, art and mysticism of all Islamic languages in prose and poetry. In Persian language, "Conqueror of Khaybar", "Opener of Khaybar", and "breaker of Khaybar” are nicknames of Ali ('a). For example, Sa'adi Shirazi, Khwajuy-e Kermani and Hafiz Shirazi, the Persian poets have composed poems in this regard.

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You only and always had a deal with God; you never took any actions for carnal desires and you always sacrificed your life to sublimate Word of God. You became beloved of God and His Messenger because of these things and thousands of thousand uniquely good virtues!

O' Amir Al-Mu'amenin! We seek your assistance

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Theosophy Sixteen

I certify that you possess all ranks of the Messenger (s) excluding his status of Mission and Prophethood.

One can hardly speak about faith and cordiality without your name because you stand on apogee of faith and cordiality; one cannot talk about self- devotedness and daring without your name; all devotions and courage are interpreted under your name; one cannot say of the Holy Quran and its great teachings without your name; rather, you are leafs, verses and characters of the Quran. We cannot talk of the Seal of the Prophets (s), blessing of the universe and Light of God without a mention of your name because you as God testifies are soul of the Messenger (s) (1) and as Mohammad (s) testifies are part of his existence and he said: I and Ali are from the same tree and other people are from other trees(2), adding: Ali is from me and I am from Ali.

About you, I, like any other deviant people, do not exaggerate by saying that you are God but you are manifestation of names of God: Manifestation of power and grandeur of God, manifestation of delicacy and beauty of


Theosophy Account Sixteen

Hadith of "rank" and hadith of "communication of Al-Taubah Sura” in Sunni sources, its explication and other various issues

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1- In accordance with the various Shiite and Sunni narrations in Mubahalah verse (Al-e Imran: 61), by "L", it is meant the holy existence of Amir Mu'menan Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) which was detailed in theosophy four of the book.
2- قال الرسول صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم: أنا و على من شجرة واحدة و الناس من أشجار شتّى. The above hadith is cited many times in Sunni sources including: • Hakem, Mustadrak, vol.2, hadith 2949, p.241 • Tarikh-e Madina Dameshq, vol.42, p.64 • Tarikh Al-Khulafa', p.171 • Zakha'er Al-Uqba, p.16 • Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol.4, p.44 • Al-Jame' Al-Ahkam Al-Qur'an, vol.9, p.823 • Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith 32936 and......

he ignores son of Abitaleb (‘a) because these words are meaningless without your name!

I do not exaggerate and I say it truly that one can speak of God but not of you because God is known with your name; this is not what I say.

You are proof of God; you are brother of the Prophet (s) and successor of all his virtues and ranks but his status of Prophethood.

You are Imam of creatures; you are shining jewel of divine creation; you are caliph of God and prostrated by the Angels at all times; you are sun of the heavens and guiding star for all the earth residents; you are endless sea and you and your pure family provide safety on the earth.(1)

Christians exaggerated about Jesus Christ (‘a) saying that: Jesus is God and thus they became disbelievers!(2)

I do not say you are God; you are servant of God; you are divinely virtuous worshipper to whom He granted you the highest ranks.


God gives countless ranks to whomever He Wills and He bestowed such )

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1- قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم النجوم أمان لأهل السماء فإذا ذهبت ذهبوا ، و أهل بيتي أمان للأرض فإذا ذهب أهل بيتي ذهب أهل الأرض • The above hadith is being cited in various Sunni sources including: • Hakem, Mustadrak, vol.2, p.448 and vol.3, p.149 • Zahabi, Mizan Al-E'tedal, vol.1, hadith 296, p.82 • Ibn-e Hajar, Lesan Al-Mizan, vol. 1, hadith 425, p.136 • Qadi Maghrebi, Da'a'em Al-Islam, vol. 1, p.363 • Hanafi Kunduzi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol. 1, p.71
2- « لَقَدْ كَفَرَ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا إِنَّ اللهَ هُوَ الْمَسِيحُ ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ قُلْ فَمَنْ يَمْلِكُ مِنَ اللهِ شَيْئًا إِنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يُهْلِكَ الْمَسِيحَ ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ وَ أُمَّهُ وَ مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا وَ لِلَّهِ مُلْكُ السَّماواتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَ ما بَيْنَهُما يَخْلُقُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَ اللهُ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ » Surely, they are disbelievers those who said: "Massih, son of Maryam is God." Say [O' Messenger!]: "Who then has the least power against Allah, if He intends to destroy Massih, son of Maryam, and his mother, and all those who are on the earth?" And to Allah belongs the Dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them; Allah creates what He Wills and He is Powerful over all things. (Ma'idah: 17)

ranks to His Beloved who is beloved of the most beloved of His.(1)

You are the endeared man for the Messenger (s) on holy shoulders of whom you stood and dropped the big idol of Quraysh down from the rooftop of Ka'aba during conquest of Mecca.(2)

Your brother, the Messenger (s) frequently talked to the Companions about your status and made a mention of your valued position before God in different ways; a few of them recognized you and constantly and like a butterfly circled around universe-shining sun of your existence; hypocrite dissidents felt envious and concealed their vengeance against you as long as the Messenger of God (s) met his maker and joined God; at this time, they showed their grudge and usurped your divinely inalienable right through falsehood and instilling doubts, preventing people from your path that is the very Straight Path of God.

And a large number of people neglected, became opportunists and abandoned you after demise of the Messenger (s). After his demise, the wicked people left you, bothered you while many of them had heard the Prophet (s) saying that:

O' people!

Whoever bothers Ali, he has bothered me; verily, Ali is the first to be one of the believers and he is the most faithful to promise of God. Know that whoever persecutes Ali, he shall be appointed as Jew or Christian on the Day.(3)

But those people disregarded what the Messenger (s) said and spurred ي

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1- "His Beloved" means Ali ('a) and His Most Beloved means the Messenger of God(s) and the beloved of the most beloved means Ali ('a) who is beloved of the Messenger (s).
2- Diyar Bakri, Tarikh Al-Khamis, vol.2, p.86; proofs for this virtue of Amir Mu'amenan (a') has been cited in Al-Ghadir of Allameh Amini, vol. 7, pp. 10-13.
3- قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يا أيها الناس من آذى عليّا فقد آذاني، إنّ عليّا أولكم ايمانا و أوفاكم بعهد الله. يا أيها الناس! من آذى عليا، بعث يوم القيامة يهوديًا أو نصرانيا. (Annotation of Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol. 1, p.96) Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal in his Musnad, vol.3, p. 483 quotes the Messenger (s) as saying that: من آذى عليا، فقد آذاني

cruelty against you as well as your dear wife and children to a great extent.

Has the Messenger (s) not said to his ummah that:

O' people!

I recommend my Progeny to you that they constantly follow the Truth and the Truth is always with them; they are brave Imams after me; they are trustees of ummah and they are the Infallibles; they number as many as chieftains of the Israelites(1) and companions of Massih; nine of them are from Husayn's loin and Mahdi of ummah comes from them.(1)

All ummah witnessed this:

On 9th of Hegira when some first verses of Sura of Taubah came down to the Prophet (s), the Prophet (s) gave a mission to Abubakr to depart to Mecca to read it out loud for people of Mecca during hajj so that it could be an ultimatum for polytheists!

Deniers of Amir Mu'amenan (‘a) may not be happy because the story is not finished here, so listen to what continues!

The Prophet (s) had a purpose by doing it and he knew well what would occur!

Abubakr became happy and rode off his horse to Mecca and perhaps he imagined that he is approved by God and His Messenger! But he was negligent of the fact that the Prophet (s) wanted to re-mention to people who was qualified and who was unqualified. He wanted to say that someone who is not qualified on behalf of God to be sent down some verses, how can he succeed lord of the universe, the Seal of the Prophets (s)?!


As Abubakr moved to Mecca, Gabriel came down to Mohammad (s), telling him: O' Messenger (s)! God says: nobody is authorized to convey your message on your behalf unless he comes from you.

Your brother, the Messenger (s) expecting such message from God happily

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1- God introduces the Israelites of the Moses as twelve chieftains in the Holy Quran.

called you and gave his horse (1) to you, saying that: O' Ali! Move quickly and catch verses of Sura of Taubah from Abubakr; send him back to Medina and you yourself transfer the message because this is ordered by God.

