Istikhara: seeking the best from Allah (swt) significance


Author(s): Muhammad Baqir Haideri

Translator(s): Shaykh Saleem Bhimji

Publisher(s): Islamic Humanitarian Service (IHS)

Category: General

Topic Tags: Istikhara Miscellaneous information:nbsp;Istikhara: Seeking the Best from Allah (swt)


Muhammad Baqir Haideri

Translated by:

Saleem Bhimji

Published by:

Islamic Humanitarian Service, Canada

ISBN 964-438-370-2

Congress Classification: BP272/5 ح9الف504952 1385

Dewey Classification: 297/79

National bibliography numbers: 1036254


سرشناسه : حیدری، محمد باقر، 1305-

Haidari, Muhammad Baqir

عنوان قراردادی : استخاره: آثار، آداب و انواع آن. انگلیسی

عنوان و نام پدیدآور : Istikhara: seeking the best from Allah ( swt ) significance: methods and types in the light of forty hadith and the views of the ulama\ written by Muhammad Baqir Haidari; translated by Saleem Bhimji; editor Arifa Hudda.

مشخصات نشر : Qum: Ansariyan Publications, 2006 = 1385.

شابک : :964-438-370-2

یادداشت : انگلیسی - عربی

یادداشت : کتابنامه: به صورت زیر نویس

آوانویسی عنوان : استخاره: سیکینگ د بست فرام ...

موضوع : استخاره.

موضوع : استخاره -- احادیث.

شناسه افزوده : بهیمجی، سلیم Bhimji, Saleem ،مترجم

شناسه افزوده : هدی، عارفه Hudda, Arifa ،ویراستار

رده بندی کنگره : BP272/5 ح9الف504952 1385

رده بندی دیویی : 297/79

شماره کتابشناسی ملی : 1036254


A detail explanation of the true meaning of Istikhara amp; it's proper usage.

A Supplication from al‑Sahifah al‑Kamilah al‑Sajjadiyah

A selection from al‑Sahifah al‑Kamilah al‑Sajjadiyah of al ­Imam 'Ali ibn al‑Husain Zain al‑`Abidin

أَللّهُمَّ إِنِّی أَسْتَخِیرُکَ بعِلْمِکَ فَصَلِّ عَلی

مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِهِ واقْضِ لِی بِالخِیَرَه وَأَلهِمْنا مَعْرِفَه

الإِختِیار واجْعَلْ ذالِکَ إِلی الرِّضا بِما قَضَیْتَ لِما حَکَمْتَ.

"O' Allah, I ask from You the best in Your knowledge, so bless Muhammad and his household and decree for me the best! Inspire us with knowledge to choose the best and make that a means to being pleased with what You have decreed for us and submitting to what You have decided!"(1)



The Istikhara is an Islamic tradition which is strongly rooted in the culture of the Shi'a especially those of Iran, India and Pakistan. Unfortunately however, it has been noticed that most people have an incorrect view of the Istikhara and the usage of it. When an important issue comes up in their lives, without delay and pausing to stop and think and ask others for advice, they will seek guidance from the Unseen One and perform the traditional Istikhara. The person, without following the specific conditions and etiquette, will, without delay, reach for the Qur' an or a Tasbih and...

A group of these people, without even thinking about the outcome

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1- Translation from al‑Sahifah al‑Kamilah al‑Sajjadiyah by William Chittick

of the Istikhara, will, if they understand the result as being in favor of what they really want to do and what they think is their best interest will act upon it. If it comes out `negative', they will still act upon it to try to get what they desire.

Yet another group of people, who think that the outcome of the Istikhara is like the Qur'an meaning that it is a revelation from Allah take the outcome of it as being obligatory to accept and place their lives and destiny in the result of the Istikhara.

Both of these groups have definitely not understood the true meaning of the Istikhara and the proper usage of it, since not paying attention to the first step, that is using one's reason and intellect and then resorting to asking others for advice plays a very important role and has a great effect on the actual outcome of the Istikhara.

The first group of people, who due to confusion in their own minds in regards to the Istikhara and performing it without delay, have unwittingly, fallen into a great sin of weakening the Glorious Qur'an, and of disrespecting the Noble Scripture. They have chosen their own destiny which is controlled by their own lusts and what is in their `best interests' and even some, without performing the Istikhara, fall victim to this.