You immediately headed to reach Abubakr and told him that the Messenger (s) had said that you should transfer the message and he had to return. He was annoyed and resisted but you took the verses from him and moved towards Mecca; Abubakr uneasily returned to Medina and asked the Messenger (s) about the reason. The Prophet (s) told him: God ordered me to do so.(2))

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1- It was a camel named 'Adba'.
2- The late Majlisi quoted Imam Sadiq (a) in Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.35, p. 295 as saying that: The Prophet (s) handed Sura of Taubah to Abubakr so that he would recite it to people during hajj; Gabriel came down and told you that nobody except Ali is authorized to inform people on your behalf. Hazrat called on Ali and ordered him to mount 'Adba' camel and ride to Abubakr; he should take Sura of Taubah from Abubakr and read it out to people during hajj in Mecca. Hadith book of Salim Ibn-e Qeys Helali reads that Ali ('a) said to the Migrants and the Helpers in one of his argumentations: Do you confess that the Prophet (s) sent me to inform Sura of Taubah and asked other than me (Abubakr) to return after he had sent him; this was because of divine revelation saying: God the Most High says: Nobody has the right to convey the message unless he is of you?! They said: Yes we swear to God! (part of hadith 11, Salim Ibn-e Qeys Helali) The above hadith has been cited in Sunni sources as: روى أحمد بن حنبل بسنده عن الإمام على [ عليه السلام ) قائلاً: لما نزلت عشرآيات من سورة براءة على النبي (صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) : دعا النبي ( صلى الله عليه و آله و سلّم ) أبابكر فبعثه بها، ثم دعانى النبي ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله ] و سلّم ) فقال لى: أدرك أبابكر، فحيثما لحقته فخذ الكتاب منه، فأذهب به إلى مكة، فاقرأه عليهم، فلحقته بالجحفة فأخذت الكتاب منه. و رجع أبوبكر إلى النبي ( صلى الله عليه و آله و سلّم ) فقال : يا رسول الله ! هل نزل في شيء؟ قال النبي (صلي الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم) لا ! و لكن جبرائيل جاءني فقال: لن يؤدى عنك إلا أنت أو رجل منك. (Musnad, Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal, vol.1, p.3) روى الحاكم عن ابن عمر حديثا قال فيه: أنّ رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله ] وسلّم ) بعث أبابكر و عمر ببراءة إلى أهل مكة فانطلقا، فإذاهما براكب فقال: من هذا؟ قال: أنا على يا أبا بكر هات الكتاب الذي معك، فأخذ الإمام على [ عليه السلام ] الكتاب فذهب به و رجع أبوبكر و عمر إلى المدينة فقالا: ما لنا يا رسول الله؟ قال النبي ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ): ما لكما إلا خير و لكن قيل لى لا يبلغ عنك إلا أنت أو رجل منك. (Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol.1, p.318)

God, manifestation of kindness and mercifulness of God and manifestation of wrath of God.(1)

True! One cannot speak of goodness, purity, beauty and self-sacrifice but 2

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1- Various hadiths read that knowing God is impossible without knowing the Pure and Infallible Progeny (‘a); some of such hadiths are: ... فقام عليّ بن أبي طالب علیه السلام فقال يا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم أنسبنى من أنا لتعرف الناس قرابتي منك. فقال صلى الله علیه و آله وسلم: يا علي .... ما عرف الله إلا بى ثم بك. (147.Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.22. p) قال الصادق عليه السلام: الأوصياء هم أبواب الله عزّ و جلّ التي يؤتى منها و لولا هم ما عُرف الله عزّ و جلّ. (Kafi, vol. 1, p.193) قال الصادق علیه السلام لولا ،نحن ما عرف الله (237.Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.3, p) Ibn-e 'Abbas said: I heard the Prophet (s) say: O' people! Know that God has a door through which whoever passes, he shall be secure from hellfire. Abu Sa'id Khedri stood up and said: O' Messenger (s)! Guide us to know that door. The Messenger (s) said: He is Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb, Seyyed of inheritors, Amir Mu'amenan, brother of Messenger of God (s) and viceroy of God over all people. O' people! Whoever wants to cling to a strong rope that is not cast off, he shall hang by leadership of Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb because if you are led by him and follow him, you will be led by me and follow me. O'people! Whoever wishes to know proof after me, he shall know Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb. O' people! Whoever is pleased with my leadership, he shall abide by leadership of Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb and Imams from my descendants because they are treasuries of my knowledge. At this time, Jabir Ibn-e 'Abdullah Ansari stood up and said: O' Messenger of God (s)! How many Imams do we have? Hazrat said: God may bless you that you asked about the whole Islam! They number as many as months. Since God had created the heavens and earth, they numbered twelve before God. Their number is as many as springs boiled for the Moses when he struck the stone with his stick and twelve springs popped up; besides, Imams equaled number of the Israelites chieftains. God said in this regard: « وَلَقَدْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ وَبَعَثْنَا مِنهُمُ اثْنَيْ عَشَرَ نَقِيبًا ....... And verily, Allah took the covenant from the children of Israil; and We Appointed twelve chieftains from among them................ (Ma'idah: 12) O' Jabir! Imams are twelve in number, the first of whom is Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb and the last one is the Upholder. (The above hadith is quoted by Allameh Mohaddeth Bahrani in "Ghayat Al-Maram", p.224 from Manaqib-e Ibn-e Shazan.) Imam Ali ('a) says: If God wanted to introduce Himself to His Worshippers, but He did not do so; He placed us as intermediary on His Knowledge; those who turn back from our leadership and prefer others, they have gone away from the Straight Path. (Kafi, vol.1, p.184) انتصر النبي في معركة خيبر في السنة السابعة، وفتح النبي (صلى الله عليه وآله و سلّم) مكة في السنة الثامنة للهجرة، ثمّ انتصر في معركة حنين ثم نزلت هذه السورة في السنة التاسعة تعلن البراءة من المشركين وتنذرهم جميعا بالحرب إن لم يسلموا، عندها دفع النبي (صلى الله عليه و آله و سلّم ( السورة إلى أبي بكر ليقرأها على الحجّاج في مكة في السنة التاسعة للهجرة؛ لكن الله تعالى بعث جبرئيل إلى النبي (صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) طالبا منه أخذ السورة من أبي بكر و إعطائها إلى الإمام على [ عليه السلام ] فذهب الإمام على عليه السلام للحجاج وقرأ سورة التوبة على المشركين في مكة. و رجع أبوبكر إلى النبي (صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) فقال : يا رسول الله ! هل نزل في شيء؟ قال النبي (صلى الله عليه [ و آله ] و سلّم) لا ! و لكن جبرئيل جائنى فقال: لن يؤدى عنك إلا أنت أو رجل منك ونقله في الكنز عن أبى الشيخ و ابن مردويه ونحوه في الكشاف أيضا. (Velayat Al-Ali ('a) fi Al-Quran men Kotob Ahl Al-Sunna, vol.3, p.113) و قد روى عودة أبى بكر و بكاءه و ذهاب الإمام على بن أبى طالب [ عليه السلام ] أميرا على الحج محمد بن إسحاق و أحمد بن حنبل و أبو يعلى من رواية أبي إسحاق عن يزيد بن منبع عن أبى بكر و ابن مردویه و صاحب تفسیر البرهان و ابن شهر آشوب و الطبرسى و البلاذرى و الترمذى والواقدى و الشعبى و السدّى و الثعلبى و الواحدى و القرطبي و القشيري و السمعانی و ابن بطة و الأعمش و سماك بن حرب في كتبهم عن عروة بن الزبير و أبي هريرة و أنس و أبي رافع و زید بن نفیع و ابن عمر و ابن عباس. (Al-Nejah Al-Ta'ie, Velayat Al-Imam Ali ('a) men Kotob Al-Sunna, vol.3, p.114) And a number of Sunni books that have cited the account of informing Sura of Taubah by Ali (‘a) and return of Abubakr are as follows: • Mottaqi Hendi, Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.2, p.417 • 'Abdulrahman Ibn-e Amru Al-Nasri, Tarikh Abi Zar'ah, p.298 •Tafsir-e Ibn-e Kathir, vol.2, p.347 •Zakha'er Al-Uqba, p.96 •Nsa'ie, Khasa'es, p.20 •Sunan-e Termezi, vol.2, p.46 •Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol.10, p.46 •Mustadrak Alalsahihin, vol.3, p.51 •Sebt Ibn-e Jawziyya, Tazkerat Al-Khawas, vol.1, p.43 •Tarikh-e Ya'aqubi, vol.2, p.76 •Tarikh-e Tabari, vol.2, p.382

This event which took place roughly one year before demise of the holy Prophet of Islam(s) proved to people of knowledge and insight that who is soul of the Prophet (s) and has his dignity and is eligible to be caliph of the Prophet (s) and the superior beings of God.

In the 9th year of Hegira, your brother, the Messenger (s) equipped an army to spread Islam for waging a war with Roman Empire. God in holy Sura of Taubah explains about this battle which is the last battle of the Prophet

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(s) and which is known after "battle of Tabouk" in history of Islam.

This Sura says that how hypocrisy-developed in the late years of the Prophet's life-disrupted and stonewalled trend of his life.(1)

Trip to the Levant for battle-because of long distance-lasted several months and dissidents were worried that the Prophet (s) and his troops stay far from town, so they can capture Medina and turn the tables.

But Mohammad (s) was well informed about conspiracy of dissidents and he thought of a strategy to stop their ill-omened plot, which disappointed all of them; that strategy was that he let you stay in Medina.


You joined the Prophet (s) and were his standard-bearer in all battles and you stayed in town in battle Tabouk only as the Prophet (s) had ordered to watch the situation.

When dissidents found that their plot came out in the wash with the appearance of the Impetuous Lion (as Ali ('a) was known after) began to spread rumors that you fail to accompany the Messenger (s) in the battle because of long distance and hot air!!

They intended to instigate your fervor by spreading such rumors so that you might leave Medina with the Prophet (s) and they can easily fulfil their sinister aims.

Regretfully, a number of simple-minded people began to retell each other what dissidents said. You heard them and became annoyed and met up e.

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1- Taubah Sura mainly centers on trends of Tabouk battle. This Sura says that a group of hypocrite dissidents stayed in Medina, making excuses that they have no facilities and their families are alone. They did so to conspire against the Prophet(s) but they failed to do so because of Amir Mu'amenan ('a); also, another group of dissidents joined the Prophet (s) in this war so that they might both stir up army of Islam and act as spies for dissidents of Medina. A number of the same dissidents on their way back from war and on a mountainous region where Mohammad (s) was alone with two people intended to frighten camel of the Prophet (s), push him into a valley and kill him but they were unsuccessful. Sura of Taubah represents that story of hypocrisy had been expanded and integrated in the late years of holy life of the Prophet (s); this was the very movement that brought about that great disaster for Islam after demise of the Messenger (s) and stopped Islam moving towards the straight course.

with the Prophet (s), tearfully saying: people say I have refused to take part in the battle because of long way and hot weather! And some others say you disfavor me and because of that, you let me stay in town!

Lovingly staring at your good-looking face, the Prophet (s) very kindly expressed his eternal statement about your dignity:

O' Ali!

Be happy and go back as Medina needs you!

O' Ali!

Aren't you pleased to be close to me in rank as Harun was to the Moses? Except that after me there is no Messenger.

And you said: Verily, I am pleased! And you returned to Medina.(1))

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1- The honorable Prophet of Islam (s) leaving Ali ('a) as his successor in Medina during battle of Tabouk said: أما ترضى أن تكون منّي بمنزلة هارون من موسى إلا أنه لا نبي بعدي. Aren't you pleased if I say you are likened to me as Harun was to the Moses except that there comes no Messenger after me (Just as he was successor of the Moses, so you are my successor and caliph after me)? The above hadith known after "hadith of rank" is successively cited in Sunni sources including: • Sahih-e Bokhari, vol.4, chapter of virtues of the Migrants, p.208 and vol.5, chapter of battle of Tabouk, p.129 • Ibn-e Majah, Sunan, vol.1, chapter of virtue of Ali ('a), p.43 • Sunan-e Termezi, vol.5, chapter of virtues of Ali (‘a), p.302 • Nesa'ie, Fada'il Al-Sahaba, chapter of virtues of Ali ('a), p.13 • Hakem Haskani, Al-Mustadrak, vol.2, p.337 • Musnad-e Ahmad, vol. 1, p.170 • Heythami, Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, chapter on rank of Ali(a), p.109 • Fath Al-Bari, vol.7, chapter of virtues of Ali ('a), p.60 • Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.9, Ketab Al-Sahbah, p.167 and vol. 13; chapter of virtues of Ali ('a), p.106 • Ibn-e 'Adi, Al-Kamel, vol.3, p.207 • Zahabi, Seyr A'laam Al-Nubla', vol.1, p.142 • Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.21, p.415 • Tarikh-e Tabari, vol.2, p. 368 And.... In Sahih-e Moslem, Amer Ibn-e Sa'id Abi Waqqas quoted his father, Sa'ad as saying: Mu'awiyyat Ibn-e Abi Sufiyan [may curse of Allah, Angels, the Saint Imams befall upon him, his father and children forever] had ordered Sa'ad to insult Ali Ibn-e Abitaleb (a) but he refused to do so. One day, Mu'awiyya (may Allah damn him) asked what made him not insult Ali ('a). Sa'ad said: As long as I remember three sentences from the Prophet (s), I will never Ali (‘a); the three sentences if one of which he had told about me, I would have seen him more beloved than any precious gem: First, I heard the Prophet (s) say to Ali ('a): Aren't you pleased if you are likened to me as Harun was to the Moses with a difference that no Messenger comes after me? The Prophet said this when he was going to wars and placed Ali ('a) as his successor in Medina and Ali (‘a) told the Prophet (s): You put me your successor among children and women (for some tongue lashings from enemies). Second, during battle of Khaybar, I heard him say: I hand my banner of war to a man soon who loves God and His Messenger and so does God and His Messenger. Tomorrow, we all rebelled that one of us might be the man but he handed it to none of us and said: Fetch Ali to me! They went and brought Ali while he was suffering from eye irritation; the Prophet (s) dripped his saliva into Ali's eyes and handed him the banner of battle; God the Almighty conquered Khaybar fort with the hands of Ali. Third, when verse of Mubahalah came down: «.....besi¿ðiálé js summoned Ali, Fatima, Hassan and Husayn ('a) and said: O' God! These people are my Progeny. The Messenger (s ... فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا.... (This narration is cited in Sunan-e Termezi about virtues of Ali (‘a).) Of course, this point has to be mentioned that the hadith does not only mean succession of Ali ('a) in Medina during battle of Tabouk while Sunnis argue about this hadith, saying that hadith of rank represents succession of Ali ('a) in Medina during battle of Tabouk and fails to imply his caliphate and Imamate. Responding to this, one must say such reasoning sounds untrue because hadith apparently and meaningfully implies that all ranks devoted to Harun are proved for our lord, Ali (a), of course, other than Prophethood and the Messenger (s) was opt to introduce his successor. Furthermore, the Prophet (s) has mentioned the above hadith in various other situations that confirm what is said earlier; for example, Sunni books read that one day Abubakr, Omar and Abu Ubaydah Jarrah were with the Prophet (s) when he tapped Ali's shoulders and said: يا علي ! أنت أوّل المؤمنين ايمانا و أولهم إسلاما و أنت منّي بمنزلة هارون من موسى. (Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.6, hadith 60320, p.295) Also, in early days of Hegira when the honorable Prophet (s) called for brotherhood of the Migrants and the Helpers and a group of them became brothers of each other two by two; Ali ('a) told the Prophet (s) with tears in his eyes: I have done nothing wrong; how is it that you assigned brother for everyone but not me? The Prophet (s) said to him: والذي بعثني بالحقِّ ! ما اخّرتك إلا لنفسى و أنت منّي بمنزلة هارون من موسى غير أنّه لا نبي بعدي و أنت أخي و وارثي. (Selection from Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.5, p.31)

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The Messenger saying such eternal words (s) clarified one more time that you are his true successor just as Harun was for the Moses.

Where are those who resorted to other than you going?! You are the rightful Imam, you are caliph of the Messenger of God(s), you are Proof of God and you are Divine Straight Path!

Where are you, O' deniers, going?!

O' the sagacious people of the universe! Hasten because Ali ('a) is inheritor of Mohammad (s); O' the vigilant people of the universe! Hasten because Ali (‘a) is the strengthened rope of God; O' God-seekers of the universe, O' enthusiasts of purities and O' those who ask for guidance! Hasten because Ali (‘a) is waiting in front of Doors of Paradise, waiting!....

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Theosophy Seventeen

I certify that God perfected His Religion by proclaiming caliphate and Imamate in Ghadir-e-Khumm through His Messenger (s).