The sins of the second group of people are no less that those of the first group; since without any kind of proof ‑ either

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from common sense or from the religion, have made it incumbent on themselves to follow the Istikhara, whose original purpose is to remove doubt and make one's heart at ease.

If a person is able to reach to this state by better methods such as thinking and asking others for advice, then it is not necessary for him to seek refuge with the Istikhara; leave aside what would happen to the one who acted upon the outcome of the Istikhara which has been performed out of confusion and ignorance and by not following the prescribed conditions and prerequisites.

The result of having such an outlook in regards to the Istikhara is that the person does not use his brain in day to day life and ends up unsuccessful in the twists and turns that life takes him through. Because of this, he loses the real rewards of this world that come from using one's intelligence and seeking advice from others.

Various types of Istikhara and the proper method of use

1) Istikhara by Supplication: The actual meaning of `Istikhara' is "asking what is best and proper from Allah, the Merciful" which in itself is a form of supplication. Reliance (upon Allah ), leaving all of one's affairs (to Allah ) and having a good or favorable opinion of Allah are the requirements before one performs any supplication. This means that in all of one's affairs, the person supplicates to Allah and sincerely, asks Him to make his path easy and to have a good outcome.

The Istikhara by supplication in all instances takes precedence.

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It has been recommended that before one performs even the smallest act, he start off by supplicating to Allah . In the ahadith, it has been emphasized that this type of Istikhara should be performed before every action, and is one of the reasons for the success of a person, since in reality, the Istikhara by supplication includes:

• Praising and Glorying Allah coupled with modesty and humility towards Him; and asking one's needs and requests from the One who is completely needless. Having good thoughts about Allah and that He only prefers and accepts that which is good for His servants. However, the most important thing is that one will have peace of mind and a sound heart when performing any action.

2) Istikhara by Seeking Advice from Others: When a person needs to find what is truly the best for him, he asks advice from the believers who are capable of providing this advice to him. However, this must be performed after supplicating and asking Allah for the best and asking Him to guide him where prosperity lies. He too only wishes what is truly the best and only He knows what is good and bad and is able to have His answer come from the mouth of His servants.

During one's lifetime, every knowledgeable person, especially during times when he needs to make a very important decision regarding his life, should not simply rely on his limited and restricted knowledge and intellect. In addition to his own brain, he is

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also in need of asking other for advice and see what others have to say since according to Imam 'Ali (‘as), it is incumbent upon a person of intellect to develop and mature in his own intellect by way of other intelligent people and from the deep knowledge and insight of others.

He, peace be upon him, has said:

حَقٌ عَلَی الْعَاقِلِ أَنْ یَضِیْفَ إلَی رَأَیِهِ رَأْیَ الْعُقَلاَّء وَیَضُمُّ إِلَی عِلْمِهِ عُلُومَ الْحُکَماءِ.

`It is incumbent on the person of intellect that he humble himself to the views and intelligence of the intellectuals and that he combine his knowledge with the knowledge of the wise people. " (1)2

Seeking advice from the believers who have the ability to offer advice is one of the best ways to seek help and to add insight to one's thoughts. Before one proceeds with this form of seeking the best, he should perform the supplications and ask Allah for the best and then seek advice from others so that these supplications will give a better outcome to asking others for advice. It is through the supplications and the specific favours of Allah that the advice is given from others and guides one to what is truly the best for him.

Next Stage: If a person makes the intention to perform a certain task, and even after supplicating and asking the best (from Allah ), and using his own intelligence, and through thought, research and asking others for advice is still not able to reach to a conclusion and

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1- Ghurur al‑Hikm, 4920

still entertains doubt and uncertainty in his heart, then the best thing to do is to once again return to Allah ‑ the real transform of hearts and ask for `content of the heart' and for help to remove all doubts and confusion. This can be accomplished by a variety of methods of Istikhara including the `spiritual Istikhara', or by use of the Qur'an, Tasbih or by papers'.

3) The `Spiritual' Istikhara: This type of Istikhara is also a type of mystical relationship with Allah . It is performed in this way that after asking others for advice, and after one's intellect has not produced any results, one performs the supplication to Allah for seeking the best. While in the presence of His Creator who is free from all need and want, asks one's needs and what is distressing him and asks Him to guide to what is truly the best.