Greetings befall upon you, O' brother of the Messenger of God(s), Proof of God and Imam of the universe! Greetings befall upon you, O' Amir Mu'amenan (‘a)! Who gives life to celestial resident mortals and are pride of cherubim of the heavens.

In this theosophy account, I want to talk about Ghadir; the ebullient and limpid spring of knowledge that gushes forever and satiates those thirsty of pure learnings.

Ghadir is not a pond; it is an ocean width of which is much wider than breadth of eternal Paradise of God.

In this endless ocean, constellation of thousands of thousand suns shines but their splitting lights fail to tap depth of that gigantic ocean.

Ghadir has an outward and inward: the outward is proclamation of your immediate caliphate and Imamate on behalf of God by your brother, the Messenger (s); the inward of this endless ocean is unknown to us but known to God and His Messenger (s)!

In Ghadir-e-Khumm, in ending years of blessed life of the Messenger (s), Mohammad (s) vociferously said:

O' people! Ali is my caliph; O' People! Ali is Proof of God; O' people! Follow Ali after me so that you might not go astray!

And the Messenger of Blessing (s) who is compassionate and well-wisher of the world people called on people and cried out:

Lo and behold O' People! Whoever finds me his lord, Ali shall be his lord as well.

And he repeatedly said to make that one-hundred-thousand crowd lend an ear to what he says:

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Lo and behold O' People! Ali is from me and I am from Ali(1); O' People! I and Ali come from one tree and people are from other trees;(2) O' People! If you agree on Imamate of Ali ('a), you will never face perdition;(3)O' People! Ali is always with the Truth and the Truth is always with Ali, (4)O' People! Ali Ibn Abitaleb after me is the most omniscient man of all people. O' People! Friendship with Ali engulfs sins just as fire feeds wood.(5) O' People! I am house of theosophy and Ali is its door.(6) O' People! Verily, Ali is from my flesh and his blood is from mine.(7) O' People! Ali for me is as my head is for my body.(8) O' People! Ali and his followers are the very those who are delivered on the Day.(9) O' People! Whoever bothers Ali, he


Theosophy Account Seventeen

The great and magnificent incidence of Ghadir-e-Khum in Sunni sources, explanation and response to doubts raised by the opposition and various other issues

(1) قال النبي (صلى الله عليه و آله و سلّم : علي منّي و أنا من علي.

قال النبي (صلى الله عليه و آله و سلّم): يا علي ! أنت منّي و أنا منك.

(Sahih-e Bokhari, Ketab-e Solh, vol.3, p. 168; Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak Al-Sahihin, vol. 3, p.120; Beihaqi, Sunan Al-Kobra, vol. 8, p.50 and.....)

(2)قال النبي ( صلى الله عليه و آله و سلّم ) : أنا و على من شجرة واحدة و الناس من أشجار شتّى.

(Hakem Neisabouri, Mustadrak Al-Sahihin, vol.2, p.241; Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol. 42, p.64; Zakha'er Al-Uqba, p.16; Tafsir Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol.4, p.44 and....)

(3) (......Kanz Al-Ummal, 32966 and إن تولّوا عليّا تجدوه هاديا مهديّا، يسلك بكم الطريق المستقيم.

(4)على مع الحق والحق مع على يدور معه حيثما دار.

(Kanz Al-Ummal, vol.5, p.30; Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.14, p.322; Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol. 7, p.235; Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol. 42, p.449; Ali Ibn-e Mardawyeh, p.113 and.....)

(5)(32997 Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith أعلم أمتى من بعدى، علي بن أبي طالب ..

(6)أنا دار الحكمة و علي بابها فمن أراد العلم فليأته بالبابه. ...

(Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith 32021 and.....), il jst s

(Siyuti, Al-Jame' Al-Saghir, vol. 1, p.451; Manavi, Fayd Al-Qadir, vol.3, p.60; Zakha'er Al-Uqba, p.83; Ossad Al-Ghaba, vol.4, p.22; Lesan Al-Mizan, vol. 1, p.432 and..)

(7)Los dos ad id tile (Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith 32936)

(8) i was owl, aljiva is te (Kanz Al-Ummal, hadith 32914)

(9)شيعة على هم الفائزون يوم القيامة. يا علي ! أنت و شيعتك الفائزون يوم القيامة .

(Siyuti, Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol. 6, p.397; Showkani, Fath Al-Qadir, vol.5, p.477; Hakem Neisabouri, Shawahed Al-Tanzil, vol.1, p.500; Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, p.113; Kanz Al-Ummal, vol. 11, p.323; Tabrani, Al-Mu'ajam Al-Kabir, vol.6, p.354 and....)

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has bothered me.(1)And O' People! Epigraph of track record of a faithful person lies within friendship with Ali Ibn Abitaleb.(2)

Also, the Prophet (s) continued to say:

Whoever likes to live like me, dies like me and resides in Divine Paradise which is everlasting place, he shall choose Ali as his guardian and leader and pursue Imams coming after him, who are from my Progeny and from my inborn disposition because God has put my knowledge and understanding their sustenance; Woe betides those who deny their status and give up observing my right about my Progeny because they shall be deprived of my intercession on the Day: (3)

Ghadir is manifesting place of Will of God!

God willed you succeed the Messenger (s) and become Imam of people; He grants honor to whomever He wishes; He granted you endless honor because you were His Beloved and the beloved of the Messenger (s).

You were avant-garde in Islam and conqueror of all peaks of divine values; you were the greatest worshipper, after the Prophet (s) you were the most valorous and devoted man. In battlefields, many fled out of fear they had for their life, leaving alone the Messenger (s) among huge crowds of enemies. O' You, Lion of God! You never stepped backed but you roared and massacred crowds of disbelievers while being lonely in order to protect )

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1- من آذى عليا فقد آذاني .. (Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal, Musnad, vol.3, p.483; Hakem, Mustadrak, vol.3, p. 122 and.....)
2- عنوان صحيفة المؤمن حبّ علي بن ابي طالب .. (Heythami, Al-Sawa'iq Al-Muhriqa, vol.1, p.193; Ibn-e Moghazeli, Manaqib, p.243, hadith 290; Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.5, p.230; Manavi, Fayd Al-Qadir, vol.4, p.481 and.....)
3- من سره أن يحيا حياتي و يموت مماتي و يسكن جنّة عدن التي غرسها ربّي فليوال عليّا من بعدى، وليوال وليه و ليقتد بالائمة من بعدى فإنّهم عترتى خلقوا من طينتى رزقوا فهما و علما و ويل للمكذبين بفضلهم من أمتى القاطعين فيهم صلتى لا أنا لهم الله شفاعتي. (Kunduzi, Yanabi'a Al-Mawaddah, vol.1, chapter 43, p.380; Abu Na'im, Helyat Al- 'Awliya', vol. 1, p.86; Mu'atazeli, Ibn-e Abi Al-Hadid, Sharh-e Nahjul Balagha, vol.2, p.450 and....)

the Messenger of God (s).

I portrayed only a small part of your unparalleled courage in this book; now, before dealing with Ghadir event, I want to speak of another one of your epics-which took place one year prior to Ghadir and triggered survival of Islam and degradation of disbelievers; this courage of yours was seen in "Battle of Hunayn".

When tribes of Hawazin and Thaqif-settled around Ta'if-heard your brother, the Prophet (s) with you and his army heading from Medina for conquest of Mecca, they imagined that he intended to war with them; hence, they joined their forces and some other tribes joined Hawazin and Thaqif too.(1)

Equipped with forces, they reached valley of Hunayn atop of which they took position. The Messenger (s) sojourned there fifteen days after conquest of Mecca that happened on Friday 20th, Ramadan of 8 Hegira; afterwards, he decided to crack down pagans of Hawazin and Thaqif who abstained from embracing Islam.

Army of Islam reaching their region moved into the valley to pass through; they were faced with sudden and unexpected assault of enemy and ceased to stabilize themselves. From top of the valley, the enemy in full strength sparked Muslims with spears and stones. Horrified Muslims turned back and left the Messenger (s) alone in that kerfuffle and ran away!

Some fled as far as Mecca and told people about battle of the Messenger (s); some people of Mecca became happy and some others said: Arab returns to religion of forefathers.(2)

In that war, all of them who numbered twelve thousands and were proud of their large numbers escaped but four people!(3) And ten people! Based on some narrations.(4).

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1- Tarikh-e Tabari, vol. 3, p.70; Al-Baghawi, Ma'alim Al-Tanzil, vol.2, p.261; Al- Nuwayri, Nihayat Al-Arab, vol.17, p.324
2- Salehi Shami, Mohammad Ibn-e Yusef, Subul Al-Huda, vol.5, p.437
3- In Al-Musannaf, vol.8, p.553, Ibn-e Abi Shaybah says: in Battle of Hunayn, all Muslims fled except for four people.
4- Many historians have written that all but ten people ran away in the Battle of Hunayn.

At this time, a group of Quraysh leaders who forcibly expressed turn to Islam and remained atheist inwardly during conquest of Mecca began to blame others; having seen Muslims on the run, Abu Sufyan Ibn Harb who had newly and apparently turned to Islam happily shouted:

O' Hawazin and O' Thaqif! Muslims flee as far as seaside.

Kaldat Ibn Hanbal said:

Today sorcery is annulled!

Safwan, one of the Companions, harshly told him: God may break your mouth!

Shaybat Ibn Uthman ‘Abdari whose father had been killed in Battle of Ohud said:

I take vengeance for my father's blood today, I kill Mohammad today!(1)

When the enemy saw that Muslims left the Messenger(s) alone and ran away, they came down the valley to murder Mohammad (s).

And you, O' Lion of God! O' Assad Allah Al-Ghaleb! O' Son of Abitaleb! You were circling around existential sun of the Messenger (s) while you had banner of honor of Islam in one hand and Zulfiqar in your other hand; you roared like a lion and whoever neared the Prophet (s), you split apart his head with your Zulfiqar.

Brash standard-bearer of enemy's army named "Abu Jerul" rode a red- haired camel accompanied by a large number of men attacked the Prophet (s); he came close with his retinue and bragged so: I'm Abu Jerul! I don't leave battlefield until I kill these people or I get killed myself.(2)

You rushed to him and hit him on his back; he fell onto the ground and you cut him in half with another strike. Once Abu Jerul was killed, enemy's army faced defeat.(3)

At this time, your brother, the Messenger (s) ordered 'Abbas who had a .

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1- Sirey-e Ibn-e Hisham, vol.4, p.86
2- أنا أبوجرول لا براح *** حتى نبيح اليوم أونباح (Sheikh Mufid, Ershad, vol.1, p.143)
3- Ibid.

loud voice to call back runaway Muslims, 'Abbas shouted:

O' People who made a pledge to the lineage! O' People of Baqara! Where on earth are you running away?!(1)

Recurrent yells of the Prophet (s) made a number of elusive Muslims return and come in grips with the enemy in the valley of Hunayn; this time God the Almighty sent down waves of Angels to help His Messenger (s) and Muslims. In the end, thanks to your courage, O' Commander of the Faithful! As well as descent of Angels, polytheists left behind their women, children and properties in the battlefield, a number of whom were killed, a number of others were captivated and others had gone on the run.(2)

Seventy people from enemy's army were killed, forty warriors of whom had been killed by you, O' Amir Al-Mu'amenan!(3)


Fadl Ibn 'Abbas says: When all people were running away, my father looked but he did not find Ali among the resolute people and he annoyingly said:

Should son of Abutaleb withhold his life from the Prophet (s) under such conditions? But he was always the only companion of the Prophet (s) under critical times!

I said: What do you mean by saying such things about your nephew?! Do .

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1- Sirey-e Ibn-e Hisham, vol.4, p.86
2- God says about battle of Hunayn and the Invisible Helps of Angels: « لَقَدْ نَصَرَكُمُ اللهُ في مَواطِنَ كَثِيرَةٍ وَ يَوْمَ حُنَيْنٍ إِذْ أَعْجَبَتْكُمْ كَثْرَتُكُمْ فَلَمْ تُغْنِ عَنْكُمْ شَيْئًا وَضاقَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْأَرْضُ بِما رَحُبَتْ ثُمَّ وَلَّيْتُمْ مُدْبِرِينَ * ثُمَّ أَنْزَلَ اللهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ وَ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَ أَنْزَلَ جُنُودًا لَمْ تَرَوْهَا وَ عَذَّبَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَ ذَالِكَ جَزاءُ الْكافِرِينَ» (Truly, Allah granted you Aid in many battlefields; and on the day of Hunain [battle] when you rejoiced your great number; but it did not avail you at all and the earth, despite its vastness, seemed straitened for you, then you turned back in flight; then Allah sent down His Divine Tranquility on the Messenger and on the believers and sent down forces [Angels] that you could not see, [being Invisible] and Allah punished the disbelievers severely and such is the recompense for the disbelievers (Taubah: 25-26)
3- Maqrizi, Imta' Al-Asma', p.408; Kafi, vol.8, p.376; Sheikh Mufid, Ershad, p.76; in Subul Al-Huda, vol.5, p.487, Mohammad Ibn-e Yusef Salehi Shami says: Ali ('a) fought with the enemy along with the Prophet (s) more heroically on Hunayn day.

you not see him in the midst of war?! 'Abbas (Mohammad (s)'s uncle replied: My son! Tell me how he looks! I said: He is such and such. He said: What is that shining? I told him: It is shining light of Zulfiqar that circles around heroes of enemy and kill them.

'Abbas said: He is chivalrous man proper and son of the chivalrous! May his uncles be his sacrificial lamb!

Fadl says: On that day, Ali Ibn Abitaleb cut in half forty warriors and his strikes were fatally lethal.(1)


Umma Salim-a heroine in the arena of Hunayn-told the Prophet (s): O' Messenger of God! Did you see how they delivered you to the enemy and fled, leaving you behind! When you catch them, do not forgive them but kill them, polytheists! The Messenger (s) said: God suffices it Himself and Divine Blessing is much wider than this.(2)

What days we have! The very those who left the Messenger (s) and ran away out of fear found themselves in perfect status!!

Small wonder! That time, their courage showed face and they raided your house and Fatima's (‘a), set ablaze it and disrespected the Prophet (s)!(3)

I make a mention of your valor shown in Sariya, "Zatus Sallasil" or Battle of Chains; afterwards, I come back to story of Ghadir, the divinely endless ocean:

In the midst of Mecca conquest, the Messenger (s) was told that a number of Arabs had been unified to invade Medina in full strength and force. The Messenger (s) dispatched Abubakr with a number of people; he returned to Medina with no success; later on, Omar was sent, he came back with no results like Abubakr. Amr Ibn Al-'Ass who had newly expressed to be Muslim told the Prophet (s): O' the Messenger of God! War is deceitfulness; send me to fix everything; he went after making something .

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1- Sheikh Tusi, Amali, p.575; Emta' Al-Asma', p.408
2- Waqedi, Moghazi, vol.3, p.903
3- The story of unmanly raid of the usurper caliphs on Ali's house and its set-ablaze will be told from Sunni sources in Theosophy Account Twenty.

out but he was destined as previous commanders were.

Ultimately, the Messenger (s) appointed you, O' Amir Mu'amenan! Commander. You went back home and banded your head with a special cloth you banded when you were up to hardships of war and moved northward of Medina nearby Tabouk where the enemy was. You shocked the enemy by applying concise military tactics such as camouflage and concealment, killed seven of their valiant warriors and detained some others who were brought handcuffed to Medina. The Messenger (s) joined by the Companions welcomed you outside Medina. When you saw him, you rode off your horse to pay respect to him; he said:

Ride on your horse because God and His Messenger are verily pleased with you!

You wept out of joy because of pleasure extended to you by God and His Messenger; your brother, Mohammad (s) told you:

O' Ali!

If I had not feared that groups of my ummah would tell about you what Christians had told about Jesus Christ, I would have told something about you that all people would have taken soil under your feet as blessing.(1)

The Messenger (s) cleaned your face off dust with his cloak and kissed your forehead; while weeping, he said to the Companions:

O'Companions! Stop scolding me for my interest in Ali! Verily, my interest in Ali comes from God; God ordered me to love Ali and keep him my next of kin.(2)

Let's go back to story of Ghadir, to the endless ocean of divine grace bestowed on mankind! )

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1- Sheikh Mufid, Ershad, p.88; Bihar Al-Anwar, vol.21, p.66; Sunnis have quoted Sariya "Zatus Al-Sallasil" in a different way. Tabarsi says in Majma' Al-Bayan, vol. 10, p.528: In that battle, Ali ('a) seized a number of enemy troops and brought them handcuffed to Medina. The battle is known after "Zatus Al-Sallasil" Battle of Chains because captives were stood in lines, whose hands were chained together.
2- أن أحبّ عليا و أدنيه معاشر أصحابى لا تلومونى في حبّى عليّ بن أبي طالب، فإنّما حبّي عليا من أمر الله و الله أمرني .. (Tafsir-e Forat Kufi, P.598)

O' Commander of the Faithful!