At this time, the person will look deep in his heart, and through soul searching, would see which path to follow is stronger in his soul. This will be the answer to his Istikhara, and with certainty and satisfaction, would go ahead with one's plans.

4) The Istikhara by Qur’an: If after a person has performed the supplication for seeking the best, and after thinking and asking others for advice still does not have peace of mind, then one is permitted to refer to the Qur’an in order to remove the doubts and through this method, seek the best (1)3

5) The Istikhara

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1- Refer to Hadith 30 to 33 for this method

by Tasbih: If after one has supplicated to Allah and after exhausted his thinking and asking others for advice, one is still in a state of confusion, then this method is used. The procedure for this Istikhara with the Tasbih has been described in hadith number 34 in this book.

6) The Istikhara by Papers': This is the final type of Istikhara mentioned in this book that is performed by using six pieces of paper and as commonly known as Dhat al‑Riqa `. Even though this form of Istikhara is hardly known or practiced among the common people, it has a special place amongst a select group of `Ulama.(1)

Section 1: The Necessity of Performing an Istikhara for all Affairs

1) Istikhara: Success for a Muslim

قالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صلّی اللهُ عَلَیْهِ و آله:

مِنْ سَعادَهِ أبْنِ آدَمَ أسْتِخارَتُهُ اللهَ وَرِضاهُ بِما قَضَی اللهُ وَ مِنْ شَقْوَهِ أبْنِ آدَمَ تَرْکُهُ أسْتِخارَهَ اللهَ وَ سَخَطُهُ بِما قَضَی اللهُ.

The Prophet of Allah said: `Among the felicities of the children of Adam is that he asks the best from Allah and His pleasure in that which Allah has decreed for him. And among the misfortunes of the children of Adam is abandoning the asking of what is best from Allah and not being pleased with what Allah has decreed. " (2)5

The actual meaning of the word Istikhara is to seek the best from Allah in one's affairs, which is not only commendable, but is also highly recommended (mustahab) in Islam. This type of Istikhara which has been continuously mentioned in the ahadith is in actuality, one form

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1- See Hadith number 35 for this method.
2- Bihar al‑Anwar, Volume 77, Page 159, Hadith 153

or type of supplication (Dua) which Allah Himself has given great importance to in the Holy Book:

(قُلْ مَا یَعْبَؤُ بِکُمْ رَبِّی لَوْ لاَ دُعَائِکُمْ...)

"Say: My Lord would not care for you were it not for your prayer (supplication)... " (al‑Qur'an 25-77)

In this, the first hadith, before starting any job or action, a supplication, which is a form of Istikhara has been recommended to be performed. We have been told that this is one of the roads that lead to a person's happiness.

هر گنج سعادت که خداً داًد به حافظ

اًز یُمن دُعای شب و ورد سحری بود

Whatever treasures of happiness that God gave to Hafiz

Was from the way of the night supplication and prayers in the morning. (Hafiz)

2) Istikhara: A Recommendation from the Ahl al‑Bait

اَلإِمَامُ عَلَیٌّ{ عَلیهِ السَّلامْ } فِی وَصِیَّتِهِ إِلی إِبْنِهِ { عَلیهِ السَّلامْ } :

...وَ أَکْثَرِ الإِسْتِخارَهَ، إِذا أَمْضَیْتَ فَاسْتَخِرْ.

al‑Imam 'Ali (‘as) in the will to his son recommended that, "... (In all your actions) continuously ask (Allah) for the best. "(1)

He also said, `Any time you have decided to perform an act, then ask (Allah) for what is best. " (2)7

The method of asking for what is best that has been most often mentioned in the ahadith, including the hadith mentioned above and has been emphasized, is that one in which one asks for the best from Allah in the form of a Dua' (supplication).

This type of seeking what is best is not associated with the instance in which a person has a doubt or can not make a decision. Rather,

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1- Nahj al‑Balaagha, Saying 31
2- Ghurur al‑Hikm, Saying 3988

from the traditions of the Ahl al‑Bait (‘as), it is clear that before we carry out any action ‑ no matter how small or insignificant it may be ‑ we are recommended and encouraged to seek help, and constantly remember Allah in all of our affairs. (1)8

3) Istikhara: As Taught by the Ahl al‑Bait

اَلإمَامُ الْباقِرُ{ عَلیهِ السَّلامْ }:

کُنَّا نَتَعَلَّمُ الإسْتِخَارَهَ کَمَا نَتَعَاَّمُ السُّورَهَ مِنْ اللهِ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ.

al‑Imam al‑Baqir (‘as), said: "We (the Ahl al‑Bait) teach the method of Istikhara (asking Allah for what is best) just as we teach the Surahs of the Book of Allah, the Glorious and the High. " (2)9

In reality, the Istikhara or asking the best from Allah is a type of spiritual link or connection and request of one's needs from the humble servant to the Needless and Self‑Existing Creator.