Proclaiming your leadership and Imamate at Ghadir-e-Khum was not a new issue; the Messenger (s) had recurrently talked to the Companions about your status and caliphate after himself; but Ghadir had and still has a different magnificence!

The story of Ghadir-e-Khum engraved into body of history goes as:

Your brother, Mohammad (s) departed to Mecca in 10th of Hegira-the last year of his holy life-to uphold hajj pilgrimage. Once Muslims were informed about his departure to hajj, a majority of people from different spots of Hejaz headed for hajj to join him for performance of hajj. Those who accompanied him in hajj are reported to number one hundred and twenty thousand people.(1)Al-Moghazi, vol.3, p.1111(2)

You' O' Amir Mu'amenan!

When the Messenger (s) had gone to take part in the hajj pilgrimage, you joined by troops were given a mission by him to be in Yemen; as soon as you heard about his departure to the hajj, you along with your soldiers moved towards Mecca too and reached him nearby Mecca. Meeting you there, he was gladdened and asked you: How did you make your intent?! You replied: I declared my intention on your behalf when I was wearing my pilgrim's garment, saying: O' God! I wear pilgrim's garment with the same intention as Thy Messenger has done.(3)

With your brother, Mohammad (s) and retinue, you arrived in Mecca and performed the hajj by following the Messenger (s).

The Messenger (s) delivered a sermon in 'Arafaat, "the Mount of Recognition", notifying people that his demise imminently happens; in this sermon, he spoke to people(3) about respecting Ka'aba, forbidden months, the obligatory things and divine rules and then said: this religion is powerful and revealed and twelve caliphs need be rulers who are from 1

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1- Maqrizi, Emta' Al-Asma', vol. 1, p.512; Sirey-e Zayni Dahlaan, vol.3, p.
3- Sobhani, Ja'afar, excerpts from History of Prophet of Islam, p.506


Muslims accomplished the hajj rituals under supervision of the Messenger (s) and moved back Medina and their homes as ordered by the Messenger (s); when caravan reached "Rabigh" three miles far from "Johfa"-one of the appointed times of consecration, Trustee Gabriel landed on a spot called Ghadir-e-Khum and addressed your brother with the word of revelation below:

O' Messenger! Notice people of what is sent down by God and if not, your mission is not accomplished; God shall protect you from evils of ill-wished people.(2)a

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1- Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal in Musnad, vol.5, p.99 quotes Jabir Ibn-e Samara that the Messenger (s) made a sermon for people in 'Arafaat and I heard him saying: This religion is powerful and apparent and twelve people who are.... need rule. At this time, people spoke and made noises in such a way that I could not hear words of Hazrat. I asked my father who was closer to the Messenger (s) than me: What did he say in his final words? My father replied that Hazrat said: All of them are from Quraysh (Hashimites). Sunni books cite reports that Imams are twelve in number and all of them are from Quraysh (Hashimites); see Sahih-e Moslem, vol.3, Al-Emara.
2- يا أَيُّهَا الرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ مَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْكَ مِنْ رَبِّكَ وَ إِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَمَا بَلَّغْتَ رِسَالَتَهُ وَ اللهُ يَعْصِمُكَ مِنَ النَّاسِ إِنَّ اللهَ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ پالْكافِرِينَ » (O' Messenger! Proclaim the Message that has been sent down to you from Your Creator and Nurturer! And if you did not, then you would have not fulfilled your duty as Allah's Messenger. Know that Allah will protect you from the mischievous people. Verily, Allah does not guide the disbelievers. (Ma'idah: 67) Many of the great Sunni interpreters, historians and hadith writers have approved that the above verse is being sent down in Ghadir-e-Khum including: • Jarir Tabari, Mohammad Ibn-e, dead in 310 A.H, quotes Zayd Ibn-e Arqam in "Al-Velayat" that: لما نزل النبي ( صلى الله عليه و آله و سلّم ) بغدير خم في رجوعه من حجة الوداع ، و كان في وقت ضحى و حر شديد، أمر بالدوحات فأقيمت، و نادى الصلاة جامعة فاجتمعنا فخطب بالغة ثم قال: إنّ الله تعالى أنزل إليّ: « يا أيها الرسولُ بلّغ ما أنزل إليك... ) • Al-Mahali, Hafiz Abu Abdullah, dead in 330 A.H quotes Ibn-e 'Abbas in "Amali". • Abubakr Farsi, Hafiz, dead in 407 A.H says in "Ma Nozl Men Al-Quran" by citing Ibn- Al-Bayan. • Sajestani, Hafiz Abu Sa'id, dead in 477 A.H says in Al-Velayat. • Hafiz Haskani says in Shawahed Al-Tanzil. • Ibn-e 'Asaker Shafe 'ie, Abulqasem, dead in 571 A.H quotes Abu Sa'id Khedri. Fakhr-e Razi dead in 606 A.H says in Tafsir-e Kabir, vol.3, p.363: نزلت الآية في فضل الإمام علي ( عليه السلام ] و لما نزلت هذه الآية أخذ بيده و قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه. • Abu Ishaq Huwaini, Sheikh Al-Islam, dead in 722, says in Fara'id Al-Samtin by citing Abu Hurairah that: إنّ الآية نزلت في الإمام علي [ عليه السلام ] • Hamadani, Seyyed Ali, dead in 786 A.H quotes Bara' Ibn-e 'Azib in Mawaddah Al-Qurba that: أقبلت مع رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) في حجة الوداع، فلما كان بغدير خم نودى الصلاة جامعة، فجلس رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) تحت شجرة و أخذ بيد الإمام علي ( عليه السلام ] وقال: ألست أولى بالمؤمنين من أنفسهم ؟ قالوا: بلى يا رسول الله فقال: ألا من كنت مولاه فعلى مولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه. And a large number of Sunni ulema who confessed that the above verse has been sent down in Ghadir-e-Khum before Imam Ali ('a) was introduced. e 'Abbas. • Tha'albi Neisabouri, Abu Eshaq, dead in 427 A.H says in Tafsir-e Al-Kashf va

Tone of the verse carried a heavy duty which if abandoned would make Messenger's mission unfinished and it was not definitely about monotheism, campaign, prayers, fasting and so forth because the rules of such matters had previously been expressed; therefore, O' Amir Mu'amenan! What is this heavy duty? And if it is abandoned, it means mission bears no results?!

True! Considering the fact that the verse had been sent down in the last year of holy life of the Messenger (s), it certainly relates to issue of succession and caliphate after the Messenger (s).


What is more important than that the Messenger (s) introduces Imam and caliph after himself in front of over one hundred people?!

The Messenger (s) ordered everybody to stop going, saying to those ahead of caravan to stop and those behind to quickly join others.

It was noon and hot; a canopy by means of chador hanging on tree was made for the Messenger (s). The Messenger (s) upheld noon prayers in congregation; afterwards, while he was surrounded by crowds of people,

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he stood up on high spot over camel's saddleback and recited loudly a sermon:

Praise belongs to God; I seek His help; I have faith in Him and we trust in Him. Lo! O' People! I imminently follow call of God...

Then he said:

I leave two precious things for you, one is Book of God and second is my Progeny both of whom remain inseparable until the Day comes.....Lo! O' people! Stop surpassing the holy Quran and my Progeny and give up dereliction because you shall perish away.(1)

At this sensitive instance when everybody had stared at mouth of the Messenger (s), he called you and you climbed up camel's saddleback and stood beside him. All people stared at you to find out what the story is that the Messenger (s) has called you to stand beside himself?

At that juncture, the most sensitive, the highest and the most dangerous page of human history came into existence; the Messenger of God (s) raised your hands with his own and vociferously told people:

O' people! Who is the most deserving of the faithful?

Everyone said: God and His Messenger are the most deserving of all faithful people.

The Messenger(s) then said:

God is my Lord and Lord of the faithful people and I am worthier than believers than themselves. Lo! O' people! Of whomsoever I had been Master (Mawla), Ali here is to be his Master.

And he prayed for you and said: .

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1- إنِّى أوشك أن أدعى فأجيب و إنّى تارك فيكم الثقلين كتاب الله و عترتی کتاب الله حبل ممدود من السماء إلى الأرض و عترتي أهل بيتي و أنّ اللطيف الخبير أخبرني أنهما لن يفترقا حتى يردا علي الحوض، فانظروا ماذا تخلفوني فيهما. The above hadith has been cited in lots of Sunni sources such as Sahih-e Moslem, chapter on Virtues of Ahle Bayt (a); Sunan-e Termezi, chapter on Virtues of the Migrants; Musnad, Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal, vol.3, p.14 and...

O' God! Love those who love Ali and oppose those who are against him.... (1)

And he added:

The present people here shall convey the news to the absent people.

At this time, you climbed down camel's saddleback and everybody rushed to make allegiance to you. The very two people who usurped your status after demise of the Prophet (s) swore allegiance to you and congratulated you on that.(2).

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1- من كنت مولاه فهذا علي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه و انصر من نصره و اخذل من خذله، إن تمسكتم به لن تضلوا بعدى أبدا. The above hadith which is known after hadith of Ghadir is extensively extant in Sunni sources including: • Sunan-e Termezi, vol.2, hadith 3797, p.297 •Sunan-e Ibn-e Majah, vol.1, chapter on Virtues of Ali ('a), p.43 •Mustadrak, Hakem, vol.9, p. 103, chapter on Wasiyat Al-Nabi(s) •Sunan-e Nesa'ie, chapter on Qol Al-Nabi (s) men Konte Waliya, p.94 Ibn-e Abi Shaybah, Musannaf, vol. 7, p.503 •Tabrani, Al-Mu'ajam Al-Kabir, vol.5, hadith 4969, p.166 •Heythami, Majma' Al-Zawa'id, vol.9, p.103 •Tarikh-e Ya'aqubi, vol.2, p.112 •Ibn-e Athir, Ossad Al-Ghaba, vol.4, p.108 •Fakhr-e Razi, Tafsir-e Kabir, vol. 12, p. 190 •Musnad-e Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal, vol.4, p.281 •Ibn-e Kathir, Al-Badaya va Al-Nahaya, vol. 5, p.231 Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, p.160 •Abi Ya'ali Museli, Musnad, vol.1, hadith 567, p.429 Sahih-e Ibn-e Haban, vol. 15, p.376 •Ibn-e 'Abd Al-Berr, Al-Isti 'ab, vol. 3, p.1069 •Manawi, Feyd Al-Qadir, vol.4, p.2 •Siyuti, Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol.2, p.259 and.... Therefore, hadith of Ghadir in Sunni sources is of a certainty.
2- Abubakr and Omar were among the first people who pledged allegiance to Ali ('a) in Ghadir event. According to Sunni sources, they told Amir Al-Mu'amenan ('a): بخ بخ لك يا بن أبي طالب أصبحت و أمسيت مولاي و مولى كلّ مؤمن ومؤمنة. Some Sunni books that have cited the above statement made from those two people are: Tarikh Al-Bokhari, vol.3, p.96 • Sahih-e Moslem, chapter on Virtues of Ali ('a) • Musnad-e Ahmad Ibn-e Hanbal, vol. 13, p.17 and vol.4, p.366 • Mustadrak, Hakem, vol. 3, p. 109 • Beihaqi, Features of Ali ('a), p.96 • Eskafi, Al-Me'ayar va Al-Mowazena, p.212 • Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.8, p.254 • Tarikh-e Dameshq, vol.42, p.221 • 'Asqalani, Ibn-e Hajar, Al-Sawa’iq Al-Muhriqah, p.26 • Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, p.97 • Al-Riyadh Al-Nadra, vol.2, p.224 and..... The late Allameh Amini has quoted sixty books from Sunni scholars about congratulations of Abubakr and Omar in his book titled "Al-Ghadir". No common sense accepts that congratulations and felicitations extended to Ali (‘a) in Ghadir-e-Khumm happened to be for his friendship; rather, rationally speaking, everybody congratulated him because of his divinely granted status.

People were fraught with cheers and joy and everybody told you well- done. There was celebration and festivity in Ghadir-e-Khumm for three days as ordered by the Messenger (s) and everybody pledged allegiance to you; although some were distressed and gloomy in heart but they saved face and swore allegiance to you.

At that time, Gabriel came down to Mohammad (s) and conveyed a message from God that "I complemented your religion today and I brought My Grace in full to you and I am pleased that your religion shall be Islam.(1)..

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1- ... الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الإِسْلَامَ دِينًا, I have perfected your religion for you and completed My Favor upon you and have chosen Islam as your religion...... (Ma'idah: 3) Many of Sunni scholars say that the above verse has been sent down upon Mohammad (s) in Ghadir-e-Khumm after Imam Ali ('a) was appointed as caliph. In this part, some Sunni sources and texts-that are clear reasons for truthfulness of caliphate and Imamate of Ali ('a)-are cited herein: قال ابو نعیم الاصفهانی و ابن عساكر عن أبي سعيد الخدري دعا النبي ( صلى الله عليه و آله ] وسلّم ) الناس في غدير خم إليه فأخذ بضبع علي ( عليه السلام) حتى ان بياض ابط رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) ثمّ لم يتفرقوا حتى نزلت تلك الآية. فقال الرسول ( صلى الله عليه و آله و سلّم : الله اکبر ! على إكمال الدين و إتمام النعمة و رضى الربّ برسالتي و بالولاية لعلي من بعدي فقال من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه. (Tabrani, Al-Mu'ajam Al-Kabir, vol.5, hadith 4969, p.166; Heythami, Majma' Al- Zawa'id, vol.9, p.103; Hakem, Al-Mustadrak, vol.9, p.103; Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, p.190 and....) Mo'ffaq Ibn-e Ahmad Khwarazmi quotes Abu Sa'id Khedri: إنّ النبي ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) دعا الناس إلى على في غدير خم أمر بما كانت تحت الشجرة من الشوك فقم وكان الخميس ثم دعا الناس إلى على فأخذ بضبعه، ثم رفعه حتى نظر الناس إلى بياض إبطيهما ؛ ثمّ لم يتفرقا حتى نزلت هذه الآية: «... الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي... » فقال رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم الله اكبر ! على إكمال الدين و إتمام النعمة و رضا الربّ برسالتى و الولاية لعلي. ذلك يوم He continues to say: و روى هذا الحديث من الصحابة عمر و علي ( عليه السلام ] و البراء بن عازب وسعد بن أبي وقاص و طلحة بن عبيدالله و الحسين بن علي [عليهما السلام ] و ابن مسعود و عمّار بن ياسر و أبوذر و أبو أيوب و ابن عمر و عمران بن حصين و بريدة بن الخضيب و أبو هريرة و جابر بن عبدالله و أبو رافع و.. (Khwarazmi Hanafi, Maqtal Al-Husayn, vol.1, pp. 47-48) • Fakhr-e Razi says in Tafsir-e Kabir, vol.3, p.529 that the above verse is being sent down in Ghadir-e-Khumm. • Mohammad Ibn-e Jarir Tabari says in "Al-Velaya" by citing Zayd Ibn-e Erqam that the above verse has been sent down in Ghadir-e-Khumm. • Allusi quotes Abu Sa'id Khedri in Ruh Al-Ma'ani, vol. 6, p.55 that: إنّ هذه الآية نزلت بعد أن قال النبي ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ( لعلي ( كرم الله وجهه ) في غدير خم: من كنت مولاه فعلی مولاه فلما نزلت قال الله اكبر ! على إكمال الدين و إتمام النعمة و رضى الربّ برسالتي و ولاية علي بعدي. • Siyuti quotes Ibn-e Asaker and he quotes Abu Sa'id Khedri: لما نصب رسول الله ( صلى الله عليه [ و آله و سلّم ) عليا - يوم غدير خم فنادى له بالولاية هبط جبرئيل عليه بهذه الآية: «... الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي. (Al-Durr Al-Manthur, vol.2, p.259) • Ibn-e 'Asakir says of descent of the above verse in Ghadir-e-Khumm in Tarikh- e Dameshq, vol.2, p.86. • Shahrestani says of descent of the above verse in Ghadir-e-Khumm in Al-Milal wa Al-Nihal, p.70. • Juwayni in Fara'id Al-Simtayn, vol.1, p.158 and Khatib Baghdadi in Tarikh-e Baghdad, vol.8, p.290 talk about descent of the above verse in Ghadir-e-Khumm. And ...