The supplications and requesting what is best ‑ both before and during all acts, establishes a deep and continuous relationship between the servant of Allah ‑ who is always in need of help, and his needless Master.

This is the type of Istikhara that has been emphasized by the A'immah of the Ahl al‑Bait , and was part of their natural disposition (fitrah).

The Istikhara with the Tasbih beads and the Qur'an is the final step after one still entertains doubts and uncertainty in his mind and should only be done after seeking the best from Allah , thinking, weighing out the pros and cons, and requesting advice from others.

Section 2: The Outcome of the Istikhara

4) Divine Inspiration to the Right Path

قَالَ الإمَامُ الصَّادِقُ عَلیهِ السَلامْ:

...مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ مُؤْمِنٍ یَسْتَخِیرُ اللهَ فِی أَمْرٍ یُرِیدُهُ

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1- The various types of Istikhara by Dua' have been mentioned in Ahadith 16 to 22, which will follow.
2- Wasa'il ash‑Shia, Volume 7, Page 66, Hadith 10101

مَرَّهً واَحِدَهً إِلاَّ قَذِفَهُ بِخَیْرِ الأَمْرَیْنِ.

al‑Imam Jafar al‑Sadiq (‘as), said: "... there is no believing slave (of Allah) who asks the best from Allah one time in his affair, except that He makes a means between the two ways. “ (1)10

Allah, the Glorious and the High is the Purest Perfect Being, and as long as there are no obstacles from the servant's side to prevent His mercy from being manifested, then He will not withhold His blessings and grace.

Thus, if a true servant of Allah , with sincerity and a pure heart asks Him for guidance even one time, then without doubt, Allah will guide him towards that which is good and advisable for him.

5) Help in Choosing the Right Path

قَالَ الإِمَامُ الصَّادِقُ { عَلیهِ السَّلامْ}:

مَا إِسْتَخَارَ الله عَزَّ و جّلَّ عَبْدٌ مُؤْمِنٌ إلاَّ خَارَ الله لَهُ وَإِنْ وَقَعَ مَا یُکرِهُ.

al‑Imam Jafar al‑Sadiq (‘as), said: "There is no believing slave (of Allah) that asks Allah ‑the Glorious and High ‑for goodness except that Allah prepares the best for him even if he (the person) does not like it. "(2)

How unfortunate is it for man that sometimes that which is good for him lies in something that he does not like! Therefore, after one asks the best from Allah , he should not anticipate that what he is asking for will automatically be given to him and just as he would like it to be (since that may not be the right thing for him).

6) A Way Out of Confusion

قَالَ رَسُولُ الله {عَلیهِ السَّلامْ}:

یَا عَلِیُّ! مَا حَارَ مَنِ أسْتخارَ ولاَ

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1- Bihar al‑Anwar, Volume 91, Page 257, Hadith 2
2- Bihar al-Anwar, Volume 91, Page 224. Hadith 4

نَدِم مَنِ اسْتَثارَ.

The Prophet of Islam(‘s) said, "O' 'Ali! Whosoever asks the best (from Allah), will never be confused, and whosoever asks (others) for advice will never be regretful.” (1)12

The above hadith was a special piece of advice from the Prophet of Islam (‘s) to Amir al‑Mu'minin `Ali ibn Abi Talib (‘as), during one of his travels to Yemen to spread the faith of Islam.

In such a dangerous mission, the most important thing that one could have asked for is a strong heart, confidence, and conviction.

Asking the best from Allah , is the method to attain these spiritual traits and characteristics.