Your brother, the Messenger (s) immediately said:

God is great! I praise God for completing religion and fulfilling His Grace

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and Pleasure for my Prophethood and leadership of Ali after me.(1)

"Hessan Ibn Thabit" took the chance to compose about this everlasting event with permission given by the Prophet (s):

On Day of Ghadir, in the territory of Khumm, their Prophet (s) heralded and how well he conveys a message when he heralds.

He said: Who is your governor and leader? They responded without expressing enmity: Your God is our governor and you are our leader; you will find none of us disobedient today.

He then said: O' Ali! Stand up because I am pleased you become leader and guide after me. Whomever I govern, this Ali is his leader; therefore, you become his intimate companion and friend.

Afterwards, he raised supplication: O' God! Love his friends and oppose his enemy.(2)

True! The Messenger (s) informed people about your leadership in that great arena and nobody but dissidents of religion deny it.

Event of Ghadir never ends because Quran lasts forever and two Quranic )

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1- Hafiz Abu Na'im Isfahani quoted Abu Sa'id Khedri in "Ma Nozel men Al-Quran fi Ali (a) that the Prophet (s) introduced Ali as guardian to people in Ghadir-e-Khumm and people were not dispersed until the verse below came down: ... الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي. At this time, the Prophet (s) said: الله اكبر ! على إكمال الدين و إتمام النعمة ورضى الربّ برسالتى و بالولاية لعلي من بعدى، ثمّ قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه......
2- يناديهم يوم الغدير نبيهم *** بخم وأسمع بالرسول مناديا وقال فمن مولاكم ووليكم *** فقالوا ولم يبدوا هناك التعاديا الهک مولانا وأنت ولينا *** ولن تجدن منا لك اليوم عاصبا فقال له قم ياعلى فإنني *** رضیتک من بعدى إماما وهاديا فمن كنت مولاه فهذا وليه *** فكونواله أنصار صدق مواليا هناک دعا اللهم وال وليه *** وكن للذى عادى عليا معاديا (Manaqib-e Khwarazmi, p.136; Jawziyya, Sebt Ibn-e, Tazkerat Al-Khawas, vol.1, p.33; Sheikh Mufid, Ershad, vol.1, p.177 and....)

verses of Mai'dah: 3 and 67 came down to eternalize Ghadir event; although hypocrite dissidents turned the tables after demise of Prophet (s) and prevented affairs of Muslims from being managed by your Godly hands. But you were always Imam and proof of God although many denied you.

You are shining sun of heavens of Imamate and guidance of ummah; bat- natured people cannot bear looking at your luminous countenance. All pure people expose their faces at the threshold of Ghadir to the ground so that the dust of the land, blessed with steps of you, the Prophet (s) and Angels might become eyeliner of their eyes.

Drinking sip of Ghadir syrup lets mankind fly to eternity and co-sit with the Messengers and Angels.

They denied substance of Ghadir and deprived themselves of good-life eternity. I am surprised that the group saying they are subordinate to the holy Quran and the Messenger of God, they deny your caliphate-which is recommended by the holy Quran and Messenger of God! Amazingly, they say: the Prophet (s) advised us to make friends with Ali, saying: whomever I am his friend, Ali is too and he did not say even one word about his caliphate and succession!!

For one reason or another, this statement of theirs is really nil and those who made it deceive themselves and they should know that reality never changes and fades away if it is denied by deniers.

Have two verses of the holy Quran been sent down upon the event only for your friendship, O' Amir Mu'amenin?!

Had the Messenger (s) not announced people of your friendship, his Prophethood would have been incomplete?!

Is it reasonable for a Messenger who-as said by the holy Quran-fails to speak out of passion keeps thousands of people waiting in that hot air and torrid desert only for saying that whomever I am his friend, he shall be friend of yours? Was this something new that people were unaware of and was it necessary to be expressed ceremonially?!

Was perfection of religion and despair of disbelievers-cited in Ma'idah: 3- only because the Messenger (s) introduced you as friend?!

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Was the Messenger (s) worried about announcing your friendship that God told him: God protects you from people?!(1)

Besides, they did not accept your divine caliphate and said and say: The Messenger (s) introduced no one as successor and entrusted affairs to ummah; have you realized guardianship in religion of God?!!

How can they tolerate to say as such?! Is it possible that the Messengers leave alone ummah without competent successors?

The more we look at history, the more we can see that all prophets, prior to their demise, introduced the purest and the most learned people of their times as successors among their ummah. They may envisage that Islamic ummah has become exception in this regard and succession is being entrusted to people!!!

O' Commander of the Faithful! What on earth are they saying?!!

Do they not know they insult the holy presence of the Messenger (s)?!

How is it possible that the Prophet (s) who never left Medina even for a few days unless he had appointed successor for himself, now that he has .

P: 254

1- Reason behind such worry of the Messenger (s) because of introducing Ali ('a) can be shortened in the sentences hereunder: Executorship and successorship of Ali ('a) who had only over thirty three years of age was very difficult for a group of people who were older than him; particularly among Arab people that doyen of tribes constantly occupied important posts and they never found the youth qualified under pretext that they are not experienced in life. Hence, when the Prophet (s) put " Atab Ibn-e Acid" as governor of Mecca and" Osama Ibn-e Zayd" as commander of troops, his followers objected to him. Many of them who were still faced with prejudices of ignorance times paid no attention to such thing that a young man like Ali had a different situation from others and he has achieved a status under the shadow of faith in God and divine favor, none of whom has such a status. He is immunized from such slips and wrongs because he is elected and approved by Him. During battles, blood of relatives of the same people who had circled around the Prophet (s) had been spilled by powerful hands of Imam Ali ('a); therefore, it was very hard for them, because of their ignorant bigotries and grudging morale, to witness that successor of the Messenger (s) was killer of their relatives. In addition, Imam Ali ('a) was cousin of the Messenger (s) and his groom; appointing such a person for being caliphate to myopic people led them to carry it a typically familial bias and oppose the Prophet (s). But with all such things, it was the sagacious resolve of God to perfect mission of the Messenger (s) through successorship of Imam Ali (‘a).

passed away, he leaves his ummah alone and he himself becomes cause of sedition and differences among his ummah?!

Alas, alas!

O' Amir Mu'amenan! What on earth are they saying?!!

Ironically, they never tolerate such judgment about their caliphs, saying that since Abubakr felt sorry for ummah, he did not leave them alone and posed Omar as his successor; Omar, too, having been concerned about ummah of the Messenger (s) organized a six-member council so that one person can certainly be appointed as caliph for people!! (1)

All the Abbasid and Umayyid caliphs-who say many of the Abbasid and Umayyid caliphs are truthful-thought of future of Islam and appointed caliphs before death!!

To them, from among Islamic ummah, only one person never thought of future of ummah and that was your brother, the Messenger (s)!!

I invoke by God! Because of such invectives they raise against the holy Prophet of Islam (s); of course, the pure people of the universe always cling to you and your descendants and lend a heart to you and your leadership!

After departure of the Messenger (s), you, in various instances, argued about your caliphate and stood in defense of your own right by pointing to .

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1- Omar Ibn-e Khattab, in last days of his life, ordered a six-member council to be organized so that they can choose a caliph from among themselves and he assigned Imam Ali (a) as one of the members of the council!! They mixed members of council in such a way that Imam Ali (‘a) lost vote and this was a strategy adopted by the second caliph! Finally, the council selected Uthman as caliph! Hazrat Amir Mu'amenan (‘a) says in sermon 3 of Nahj Al-Balagha about Omar's six- member council:.....then Omar chose a group for caliphate, imagining that I am at the same weight with them! I invoke by God because of such council! When did they raise doubt about me for caliphate and today I am equal to members of the council? That they now suppose I am counterpoised in front of them? And I am placed at their rank? I lowered my note again and coordinated with them; one of them, Sa'ad Ibn-e Abi Waqqas, became fretted because of his vengeance against me, the other one preferred his groom ('Abd Al-Rahman Ibn-e 'Awf, Uthman's brother-in-law who had right of veto on behalf of Omar stood in favor of Uthman) over the reality and I cannot mention ugly names of the other two (Talha and Zubar who rebelled against Imam out of their rascality and roguery) and the third one came to be caliph; he had his stomach side bulged because of overeating food and he constantly frequented between kitchen and men's room.........

Ghadir event.