7) Removal of Remorse and Sorrow

قَالَ الإمَامُ عَلِیُّ عَلیهِ السلامْ:

...مَا نَدِمَ مَنِ اسْتِخَارَ.

al‑Imam 'Ali (‘as), said, "Whosoever asks the best (from Allah) will never be regretful.” (2)13

The greatest outcome of asking for the best from Allah before performing an action and in all matters is to arrive at the stage of having satisfaction of the heart, removal of all doubt and dilemma, and the elimination of all confusion and distress.

Section 3: Penalty for Not Performing an Istikhara

8) Failure in One's Actions

قَالَ الإِمَامُ الصَّادِقُ عَلیهِ السَلامْ:

یَقُولُ اللهُ عَزَّ وَ جَلَّ ((مِنْ شِقَاءِ عَبْدِی أنْ یَعْمَلَ الأَعْمَالَ وَ لاَ یَسْتَخِیرُ بِی.))

al‑Imam al‑Sadiq (‘as) said that Allah, the Glorious and High has said: "Of the reasons for the misfortune of My servant is that he performs an action but does not seek the best from Me. " (3)14

The meaning of seeking the best which has been recommended to be done before all tasks as has been mentioned in the above Hadith, which if not performed will lead

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1- Amali Shaikh Tusi, Volume 136, Hadith 22 / Wasa'il ash‑Shi'a, Volume 80, Page 78, Hadith 10125
2- Ghurur al-Hikm, 9453
3- Bihar al‑Anwar, Volume 91, Page 222, Hadith 126

one to misfortune, is simply asking for the best from Allah.

It is the simple task of saying, `O' Allah guide us to whatever you deem is best and whatever your pleasure lies in' that one can achieve this mental state. This can grant us prosperity in our works.

9) Ruin and Destruction

قَالَ الإمَامُ عَلِیُّ عَلیهِ السلامْ:

إِسْتَخِرْ وَ لاَ تَتَخَیَّرْ فَکَمْ مَنْ تَخَیَّرَ أمْراً کَانَ هَلاَکُهُ فِیهِ.

al‑Imam 'Ali (‘as), said: "Seek the best from Allah and do not decide on your own (when you intend to do anything). How many people have decided on their own in performing a task and their destruction was in that. "(1)

The meaning of the above Hadith and Ahadith number 8 and 10 do not mean that before one weighs the pros and cons, uses his own intelligence and consults with others, he should immediately open the Qur'an or take hold of his Tasbih beads and seek what is good for himself and let his future be decided by one of these methods. One who acts in this way has definitely not understood the true meaning of the Istikhara.

Rather, these ahadith ‑ in addition to providing us with valuable supplications, also help us to establish a spiritual link between us and our Creator.

10) Deprivation of Blessings from Allah

قَالَ الإِمَامُ الصَّادِقُ عَلیهِ السلامْ:

مَنْ دَخَلَ فِی أَمْرٍ بِغَیْرِ اسْتِخَارَهٍ ثُمَّ ابْتَلیَ لَم یُؤْجَرْ

al‑Imam al‑Sadiq 'said: "Whosoever enters into an action without asking Allah for what is the best and then falls into a difficulty will not receive the reward (as one who had gone thru trials and

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1- Ghurur al‑Hikm, Saying 2346


There are some people who without the least amount of contemplation, investigation and seeking advice from others, resort to "the well‑known types of Istikhara" to decide everything in their lives.

Before they proceed to do anything, without thought and getting recommendations from others, they seek help and resort to the Qur'an or the Tasbih beads to help them decide the path to choose.

It must be pointed out that this view about the Istikhara is completely wrong and is diametrically opposed to the clear verses of the Qur'an and the ahadith which clearly mention the need for one to use his own God­given intellect and thinking before proceeding to perform any action.

These kind of people who consider the value of thought and seeking advice from others to be something baseless are actually suffering from a lack of intelligence and in most instances in their daily lives, will be bound to blunder.

Section 4: The Necessity of Being Pleased With the Outcome of an Istikhara

11) The Trust of the Imams in the Outcome of an Istikhara

قَالَ الإِمَامُ الصَّادِقُ عَلیهِ السَلامْ:

مَا اُبَالِی إِذاَ إِسْتَخَرْتُ اللهَ أَیَّ طَرَفِی وَقَعَتْ.

al‑Imam al‑Sadiq (‘as) said: "It does not matter to me that when I seek the best from Allah, which way it falls (whether it results in ease for me, or causes me difficulties)." (2)

The true believer has no doubt that Allah, the Glorious, only wants the very best (for His servants). He knows that Allah (swt) is the endless ocean of Mercy and that it is far from His glory that His servant calls upon Him and asks for the best, and He makes him wait.

From another angle, the

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1- al‑Mahasin, Volume 2, Page 432, Hadith 2498  / Bihar al‑Anwar Volume 91, Page 223, Hadith 2
2- Bihar al‑Anwar, Volume 91, Page 223, Hadith 330

true believer has a firm belief that Allah has the power to open up one's path to prosperity and ease.

The true believer knows and understands that what is good for him does not always lie in ease and comfort; and sometimes, it is possible that what is truly good for him may be in observing patience and enduring trials and tribulations.

In light of the three points mentioned above, after the true believer supplicates and sincerely asks for the best from Allah , he must not despair or become disheartened. Whatever actions he performs afterwards must be discharged with complete satisfaction and conviction of the heart.

12) One Must Believe that an Istikhara will Solve the Dilemma

قَالَ الإِمَامُ الصَّادِقُ عَلیهِ السَّلامْ:

مَنِ اسْتَخَارَ اللهَ راَضِیاً بِمَا صَنَعَ اللهُ خَارَ اللهُ لَهُ حَتْماً.

al‑Imam al‑Sadiq (‘as), said: "Whosoever asks Allah for the best and is pleased with what Allah has decided for him, then without doubt, Allah will secure the best for him. " (1)18

According to the above‑mentioned hadith, the pleasure of the person will be in that which Allah decides after the person has asked Allah for what is the best. This is one of the etiquette and conditions before one performs the customary Istikhara.

Before one asks Allah for the best, it is imperative that attention is paid to the following point:

مَا مِنْ مُؤْمِنِ یَدْعُو اللهَ إِلاَّ اسْتجَابَ لَهُ.

"There is no believer that calls upon Allah except that He answers the call. "(2)

That which a person supplicates to Allah for is either granted in this world ‑ sooner or later, or it will be

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1- al‑Kafi, Volume 8, Page 241, Hadith 33 / Mahasin, Page 598, Hadith 1 / Wasa'il ash‑Shi'a, Volume 8, Page 63, Hadith 10094
2- `Uddatul Da'ee, Page 34, Hadith 8 / Wasa'il ash‑Shi'a, Volume 4, Page 1084, Hadith 9

given to him in the next world; or something bad that was going to happen to him which was impending to occur, will be averted (1)20

13) Opening of the Doors of Goodness

قَالَ الإِمَامُ الصَّادِقُ عَلیهِ السَلامْ:

مَنِ اسْتَخَار اللهَ عَزَّ وَ حَلَّ مَرَّهً وَاحِدَهً وَهُوَ راَضٍ بِمَا صَنَعَ اللهُ لَه خَارَ اللهُ لَهُ حَتْماً.

al‑Imam al‑Sadiq (as) said: "Whosoever asks Allah, the Glorious and the High for the best a single time and is content with what Allah has decided for him, then Allah will definitely make that which is good for him come about. "(2)

One of the most important etiquette of seeking the best from Allah is that one must have certainty that He will decide the best for His servants and that He has the power to give or withhold whatever is best for His servant.

In short, the servant must have complete satisfaction and peace of heart that after performing the Istikhara, whatever is truly the best for him is the only thing that Allah will decide.

Section 5: Danger of not Being Satisfied with the Outcome of an Istikhara

14) Leveling Accusations against Allah

قَالَ الإِمَامُ الصَّادِقُ عَلیهِ السَلامْ:

مَنِ اسْتَخَارَ اللهَ فِی أَمْرِهِ فَعُمِلَ أَحَدُ الأَمْرَینِ فَعُرِضَ فِی قَلْبِهِ شَیْءٌ إتَّهَمَ اللهَ فِی قَضَائِهِ.

al‑Imam al‑Sadiq (as) said: "Whosoever seeks the best from Allah in his affair, and acts upon one of the options (either performs or does not perform an action) but has something enter into his heart (unhappiness or doubt regarding to how he acted), has leveled an (unfounded) accusation against Allah." (3)22

It is possible that not being truly happy with the outcome of the Istikhara has it roots

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1- `Uddatul Da’ee, Page 24, Hadith 8 /Wasa'il ash‑Shi'a, Volume 4, Page 108